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Healthy   Heart<br />
The Healthy Heart<br />
The Healthy Heart<br />
Chambers of the Heart<br />Right Atrium<br />Receives blood <br />through the <br />superior and <br />inferior vena cava....
The Path Of Blood Flow<br />
Oxygenation of blood in <br />alveoli capillaries<br />
Death Rates for Cardiovascular Disease in the United States, 1940 & 2000<br />
Women & Heart Disease<br />Coronary Vascular Disease:<br />Coronary heart disease + Stroke<br />Misconception: Coronary va...
Women & Heart Disease<br />Greater incidence in minority women<br />38% of women compared to 25% of men will die within on...
Development of Atherosclerosis<br />Fatty Streaks Develop on the Arterial Walls at Injury Spots<br />Growth and Hardening ...
The Atherosclerotic Process<br />
Atherosclerotic Plaque:Artery cross-section<br />
Atherosclerotic plaque occluding an artery<br />
Arterial Plaque<br />Normal Artery<br />
Unclogging The Arteries<br />Cholesterol-lowering drugs<br />Low-fat diet<br />Dean Ornish Diet (without medications)<br /...
Risk Factors for Cardiovascular Disease<br />Factors You Can Control<br />Physical Inactivity<br />Tobacco<br />Obesity<br...
Heart Healthy Benefits of Regular Physical Activity<br />Reduction in body weight.<br />Reduction in blood pressure.<br />...
Regular Physical Exercise<br />American Heart Association, American<br />College of Sports Medicine and the CDC<br />30 mi...
Which of the following is NOT a heart benefit of regular exercise?<br />:10<br />Answer Now<br />0 of 40<br />Reduction in...
Heart Healthy Nutrition<br />Plenty of fruits and vegetables.<br />Cholesterol Lowering Foods:<br />Oats, barley, soy prot...
Tobacco and Heart Disease<br />How Smoking Damages The Heart:<br />Nicotine overstimulates the heart.<br />Carbon monoxide...
Blood Pressure<br />Definition: A measure of the force exerted against the walls of <br />the vessels by the blood flowing...
Measuring Blood Pressure<br />
Measurement of Blood Pressure<br />
What Is a Healthy Blood Pressure?<br />115/75 mm Hg<br />HEALTHY READING<br />120-139/80-90 mm Hg<br />PREHYPERTENSION<br ...
0<br />What are common symptoms of patients with hypertension?<br />? ?<br />
0<br />What is the most common symptom of someone who has hypertension?<br />NONE<br />Hypertension is often called the<br...
Consequences of High Blood Pressure<br />
Cross-section of an artery<br />Normal artery<br />Hypertension<br />
Preventing Hypertension<br />Lifestyle Changes<br />Losing weight<br />Regular exercise<br />Dietary Approaches To Stop Hy...
Answer Now<br />:10<br />0 of 40<br />Complications of hypertension involve all of the following organ systems except:<br ...
Understanding Blood Lipids<br />Low Density <br />Lipoprotein<br />(LDL)<br />Fatty substances produced by the liver that ...
Metabolic SyndromeSyndrome X or Insulin-Resistant Syndrome<br />Definition: A cluster of medical abnormalities that increa...
Serum Cholesterol Guidelines<br />
Lowering Cholesterol<br />Therapeutic Life Changes:<br />Dietary changes<br />Weight loss<br />Physical activity<br />Medi...
Acute Myocardial InfarctionHeart Attack<br />Definition: A condition that occurs when blood supply to the heart muscle is ...
Myocardial Infarction<br />
Myocardial Infarction<br />Myocardial Infarction<br />Where is it located?<br />Healthy heart<br />
A temporary decrease in oxygen supply to the myocardium is<br />Answer Now<br />:10<br />0 of 40<br />Myocardial Infarctio...
ArrhythmiasIrregular Heart Beat<br />Bradycardia:<br />Heart rate of fewer than 60 beats per minute<br />Tachycardia: <br ...
Diagnostic Tests<br />Electrocardiogram (ECG, EKG)<br />
Diagnostic Tests<br />Stress Test <br />Thallium scintigraphy<br />
Treatments<br />Aspirin therapy <br />Medications<br />diuretics<br />beta-blockers<br />calcium channel blockers<br />ang...
Using a stent to bypass occluded arteries<br />Titanium  stent<br />Expanded  stent<br />
Percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty<br />
Pacemaker<br />
Cerebrovascular Accident (Stroke)<br />Definition<br />Blockage of the blood supply to a portion of the brain<br />Statist...
Warning Signs of a Stroke<br />
Risk Factors for Strokes<br />
Prevention and Treatment for Strokes<br />A baby aspirin a day keeps strokes away.<br />Surgery<br />Carotid endartectomy<...
Which of the following concerning stroke is INCORRECT?<br />Answer Now<br />:10<br />0 of 40<br />Hemorrhagic type results...
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Heart Health - ClassJump.com - free websites for teachers

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Transcript of "Heart Health - ClassJump.com - free websites for teachers"

  1. 1. Healthy Heart<br />
  2. 2. The Healthy Heart<br />
  3. 3. The Healthy Heart<br />
  4. 4. Chambers of the Heart<br />Right Atrium<br />Receives blood <br />through the <br />superior and <br />inferior vena cava.<br />Left Atrium<br />Receives oxygenated <br />blood from the lungs.<br />Left Ventricle<br />Pumps blood rich in <br />oxygen through the aorta <br />to the arteries to nourish <br />the body systems.<br />Right Ventricle<br />Pumps blood in need of <br />oxygen to the lungs.<br />
  5. 5. The Path Of Blood Flow<br />
  6. 6. Oxygenation of blood in <br />alveoli capillaries<br />
  7. 7. Death Rates for Cardiovascular Disease in the United States, 1940 & 2000<br />
  8. 8. Women & Heart Disease<br />Coronary Vascular Disease:<br />Coronary heart disease + Stroke<br />Misconception: Coronary vascular disease is not a major problem for women<br />CVD = 493,000 female deaths<br />Breast cancer = 41,514 female deaths<br />Lifetime risk of developing CVD after age 40:<br />Men: 49%<br />Women: 32%<br />First among all disease categories in hospital discharges for women<br />40% of all female deaths in USA from CVD<br />
  9. 9. Women & Heart Disease<br />Greater incidence in minority women<br />38% of women compared to 25% of men will die within one year post heart attack<br />Average age of first heart attack:<br />Men: 65.8 y/o<br />Women: 70.4 y/o<br />Incidence of hypertension is greater in men until age 55; after 55, incidence is higher in women<br />
  10. 10. Development of Atherosclerosis<br />Fatty Streaks Develop on the Arterial Walls at Injury Spots<br />Growth and Hardening of Fatty Streaks<br />Plaque Formation (well developed by age 30)<br />Narrowing and Loss of Elasticity of the Arteries <br />Restriction of Blood Flow to the Heart or Brain<br />Limited Oxygen Delivery to the Heart or Brain<br />Blood Pressure Elevation <br />Blood Clot Formation and Thrombosis<br />Angina, Heart Attack and/or Stroke<br />
  11. 11. The Atherosclerotic Process<br />
  12. 12. Atherosclerotic Plaque:Artery cross-section<br />
  13. 13. Atherosclerotic plaque occluding an artery<br />
  14. 14. Arterial Plaque<br />Normal Artery<br />
  15. 15. Unclogging The Arteries<br />Cholesterol-lowering drugs<br />Low-fat diet<br />Dean Ornish Diet (without medications)<br />Very low-fat diet (8% of total daily calories)<br />Moderate exercise for 1 hour three times per week.<br />Stress counseling.<br />One hour of yoga, meditation, breathing, and progressive relaxation per day.<br />
  16. 16. Risk Factors for Cardiovascular Disease<br />Factors You Can Control<br />Physical Inactivity<br />Tobacco<br />Obesity<br />Hypertension<br />Hypercholesterolemia<br />Diabetes Mellitus<br />Stress<br />Homocysteine levels<br />Artery inflammation<br />Factors You Can’t Control<br />Heredity<br />Race and Ethnicity<br />Age<br />Gender<br />Bacterial Infection<br />
  17. 17. Heart Healthy Benefits of Regular Physical Activity<br />Reduction in body weight.<br />Reduction in blood pressure.<br />Reduction of LDL and total cholesterol levels.<br />Increase in HDL cholesterol.<br />Increased insulin sensitivity.<br />
  18. 18. Regular Physical Exercise<br />American Heart Association, American<br />College of Sports Medicine and the CDC<br />30 minutes or more of moderate-intensity physical activity on most, if not all, days of the week.<br />Institute of Medicine<br />60 minutes of daily physical activity to counter the obesity epidemic.<br />
  19. 19. Which of the following is NOT a heart benefit of regular exercise?<br />:10<br />Answer Now<br />0 of 40<br />Reduction in blood pressure<br />Reduction of HDL and total cholesterol levels<br />Increased insulin sensitivity<br />Improved coronary artery circulation<br />
  20. 20. Heart Healthy Nutrition<br />Plenty of fruits and vegetables.<br />Cholesterol Lowering Foods:<br />Oats, barley, soy protein, and nuts.<br />Fish 2 times a week (AHA).<br />Insufficient Evidence to Recommend For or Against the Use of:<br />Supplements of vitamin A, C, or E.<br />Multivitamins with folic acid.<br />Antioxidant combinations.<br />
  21. 21. Tobacco and Heart Disease<br />How Smoking Damages The Heart:<br />Nicotine overstimulates the heart.<br />Carbon monoxide reduce the oxygen supply to the heart.<br />Tars and other smoke residues increase the risk of cholesterol build-up in the arteries.<br />Smoking increases blood clotting.<br />Smoking causes irreversible damage to the arteries.<br />Second-hand smoke<br />
  22. 22. Blood Pressure<br />Definition: A measure of the force exerted against the walls of <br />the vessels by the blood flowing through them.<br />Systolic Blood Pressure<br />Pressure exerted by blood<br />against walls of the arteries<br />during forceful contraction <br />of the heart.<br />Diastolic Blood Pressure<br />Pressure exerted by blood against the walls of the arteries during<br />relaxation of the heart.<br />Sphygmomanometer &<br />Stethoscope<br />
  23. 23. Measuring Blood Pressure<br />
  24. 24. Measurement of Blood Pressure<br />
  25. 25. What Is a Healthy Blood Pressure?<br />115/75 mm Hg<br />HEALTHY READING<br />120-139/80-90 mm Hg<br />PREHYPERTENSION<br />140-159/90-99 mm Hg<br />160+/100+ mm Hg<br />HYPERTENSION<br />
  26. 26. 0<br />What are common symptoms of patients with hypertension?<br />? ?<br />
  27. 27. 0<br />What is the most common symptom of someone who has hypertension?<br />NONE<br />Hypertension is often called the<br />“Silent Killer”<br />
  28. 28. Consequences of High Blood Pressure<br />
  29. 29. Cross-section of an artery<br />Normal artery<br />Hypertension<br />
  30. 30. Preventing Hypertension<br />Lifestyle Changes<br />Losing weight<br />Regular exercise<br />Dietary Approaches To Stop Hypertension (DASH Diet)<br />Restriction of daily sodium intake<br />Factors That Have Not Proven Effective<br />Dietary supplements such as calcium, magnesium, potassium, and fish oil<br />
  31. 31. Answer Now<br />:10<br />0 of 40<br />Complications of hypertension involve all of the following organ systems except:<br />Heart<br />Kidney<br />Eye<br />Peripheral arteries<br />Brain<br />None of the above<br />
  32. 32. Understanding Blood Lipids<br />Low Density <br />Lipoprotein<br />(LDL)<br />Fatty substances produced by the liver that carry <br /> cholesterol to arterial walls; “bad” cholesterol.<br />High Density <br />Lipoprotein <br />(HDL)<br />Fatty substance that picks up cholesterol in the blood-<br /> stream and returns it to the liver; “good” cholesterol.<br />Very Low Density <br />Lipoprotein<br />(VLDL)<br />The largest of the lipoproteins which allow cholesterol to<br /> circulate in the bloodstream.<br />Triglycerides<br />Fats that flow through the blood after meals and have been<br /> linked to increased risk of coronary artery disease.<br />
  33. 33. Metabolic SyndromeSyndrome X or Insulin-Resistant Syndrome<br />Definition: A cluster of medical abnormalities that increases the risk of heart disease and diabetes.<br />Probable Causes: Genetics, lack of exercise, and overeating.<br />Diagnostic Criteria:<br />Waist Circumference: Men > 40 inches; Women >35 inches.<br />Triglycerides: >150 mg/dL.<br />High-Density Lipoproteins: Men <40 mg/dl; Women <50 mg/dl.<br />Blood Pressure:130 mm Hg (systole)/85 mm Hg (diastole).<br />Fasting Blood Sugar: >110 mg/dl.<br />
  34. 34. Serum Cholesterol Guidelines<br />
  35. 35. Lowering Cholesterol<br />Therapeutic Life Changes:<br />Dietary changes<br />Weight loss<br />Physical activity<br />Medications:<br />Statins<br />Niacin<br />
  36. 36. Acute Myocardial InfarctionHeart Attack<br />Definition: A condition that occurs when blood supply to the heart muscle is cut off and the tissue dies.<br />Crushing or heavy <br />discomfort or pain <br />in the chest<br />Heartburn symptoms <br />accompanied by <br />nausea and vomiting<br />Chest pain that spreads <br />to the shoulders, neck, <br />jaw or arms<br />Lightheadedness,<br />dizziness or<br />fainting<br />Sweating<br />
  37. 37. Myocardial Infarction<br />
  38. 38. Myocardial Infarction<br />Myocardial Infarction<br />Where is it located?<br />Healthy heart<br />
  39. 39. A temporary decrease in oxygen supply to the myocardium is<br />Answer Now<br />:10<br />0 of 40<br />Myocardial Infarction<br />Atherosclerosis<br />Angina<br />Hypercholesterolemia<br />Stroke<br />
  40. 40. ArrhythmiasIrregular Heart Beat<br />Bradycardia:<br />Heart rate of fewer than 60 beats per minute<br />Tachycardia: <br />Heart rate of more than 100 beats per minute<br />Potential Causes: <br />Atherosclerosis, hypertension, mineral imbalance, alcohol, tobacco, cocaine, or other drugs<br />Symptoms: <br />Fatigue, lightheadedness, loss of consciousness, death, and organ damage<br />Diagnosis: <br />Electrocardiogram<br />Treatment: <br />Medications and/or pacemakers<br />
  41. 41. Diagnostic Tests<br />Electrocardiogram (ECG, EKG)<br />
  42. 42. Diagnostic Tests<br />Stress Test <br />Thallium scintigraphy<br />
  43. 43. Treatments<br />Aspirin therapy <br />Medications<br />diuretics<br />beta-blockers<br />calcium channel blockers<br />angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (ACE)<br />Surgical Procedures<br />Coronary bypass<br />Use of saphenous vein to bypass occlusion<br />Placement of a titanium stent to bypass artery occlusion<br />Percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty<br />Pacemaker<br />
  44. 44. Using a stent to bypass occluded arteries<br />Titanium stent<br />Expanded stent<br />
  45. 45. Percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty<br />
  46. 46. Pacemaker<br />
  47. 47.
  48. 48. Cerebrovascular Accident (Stroke)<br />Definition<br />Blockage of the blood supply to a portion of the brain<br />Statistics<br />the 3rd leading cause of death in the U.S.<br />Worldwide: the second leading cause of death<br />Types<br />Ischemic stroke<br />Thrombotic<br />Embolic <br />Hemorrhagic stroke<br />Acute / chronic bleed<br />Rupture of aneurysm <br />Transient ischemic attacks (TIA)<br />
  49. 49. Warning Signs of a Stroke<br />
  50. 50. Risk Factors for Strokes<br />
  51. 51. Prevention and Treatment for Strokes<br />A baby aspirin a day keeps strokes away.<br />Surgery<br />Carotid endartectomy<br />Brain angioplasty<br />Medications<br />Thrombolytic drugs<br />
  52. 52. Which of the following concerning stroke is INCORRECT?<br />Answer Now<br />:10<br />0 of 40<br />Hemorrhagic type results from blood clot<br />Right brain involvement can result in weakness of left leg<br />Major risk factor is hypertension<br />Can be prevented by taking a baby aspirin a day.<br />
  53. 53. Heart-Smart Strategies For Life<br />Don’t smoke<br />Watch your weight<br />Cut down on saturated fat and cholesterol<br />Get moving<br />Lower your stress levels<br />Know your family history<br />Get your blood pressure checked regularly<br />Tame your temper<br />Get a lipoprotein profile<br />Take appropriate medications<br />
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