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1 CURRICULUM VITAE1.0. PERSONAL PARTICULARS:1.1. Name: PROF.LEONARD ELISA KILEO LEMA1.2 Address: P. O. Box 65432, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. Telephone +255 – (0)754275 - 969 E-mail:firstname.lastname@example.org email@example.com. Date of Birth: 7th September, 19501.4. Place of Birth: Nronga Village, Machame, Hai District, Kilimanjaro Region, Tanzania.1.5. Nationality: Tanzanian1.6. Religion: Christian (Lutheran)1.7. Marital Status: Married with two children: Utore (son) - 1979 Yakobo (son) - 19842.0. EDUCATIONAL BACKGROUND:2.1. 1957 - 1965 Primary School Education at Nronga, Hai District, Kilimanjaro Region, Tanzania.2.2. 1966 - 1969 Secondary School Education at Tosamaganga, Iringa, Tanzania. East African Certificate of Education.2.3. 1970 - 1971 Higher School Education at Mkwawa High School, Iringa Region, Tanzania. National Form VI Certificate of Education.2.4. 1972 - 1977 Undergraduate Medical Education at the College of Medicine, University of Lagos, Nigeria. M.B., B.S.2.5. 1979 - 1982 Postgraduate Medical Training in General Surgery at the Faculty of Medicine,
2 University of Dar es Salaam and Muhimbili Medical Centre, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. M.Med.2.6. 1985 - 1986 Commonwealth Medical Fellow in Thoracic Surgery at St. Thomas Hospital, London, U.K. and Guys Hospital, London, U.K.3.0. OTHER COURSES ATTENDED 1983 Group Training Course in Countermeasures Against Renal Failure in Tokyo, Japan. 1994 Research Methodology course 2004 Basic Management Skills Training Course. 2007 Quality Health Care Improvement Harvard School of Public Health Boston – USA 2008 Corporate Governance and Risk Management (Institute of Finance Management Course) 2008 Leadership and Change Management Course (ESAMI)4.0. ACADEMIC QUALIFICATIONS4.1. 1977 Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery Degrees (M.B., B.S.) of the University of Lagos, Nigeria.4.2. 1977 Passed External Commission for Foreign Medical Graduates Examination (E.C.F.M.G.) (USA).4.3. 1982 Master of Medicine (M.MED) in General Surgery Degree of the University of Dar es Salaam, Tanzania.4.4. 1983 A certificate in countermeasures against renal failure
3 (Tokyo Womens Medical College and Japan Kidney Foundation).4.5. 1986 Completed Commonwealth Medical Fellowship in Thoracic Surgery at Guys and St. Thomas Hospitals in London, U.K.4.6. l991 Hawley International Guest Scholar of the American College of Surgeons. U.S.A.4.7. 1999 Founder Fellow of the College of Surgeons (East, Central and Southern Africa). F.C.Surg.4.8 2005 Fellow of the International College of Surgeon (FICS)5.0. APPOINTMENTS AND PROFESSIONAL EXPERIENCE5.1. April 1977 to Rotating intern (Pre- registration March 1978 House Officer) Lagos University Teaching Hospital, Lagos, Nigeria.5.2. May 1978 to Medical Officer of Health, Iringa June, 1979 Regional Hospital, Iringa, Tanzania.5.3. July 1979 to Full-time Resident Doctor in Surgery April, 1982 Muhimbili Medical Centre, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania.5.4. August 1982 to Lecturer in Surgery, Faculty of Medicine April, 1984 University of Dar es Salaam working under Prof. P.J. Phillip, F.R.C.S. Consultant Surgeon.
45.5. April, 1984 to Lecturer in Surgery and Surgeon working under September, 1985 Prof. Glenn Gordon, MD, F.A.C.S. Consultant Thoracic Surgeon, Muhimbili Medical Centre Dar es Salaam.5.6. 1985 - 1986 Honorary Registrar and Clinical Assistantin Thoracic Surgery to Mr. M.V. Braimbridge, Consultant Cardiothoracic Surgeon, St. Thomas Hospital, London and Mr. J.E. Dussek, Consultant Thoracic Surgeon Guys Hospital, London, U.K. on Commonwealth Medical Fellowship.5.7. October, 1986 Lecturer in Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, to June, 1988 University of Dar es Salaam and Thoracic Surgeon at Muhimbili Medical Centre, working under Prof. Arthur Silver MD, F.A.C.S. Consultant Cardiothoracic Surgeon, Muhimbili Medical Centre Dar es Salaam.5.8. July, 1988 Senior Lecturer in Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, June 1993 University of Dar es Salaam and Consultant Surgeon, Muhimbili Medical Centre, Dar es Salaam.5.9. January 1989 Consultant and Head of the Thoracic Surgical Services incorporating General Surgical Unit. Muhimbili Medical Centre, Dar es Salaam.5.10. July 1993 Associate Professor of Surgery, Muhimbili to June 1997 University College of Health Sciences ofthe University of Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. Consultant Surgeon Muhimbili Medical Centre.5.11. July 1997 Professor of Surgery Muhimbili University
5 todate College of Health Sciences of the University of Dar es Salaam & Consultant Surgeon Muhimbili National Hospital.5.12. October 2003 To September 2006 Head, Department of Surgery, Muhimbili and 2006 – 2009 Terms University College of Health Sciences of the University of Dar es Salaam.5.13 December 2006-todate Executive Director Muhimbili National Hospital (Three year term) (University Teaching Hospital/NationalReferral Hospital)6.0. PROFESSIONAL BOARDS AND SOCIETIES:6.1. Fully Registered Medical Practitioner in Nigeria6.2. Fully Registered Medical Practitioner in Tanzania6.3. Member of the Medical Association of Tanzania6.4. Fellow of the Association of Surgeons of East Africa. And Tanzania Regional Representative to the Associations Council 1995 - 1997. Elected Council member 1997 to date.6.5. Fellow and Founder Member Tanzania Surgical Association. First Vice President of the Association 1994 - 96 Term and President 1996 - 98 term.6.6 Fellow of the International College of Surgeons.6.7. Member, Tanzania Cardiac Society.6.8. Member of the New York Academy of Sciences 1994 to date.6.9. Member of the National Council, Tanzania Professional Centre 1994 - 1997.6.10. Member of the Council College of Surgeons of East, Central & Southern Africa 2000 to 2008 (four terms).7.0. ACADEMIC RESPONSIBILITIES7.1. Third Year Undergraduate M.D. students teaching in introductory surgery.7.2. Fourth Year and Fifth Year (final) Undergraduate M.D. students teaching in General surgery, Formal lectures, Bedside Teaching
6 and Demonstrations in outpatient service and operating room.7.3. Postgraduate students in General Surgery Teaching, Formal lectures, Clinical demonstrations and seminars in applied anatomy, clinical physiology, pathology, General surgery and Thoracic surgery.7.4. Internal Examiner in General Surgery for M.D. Final University Examinations and Postgraduate General Surgery Final Examinations yearly since 1988.7.5. Supervisor, Postgraduate Dissertations in General Surgery. Average of one Dissertation every Academic Year.7.6. Head of the Department of Surgery 2003 – 2006 and 2006- 2009 Terms.7.7. External Examiner in Surgery (Undergraduates and Postgraduates) - University of Nairobi Kenya 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006. - KCM College, Tumaini University 2003, 2004, 2005. - Hubert Kairuki University DSM 2003, 2005, 2006. - Membership and Fellowship Examinations of the College of Surgeons of East, Central and Southern Africa 2003, 2004, 2005. - University of Zimbabwe 2007, 20088.0. HOSPITAL SERVICES RESPONSIBILITIES8.1. Consultant in charge of Thoracic surgical services in the National Referral and Teaching Hospital 1989 todate.8.2. Consultant in charge of one of the three General Surgical Services of the Hospital 1989 to 2003.8.3. Inpatient services directly under my responsibility: include 45 male beds and 17 female beds.8.4. Supervisor of Intern Doctors in Clinical Surgery. Average of two Interns every two months since 1988.8.5. Outpatient consultancy service for one day every week.8.6. Surgical (Operating room) sessions three days a week.8.7. Head, Department of Surgery, Muhimbili National Hospital 2003 to 2004.
78.8 Executive Director Muhimbili National Hospital December 2006 – 2009.9.0. NATIONAL, HOSPITAL AND COLLEGE COMMITTEES9.1 Member of the Surgical Services Committee, Muhimbili MedicalCentre. Appointed by the Director of Hospital Services 1988 - 1997.9.2 Member of the Medical Records Committee, Muhimbili Medical Centre. Appointed by the Director of Hospital Services 1988 - 1992.9.3. Co-Chairman, Muhimbili Medical Centre Tumour Board. Appointed by the Director General 1988 to 2002.9.4. Member of the Clinical Sub-Committee of the National AIDS Advisory Committee in Tanzania since 1987.9.5. Member and the Secretary to the AIDS Committee of the Muhimbili Medical Centre. Appointed by the Director of Hospital Services, since1989.9.6. Member of the Faculty of Medicine Higher Degrees, Research and Publications Committee appointed by the Dean, Faculty of Medicine, MuhimbiliUniversity College of Health Sciences, University of Dar es Salaam appointed for the 1992 - 1994, 1994 – 1997 and 1997 - 2000 Terms.9.7 Appointed member of the Board of Faculty of Medicine, University College of Health Sciences of the University of Dar es Salaam 1994/95 - 1996/97 and 2000 – 2003..9.8. Chairman Faculty of Medicine Curriculum Review Committee 2000 – 2002.9.9. Member of the Faculty of Medicine Planning Committee 1998 - 2000 Term.9.10. Assistant Programme Manager, Health Sector Reforms, Muhimbili National Hospital – 2000 - 20039.11. Member of the Board of School of Medicine, Muhimbili University College of Health Sciences 2003 – 2006 and 2006 - 2009 Terms.
89.12. Member of the Hospital Services Board, Muhimbili National Hospital 2003 – 2006 Term.9.13. Member of the Academic Board, Muhimbili University College of Health Sciences 2003 – 2006 term9.14. Member of the Academic Committee, Bugando University College 2003/2004/2005.9.15. Member, College Higher Degrees Committee, Muhimbili University College of Health Sciences of the University of Dar es Salaam 2003 – 2006 triennium.9.16. Member of the Medical Supplies Government Department (MSD) Board of Trustees.9.17. Member of the COUNCIL Muhimbili University of Health and Allied Sciences.10.0 OTHER PROMINENT INSTITUTIONAL FUNCTIONS10.1 Convenor Joint Committee on Memorandum of understanding Muhimbili University College and Muhimbili National Hospital 2004/2005.10.2 Convenor Committee for Drafting of the Charter for a Full Fledged Muhimbili University of health & Allied Sciences 2005/2006.10.3 Convenor, Joint Committee on memorandum of Understanding between Muhimbili University College and Muhimbili Orthopaedic Institute 2006.10.4 Member, TASK FORCE for Open Heart Surgery in Tanzania appointed by The Permanent Secretary, Ministry of Health Tanzania 2003 to date.11.0. OTHER DEPARTMENTAL RESPONSIBILITIES11.1 Coordinator, Fourth Year undergraduate MD Surgical Teaching, in the Department of Surgery, appointed by the Head of the DepartmentJuly, 1991 to 1999.11.2. Coordinator, Journal Club and Departmental weekly Clinicalmeetings, Department of Surgery, Muhimbili University College of Health
9Sciences, University of Dar es Salaam. Appointed by the Head of theDepartment 1991 to 2003.12.0. ACADEMIC HONOURS AND AWARDS12.1 Association of African Universities Scholarship 1972 to study Medicine. Awarded by the Ministry of Education in collaboration with theAssociation.12.2. Japan International Cooperation Agency Medical Fellow 1983.12.3. Commonwealth Medical Fellowship Award 1985 to study Thoracic Surgery in England. Awarded by The Commonwealth ScholarshipCommission in the United Kingdom.12.4 Hawley International Guest Scholar Award of the AmericanCollege of Surgeons 1991. Awarded by the College to not more than 7 outstanding young Surgeons, worldwide annually.12.5 Unanimously elected BEST WORKER of the year 1992 Departmentof Surgery, AND selected BEST WORKER of the year MUHIMBILI MEDICAL CENTRE 1992.12.6 Elected Member of The New York Academy of Sciences since 1994.12.7 MARQUIS WHO is WHO in the World 14th edition 1996, and 15th edition 1997, 1998 etc. WHO is WHO in Medicine and Healthcare 1997, 1998 etc.13.0. EXTRA-CURRICULAR ACTIVITIES13.1 Chairman, Nronga Development Association, Dar es Salaam Branch, elected 1992 – 1995 Term.13.2. Committee Member (Ex-officio) Nronga Development Association 1995 - 1997.13.3 Member of the Council of Elders and member of the executivecommittee
10 Lutheran Church Mbezi Beach – Dar es Salaam 2002 –2006,2006, and 2006 - 2010 Terms.14.0. PUBLICATIONS14.1. SHIJA J.K., LEMA L.E.K. “A profile of accidental Paediatric Trauma in Dar es Salaam”. (Co-Author). (a) Bulletin of Research and Information (1981) Vol. 1 (3): 48-50. (b) The Proceedings of the Association of Surgeons of East Africa Vol. 5: 195 (1982).14.2. LEMA L.E.K. A dissertation on “Ten Surgical Conditions” as a requirement for the award of Master of Medicine of the University of Dar es Salaam (1982).14.3. LEMA, L.E.K. “Carcinoma of the oesophagus in Tanzania” African Journal of Hospital Medicine (MEDICOM) 1984 Vol. 6: 81.14.4. LEMA, L.E.K. “Fourniers Gangrene in Dar es Salaam” Central Afr. J. Med. (1985) Vol. 31: 116.14.5. PHILIP P.J., LEMA L.E.K., CARNEIRO P.M.R. “A Comparison of Voltaren and Pethidine as Post-operative Analgesics in Major Elective Surgical Procedures“. East Afr. Med. J. 62 (9): 666 (1986).14.6. PHILIP P.J., GUPTA M., LEMA L.E.K. “Experience with Sclerotherapy in the management of Primary Hydrocele”. Tanzania Med. J. 2 (1): 25, 1985.
1114.7. LEMA L.E.K. “Pulmonary Metastasisectomy” (1987). African J. Hosp. Med. (MEDICOM) Vol. 9 (3): 81 - 84.14.8. LEMA L.E.K., MUNEMA F.M., GORDON G. “Pulmonary Alveolar Microlithiasis”. (1989) East African Medical Journal Vol. 66: 365 - 367.14.9. SILVER A.W., LEMA L.E.K. “Arterial Aneurysms in Young men”. The Proceedings of the Association of Surgeons of East Africa (1988) Vol. 11: 146 - 147.14.10. LEMA L.E.K., SILVER A.W., MCHARO O.N. “Experiences in the Management of Empyema Thoracis in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania”. Tanzania Medical Journal, Vol. 5 (2): 13-15, 1990.14.11. LEMA L.E.K., HUTTER J.A., HARARI D., BRAIMBRIDGE M.V. “Management of Empyema Thoracis by Thoracoscopy and Irrigation”. Central African Journal of Medicine. Vol. 36 No. 1: 20 - 22, (1990).14.12. OLE-LENGINE L., MINJA B.M., LEMA L.E.K., MATEKERE N.J.A. “Child abuse or an accident?” Proceedings of the Association of surgeons of East Africa. Vol. 13: 80-83 (1990).14.13. LEMA L.E.K., MCHARO O.N. “Subxiphoid Pericardiostomy in the Management of Pericardial Effusion” East African Medical Journal Vol. 68 (4): 270 - 275 (1991).14.14. LEMA L.E.K. “Clinical Manifestations of HIV infection and AIDS in surgery - Tanzanian Experience-Preliminary Report”. Tanzania Medical Journal Vol. 6: 51-54 (1991).14.15. MCHARO O.N., LEMA L.E.K. “Experience with the open flap drainage in the management of organizing Thoracic empyema in adults“. Tanzania Medical Journal Vol. 6:
12 14 - 17 (1991).14.16. PALLANGYO K., HAKANSON A. LEMA L.E.K., ARIS E., MTEZA I. etal. “High HIV seroprevalence and increased HIV-associated mortalityamong hospitalized patients with deep bacterial infections in Dar es SalaamTanzania“. AIDS (1992) 6: 971 - 976.14.17. KAAYA E., PARRAVICIN C. SUNDELIN B., MGAYA E., KITINYA J, LEMA L.E.K. LUANDE J., BIBERFELD P. “Spindle cell ploidy and proliferation in endemic and epidemic African Kaposis sarcoma“. European Journal of Cancer Vol. 28A No. 11: 1890 -1894 (1992).14.18. LEMA L.E.K. “Surgical Management of Pyopericardium“. East African Medical Journal Vol. 70 No. 3: 140 - 142 (1993).14.19. LEMA L.E.K., PATEL D.K. “Repair of Abdominal Incisional Herniae“. Tanzania Medical Journal Vol. 8 No. 1: 3-4 (1993).14.20. LEMA, L.E.K. “A five year experience in the management ofThoracic empyema“. Tanzania Medical Journal Vol. 9 No. 1: 16 - 19 (1994).14.21 LEMA L.E.K. “The influence of HIV infection on the clinical pictureof some surgical conditions“ (Final Report). Tanzania Medical journal Vol.9 (No.1): 8 – 12 (1994).14.22 MBEMBATI N.A., LEMA L.E.K., KAHAMBA J.F., MCHARO O.N.“Surgical management of Achalasia of the oesophagus“ East African Medical Journal Vol. 71 No. 7 (1994): 421 - 423.14.23 CEGIELSKI J.P., LWAKATARE J., DUKES C.S., LEMA L.E.K.,LALLINGER
13 G.J., KITINYA J., RELLER L.B., SHERIFF F. “TuberculousPericarditis in Tanzanian patients with and without HIV infection“ TUBERCLE AND LUNG DISEASE (1994) Vol. 75, 429 - 434.14.24. LEMA L.E.K., AZIZ M.R., MBEMBATI N.A., MWAKYOMA H.A. “The frequency of carcinoma in solitary Thyroid Nodules and in multinodular goitres“. East and Central African Journal of Surgery Volume 2 Number 1: 11 – 14 (1996).14.25. MBEMBATI N.A.A., LEMA L.E.K., MWAKYOMA H.A., USIRI E.V. “Appendicitis in Dar es Salaam, histological pattern“Central African Journal of Medicine Volume 42 Number 3: 68 - 70 (1996).14.26. LEMA L.E.K., AZIZ M.R., KAHAMBA J.F. “Measures to prevent HIV Transmission in Surgical Operating Rooms“ Tanzania Medical Journal Volume 11 No. 1: 1 - 4 (1996).14.27. MBEMBATI N.A., LEMA, L.E.K., MCHARO O.N., CHANDE H., USIRIE.V. “Sister Mary Josephs Nodule“ East and Central African Journal of Surgery Volume 2 No. 2: 21 - 23 (1996).14.28. KAAYA E.E., CASTONOS-VELEZ E., AMIR H., LEMA L.E.K., LUANDEJ., KITINYA J., PATARROYO M., BIBERFELD P. “Expression of adhesion molecules in endemic and epidemic Kaposis Sarcoma“. HISTOPATHOLOGY Volume 29: 337 - 346 (1996).14.29. CEGIELSKI J.P., DEVLIN B.H., MORRIS A.J., KITINYA J.N.,PULIPAKA U.P., LEMA L.E.K., LWAKATARE J., RELLER L.B. “Comparison of Polymerase Chain Reaction, Culture and histopathology for diagnosis of Tuberculous pericarditis“ (1997) JOURNAL OF CLINICAL MICROBIOLOGY Volume 35 No. 12: 3254 - 325714.30. USSIRI E.V., LEMA L.E.K., MCHARO O.N., MBEMBATI N.A. “Inguinae Herniae as a Surgical Challenge in Dar es Salaam”. Tanzania Medical Journal (1997) Vol. 12 (2): 13 - 15.
1414.31. URASSA W.K., KAAYA E.E., KITINYA J.N. LEMA L.E., AMIR H.,LUANDE J., BIBERFELD G., MHALU F.S., BIBERFELD P. "Immunological profileof Endemic and epidemic Kaposi’s sarcoma patients in Dar esSalaam, Tanzania". INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF MOLECULAR MEDICINEVOL. 1: 979-982 (1998).14.32 MCHARO O.N., LEMA L.E.K., MBEMBATI N.A.A. “Surgical Management of Sigmoid Volvulus” Tanzania Medical Journal (1998) Vol. 13 (2): 13 - 15.14.33. Kaaya E, Castanous – Velez E, Amir H, LEMA L, Luande J, Kitinya J, Biberfeld P. Éxpression of apoptosis related genes during theevolution of Kaposi’s Sarcoma”. Journal of Medical Oncology 17:325-332(2000)14.34 MBEMBATI, N.A, LEMA L.E.K., “Pulmonary Aspergilloma” East and Central African Journal of Surgery (2001) Vol. 6:79 –8114.35 Ngwalle E.W. Swai ABM, Lwakatare JM, LEMA L.E.K, Kalokola F.M., Mwafongo V.G, Museru L.M. Kazema R.R, Massawe F.A. “Proposal for Establishment of Open Heart Surgery Services at Muhimbili National Hospital Dar es Salaam.” Consultancy Report for the Ministry of Health. March 2003.14.36 Kaaya E, Ekman,M, Sturzl M, Schulz T, Kitinya J, LEMA, L,Biberfeld, P. “Aetio-pathological Factors of AIDS related and Non-AIDS Kaposis Sarcoma in Tanzania”. Austral – Asian Journal of Cancer Vol. 2 No. 3 October 2003; 203 – 207.14.37 Lema L.E.K., Museru, L., Simba, D., Mbembati, N.A., Mtasiwa, D. “Description and Review of the Medical Referral System for the City of Dar es Salaam and its environs” Consultancy for AXIOS AND ABBORT Laboratories 2003/2004.14.38 Ussiri E.V., LEMA L.E.K., Mbembati N.A.A., Mchembe MDP
15 ”Kaposi’s Sarcoma of the lung” East and Central African Journal of Surgery (2004); Vol. 9no.2:52-5514.39. Ussiri E.V., Lema L.E.K. “Palliative Cancer Surgery” East and Central African Journal of Surgery 2006 Vol. 11 no. 1:84-87.14.40. Kaaya E, Esmeralda C, Marianne E, Mwakigonja A, Carneiro P, Lema L, Kitinya J, Linde A, Biberfeld P. “AIDS and non- AIDS – related malignant lymphoma in Tanzania” African Health Sciences Journal 2006 Vol. 6 no. 2: 68 – 7414.41. Simba D, Mbembati N, Museru L, Lema L.E “Referral Pattern of patients received at the Muhimbili National Hospital – Challenges in Low Income Countries.” South African Medical Journal 2006.14.42.Mwakigonja AR, Pyakurel P, Kokhaei P, Pak F, Lema LEK, Kaaya EE, Biberfeld P “ Human herpesvirus-8(HHV-8) serodetection and HIV association in Kaposi’s sarcoma (KS), non-KS tumours and non-neoplastic conditions” Infectious Agents and Cancer 2008, 3: 1015.0. OTHER MANUSCRIPTS SUBMITTED FOR PUBLICATIONS15.1. “Rare primary oesophageal malignancies“ (Author).16.0. OTHER CONFERENCE PAPERS16.1 “The place of symphysiotomy in rural Tanzania” MedicalAssociation of Tanzania Zonal Meeting Iringa April, 1979.16.2 “Carcinoma of the oesophagus in Dar es Salaam”. Third Scientificcongress of the Cuban Medical Delegation in Tanzania July 1980 Tanga, Tanzania.16.3 “Rational therapy for carcinoma of the oesophagus in Tanzania”(Co-author) Association of Surgeons of East Africa Regional Meeting in TangaMarch, 1988.17.0. RESEARCH ACTIVITIES17.1. Mediastinal Tumours (Prospective study, started 1984).17.2. The role of Honey in wound care (completed).
1617.3 Kaposis sarcoma and malignant lymphoma associated with HIVinfection (Join Study, SAREC supported Research).17.4. Primary Lung Cancer in Tanzania (Prospective Study, started 1988)17.5 The Diabetic Hand (Joint Research with Diabetic Unit MuhimbiliMedical Centre – started 1988.17.6Surgical Aspects of Pulmonary Tuberculosis (started 1987).18.0. INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE PARTICIPATION18.1. Association of Surgeons of East Africa Annual Congress. (a) Joint congress with the International College of Surgeons. December, 1979, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. (b) 32nd Annual Congress, 1981 - Lusaka, Zambia. (c) Frequently 1983 - 1994 and Annually 1995 todate.18.2 The Fourth Congress of the International Society for ArtificialOrgans and the Satellite Symposium on C.A.P.D. Kyoto, Japan, 1983.18.3 Society of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgeons of U.K. AnnualCongress – 1985, Kensington, London.18.4 International Symposium on Non-Communicable Diseases - 1984, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania.18.5. The 2nd International Conference on AIDS in Africa 1988.18.6. Medical Association of Tanzania Scientific Congress - Annually.18.7 77th Annual clinical Congress and Postgraduate courses of theAmerican College of Surgeons Chicago U.S.A. - Oct. 1991.18.8 The 4th International Conference on AIDS in Africa 1991 and the 11th International Congress 1999 and The 12th International Conference December 2001, and 14th International Congress 2005 Abuja – Nigeria.18.9 International Congress of Thorax Surgery ATHENS GREECE 1997
17Member of the Scientific Committee. LEONARD E.K. LEMA