Fire news management in the context of the European Forest Fire Information System (EFFIS)

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Talk at the Italian GFOSS Day Conference 2012 in Turin: An introduction to the European Forest Fire System Fire News tool, based on the Sm@rtFeed engine

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Fire news management in the context of the European Forest Fire Information System (EFFIS)

  1. 1. Fire news management in the context of the European Forest Fire Information System (EFFIS) Paolo Corti, Jesus San Miguel, Andrea Camia, Daniel McInerney, Roberto Boca, Margherita Di Leo www.jrc.ec.europa.euNovember 12, 2012 1
  2. 2. JRCThe Institute for Environment and Sustainability (IES) is one of the seven scientificinstitutes of the European Commission’s Joint Research Centre (JRC). Its missionis to provide scientific and technical support to EU policies for the protection of theEuropean and global environment.The IES is made up of eight Scientific Units (organigramme):* Water Resources Unit* Air and Climate Unit* Monitoring Agricultural Resources Unit* Land Resource Management Unit* Digital Earth & Reference Data Unit* Climate Risk Management Unit* Sustainability Assessment Unit* Forest Resources and Climate Unit (http://forest.jrc.ec.europa.eu/) November 12, 2012 2
  3. 3. The European Forest Fire Information System (EFFIS) * The European Forest Fire Information System (EFFIS) has been established by the Joint Research Centre (JRC) and the Directorate General for Environment (DG ENV) of the European Commission (EC) in close collaboration with the Member States and neighbouring countries. Operation is currently co-financed by JRC, ENV and ECHO (Monitoring and Information Centre). * It supports the services in charge of the protection of forests against fires in EU and neighbouring countries, and provides the EC services and the European Parliament with information on forest fires in Europe. * Aims at providing up-to-date, reliable information on forest fires at the pan- European scale, providing European level assessments during both pre-fire and post-fire phases, thus supporting fire prevention, preparedness, fire fighting and post-fire evaluations. * EFFIS is intended as a complementary system to national and regional fire information systems in the countries, which provides harmonized information required for international collaboration on forest fire prevention and fighting and in cases of trans-boundary fire events. November 12, 2012 3
  4. 4. Forest fires in Europe Every year: 65,000 fires on average. 500,000 hectares burned. Casualties and heavy economic impact.November 12, 2012 4
  5. 5. http://effis.jrc.ec.europa.eu/November 12, 2012 5
  6. 6. http://effis.jrc.ec.europa.eu/Provides informationbefore fire (dangerforecast)during fire (fire detection,burned area rapidmapping)after fire (land coverdamage assessment,forest fire emissions,potential soil erosion) November 12, 2012 6
  7. 7. EFFIS SummaryInput Models, data Output integration, analysis Wind speed Burned area vs Monthly Severity Rating in EUMed Fire Danger Forecast (June to October 1985-2005) Fine Fuel Moisture Duff Moisture Drought Code 500,000 Code (FFMC) Code (DMC) (DC) 450,000 y = 2199.1e0.4099x Remote 400,000 R2 = 0.7551 350,000 Monthly burned area (ha) 300,000 sensing Active Fire Detection INITIAL SPREAD BUILD UP 250,000 200,000 INDEX (ISI) INDEX (BUI) 150,000 100,000 50,000 - FIRE WEATHER INDEX 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 (FWI) MSR Weather Fire Monitoring forecast Av burned area (m2) Damage Assessment Bv biomass (g m-2) Geo-datasets Fire Emissions CO2 = ∑ Av × Bv × C × Ev C burning efficiency (g g-1) v Post-fire Soil Erosion Regional estimates Data Data Databases of CO2 emissions Data Evemission coefficient for CO2 Fire News WEB interface at (http://effis.jrc.ec.europa.eu) November 12, 2012 7
  8. 8. http://effis.jrc.ec.europa.eu/November 12, 2012 8
  9. 9. The fire news applicationNovember 12, 2012 9
  10. 10. The processNovember 12, 2012 10
  11. 11. Quick facts* a web application for geoparsing and analyzing web feedsto identify forest fires news* has replaced a semi manual process built on top of GoogleReader, Google Maps and GDAL scripts* the news are always verified by manual intervention beforebeing published (but work flow can be different)* the application is used in the context of forest fires, but canbe used for other aims (just use the generic geofeedsapplication, on which the FireNews application is based)November 12, 2012 11
  12. 12. Work flow0. The user can query and navigate existing fire news andproposed geoparsed feedsNovember 12, 2012 12
  13. 13. Work flowNovember 12, 2012 13
  14. 14. Work flow0. The user can query and navigate existing fire news andproposed geoparsed feeds1. The user may add a series of feeds (RSS/Atom) to analyzeNovember 12, 2012 14
  15. 15. Work flow0. The user can query and navigate existing fire news andproposed geoparsed feeds1. The user may add a series of feeds (RSS/Atom) to analyzeNovember 12, 2012 15
  16. 16. Work flow0. The user can query and navigate existing fire news andproposed geoparsed feeds1. The user may add a series of feeds (RSS/Atom) to analyze2. For each feed the user can add a series of keywords forfiltering in and out feed itemsNovember 12, 2012 16
  17. 17. Work flow0. The user can query and navigate existing fire news andproposed geoparsed feeds1. The user may add a series of feeds (RSS/Atom) to analyze2. For each feed the user can add a series of keywords forfiltering in and out feed items3. For each feed the user can add a series of URL domains forfiltering in and out feed itemsNovember 12, 2012 17
  18. 18. Work flow0. The user can query and navigate existing fire news andproposed geoparsed feeds1. The user may add a series of feeds (RSS/Atom) to analyze2. For each feed the user can add a series of keywords forfiltering in and out feed items3. For each feed the user can add a series of URL domains forfiltering in and out feed items4. For each feed the user can add a series of countries/placesfor filtering in and out geoparsed feed itemsNovember 12, 2012 18
  19. 19. Work flow0. The user can query and navigate existing fire news andproposed geoparsed feeds1. The user may add a series of feeds (RSS/Atom) to analyze2. For each feed the user can add a series of keywords forfiltering in and out feed items3. For each feed the user can add a series of URL domains forfiltering in and out feed items4. For each feed the user can add a series of countries/placesfor filtering in and out geoparsed feed items5. Feed items are then displayed from the web application(with eventual geoparsed places)November 12, 2012 19
  20. 20. Work flowNovember 12, 2012 20
  21. 21. Work flow0. The user can query and navigate existing fire news andproposed geoparsed feeds1. The user may add a series of feeds (RSS/Atom) to analyze2. For each feed the user can add a series of keywords forfiltering in and out feed items3. For each feed the user can add a series of URL domains forfiltering in and out feed items4. For each feed the user can add a series of countries/placesfor filtering in and out geoparsed feed items5. Feed items are then displayed from the web application(with eventual geoparsed places)6. User can archive uninteresting feed items or can promoteand tag feed items for important forest fire news itemsNovember 12, 2012 21
  22. 22. Work flowNovember 15, 2012 22
  23. 23. Whats behind * the application is developed in Django (Python) * datastore is PostGIS (--> Spatialite, Oracle Spatial or NoSQL database) * supports RSS (from 0.90 to 2.0) and Atom (0.3, 1.0) via Universal Feed Parser * geoparse of feed is performed via Yahoo! Placemaker or via a custom implementation based on GeoNames * geocode is performed via Google Maps, GeoNames and Yahoo! Maps via GeoPy * fire news are eventually exposed as GeoRSS, KML and Shapefile by the applicationNovember 12, 2012 23
  24. 24. EFFIS VGI integration* It is possible to integrate VGI (still via RSS feeds, filteringper user/keywords) * Twitter * Flickr * YouTube * others* Example: twitter rss feed per "forest fire" keyword:http://search.twitter.com/search.rss?q=forest+fireNovember 12, 2012 24
  25. 25. Sm@rtFeeds* Sm@rtFeeds: https://github.com/capooti/smartfeeds* This is the web application engine used and customized inthe context of the FireNews application* Still at a very early stage of development* It can be used for any context: disaster management,crisis, news, brand monitoring, trends analysis, just as adifferent smart aggregator. Whenever you need usefulinformation from massive amounts of data* Works for now just with RSS feeds. Willing to implementthe SMS and Email feeds* A Python alternative to Ushahidi SwiftRiverNovember 12, 2012 25
  26. 26. License of this document This work is licensed under a Creative Commons License. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/ 2012, JRCLicense details: Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0:You are free: * to Share — to copy, distribute and transmit the work * to Remix — to adapt the workUnder the following conditions: * Attribution — You must attribute the work in the manner specified by the author orlicensor (but not in any way that suggests that they endorse you or your use of the work). *Share Alike — If you alter, transform, or build upon this work, you may distribute theresulting work only under the same, similar or a compatible license.With the understanding that: * Waiver — Any of the above conditions can be waived if you get permission from thecopyright holder. * Other Rights — In no way are any of the following rights affected by the license: o Your fair dealing or fair use rights; o The authors moral rights; o Rights other persons may have either in the work itself or in how the work is used,such as publicity or privacy rights.November 12, 2012 26

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