Deafness and hearing impaired midterm


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Deafness and hearing impaired midterm

  1. 1. Deafness and Hearing Impaired
  2. 2. <ul><li>Hearing Impairment = </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A reduction or defect in the ability to perceive sound. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>Deaf = </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Partially or wholly lacking or deprived of the sense of hearing; unable to hear. </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><ul><li>Deaf: The student is not able to hear even with a hearing aid </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hard of hearing: Significant hearing loss that makes special adaptations necessary </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>Adults 18 years and older </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Number of adults with hearing trouble : </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>34.5 million </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Percent of adults with hearing trouble: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>15% </li></ul></ul></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>can be present at birth (congenital), or become evident later in life (acquired). </li></ul><ul><li>Some causes can be: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Heredity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Diseases such as ear infections and meningitis </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Trauma </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Certain medicines </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Long-term exposure to loud noise </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Aging </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>The treatment of hearing loss depends on its cause. For example: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>ear wax can be removed, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>ear infection can be treated with medications </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>surgical procedures </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>hearing aids </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>cochlear implants </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>special training </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>regular speech, language, and auditory training from a specialist; </li></ul><ul><li>amplification systems; </li></ul><ul><li>services of an interpreter for those students who use sign language; </li></ul><ul><li>favorable seating in the class to facilitate lip reading; </li></ul><ul><li>captioned films/videos; </li></ul><ul><li>assistance of a note taker, who takes notes for the student with a hearing loss, so that the student can fully attend to instruction; </li></ul><ul><li>instruction for the teacher and peers in alternate communication methods, such as sign language; and counseling. </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><ul><li>When writing materials </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Break up long sentences. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Reduce difficult vocabulary load. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Do not omit words such as: &quot;that&quot; where such words will clarify a sentence connection. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>When teaching new term, repeat the word numerous times in a variety of contexts. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>If the student has an interpreter: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Speak directly to the student </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Give the student and the interpreter outlines of the lecture or written material, in advance, so that they can become familiar with lecture </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Provide scripts of videos when possible for both the interpreter and the student with a hearing disability (with or without captioning). </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The interpreter should stand closer to the section of the chalkboard that is being used by the instructor, so that the student can see both the signs and the writing on the board. </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>If the student lip-reads: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Have students sit closer to the lecturer. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Look directly at the student. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Speak slowly, naturally, and clearly. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Do not exaggerate your lip movements or shout. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>If you have a mustache, keep it well trimmed. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Use a lot of visual aides </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li>Interpreting </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Signing the speech of a teacher of other speaker for a person who is deaf </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Speech-to-text translation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Computer devices that translate speech to text </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Television captioning </li></ul><ul><li>Text telephones </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Allows the user to send a typed message over telephone lines </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Alerting devices </li></ul><ul><li>Hearing aide </li></ul>
  12. 12. <ul><li>restored or improved hearing </li></ul><ul><ul><li>elimination of infection </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>removal of invasive masses </li></ul></ul><ul><li>This however is only for some cases most of the time if a hearing aide, cochlear implant, medicine, or surgery does not work then the individual will never be able to hear (or will hear very little)and will need to learn and use other means of communication. </li></ul>
  13. 13. <ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>
  14. 14. <ul><li>  &quot;Deafness and Hearing Loss.&quot; Web. 11 Nov. 2011. <>. </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;Hearing Disorders and Deafness: MedlinePlus.&quot; National Library of Medicine - National Institutes of Health . Web. 11 Nov. 2011. <>. </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;Hearing Loss (Deafness) Information on; Web. 11 Nov. 2011. <>. </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;Sarah Churman, Deaf Woman, Hears Herself For First Time (VIDEO).&quot; Breaking News and Opinion on The Huffington Post . Web. 11 Nov. 2011. <>. </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;Strategies for Teaching Students with HearingImpairments.&quot; Web. 11 Nov. 2011. <>. </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;What Are the Educational Implications?&quot; Education Queensland . Web. 11 Nov. 2011. <>. </li></ul>