Inter-American Heart Foundation (IAHF)       BackgroundThe InterAmerican Heart Foundation is a non-governmental, non-profi...
-2-Community action and population strategies are intended to promote healthy eatinghabits, living tobacco-free, regular p...
-3-    Work plan for collaborative activities for the next 4 yearsEvidence shows that risk factors for Non Communicable Di...
-4-Hypertension:Hypertension is one of the most important risk factors for heart disease and stroke, whichare leading caus...
-5-the IAHF will undertake actions in support of the promotion of physical activity andreduction of obesity through recomm...
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5



Published on

Published in: Health & Medicine
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Total Views
On Slideshare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide


  1. 1. Inter-American Heart Foundation (IAHF) BackgroundThe InterAmerican Heart Foundation is a non-governmental, non-profit federation ofheart associations and foundations in the American continent including North, Central,South America, and the Caribbean.The InterAmerican Heart Foundation was created in September, 1992, under the auspicesof the International Society and Federation of Cardiology with the support of theAmerican Heart Association, the InterAmerican Society of Cardiology and heartfoundations and societies throughout the American continent.On 17 April 1994 in Mexico City, 21 organizations from 12 countries established theorganizational principles and signed a statement of intent to become members of theorganization they named the "InterAmerican Heart Foundation". Since then, 15 heartfoundations have ratified their membership. These organizations are committed toworking together toward a unified mission, i.e. "to reduce disability and death fromcardiovascular diseases and stroke in the Americas."In Berlin, Germany, on September 9, 1994, the International Society and Federation ofCardiology (ISFC) approved the IAHF as the official intercontinental foundation for theAmericas.With offices in the American Heart Association national headquarters building in Dallas,Texas, IAHF is working to develop a network of organizations in North, Central andSouth America and the Caribbean.Major socio-cultural changes in the countries of the Americas over several decades haveresulted in increased morbidity and mortality from cardiovascular diseases and stroke.These changes include urbanization, changes in lifestyle such as sedentarianism, greatconsumption of saturated fats, and tobacco use, and an older population. The IAHFsfocus is on promoting health and preventing cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases.Prevention is seen as so important because through prevention it is possible to:• Intercept and reduce risk factors for cardiovascular disease, which are generally known years earlier before disease becomes symptomatic.• Reduce mortality and morbidity• Reduce costs for our communities• Improve quality of life
  2. 2. -2-Community action and population strategies are intended to promote healthy eatinghabits, living tobacco-free, regular physical activity and a positive psycho-socialenvironment. In addition, these strategies are intended to control conditions that areprecursors of heart disease and stroke, i.e. hypertension, dislipidemias, obesity anddiabetes. The Foundations programs are aimed to improve the risk factor profile of thepopulation by supporting positive changes in lifestyle and control of the conditionsmentioned above.The IAHFs key objectives are to:1. Promote an environment conducive to the operation of heart disease and stroke2. Facilitate the development and growth of heart foundations and associations in the areas of public education, professional education, public advocacy and fundraising3. Support the partnership between health professionals and other sectors of society including government and business.The IAHF began working with PAHO informally over five years ago. From its inception,a PAHO representative has always been invited to attend the Board of Directors meetingsheld twice per year.On 14 August, 2001, the Foundation published the Panama Declaration on theFramework Convention for Tobacco Control (FCTC), jointly with the InterAmericanSociety of Cardiology (ASC) in support of a strong FCTC. A press release and pressconference took place, which was replicated by some of IAHFs member organizations intheir home countries. This IAHF-IASC position was intended to support the PAHOposition with governments.In Atlanta, Georgia, in August 2001, the Foundation was the only NGO invited toparticipate with PAHO, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), WorldHealth Organization (WHO) and the World Bank to attempt to unify efforts in the area ofnon-communicable disease (NCD) surveillance in Latin America and the Caribbean.Nine experts from the Foundations epidemiology and prevention committee participated.Contact:Dr. Elinor WilsonPresident, InterAmerican Heart FoundationDr. Beatriz M. Champagne,Executive Director,Headquarters, InterAmerican Heart Foundation7272 Greenville AvenueDallas, Texas 75231Tel: +1(972) 562-3806Fax: +1(214) 706-1218Email: beatrizc@ix.netcom.comWebsite:
  3. 3. -3- Work plan for collaborative activities for the next 4 yearsEvidence shows that risk factors for Non Communicable Disease prevention should beaddressed in an integrated manner. In addition, concurrent action at different levels hasbeen the common denominator of successful programs. PAHO along with other regionaloffices is currently strengthening NCD prevention networks, reviewing the evidence andparticipating in several initiatives leading to advocate for major changes in policy. Thefirst of this was tobacco control, however, new initiatives are in development and PAHOwill work with NGO and country partners to promote them.This integrated approach will focus the IAHF-PAHO relationship around the CARMENprogram and public advocacy as a key role. The IAHF will participate in CARMENcollaborative efforts and support common action among NGOs regarding policyinitiatives at the regional level.The collaborative plan of action between PAHO and the IAHF will cover three mainareas:1. Cardio-vascular disease (CVD) surveillance;2. Hypertension3. Non communicable disease (NCD) preventionCVD Surveillance:Evaluation of existing surveillance systems in Latin America and the Caribbean by bothPAHO and the IAHF have shown many needs in this area. Current mechanisms toevaluate risk factors for heart disease and stroke lack standards, are inconsistent,fragmented and non-compatible as shown in the document “Heart Disease and Stroke inthe Americas 2000,” the second edition of a document published periodically by theIAHF. The IAHF set out to publish this document to increase awareness about themagnitude of the CVD problem, shine a light on issues of surveillance in our Americanregion and to help us set priorities for intervention programs.IAHF will undertake the following key actions:• IAHF will conduct the CARMELA Study (CArdiovascular Risk factor Multiple Evaluations in Latin America) using the STEPS-Americas tools.• IAHF participate in Regional Committee on Surveillance convened by PAHO and in STEPS-America activities.• Heart Disease and Stroke in the Americas, 2004• PAHO will participate in the CVD in the Americas team that will develop this publication. The extent of PAHOs participation will be discussed during the planning stages.• Support continuation of the GYTS and use of results locally
  4. 4. -4-Hypertension:Hypertension is one of the most important risk factors for heart disease and stroke, whichare leading causes of premature death in adults in the Americas. This is well documentedin the paper prepared by the Subcommittee on Planning and Programming presented atthe PAHO 42nd Directing Council on July 18, 2000. This paper resulted in a series ofresolutions on cardiovascular diseases, especially hypertension.The Foundation and PAHO organized meetings with some of the key regional medicalsocieties to identify avenues for cooperation. It was agreed that CARMEN wouldprovide the general framework for action in our region. Another assumption is that bothorganizations would support capacity building at the national level by strengtheninggovernment and non-government institutions.The following common actions were tentatively agreed and further discussion isnecessary to confirm these actions:• National Country Strategy Development. Jointly we would identify basic components of a strategy or template. An assessment tool would be developed in the form of a checklist using the Canadian Hypertension strategy as a model. An assessment team process would take place in selected countries to permit the identification of gaps between actual practice and minimum hypertension control strategies. Action items and responsibilities would be determined in a problem- solving session involving both government institutions and NGOs.• Capacity building. The IAHF will participate in the CARMEN school and recommend key organizations and individuals to participate• Promote adherence to guidelines• Public education and advocacy• Research. The Foundation would study adherence to treatment issues in its risk factor survey CARMELA. And PAHO will keep the Foundation appraised and involved in Adherence Project as it relates to hypertensionNCD Prevention:Policy building for NCD prevention is a key aspect of the CARMEN program. In thiscase the community-based actions support the process at the same time that are essentialin the implementation. NGOs play a crucial role at this level, in bringing togetherdifferent partners and speak out for the civil society. At the regional level,recommendations for policy from PAHO can be championed by NGOs. There areseveral areas that are now being discussed in the WHA and the EC of PAHO, that need tobe developed by a large group of partners in the non-governmental and private sector.One of the proposals is a policy dialogue on diet and CVD, in which IHF is expected toplay a central role. IAHF has also supported the Framework Convention for TobaccoControl (FCTC) and has been an active participant with PAHO in Tobacco Controlefforts. Currently, we want to expand the joined activities to include support for theSmoke Free Americas initiative y developing coalitions at the municipal level inconjunction with CARMEN programs, to support smoke-free environments. In addition,
  5. 5. -5-the IAHF will undertake actions in support of the promotion of physical activity andreduction of obesity through recommendations to health professionals and generalawareness activities.This component will call for the following key actions:• Convene a regional meeting of NGOs in collaboration with PAHO and the CARMEN network, to support policy changes towards the prevention of NCDs in the Americas.• Influence negotiation of in the Policy area for those priority areas related to NCD prevention, such as FCTC and the Consumption of red meat.• Workshops to support efforts in smoking cessation, tobacco-free environments and advocacy in Medical Schools. The IAHF has secured funding for preliminary work in tobacco control with medical schools in Venezuela, Colombia and Trinidad and Tobago.• Completion and publication of the GYP materials.• Support the Smoke Free Americas program by encouraging heart associations and foundations to promote it locally.• Joined actions to support the FCTC in our region. PAHO will work through governments and the IAHF will support actions by NGOs