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Institutional Demensions of Climate Change
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Institutional Demensions of Climate Change

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This is a presentation on "Institutional Dimensions of Climate Change: The Role of Property Rights and Collective Action", given by Ruth Meinzen-Dick on February 19, 2010 at the FAO in Rome.

This is a presentation on "Institutional Dimensions of Climate Change: The Role of Property Rights and Collective Action", given by Ruth Meinzen-Dick on February 19, 2010 at the FAO in Rome.

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  • Mitigation reduces climate change Adaptation is what you do in response to CC .Within the paper we are now using energy diversification at the heading and the sub-headings are biofuels and renewable energy (which does require PR in the long-term horizon)
  • This is an adaptation of the “CAPRi box” framework we have used for identifying the relevance of PR and CA in NRM Differences: goes up to global scale Range of coordination mechanisms, not just CA Markets are also possible as coordination mechanism Generally, CA at lower levels, state more involved at higher
  • Examples of energy diversification have included capitalizing on the renewable energy resources indigenous to the region (solar, wind, tidal, hydro etc.) -Cotula et. Al- land tenure and biofuels- Indonesia land-takeovers wind mills and land tenure in India- community level. Panama and China - hydropower and dams displacing people with insecure land tenure, resulting in protests combating involuntary resettlement Mini-hydro projects in Nepal involving collective action and water rights. -The ability to change fuel sources is linked with resource access and local institutions through education and extension work, hooking communities into the electricity grid.
  • The Stern review says that the CDM is not an efficient measure for significantly reducing GHG emissions, BUT in terms of strengthening local institutions and promoting NRM, it could be a valuable tool- important to highlight that distinction.
  • Community-based weather forecasting , awareness of CC in Bolivia, Peru Awareness in Sahelian communities that the climate is changing, but lack of resources to adapt Let’s look in a bit more detail at the natural resource management and crop varieties
  • We used to put new varieties as an example of the bottom corner, that a tenant can do this by herself because the returns are within a season, but in fact the seed supply system operates at a larger scale and over years, and developing and disseminating those improved varieties takes even longer
  • Funeral societies, informal networks such as neighbors or strategies such as communal food banks and seed bank. Could be national and international reserves (national food banks and emergency stores, oil reserves?) Insurance- could be for individual or community losses, events could be isolated (one flash flood) or on a national level (tsunami)
  • EWS: examples include systems implemented after tsunami in Thailand, Bangladesh flood warnings, Disaster preparedness: investing in floodwalls in Vietnam (Adger and Tompkins), community driven implementation
  • I have combined migration and remittances in our paper, per a 2002 paper by W.N. Adgeret al. called “Migration, Remittances, Livelihood Trajectories and Social Resilience”. And based on our framework, they operate under very similar institutional constraints. Useful to define the spatial constraints of occupational diversification and migration- there are significant differences in the institutional implications- if they are across national borders, they could actually weaken local institutions. Additionally, PR could be

Institutional Demensions of Climate Change Institutional Demensions of Climate Change Presentation Transcript

  • Ruth Meinzen-Dick Coordinator, CGIAR Systemwide Program on Collective Action and Property Rights www.capri.cgiar.org
  • Climate Change
      • Mitigation
    Adaptation
    • Within Agriculture
    • Raised awareness of climate change on agriculture and resources
    • Community-based weather monitoring and forecasting
    • Natural resource management
    • Drought and pest resistant crops
    • Out of Agriculture
    • Occupational diversification
    • Migration
    • Remittances
    • Coping Strategies
    • Local safety nets
    • Insurance
    • Disaster Management
    • Early warning systems
    • Disaster preparedness
    • Disaster and Emergency response
    • GHG Emission Reduction
      • Energy diversification
      • Regulations including Cap and Trade
    • Carbon Sequestration
      • CDM: Payments for Environmental Services
      • Voluntary Emission Reductions
      • Voluntary Carbon Markets
      • REDD
  • Time Short Long Space Plot Com-munity Nation Global Property Rights Coordination Inter national State Transboundary River Basins Forests Reservoirs Watershed management Ponds Terracing New seeds Carbon Markets Agroforestry Soil Carbon IPM Irrigation Seed Systems
    • GHG Emission Reduction —national or international level cooperation
      • Energy diversification
        • Biofuels
        • Renewable Energy
      • Regulations including Cap and Trade—PR to pollute?
    • Carbon Sequestration
      • CDM: Payments for Environmental Services—PR , scale often prohibit smallholders from participating, CA can help overcome these barriers
      • Voluntary Emission Reductions—role for CA?
      • Voluntary Carbon Markets—may be more geared to smallholders because of goodwill, willing to work with groups rather than individuals?
      • REDD—will depend on how PR are defined for participation
    • Raised awareness of climate change on agriculture and resources
      • Role for CA in reaching farmers, links to larger institutions
    • Community-based weather monitoring and forecasting
      • Role for CA, links to larger institutions
    • Natural resource management
    • Drought and pest resistant crops
  • Time Short Long Space Plot Com-munity Nation International Property Rights Coordination International State Co llec tive Act ion New Seeds Seed supply Developing new varieties
    • Local safety nets
      • CA can be effective in delivery of safety nets (mutual insurance societies, community seed reserves
      • But don’t idealize
    • Insurance
      • CA can manage idiosyncratic risk, but not covariate risk
      • Need for higher level institutions
    • Early warning systems
      • State and CA
    • Disaster preparedness
      • State and CA
    • Disaster and Emergency response
      • State and CA
      • PR implications for rebuilding after disasters (who is compensated, do property boundaries shift)
    • Occupational diversification
      • Individual, with state support and social networks
    • Migration and remittances
        • Individual, with state support and social networks
    • Institutional diversity increases resilience
      • Range of local organizational forms for CA
      • Range of property rights regimes
    • Local institutions are critical, but no specific community level mandates: allow local organizations to select strategy compatible with their needs and context
    • Government policies, international mandates more effective if they established ecological and human rights standards, then support variety of institutional strategies
    • Harmonization between spheres and sectors
      • Large overarching goals at the highest level
      • More detailed, task oriented programs at the national level
      • Complex programs at community levels tailored to diverse needs
      • Connect community and higher level organizations
    • For more information:
    • www.capri.cgiar.org