Carbon Voyage FORS sustainability briefing Part 1


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Sustainability briefing given to members of Transport for London's Freight Operator Recognition Scheme.

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  • Natural reasons such as fractional changes in solar radiation, volcanic eruptions, and natural fluctuations in the climate system itself. Human activities like the burning of fossil fuels for transportation, agriculture, industrial processes, and waste. When people talk about ‘climate change’ today, they mean the changes in temperature over the last 100 years caused by human activity. Most climate scientists agree that temperatures will rise more but by how much depends on future emissions of greenhouse gases and other human activities.
  • 1896 – Svante Arrhenius concludes that industrial-age coal burning will enhance the natural greenhouse effect. He suggests this might be beneficial for future generations. His conclusions on the likely size of the “man-made greenhouse” are in the same ballpark – a few degrees C for a doubling of CO2 – as modern-day climate models 1958 – using equipment he developed himself, Dave Keeling begins systematic measurements of atmospheric CO2 in Hawaii and in Antarctica. Within four years the project provides the first proof that CO2 concentrations are rising. Keelings project still continues today 1988 – the IPCC is formed to collate and assess evidence on climate change 1997 – Kyoto Protocol agreed. Developed nations pledge to reduce emissions by an average of 5% by the period 2008-2012
  • 1900 – Angstrom discovers that even at the tiny concentrations found in the atmosphere, CO2 strongly absorbs parts of the infrared spectrum. He has shown that a trace gas can produce greenhouse warming 1955 – Using new equipment including early computers, US researcher Gilbert Plass analyses in detail the infrared absorption of various gases. He concludes that doubling CO2 concentrations would increase temperatures by 3-4 degrees C 1957 – US Oceanographer Roger Revelle shows that seawater will not absorb all the additional CO2 entering the atmosphere, as many had assumed he says, “human beings are now carrying out a large scale geophysical experiment…” 1989 – Margaret Thatcher warns the UN that there is an increase in the amount of carbon dioxide reaching the atmosphere… the result is that change in future is likely to be more fundamental and more widespread than anything we have known. And she calls for a global treaty on climate change
  • Carbon Voyage FORS sustainability briefing Part 1

    1. 1. Environmental best practice for FORS companies James Swanston, Carbon Voyage    Web: Twitter: @carbonvoyage
    2. 2. <ul><li>The basics of sustainability </li></ul><ul><li>FORS and sustainability </li></ul><ul><li>How to use sustainability to save money </li></ul><ul><li>Environmental Audits and Policies </li></ul><ul><li>Carbon/ Greenhouse Gas Accounting for you and your customers </li></ul>Outline
    3. 3. Introduction to Sustainability
    4. 4. What is Climate Change? <ul><li>The increase in the Earth’s average temperature over a long period of time </li></ul><ul><li>Caused by greenhouse gases from: </li></ul>Source: EU European Commission on Climate Change Natural reasons Human activities
    5. 5. Brief history of climate change Source: BBC News
    6. 6. 1927 – Carbon emissions 1 billion tonnes per year 1989 – Carbon emissions 6 billion tonnes per year 2006 – Carbon emissions 8 billion tonnes per year Source: BBC News Source: An Inconvenient Truth
    7. 7. Early warnings Source: BBC News
    8. 9. The effect of Global Warming   
    9. 10. <ul><li>Rising global temperatures </li></ul><ul><li>The Polar ice cap is melting at 9% per decade </li></ul><ul><li>Over the past 3 decades, more than a million squares miles of sea ice disappeared </li></ul><ul><li>If this continues, Arctic summers could be ice-free by 2040 </li></ul><ul><li>Glaciers in Glacier National Park will be gone by 2070 </li></ul>Effects: Melting Glaciers Picture Source: NASA
    10. 11. <ul><li>Sea expansion due to rising temperature </li></ul><ul><li>Melting Glaciers </li></ul><ul><li>Global sea level rises by 4-8 inches in the past century </li></ul><ul><li>Sea level rising appears to be accelerating </li></ul><ul><li>Sea level could rise 10-23 inches by 2100 </li></ul><ul><li>Small islands like Maldives, Marshall islands will be gone by 2100 </li></ul><ul><li>Soon 70,000 people will become homeless </li></ul>Effects: Rising Sea Levels
    11. 12. Effects: Weather <ul><li>Powerful and dangerous Hurricanes </li></ul><ul><li>Increased Volcano Activities </li></ul><ul><li>More Floods </li></ul><ul><li>Drought and Wildfire </li></ul><ul><li>Intense Rainstorms </li></ul>
    12. 13. <ul><li>Heat Waves </li></ul><ul><li>Spread of Deadly Disease </li></ul>Effect: Health
    13. 14. <ul><li>Drought and Flooding </li></ul><ul><li>Less available water, less food, damaged shelters, less dwindling resources </li></ul><ul><li>Migration, conflict and wars will become unavoidable </li></ul><ul><li>Countries may seek those resource in order to survive at the cost of others </li></ul>Effects: Migration, Conflict and Wars
    14. 15. Future of Climate Change What can we do?
    15. 16. Future of Climate Change <ul><li>One of the main questions that people have about climate change is, can it be stopped? </li></ul>
    16. 17. FORS and sustainability
    17. 18. Where this fits into FORS benchmarking Silver and gold membership – fuel use/ CO2 and emissions What it is? Calculations based on per million vehicle km for each type of vehicle Fleet size/ type x Fuel Consumption What to do? Manage Reduce
    18. 19. FORS: The Bigger Picture Definition of sustainable freight distribution: ‘The balanced management and control of the economic, social and environmental issues affecting freight transport that: Complies with or exceeds environmental standards, regulations or targets aimed at reducing emissions of climate change gases, improving air quality and minimising impacts from accidents, spillages or wastes Ensures freight is run efficiently, reduces unnecessary journeys, minimises journey distances and maximises loads with effective planning Complies with labour, transport and human rights standards and regulations ensuring that employees and communities affected by freight can function in a healthy and safe environment Minimises the negative impacts of freight activities on local communities’
    19. 20. FORS: The Bigger Picture - Congestion Between 1980 and 2006, average journey speeds decreased by an approximately 14 % - more in rush hours TfL estimates that up to £17 is lost for every hour a vehicle is stuck in traffic. Estimates for the total cost of congestion to London range from £2 to £4 billion Freight, which makes up 17 per cent of all road traffic, is expected to grow by 25 per cent in 2031 Based on 2006 data, the estimated contribution from freight transport in London is 2.2m tonnes of GHG emissions, equalling 5.1 per cent of the Capital’s GHG production and energy use
    20. 21. FORS: The Bigger Picture - Solutions <ul><li>Delivering freight sustainably through: </li></ul><ul><li>Freight Operator Recognition Scheme (FORS) </li></ul><ul><li>Delivery and Servicing Plans (DSP) </li></ul><ul><li>Construction Logistics Plans (CLP) </li></ul><ul><li>Freight Information Portal (FIP) </li></ul>
    21. 22. FORS: The Bigger Picture – Potential Result
    22. 23. How to use sustainability to save money “ [M&S] said it had generated £50m in additional profits against its expectation that the plan would cost it £200m over five years.” (The Telegraph, June 2010)
    23. 24. Why sustainability is important for your business
    24. 25. Drivers for Sustainability Case study research has calculated that for every employee fully engaged in their organisation’s sustainability policies, the organisation can save £1,000 in operational costs each year Improved sustainability practise within large corporations can increase profits by 38% when the benefits are aggregated, similar savings in expenditure can be achieved in the public and not-for profit sector
    25. 26. Some of the problems Each transport user/ provider has different challenges, but are all negatively affected by inefficiencies
    26. 27. Some of the Problems Needless doubling up of vehicles Managing expenditure/ Acquitting receipts Congestion Stakeholder/ Reputation Management  Lack of easy access to supply chain Carbon Emissions Pollutants Stove-piped transport modes Under-utilised transport assets Costs Regulatory Requirements Sustainability should be about efficiency, and thus equate to savings
    27. 28. Saving money and building profit requires a coherent strategy
    28. 29. Macro vs Micro Organisational vs Individual Drivers for Sustainability
    29. 30. Drivers for Change Cost Carbon  Regulation Congestion Employees Customers Shareholders Organisational Behaviour
    30. 31. Drivers for Change Cost Carbon  Regulation Congestion Employees Customers Shareholders Organisational Behaviour Drivers against Change Competing resources Inefficient procurement Lack of senior buy-in Lack of coherent and resourced strategy Employee Terms and Conditions
    31. 32. Drivers for Change Cost Carbon  Health Individual Behaviour
    32. 33. Drivers for Change Cost Carbon  Health Individual Behaviour Drivers against Change Opportunity Cost Convenience Unattractive or no incentives Trust Knowledge/ information  
    33. 34. Drivers for Change Cost Carbon  Health Individual Behaviour: Drivers for and against change Drivers against Change Opportunity Cost Convenience Unattractive or no incentives Trust Knowledge/ information   Opportunities to affect change Information Trust - system Trust - other sharers Management Incentives  
    34. 35. Generating efficiencies internally is good Generating efficiencies through the value chain is better Opening up collaboration opportunities is best Collaborative Consumption