Improving Operational Space Responsiveness

Pat G. Cappelaere (pat@vightel.com)
D. Mandl
L. Derezinski
S. Frye
           ...
Responsive Space



                   A Better Question To Ask:

                   Has Rapid Space Deployment
          ...
Operationally
Responsive Space

A New Business
    Model



“This model designs military capabilities directly for the ope...
TACSATs

     TACSAT-1



                TACSAT-2



                           TACSAT-3




                            ...
YASP (Yet Another Stove Pipe)

  TACSAT-1



             Tacsat-1 Copperfield
                 Tacsat-2 TIE




          ...
NASA
                                       Aura
                  Terra
    EO-1




                                Aqua...
Reality
                     Shortly after…




 Sept 11

                     ... about 2 weeks
 Hurricane Katrina




  ...
Know your Customer




                     8
Problem Statement

• Restricted Data Access
   • Science Data Rights
   • We want to charge you (USGS)
• They Won’t Let Yo...
What Happened?

• Broader Audience

  • Not just the engineers/scientists

  • Many New Organizations Involved

• Broader ...
They Do Not Care About Infrastructure Or Plumbing




                                                    11
SensorWeb Enablement Concept


                                                      • Many SWE Data Nodes
               ...
SensorWeb Enablement



    EO-1     General Atomics Altair UAS          Stilleto




  SWE                  SWE          ...
SWE Data Node OGC Components

•   Sensor Planning Service (SPS)
•   Sensor Observation Service (SOS)
•   Web Feature Servi...
DSS Easy Data Aggregation

• WFS-Basic / OpenSearch

  • www.opengeospatial.org


  • www.opensearch.org (Amazon)


  • ht...
SensorWeb Today

• Many Specifications... Still Evolving... OGC OWS-5: Next Iteration


• Good News:


   • Open Source Ref...
OWS-4




        17
OWS-4 EO Demo Participants




  GeoBliki                 Vightel
              Innovative
                           Corp...
[Geo-Data] Mass Production




                      This is What We Achieved...
                                         ...
But What Do We Really Need?




                                           A Perfect Fit!

     Custom Tailored Data Produ...
How Can We Get There?

• Automated Workflows

  • Service-chains


• Bad News:

  • BPEL, BPEL4WS, BPEL2.0…


  • SOAP, WS-...
GeoBrain




           Still A Good Option

                                 22
A New and Lighter Alternative Using Standards
                        <process-definition


       BPMN
                  ...
With Other Open Tools

• OpenWFEru


  • Process Engine


• Ruby Rools

                           Ruby Rools
  • Inferenc...
Last Problem But Not The Least
           And You Want Me to Let People I Do Not Know Task My Satellite?




• Identity 2....
/ PKI Approach



                              SWE
IdP

                      https
           DSS
                      ...
Our Next Target: This Summer




               For a More Operationally Responsive Space   27
Thank You!

• Pat Cappelaere, Vightel Corporation, MD

   • pat@cappelaere.com

• Dan Mandl, NASA GSFC, MD

   • dan.mandl...
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Improving Operational Space Responsiveness

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Presented at AIAA InfoTech Aerospace Conference
7 - 10 May 2007
Doubletree Hotel Sonoma Wine Country
Rohnert Park, California

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Transcript of "Improving Operational Space Responsiveness"

  1. 1. Improving Operational Space Responsiveness Pat G. Cappelaere (pat@vightel.com) D. Mandl L. Derezinski S. Frye EO-1 1
  2. 2. Responsive Space A Better Question To Ask: Has Rapid Space Deployment Generated A Better Operational Response From A User’s Perspective Magritte 2
  3. 3. Operationally Responsive Space A New Business Model “This model designs military capabilities directly for the operational commander. The key attribute of the Operationally Responsive Space business model is that the field commanders drive the demand…” Adm A. K. Cebrowski, OFT Director, 25 Mar, 2004 3
  4. 4. TACSATs TACSAT-1 TACSAT-2 TACSAT-3 4
  5. 5. YASP (Yet Another Stove Pipe) TACSAT-1 Tacsat-1 Copperfield Tacsat-2 TIE USCG D7 Matagorda, 110’ But: Where is the Don Matilde? 5
  6. 6. NASA Aura Terra EO-1 Aqua IceSat CALIPSO ALTAIR SOPHISTICATED PAYLOADS... SO WE ARE GETTING DATA... 6
  7. 7. Reality Shortly after… Sept 11 ... about 2 weeks Hurricane Katrina 7
  8. 8. Know your Customer 8
  9. 9. Problem Statement • Restricted Data Access • Science Data Rights • We want to charge you (USGS) • They Won’t Let You Have Access to It • You Don’t Know Where the Data Is • You Know Where it is But Don’t Know How to Get It • Or You Can’t Have Access to It • You Got It but Data Is Not in Right Format • And It is Too Complicated to Process It Right • Do Not Have a Scientist in the Trunk • You Have Access to Satellite but It is Too Complicated to Task From the Field • Data/User Mismatch 9
  10. 10. What Happened? • Broader Audience • Not just the engineers/scientists • Many New Organizations Involved • Broader Needs For Humanitarian Assistance/Emergency Response • Plume, Contaminants, Oil Spills, Water.. • Those Users are Focused on Specific Products & Realtime Delivery 10
  11. 11. They Do Not Care About Infrastructure Or Plumbing 11
  12. 12. SensorWeb Enablement Concept • Many SWE Data Nodes SD SD SD • One or more Decision Support Node System SD SD SD SD • Standard OGC Interfaces Node Node SD SD Decision Support System Data Center Public User 12
  13. 13. SensorWeb Enablement EO-1 General Atomics Altair UAS Stilleto SWE SWE SWE • Users are shielded from Implementation Specifics Catalog DSS Service • Assets are Discoverable Using Catalog Services User Transparent User Access To Assets 13
  14. 14. SWE Data Node OGC Components • Sensor Planning Service (SPS) • Sensor Observation Service (SOS) • Web Feature Service (WFS) • Sensor Alert Service (SAS) • Auxiliary Services • Web Mapping Service (WMS) • Web Coverage Service (WCS) • Web Coordinate Transformation Service (WCTS) • Catalog Service (CS-W) 14
  15. 15. DSS Easy Data Aggregation • WFS-Basic / OpenSearch • www.opengeospatial.org • www.opensearch.org (Amazon) • http://a9.com/ • GeoRSS Data Publishing & Mashup • www.georss.org 15
  16. 16. SensorWeb Today • Many Specifications... Still Evolving... OGC OWS-5: Next Iteration • Good News: • Open Source Reference Implementation: Ruby on Rails, GeoBliki • We Are Producing Data • We Are Delivering Data Products to Our Customers Based on Subscriptions (Pubsub) 16
  17. 17. OWS-4 17
  18. 18. OWS-4 EO Demo Participants GeoBliki Vightel Innovative Corporation Solutions UAH VAST GMU Demis 18
  19. 19. [Geo-Data] Mass Production This is What We Achieved... 19
  20. 20. But What Do We Really Need? A Perfect Fit! Custom Tailored Data Products For Customer Size=1 20
  21. 21. How Can We Get There? • Automated Workflows • Service-chains • Bad News: • BPEL, BPEL4WS, BPEL2.0… • SOAP, WS-* What Did We Do For OWS-4? 21
  22. 22. GeoBrain Still A Good Option 22
  23. 23. A New and Lighter Alternative Using Standards <process-definition BPMN xmlns:xsi=quot;http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instancequot; xsi:noNamespaceSchemaLocation=quot;http://www.openwfe.org/flowdef.xsdquot; name=quot;EO1 Tasking Workflowquot; revision=quot;0.1quot; theme=quot;n/aquot; security=quot;restrictedquot; > <sequence> <participant ref='XForms' task='RequestTasking’ comments='Enter EO-1 Tasking Parameters' /> <participant ref=quot;SPSquot; task='GetFeasibilities’ comments='Check EO-1 Tasking Feasibilities'/> <participant ref='XForms' task='SelectFeasibility' comments='Select Desired Feasibility' /> <cancel-process if=quot;${f:status} == 'cancelled'quot; /> <participant ref=quot;SPSquot; task='Submit' comments='Submit Task to JPL'/> <cancel-process if=quot;${f:status} == 'cancelled'quot; /> <participant ref=quot;SOSquot; task='Publish' comments=quot;SOS will make raw data availablequot;/> <set field=quot;msgquot; value=quot;You've got dataquot; /> <participant ref=quot;WNS” task='Email' /> </sequence> </process-definition> To XML via XPDL 2.0 23
  24. 24. With Other Open Tools • OpenWFEru • Process Engine • Ruby Rools Ruby Rools • Inference Engine • XForms • User Interface And a RESTFul Approach… 24
  25. 25. Last Problem But Not The Least And You Want Me to Let People I Do Not Know Task My Satellite? • Identity 2.0 • Decentralized User Authentication • Easy and Cheap to Implement • User Centric/Open Source • Relies on Trust among Cooperating Organizations/Entities 25
  26. 26. / PKI Approach SWE IdP https DSS Identity Propagation Email Organization Access Rights 26
  27. 27. Our Next Target: This Summer For a More Operationally Responsive Space 27
  28. 28. Thank You! • Pat Cappelaere, Vightel Corporation, MD • pat@cappelaere.com • Dan Mandl, NASA GSFC, MD • dan.mandl@gsfc.nasa.gov • Linda Derezinski, Innovative Solution, MD • linda@i-sol.biz • Stu Frye, Noblis, VA • sfrye@noblis.org 28
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