Medical Terminology
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Medical Terminology

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Medical Terminology Medical Terminology Presentation Transcript

  • Medical Terminology
    Suffixes
  • Suffixes
    This is a word part that is added to the end of a word to complete that term
    In medical terminology, suffixes usually, but not always, indicate a procedure, condition, disorder, or disease
  • Suffixes related to Pathology
    Pathology is the study of all aspects of diseases (path means disease, and ology means study of)
    Suffixes related to pathology describe specific disease conditions
  • Pathology Suffixes
    Algia – pain and suffering
    Gastralgia- stomach ache
    Dynia- also means pain
    Gastrodynia- pain in the stomach
    Itis- inflammation
    Gastritis- inflammation of the stomach
    Malacia- abnormal softening
    Arteriomalacia- abnormal softening of the walls of an artery or arteries
  • Pathology Suffixes
    Megaly- enlargement
    Hepatomegaly – abnormal enlargement of the liver
    Necrosis- tissue death
    arterionecrosis- tissue death of an artery or arteries
    • Sclerosis- abnormal hardening
    Arteriosclerosis- abnormal hardening of the walls of an artery or arteries
    Stenosis- abnormal narrowing
    Arteriostenosis- abnormal narrowing of an artery or arteries
  • Suffixes related to Procedures
    Some suffixes identify the procedure that is performed on the body part identified in the word root
  • Procedure Suffixes
    Centesis- surgical puncture to remove fluid for diagnostic purposes or to remove excess fluid
    Abdominocentesis- surgical puncture of the abdominal cavity to remove fluid
    Graphy- process of producing a picture or record
    Angiography- the process of producing a radiographic(x-ray) study of the blood vessels after the injection of a contrast medium to make these blood vessels visible
  • Procedure Suffixes
    Gram- a picture or record
    Angiogram- the film produced by angiography
    Plasty- surgical repair
    Myoplasty- surgical repair of a muscle
    Scopy- visual examination
    Arthroscopy- visual examination of the internal structure of a joint
  • The “Double R” Suffixes
    Suffixes with tow “R’s”, which are often referred to as the “double RRs” can be confusing, so they are grouped together to help in understanding
  • “Double R” Suffixes
    Rrhage and rrhagia- bleeding
    Hemorrhage- loss of a large amount of blood in a short time
    Rrhaphy- surgical suturing to close a wound and includes the use of staples, sutures, or surgical glue
    Myorrhaphy- surgical suturing of a muscle wound
  • “Double R” Suffixes
    Rrhea- flow or discharge and refers to the flow of most body fluids
    Diarrhea- frequent flow of loose or watery stools
    Rrhexis- rupture
    Myorrhexis- rupture of a muscle