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Discussion Topics and News, 9/17 - WordPress.com — Get a Free Blog ...

  1. 1. QUEST Discussion Topics<br />9/17/2010<br /><ul><li>One of the pieces I want to include in our discussion tomorrow is the problem of representation of time in a QUEST based solution applicable for exploiting persistent sensing data – we currently store frames of data with time metadata associated with the frames and some sensing specifics (location and orientation of sensor) etc. – the question becomes can our view of the quale of time provide a unique innovative approach to representation of the ‘memory’ of the ‘experienced’ data in a sys2 part of the solutions that gets away from this physics time tag mentality?
  2. 2. Link game, cache, dreaming and the quale of time –the general challenges of the link game, recall we have posited that there is a quale of time, adam recently suggested that the units of the quale of time are ‘links’, we would like to have a discussion of the impact of link game and perceived time, example – when a bball game ‘slows down’ for Michael Jordan I suggest this implies that the number of qualia links that he has to exercise to accurately predict / respond to events in the game are fewer than other experiences in a game thus he has the perception that it ‘slowed down’ with respect to his ‘stress’ - the amount of tension and the quale of being rushed versus those experiences where he has to deliberate over many qualia links to get to an acceptable (feels right) answer for the response and in those cases things are happening with the quale of happening fast compared to his quale of deliberation – the idea carries over to when you are learning to drive a car – at first it is a very ‘stressful’ experience where things are happening so fast when compared to your deliberation speed (deliberation is the process of exercising qualia links) – then as you become a more experienced driver you relegate many of the expected activities down to Sys1 (Libet) and you can drive while talking on the phone and changing the music and fixing your makeup -> driving ‘slows down’ in the sense that you don’t have to use many qualia level chunks not many qualia level links are involved so the ‘stress of feeling like too many things are happening too quickly is gone so in that sense it slows down’ but in the sense that your perception of elapsed time it flies by (there are not many qualia links that can anchor the passing of wall clock time).
  3. 3. Narratives - the fundamental unit of cognition ISN'T these categories / qualia / concepts but the situations you form with them - that is we would suggest you can't define / formulate these categories independent of the context (all the other active categories - that is the way they are linked) - if you will we would suggest that culture specific (and as per my comment on the immortal matt) even person specific 'situation vocabulary' made up of these categories allows us to infer categories in streaming overwhelming stimuli –
  4. 4. YATE project – the idea that using Second Life to provide ‘links’ while presenting concepts – brainstorm the hypothesis to be tested – what are the  controls – what is the expected outcome
  5. 5. Spinning Road illusion – related to number 1 above – the idea that context controls perception
  6. 6. Image quality – hit brian with the quest definition – tied to number of ‘situations’ that can be extracted by a given class of agents
  7. 7. Architecting conscious systems – return to the shannahan etc work – what architectures might be the key to replicating some of the engineering advantages we seek</li></ul>News Articles<br /><ul><li>App rule changes
  8. 8. http://bits.blogs.nytimes.com/2010/09/09/apple-lifts-restrictions-in-its-app-ecosystem/?ref=technology
  9. 9. Apple announced Thursday that it would change some of the strict and perplexing rules for developers creating content for the iTunes App Store….Apple said it is “relaxing all restrictions on the development tools used to create iOS apps, as long as the resulting apps do not download any code.” This means app developers will be able to use third-party tools to create applications for the iOS platform, something Apple has steadfastly denied in the past…Along with relaxing some restrictions on app development, Apple said it would publish the set of guidelines the company uses to approve, or shun, applications…publishing the App Store Review Guidelines to help developers understand how we review submitted apps. We hope it will make us more transparent and help our developers create even more successful apps for the App Store…
  10. 10. Dreams and day’s events
  11. 11. http://www.nytimes.com/2010/09/07/health/07really.html?ref=science
  12. 12. much of what happens in a dream is unique to that dream. But some events from a person’s day can be incorporated into dreams in two stages…“day residue” stage, in which emotional events may work their way into a person’s dreams that night. But that is followed by the more mysterious “dream lag” effect, in which those events disappear from the dream landscape — often to be reincorporated roughly a week later….Researchers reviewed the journals of 470 people who recorded their dreams over a week. The dream-lag effect was strongest among people who viewed their dreams as a chance for self-understanding; their dreams often involved the resolution of problems or emotions tied to relationships…speculated that the delayed dreams were the mind’s way of working through interpersonal difficulties and even “reformulating” negative memories into more positive ones…BOTTOM LINE The dream cycle can be much longer than a single night…
  13. 13. Google instant
  14. 14. http://www.cnn.com/2010/TECH/web/09/08/google.search/index.html
  15. 15. Google Instant shows search results as you type…Using the new system, as a query is typed, the search box immediately jumps to the top of the search page, and a constantly changing list of suggested pages appears…If the user finds the right site, they don't need to finish typing or hit "enter."… feature builds on Google's existing auto-complete feature…Google executives brought up a local weather report simply by hitting the "w" key…esults just stream to you, giving the results that are most likely, given what you've typed so far…Anticipating partial queries turning up unfortunate results, potentially offensive search terms like "porn" still require the user to finish typing the word and hit enter for suggestions to appear…Even though we are serving more results pages, the additional load this enhancement creates is very small when compared to other types of web services such as streaming video and online gaming…Google processes more than 80 billion searches a month…Google was responsible for about 71 percent of all Web searches, followed by Yahoo with about 14 percent and Microsoft's Bing with just under 10 percent…
  16. 16. Email virus causes havoc
  17. 17. http://www.foxnews.com/scitech/2010/09/09/beware-link-e-mail-virus-plays-havoc-internet/
  18. 18. e-mail virus swept through the Internet Thursday, snarling traffic and taking down servers at ABC, NASA, Comcast, and Google -- and possibly even affecting the Department of Homeland Security…virus, called “Here You Have” or VBMania, is a simple Trojan Horse: An e-mail arrives in your inbox with the suggestive subject line “here you have.” The body reads “This is The Document I told you about, you can find it Here” or “This is The Free Download Sex Movies, you can find it Here.”… Click the link in the message and you launch a program that spams the same Trojan Horse out to everyone in your address book, flooding and crippling e-mail servers…particular virus is especially challenging to monitor, noted McAfee’s experts, since it seems to be replicating in several forms…ooks like multiple variants may be spreading and may take some time to work through them all to paint a clearer picture…virus appeared to take down internal servers at the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) on Thursday. Numerous sources told FoxNews.com that some DHS agencies that run on the Immigration and Customs Enforcement server crashed and were mostly disabled throughout Thursday….It’s a phishing attack -- when you click on the link in an e-mail it goes into the address book. It was clogging a bunch of e-mail and that’s it…U.S. Computer Emergency Readiness Team -- US-CERT, the agency tasked with preventing cyber attacks against the government -- was actively sharing its expertise with departments and agencies that had been affected, as well as private companies…
  19. 19. Brain studies applicable to neuroergonomics
  20. 20. http://www.technologyreview.com/biomedicine/26249/?a=f
  21. 21. Mapping how the brain matures…New analysis tools may eventually help doctors predict autism and other developmental disorders…scientists have mapped out how the complex networks of connections in the brain evolve as children age…researchers are now using the technology to examine how brain development in children with specific disorders, such as autism, veers off the norm…aim to use the technology to predict, for example, whether a child at risk for autism will actually develop the disorder, or what treatments might work best for that individual…shown that between age five and 30, the short-range connections in the brain tend to weaken, while longer-range connections get stronger….showed for the first time that they could determine a child's development based on a brain scan…(fMRI), have proven to be a valuable scientific tool over the last decade, but they're still rarely used in medicine. That's because most fMRI studies aggregate data from multiple people, making the technology inappropriate for diagnosing patients. "We realized that if the promise of fMRI is going to apply to understanding individual patients, we need to come up with a new approach, one that can take advantage of an individual's data…researchers developed a twist on functional connectivity--a relatively new approach to analyzing brain-imaging data. With this approach, fMRI is used to record spontaneous fluctuations in brain activity as an individual lies quietly in the brain scanner and does nothing in particular. Brain areas that are well-connected will fluctuate in synchrony, providing an indirect way of mapping the brain's functional networks…studied more than 200 people age five to 30 and recorded brain activity in 160 brain areas. These areas had been identified in previous studies as important nodes of neural connectivity. The team then used a machine-learning algorithm to examine how activity in each of those areas fluctuated with every other area…an then look at the features that the algorithm deemed most important and learn what is changing in the brain's functional architecture. Over the course of development, different brain regions became segregated from each other as the connections between them weakened. "It paints a picture of a brain that gradually organizes into distinct subnetworks," esearch is part of a growing trend to analyze how the brain's networks interact…now using the same approach to study such developmental disorders as Tourette's syndrome and autism…
  22. 22. Marines take down pirates
  23. 23. http://latimesblogs.latimes.com/lanow/2010/09/marines-from-camp-pendleton-who-stormed-pirate-held-ship-were-combat-veterans.html
  24. 24. Marines from Camp Pendleton who stormed a pirate-held ship in the Gulf of Aden were combat veterans of Iraq and Afghanistan, where they learned the skills necessary to disarm and arrest the nine Somalis without firing a shot…called the mission "a 10 out of 10 on any scale."… Launching Thursday morning from the amphibious transport ship Dubuque, the Marines assaulted in two inflatable boats while a helicopter hovered overhead. Despite resistance, the Marines used ladders to quickly scale the side of the freighter…Two dozen Marines were part of the assault force. In all, about 80 personnel, including U.S. Coast Guard members and Naval Criminal Investigative Service agents, were involved in the operationship's 11-member crew -- which included Filipinos, Poles and Ukrainians -- was unhurt. It took Marines three hours to search the vessel for pirates who were hiding and to free the crew from a barricaded space in the engineering compartment…predawn take-down was the first involving U.S. forces. Whether it signals a heightened aggressiveness by the task force remains unclear….
  25. 25. Facebook passes Google in use time
  26. 26. http://www.usatoday.com/tech/news/2010-09-10-facebook-google_N.htm
  27. 27. U.S. Web surfers are spending more 
time socializing on Facebook than searching with  
Google…people spent a total of 41.1 million 
minutes on Facebook, comScore said Thursday, 
about 9.9% of their Web-surfing minutes for the 
month. That just barely surpassed the 39.8 million 
minutes, or 9.6%, people spent on all of Google Inc 
.'s sites combined, including YouTube, the free 
Gmail e-mail program, Google news and other 
content sites…the time spent p
osting photos, updating status messages and 
scrolling through news from friends has at least 
grown to rival just about everything else people do 
  28. 28. Taliban Commander killed
  29. 29. http://www.foxnews.com/world/2010/09/11/pakistani-officials-say-airstrike-kills-militants-northwestern-pakistan/
  30. 30. suspected U.S. missile strike Sunday killed at least five associates of a warlord who is fighting Western troops in Afghanistan…two missiles targeted a home in the village of Datta Khel in the North Waziristan tribal area where Bahadur's associates were believed to be staying. They said five people were killed and three were believed to be wounded…Four airstrikes pounded the area over 24 hours this past week, the last killing five suspected militants early Thursday…
  31. 31. Facebook bandits
  32. 32. http://bits.blogs.nytimes.com/2010/09/12/burglars-picked-houses-based-on-facebook-updates/?ref=technology
  33. 33. If you plan to log into your Facebook account and announce to the world that you’re heading to the beach for the weekend, you might want to append the status update with a warning that your home is under 24-hour surveillance, you have a 140-pound Rottweiler who hasn’t eaten in a week and that you own a really good alarm system…New Hampshire’s WMUR Channel 9 News, three local men, Mario Rojas, Leonardo Barroso and Victor Rodriguez, have burglarized more than 18 homes in the Nashua area of New Hampshire simply by checking status updates on Facebook and then pillaging houses of victims who announced on the social network that they were not home…Police told the news outlet that they recovered between $100,000 and $200,000 worth of stolen property as a result of the investigation…tracked down the burglars after a specific type of firework was stolen from a victim’s home. The police listened for the sound of the fireworks where they apprehended the suspects and their loot…A Web site called Please Rob Me had noted when people informed the world they weren’t home by their status updates and check-ins on some location-based social networks. But the site has since shut down, noting that the site’s founders are “satisfied with the attention we’ve gotten for an issue that we deeply care about.”…
  34. 34. Testing kids
  35. 35. http://www.nytimes.com/2010/09/12/weekinreview/12rosenthal.html?_r=1
  36. 36. taking tests was as much a part of the rhythm of their school day as tag at recess or listening to stories at circle time…living in China, where their school blended a mostly Western elementary school curriculum with the emphasis on discipline and testing that typifies Asian educational styles…nearly constant tension between the Asian parents, who wanted still more tests and homework, and the Western parents, who were more concerned with whether their kids were having fun…educators and parents in the United States debate new federal programs that will probably expose young children to far more exams and quizzes than is the current norm…esting of young children had been out of favor for decades among early-childhood educators in the United States, who worry that it stifles creativity and harms self-esteem, and does not accurately reflect the style and irregular pace of children’s learning anyway…President Obama’s Race to the Top educational competition — which announced billions of dollars in state grants this month — includes and encourages more reliance on what educators call “formative tests” or “formative assessments.” These are not the big once-a-year or once-in-a-lifetime exams, like the SATs, but a stream of smaller, less monumental tests, designed in theory, at least, primarily to help students and their teachers know how they’re doing…“What’s best for kids is frequent testing, where even if they do badly, they can get help and improve and have the satisfaction of doing better,” he said. “Kids don’t get self-esteem by people just telling them they are wonderful.”… Other educators recoil at the thought of more tests…genuine learning in young children was a global process, while tests look at narrow and specific skills, and good teachers don’t need tests to know if a child is learning…
  37. 37. Iraq mission not over
  38. 38. http://www.reuters.com/article/idUSTRE68C1XU20100913
  39. 39. August 31, the U.S. military formally declared an end to its combat mission in Iraq, 7-1/2 years after the invasion that removed Saddam and led to sectarian warfare and a fierce insurgency in which tens of thousands of Iraqis were killed. More than 4,400 U.S. soldiers have been killed since 2003…U.S. networks such as NBC showed what the U.S. military labeled the last combat brigade rumbling into Kuwait…there are still six brigades made up of 50,000 troops in Iraq, ahead of a full withdrawal at the end of 2011. Their focus is to assist and advise their Iraqi counterparts…September 7, two U.S. soldiers were killed and nine wounded when an Iraqi soldier opened fire on them at an Iraqi commando base…Manuel said changing the mission's name meant little if any of his soldiers were to be killed by a roadside bomb…Gone are the days when U.S. soldiers kicked in doors and searched for insurgents and weapons, U.S. officers say, adding that they cannot even enter towns now unless invited and escorted…However, a tip-off that a suicide bomber from the Iraqi affiliate of al-Qaeda planned to attack a joint Iraqi-U.S. checkpoint in western Nineveh during the Muslim holiday of Eid al-Fitr, which started on Friday, led U.S. troops to take the initiative in a raid last week….Being that it is a credible threat specifically against U.S. forces, we kind of have to act,"…
  40. 40. ISR Group and Cyber
  41. 41. http://www.af.mil/news/story.asp?id=123221324
  42. 42. 659th Intelligence, Surveillance and Reconnaissance Group was activated Sept. 8 during a ceremony here…to provide direct ISR support to the 24th Air Force, which contributes to U.S. Cyber Command's mission. Members of the 659th focus on digital network exploitation analysis and digital network intelligence, which enables computer network operations. The group also provides digital network experts to the National Security Agency…tasked with standing up an ISR group to support 24th Air Force, we laid the foundation within days by establishing the provisional 770th ISR Group, which was the 659th's precursor…new 659th ISR Group has two intelligence squadrons: the 7th Intelligence Squadron here and the 35th IS at Lackland Air Force Base, Texas. The more than 400 military and civilian Airmen of the 659th ISR Group conduct missions at locations worldwide…
  43. 43. Artificial Skin
  44. 44. http://www.technologyreview.com/computing/26256/?a=f
  45. 45. Flexible sensors could give prosthetics and robots a more sensitive sense of touch….tactile sensitivity of human skin is hard to re-create, especially over large, flexible surfaces. But two California research groups have made pressure-sensing devices that significantly advance the state of the art….One, made by researchers at Stanford University, is based on organic electronics and is 1,000 times more sensitive than human skin…second, made by researchers at the University of California, Berkeley, uses integrated arrays of nanowire transistors and requires very little power. Both devices are flexible and can be printed over large areas…surfaces could help robots pick up delicate objects without breaking them, give prosthetics a sense of touch, and give surgeons finer control over tools used for minimally invasive surgery…core of Bao's device consists of a clear silicon-containing polymer called PDMS. This material's ability to store charge is directly related to its thickness…The microstructuring also improves the sensitivity of the device. The gentlest pressure that human skin can detect is about one kilopascal; Bao's devices can detect pressures that are 1,000 times more gentle…Touch sensing can also help robots avoid obstacles and locate objects in difficult environments…Surgical tools tipped with very sensitive tactile sensors could give doctors better control over how much force they use during minimally invasive surgeries…
  46. 46. DHS and Iris scanners
  47. 47. http://www.usatoday.com/tech/news/surveillance/2010-09-13-1Airis13_ST_N.htm
  48. 48. test futuristic iris scan technology that 
stores digital images of people's eyes in a database 
and is considered a quicker alternative to 
fingerprints…department will run a two-week test in October 
of commercially sold iris scanners at a Border Patrol 
station in McAllen, Texas…Iris scanners are little used, but a new generation of 
cameras that capture images from 6 feet away 
instead of a few inches has sparked interest from 
government agencies and financial firms…fears that the 
cameras could be used covertly…Homeland Security will test cameras that take photos 
from 3 or 4 feet away, including one that works on 
people as they walk by…In 2007, the U.S. military began taking iris scans of 
thousands of Iraqis to track suspected militants…
  49. 49. Social search
  50. 50. http://www.nytimes.com/2010/09/13/technology/13search.html?_r=1&ref=technology
  51. 51. even on the Internet, it is not what you know but who you know…many people now prefer getting their online information the old-fashioned way: by yakking across the fence…urning to friends is the new rage in the Web world, extending far beyond established social networking sites and setting off a rush among Web companies looking for ways to help people capitalize on the wisdom of their social circles — and to make some money in the process…What your friends think and what people like you think is much more relevant than what everybody thinks…Amazon.com now allows its shoppers to connect to their Facebook accounts so that Amazon can display their friends’ favorite books, films and other products. TunerFish, a start-up owned by Comcast, lets users share what television shows and movies they are watching…“Improving search has always been about improving relevance,” Mr. Ray of Forrester said. “But the thinking now is that getting information from your immediate social network is what will really make results more relevant….trust factor of friends’ suggestions can make a big difference…
  52. 52. Genetic based treatments
  53. 53. http://www.technologyreview.com/biomedicine/26264/?p1=A3&a=f
  54. 54. watershed" in sequencing technology helps physicians choose drugs for cancer patients…two years ago, scientists published the sequence of the first cancer genome, detailing the constellation of genetic mutations that likely enabled tumor cells to grow out of control. Now a handful of scientists and physicians are starting to use data from this "whole genome analysis" to help them choose the best drugs for their patients. Over the weekend at the Personal Genomes conference in Cold Spring Harbor, New York, three researchers presented cases highlighting how the approach can work on rare tumors and other unusual cases…cancer results when healthy cells acquire a combination of genetic mutations that let them grow out of control. Previous research has identified genetic variations that increase the risk that an individual will develop certain kinds of cancer, as well as specific mutations within the cancer cells themselves that render them sensitive to certain drugs…one of the first cases to apply the technology to clinical practice, scientists from the BC Cancer Center in Vancouver twice sequenced the genome of cancer cells in a patient with a very rare type of tumor--an adenocarcinoma of the tongue…no standard courses of treatment…collaborators used the genetic variations that they had identified, along with their knowledge of the molecular pathways that have been implicated in cancer, to create a model for what might be driving cancer in that patient. They narrowed in on a defect in a specific molecular pathway linked to cancer cell growth. The patient's physician then chose to treat him with a drug that inhibits that pathway, and the patient's tumor stopped growing for eight months. "A rare tumor is never going to have clinical trials,"… the cancer eventually grew resistant to the treatment and started growing again…scientists implant tumor cells biopsied from a patient into a mouse, which then grows a tumor similar to the patient's. Jones's team could then hypothesize which drugs would work best using the model created from the genome analysis, and test those drugs on the mouse before trying them in the patient….Physicians currently try to predict the prognosis for patients with different subtypes of AML by looking for certain abnormalities in their chromosomes…cost of sequencing itself--about $10,000 to $20,000 for a human genome--is quickly becoming less of a roadblock. It's now on par with other medical tests and treatments for cancer; an MRI scan costs about $6,000, and cancer patients typically have severa…points out that it's impossible to conclude from individual cases whether a particular treatment worked because of a mutation identified in the genetic analysis…
  55. 55. Gaming and decision making
  56. 56. http://www.sciencenews.org/view/generic/id/63353/title/Video_mayhem_enlivens_decision__making
  57. 57. Action gamers acquire advantage in evaluating sensory information…Playing shoot-‘em-up, action-packed video games strengthens a person’s ability to translate sensory information quickly into accurate decisions….ction-game players get tutored in detecting a range of visual and acoustic evidence that supports increasingly speedy decisions with no loss of precision…action games improved probabilistic inference not just for the act of gaming, but for unrelated and rather dull tasks…Much remains to be learned, though, about whether and to what extent video-induced thinking improvements aid other skills, such as pilots’ ability to land airplanes in challenging conditions…Bavelier’s group tested 11 men who reported having played action video games at least five times a week for the past year and 12 men who reported no action video game activity in the past year. Participants in each group averaged 19 to 20 years of age…Men in both groups looked at dot arrays on a computer screen and had up to two seconds to indicate with an appropriate keystroke the main direction in which each set of dots was moving. Arrays ranged in difficulty, with some having almost all dots moving in the same direction and others having slightly more than half the dots moving in the same direction…Action gamers responded substantially faster than nongamers to dot arrays at all difficulty levels…Game players showed a similar speed advantage on an auditory task…playing action games amplifies an ability to analyze sensory information…
  58. 58. Google Me
  59. 59. http://www.foxnews.com/scitech/2010/07/28/googles-social-network-features-emerge-waves/
  60. 60. Google this fall plans to infuse its core products with elements of social networking.. Google hoped to at least get access to Facebook users' contact lists so that people can grow their social network on Google…The best thing that would happen is for Facebook to open up its data," Mr. Schmidt said. "Failing that, there are other ways to get that information."… been developing a rival to Facebook, the largest social-networking service with more than 500 million users who share photos, comments and website links with a network of friends. The new service is known internally as Google Me…YouTube, Google's online video service, is one product that will incorporate more social-networking elements, said people familiar with the matter. Google is working on ways to notify users when a particular video is being watched by many friends in their network…Google will attempt to allow users on the Google site to access information they created on many other sites including Twitter and Yahoo's Flickr, the photo-sharing service
  61. 61. Twitter adds video
  62. 62. http://money.cnn.com/2010/09/14/technology/twitter_revamp/index.htm?hpt=T2
  63. 63. users will soon be able to embed photos and video clips into their 140-character-long tweets…fast-growing microblogging service said the new features are part of a major overhaul focused on making Twitter more user-friendly…It's faster, it's easier and it's a richer experience…Simple things that are cryptic on Twitter today become a lot more clear…pdated Twitter.com features an expanded sidebar that shows related content when you click on a specific Tweet, eliminating the need to toggle back and forth between different Web pages. The company partnered with 16 media providers, included Yahoo's Flickr and Google's YouTube, to let users embed pictures and playable videos directly on Twitter.com. That cuts a step out of the previous navigation path, which required clicking on a link to view images or clips…also includes the ability to scroll down the page without having to press a "more" button.. move is part of Twitter's ongoing shift from promising startup to entrenched Web giant. While the four-year-old company has insisted on what it calls a "slow and thoughtful approach to monetization…Earlier this year, Twitter launched "Promoted Tweets," a money-making plan featuring 140-character ads purchased by companies like Starbucks and Red Bull…
  64. 64. Taliban quote
  65. 65. http://aimpoints.hq.af.mil/display.cfm?id=40967
  66. 66. Taliban commander in northwest Pakistan tells CBS News a wave of recent U.S. air strikes have had an "incredible and accurate" impact on al Qaeda militants in the Pakistan-Afghanistan border area…elentless waves of air strikes, suspected to have been carried out by unmanned U.S. drones, have pounded the region in the past three weeks, leaving dozens of alleged militants killed…Within 72 hours, four to five drone attacks in tribal areas have interrupted badly al Qaeda and Pakistani militants,".. Taliban commander, who spoke on the condition that he not be identified by name, said the number of al Qaeda militants in the region was dwindling as a result of the increasing pressure…may seem counter-intuitive for a Taliban commander to reveal apparent advances by the U.S. military and intelligence apparatus, it is important to note that the Islamic fighters in the region are divided into myriad tribal groups…Taliban commander also said, however, that the missile strikes -- the most recent of which slammed into a house early Monday in North Waziristan, killing 10 alleged militants -- are taking an increasing toll on the Taliban, in addition to al Qaeda operatives in the area…commander told Yousafzai locals seem to have ramped-up their "spying" on militants in the area, and are increasingly grassing on even the more native Taliban fighters who have long enjoyed some degree of support in the region…said the Taliban's "brutal punishment and beheading of spies" was apparently failing to halt the villagers' cooperation with government forces, who have increased their tip-offs to American intelligence operatives…commander went so far as to say the reprisal attacks could be "widening and complicating" the Taliban's fight in Waziristan…Intelligence sources tell Bokhari that the strikes over the past couple days have killed important "field commanders," though nobody has mentioned any of the most-wanted figures believed to be hiding out in the mountainous region…
  67. 67. Zhari
  68. 68. http://www.marinecorpstimes.com/news/2010/09/ap-afghanistan-zhari-district-us-troops-advancing-091510/
  69. 69. U.S. and Afghan forces began advancing slowly Wednesday through the insurgent-filled district in southern Afghanistan that gave birth to the Taliban movement, treading ground where guerrilla fighters have operated freely for years…latest push in Zhari district is part of a crucial strategy aimed at reducing violence in the provincial capital Kandahar by stemming the flow of fighters and weapons there and connecting civilians estranged from their government…part of military operations that have been going on in Zhari for at least four months…One of the targets in Zhari was the village of Makuan, which U.S. commanders expect to clear within days. Carter said troops had "breached some IED belts" adjacent to the village, referring to bombs coalition forces often call improvised explosive devices…NATO said 25 Afghan civilians had been killed and 60 injured so far in September as the result of the Taliban insurgency…
  70. 70. Cursor on Target
  71. 71. http://www.af.mil/news/story.asp?id=123222025
  72. 72. ANSCOM AIR FORCE BASE, Mass. -- Officials from the Electronic Systems Center here are slated to the host the Cursor on Target Users' Conference Sept. 22 and 23….scenario-based, 'friendly competition' will dominate much of the event…expecting as many as 200 attendees to participate in the hands-on activity. They will be split into two teams, each consisting of end-users, developers and program managers. The teams will apply CoT-based technologies to rapidly track and share data that allows operational challenges to be met…Specialists from the office of the Air Force Deputy Chief of Staff for Intelligence, Surveillance and Reconnaissance (A2) and Air Force Special Operations Command will judge the results…CoT is a straight-forward, powerful method of communicating situational awareness data…For special operations personnel and others operating in a battlefield environment, where time is critical and bandwidth limited, only minimal essential information can be passed and processed…The key is that it strips critical, time-sensitive communication requirements down to their most essential elements…General Jumper challenged ESC officials to develop capabilities that allowed different agencies to communicate with each other using existing systems…The sum of all wisdom is a cursor over the target…CoT, he noted, has helped solve many key operational challenges, including the need to rapidly assign strike assets to a target and then pass target coordinates to the asset. CoT does this by significantly reducing operator tasks, like typing in target coordinates, and replacing them with the machine-to-machine interfaces General Jumper called for…CoT also helps connect systems that, for one reason or another, fail to connect on their own, and it has become an essential tool for tracking both hostile and friendly forces. That tracking capability, combined with the enhanced accuracy provided by removing hand-written or hastily typed coordinates, means that CoT significantly reduces fratricide potential…full-motion video feeds can be brought up with the click of button…
  73. 73. Yahoo and Google TV
  74. 74. http://www.technologyreview.com/communications/26295/?p1=A2</li></ul>Yahoo Brings Apps to TVs<br /><ul><li>The company's widget platform is in stark contrast to Google's set-top box approach…platform lets users install Internet apps, or "widgets," to do things like watch shows bought through Amazon or rented through Netflix, or browse eBay and Facebook while watching TV. Yahoo announced today that Toshiba will begin shipping TVs with the platform--joining Sony, LG, Samsung, and Vizio…Yahoo and Google both hope to make advertising dollars through Internet-connected TVs. Such ads would be targeted to TV content. For example, while an app on an Internet-connected TVs could automatically pull up scoring data to accompany a sports broadcast, advertising could show merchandise for the viewer's favorite team…Google is working with Intel to create a powerful dedicated TV device featuring Intel's Atom processors. Yahoo's approach is fundamentally different--it's making Internet apps that could work on even relatively cheap TV sets, rather than selling a separate computer-like set-top device…"TVs are designed for video performance, not application performance, and have little internal storage," says Russ Shafer, a senior director of marketing at Yahoo. "So we developed a very light, cloud-based platform." Yahoo's platform can be shipped with almost any TV capable of connecting to the Internet, the cheapest being a model available from Vizio for $299…around 65 TV models running Yahoo's software are available. As a result, Yahoo is one of the first companies to have data on how TV viewers use Internet apps on TVs. "The most popular apps today are video-on-demand and Facebook," says Shafer, who adds that users have shown how TV and Internet content can share the screen. "Users can turn to Twitter to add information not featured in a news broadcast as an event unfolds,"… only limited lessons can be drawn from the cell-phone app market. "One big difference is that the TV is a shared device, not a personal device; also, maybe 80 percent of phone apps are location-based, which doesn't translate to TV…argues that consumers are ready for shared apps. When his firm asked people what apps they would use on a TV, many said they wanted a shared calendar that everyone in their household could update and view…Schafer claims that Yahoo's platform should give advertisers metrics similar to those offered by Google TV. But Dixon points out that it will collect less information than Google TV. "The Yahoo engine doesn't know what's on the TV; Google TV devices can know,"… Google TV device could track whatever content is onscreen at any given moment by monitoring the station a person is tuned into and using the Internet to check TV schedules…