Chapter Seven Exam
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Chapter Seven Exam






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Chapter Seven Exam Chapter Seven Exam Document Transcript

  • Chapter Seven Exam<br />Multiple Choice Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question.<br />Much computer-aided surgery is ______________ invasive, performing surgery through small incisions.<br />maximally<br />middling<br />minimally<br />None of the above<br />Most minimally invasive procedures are done using a/an __________________—a thin tube, which can be connected to a minuscule camera. It projects an image of the surgical site onto a monitor.<br />camerascope<br />SurgiScope<br />endoscope<br />None of the above<br />The surgeon does not look at the patient; instead, she or he looks at a monitor on which is projected a picture of the patient. Thus, much computer-assisted surgery is said to be _______________-directed.<br />picture<br />image<br />graphically<br />None of the above<br />______________ or telepresence surgery performed by robotic devices controlled by surgeons at another site has been successfully performed.<br />Distance<br />Virtual<br />Augmented<br />None of the above<br />With _____________ reality technology, the computer can create simulations and an environment that seems real, but is not.<br />augmented<br />virtual<br />simulated<br />None of the above<br />One form of minimally invasive robotic surgery is called ___________________ surgery. It does not require incisions. It is also called natural orifice surgery.<br />augmented<br />virtual<br />simulated<br />endoluminal<br />_______________ is a computer-controlled, image-directed robot that performed its first hip replacement in 1992.<br />HIPDOC<br />ROBODOC<br />AESOP<br />ZEUS<br />____________ is used as an assistant in endoscopic procedures. It holds and moves the endoscope under the direction of the surgeon.<br />HIPDOC<br />ROBODOC<br />AESOP<br />ZEUS<br />________ is a robotic surgical system, which will make possible minimally invasive microsurgery. It has three interactive robotic arms, one of which holds the endoscope, whereas the other two manipulate the surgical instruments.<br />HIPDOC<br />ROBODOC<br />AESOP<br />ZEUS<br />_______________ is a robot developed to perform stereotactic neurosurgical procedures.<br />MINNIE<br />MAXIE<br />MARY<br />MINERVA<br />A new four-dimensional model of the human body called __________________ has been developed in Canada. It can be used to plan surgery and to educate patients.<br />CAVEman<br />NEWman<br />SURGIman<br />None of the above<br />________________ is a series of NASA missions in which groups of scientists live in Aquarius.<br />NIMO<br />NEEMO<br />CAPTainNemo<br />None of the above<br />In the ____________________, images from all sources will be integrated and available to surgeons and other personnel displayed on one central screen.<br />New Operating Room<br />Computer Operating Room<br />Operating Room of the Future<br />None of the above<br />_________________ using light energy can be used in surgery to cut, vaporize tumors, and seal small blood vessels.<br />Lasers<br />Lights<br />Knives<br />None of the above<br />________________ is an eye surgery that uses lasers to correct vision by changing the shape of the cornea.<br />EYELSIK<br />CORNEASLIK<br />LASIK<br />None of the above<br />Chapter Eight Exam<br />In the United States, the ___________________ oversees the safety and efficacy of new medications.<br />Federal Drug Administration<br />Food and Drug Administration<br />Federal Safety Administration<br />None of the above<br />PDUFA (____________________) requires drug companies to pay fees to support the drug review process.<br />Prescription Drug User Fees Act<br />Prescription Drug and Food Act<br />Prescription Drug Understanding and Food Act<br />None of the above<br />________________________ sees the human body as a collection of molecules and seeks to understand and treat disease in terms of these molecules.<br />Bioinformatics<br />Medical computing<br />Biotechnology<br />None of the above<br />Developing drugs by design requires mapping the structure and creating a three-dimensional graphical model of the target molecule. This is called _____________ drug design.<br />reasonable<br />rational<br />graphical<br />None of the above<br />The application of information technology to biology is called ______________. It seeks to organize biological data into databases.<br />IT informatics<br />drug informatics<br />database informatics<br />bioinformatics<br />The ___________________ Project was “an . . . effort to understand the hereditary instructions that make each of us unique. The goal is to find the location of the 100,000 or so human genes and to read the entire genetic script. . . .”<br />International Gene<br />National Gene Mapping<br />Human Genome<br />None of the above<br />________________ cells are cells that can develop into different types of body cells; theoretically, they can repair the body.<br />Stem<br />Developmental<br />Both A and B<br />None of the above<br />The _________________ Project is an international project seeking to create mathematical models of human organs.<br />Human Model<br />Human Physical<br />Physiome<br />None of the above<br />_____________________ (CPOE) can lower prescription errors.<br />Computerized Physician Order Entry System<br />Computer Pharmacy Order Email System<br />Computer and Physician Email System<br />None of the above<br />Computer warning systems can be used to prevent ________________________ (ADEs).<br />any deviant event<br />adverse drug events<br />Any drug eventuality<br />None of the above<br />Centralized computerized pharmacies identify medications by their _______________.<br />color<br />shape<br />density<br />barcode<br />________________ (RFID) tags include an antenna, a decoder to interpret data, and the tag that includes information. The antenna sends signals. When the tag detects the signal, it sends back information. The tags can be used to keep track of anything including medications.<br />Response frequency identification<br />Radio pharmacy identification<br />Radio frequency identification<br />None of the above<br />______________________ involves using a computer, a network connection, and a drug-dispensing unit to allow patients to obtain drugs outside of a traditional pharmacy, at, for example, a doctor’s office or clinic.<br />Telepharmacy<br />Phone pharmacy<br />Computer pharmacy<br />None of the above<br />Some medications can currently be delivered on an implanted _______________ that is surgically implanted in a patient and releases the drug or drugs.<br />barcode<br />chip<br />Both A and B<br />None of the above<br />Decentralized hospital pharmacies that dispense medications on each unit are called __________________.<br />point-of-use<br />vending machines<br />drug dispensaries<br />None of the above<br />Chapter Nine Exam<br />____________________ is a program that uses virtual reality. Its purpose is to teach technical dexterity to dental students.<br />DentSim<br />FillingSim<br />Dextrous Dentist<br />None of the above<br />The electronic dental chart will be standardized, easy to find, and easy to read. It will include ____________________.<br />administrative applications<br />the patient’s conditions<br />treatments<br />All of the above<br />One study traced the high number of cavities in poor children to______________.<br />increased lead levels in the children’s blood<br />shortages in calcium and vitamin C<br />Both A and B<br />None of the above<br />The fiber optic camera is analogous to the _________________ used in surgery. It is used to view an area that is normally difficult to see.<br />endoscope<br />knife<br />robot<br />None of the above<br />Computer-controlled injections are administered by the ___________________. It includes a microprocessor that measures tissue density; this insures a steady flow of anesthetic.<br />computerized injection machines<br />WAND™<br />robotic needle<br />None of the above<br />In dentistry as in other fields, expert systems or ___________________________ (CDSS) can help.<br />clinical decision-support systems<br />clinical dentistry support systems<br />computerized dentistry support systems<br />None of the above<br />________________ is software that allows the creation of medical and dental expert systems.<br />Dentexpert<br />FillingEXpert<br />DentalExpert<br />EXPERTMD<br />_____________________ is currently used to diagnose cavities. An electric current is passed through a tooth, and the tooth’s resistance is measured. A decayed tooth has a different resistance reading than a healthy tooth.<br />Electrical conductance<br />Current conductance<br />Electrical dentistry<br />None of the above<br />___________________ invasive dentistry emphasizes prevention and the least possible intervention.<br />Less<br />Minimally<br />Maximally<br />None of the above<br />Teledentistry programs have been developed to help ______________________.<br />fill cavities over the telephone<br />dentists access specialists<br />Both A and B<br />None of the above<br />Chapter Ten Exam<br />The ______________ Project is a computerized library of human anatomy at the National Library of Medicine.<br />Visible Human<br />Visible Anatomy<br />Human Anatomy<br />None of the above<br />The ______________ Project (Columbia University) is creating three-dimensional models (called maximal models) of anatomical regions and structures to be used in teaching anatomy.<br />3-D Model<br />Vesalius<br />Virtual Anatomy<br />Human Anatomy<br />A project called the _________________ is digitizing some of the seven thousand human embryos lost in miscarriages, which have been kept by the National Museum of Health and Medicine of the Armed Forces Institute of Pathology since the 1880s.<br />Visible Embryo Project<br />Virtual Human<br />Virtual Human Embryo<br />None of the above<br />______________ is a computer program that teaches anatomy and physiology.<br />ADAM<br />EVE<br />STEVE<br />HERMAN<br />_______________________ are programmable mannequins on which students can practice medical procedures.<br />Human patient simulators<br />Virtual human beings<br />Virtual mannequins<br />Human mannequins<br />Expert systems help in diagnosis. Examples of expert systems include __________________________.<br />MYCIN<br />INTERNIST<br />Both A and B<br />ADAM<br />__________________________ is a collection of forty databases maintained by the National Library of Medicine. Some of the databases in the collection are MEDLINE and SDILINE.<br />MEDCOM<br />MEDLARS<br />MED40<br />MEDONLINE<br />________________ is a database specifically geared to the needs of nurses and other professionals in seventeen allied health fields.<br />AHL Line<br />MEDAHL<br />CINAHL<br />MEDNURSE<br />_____________________ is a collection of data on drug/drug and drug/food interactions.<br />Medi-Span<br />Medi-Safe<br />DrugSafe<br />None of the above<br />__________________ is a network linking thirty thousand seriously ill children in one hundred hospitals and many homes in North America.<br />KIDSNET<br />CHILDRENonline<br />HOSPITALNet<br />Starbright World<br />Chapter Eleven Exam<br />Assistive, or _______________, technology allows some people with disabilities to work and/or live independently.<br />helpful<br />adaptive<br />aiding<br />None of the above<br />______________________ is technology that involves delivering low-level electrical stimulation to muscles.<br />FES<br />SFE<br />CES<br />ABC<br />Computerized devices are used in optometry to ___________.<br />detect glaucoma<br />make cataract surgery more precise<br />detect retinal tears<br />All of the above<br />Glasses that automatically change focus are called ___________ glasses.<br />automatic<br />focusing<br />smart<br />intelligent<br />The __________________________ prohibits discrimination against people with disabilities and requires that businesses with more than fifteen employees provide “reasonable accommodation” to allow the disabled to perform their jobs.<br />Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990<br />Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996<br />The Welfare Reform Act<br />All of the above<br />The __________________ wheelchair stands up on its back wheels if the user needs to climb stairs and raises the seat to allow reaching.<br />standing<br />reaching<br />HuBot<br />iBOT<br />Head mice and puff straws are assistive ___________ devices.<br />output<br />input<br />processing<br />memory<br />An ______________ communication device is any device that helps a person communicate.<br />augmentative<br />diminutive<br />impaired<br />None of the above<br />Environmental _________________ systems help physically challenged people control their environments.<br />computer<br />warming<br />control<br />None of the above<br />______________ devices are attempts to replace natural body parts or organs with artificial devices.<br />Replacement<br />Prosthetic<br />Artificial<br />None of the above<br />____________________ is a technology that allows the integration of living bone with titanium implants.<br />Bone integration<br />Bone cloning<br />Osseocloning<br />Osseointegration<br />__________________ uses sensors that detect hand and finger movement and sends signals to the computer. The computer associates the hand movements with a particular word. It can then translate the sign language into text and speech.<br />Speech glove<br />Acceleglove<br />Translate glove<br />Talking glove<br />The _______________ system, one system using FES (called functional neuromuscular stimulation), allows paraplegics to walk.<br />Parastep<br />AutoStep<br />ParaWalk<br />None of the above<br />_______________ technology will make it possible for computerized devices to be linked, so that when a pacemaker senses a heart attack, a cell phone will dial 911.<br />Natural<br />Bluetooth<br />Wi-Fi<br />FiWi<br />_________________ is a new field that may help treat disorders of the central nervous system including chronic pain.<br />Neurostimulation<br />Neuropaceing<br />Neuromodulation<br />None of the above<br />A computerized program called _________________ contains diagnostic analyses that keep track of specific tests and tasks performed by the stroke patient.<br />HELEN<br />MARY<br />SIDNEY<br />HARRY<br />_________________ is a “computer-based system [which] gives physical therapists real-time, objective measures of the motion of each joint in the patient’s body.”<br />Measuring monitor<br />Step monitor<br />Walking monitor<br />Motion monitor<br />The adult brain can retrain itself. ____________________ retrains the brain of some people who have lost their vision due to stroke.<br />Vision training therapy<br />Vision replacement therapy<br />Sight replacement therapy<br />None of the above<br />Implants pose certain dangers. Among them are __________.<br />infection<br />rejection<br />blood clots<br />All of the above<br />A technique called ________________ attempts to look at the body’s response to an implant at the cellular level.<br />microtesting<br />Microdialysis<br />microimplant testing<br />None of the above<br />Chapter Twelve Exam<br />Privacy includes the right to _____________________.<br />control personal information<br />own a computer<br />own a printer<br />use a computer<br />The unauthorized copying of software protected by copyright is a crime called _______________.<br />software stealth<br />software crime<br />software piracy<br />None of the above<br />A ______________ is a program that attaches itself to another program and replicates itself.<br />disease<br />cold<br />spyglass<br />virus<br />____________ theft involves someone using someone’s private information to assume their identity.<br />Personal<br />Identity<br />Car<br />None of the above<br />_________________ is software that can be installed without the user’s knowledge to track their actions on a computer.<br />Adware<br />Trackware<br />Spyware<br />Keyware<br />________________ includes attempts to protect computer systems and the privacy of computerized data.<br />Security<br />SafeComputer<br />Both A and B<br />None of the above<br />The __________________ gives law-enforcement agencies greater power to monitor electronic and other communications, with fewer checks.<br />Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act<br />Americans with Disabilities Act<br />USA PATRIOT Act<br />Welfare Reform Act<br />The _______________________ is composed of 650 insurance companies. Its database contains health information on fifteen million people.<br />Medical Information Bureau<br />Insurance Information Bureau<br />Medical Insurance Association Database<br />American Hospital Database<br />___________________________ encourages the use of electronic medical records and requires health care facilities to have privacy policies.<br />Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act<br />Americans with Disabilities Act<br />USA PATRIOT Act<br />Welfare Reform Act<br />____________ may display unwanted pop-up advertisements on your monitor; it may be related to the sites you search on the Web or even the content of your e-mail.<br />Adware<br />Trackware<br />Spyware<br />Keyware<br />