Deafness and hearing impaired midtermPresentation Transcript
Deafness and Hearing Impaired
Hearing Impairment =
A reduction or defect in the ability to perceive sound.
Partially or wholly lacking or deprived of the sense of hearing; unable to hear.
Deaf: The student is not able to hear even with a hearing aid
Hard of hearing: Significant hearing loss that makes special adaptations necessary
Adults 18 years and older
Number of adults with hearing trouble :
Percent of adults with hearing trouble:
can be present at birth (congenital), or become evident later in life (acquired).
Some causes can be:
Diseases such as ear infections and meningitis
Long-term exposure to loud noise
The treatment of hearing loss depends on its cause. For example:
ear wax can be removed,
ear infection can be treated with medications
regular speech, language, and auditory training from a specialist;
services of an interpreter for those students who use sign language;
favorable seating in the class to facilitate lip reading;
assistance of a note taker, who takes notes for the student with a hearing loss, so that the student can fully attend to instruction;
instruction for the teacher and peers in alternate communication methods, such as sign language; and counseling.
When writing materials
Break up long sentences.
Reduce difficult vocabulary load.
Do not omit words such as: "that" where such words will clarify a sentence connection.
When teaching new term, repeat the word numerous times in a variety of contexts.
If the student has an interpreter:
Speak directly to the student
Give the student and the interpreter outlines of the lecture or written material, in advance, so that they can become familiar with lecture
Provide scripts of videos when possible for both the interpreter and the student with a hearing disability (with or without captioning).
The interpreter should stand closer to the section of the chalkboard that is being used by the instructor, so that the student can see both the signs and the writing on the board.
If the student lip-reads:
Have students sit closer to the lecturer.
Look directly at the student.
Speak slowly, naturally, and clearly.
Do not exaggerate your lip movements or shout.
If you have a mustache, keep it well trimmed.
Use a lot of visual aides
Signing the speech of a teacher of other speaker for a person who is deaf
Computer devices that translate speech to text
Allows the user to send a typed message over telephone lines
restored or improved hearing
elimination of infection
removal of invasive masses
This however is only for some cases most of the time if a hearing aide, cochlear implant, medicine, or surgery does not work then the individual will never be able to hear (or will hear very little)and will need to learn and use other means of communication.
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"Hearing Loss (Deafness) Information on MedicineNet.com." Web. 11 Nov. 2011. <http://www.medicinenet.com/deafness/article.htm>.
"Sarah Churman, Deaf Woman, Hears Herself For First Time (VIDEO)." Breaking News and Opinion on The Huffington Post . Web. 11 Nov. 2011. <http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2011/09/30/sara-churman-deaf-woman-_n_989220.html>.
"Strategies for Teaching Students with HearingImpairments." Web. 11 Nov. 2011. <http://www.as.wvu.edu/~scidis/hearing.html>.
"What Are the Educational Implications?" Education Queensland . Web. 11 Nov. 2011. <http://education.qld.gov.au/studentservices/learning/disability/generalinfo/hearing/implications-of-hi.html>.