Ns2 leadershipc2 just the basics

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Ns2 leadershipc2 just the basics

  1. 1. CHAPTER 2 APPROACHES TO LEADERSHIP
  2. 2. AUTHORITY The power or right to give commands, enforce obedience, take action, or make final decisions.”
  3. 3. In the Unites States Navy Authority means the person in charge
  4. 4. BURDENS OF COMMAND RESPONSIBILITY ACCOUNTABILIY
  5. 5. Authority in civilian life does not carry the same amount of accountability. CEO POLICE TEACHER PREACHER
  6. 6. Dependable Worthy of reliance or trust Consistent in performance or behavior
  7. 7. Authoritarian Characterized by or favoring absolute obedience to authority, as against individual freedom Does not care about what people think, as long as they follow orders.
  8. 8. Democratic Every one gets to provide input, discussions Works best when you have time to analyze input from all team members
  9. 9. Effective leadership is based on results , not effort.
  10. 10. Jo i ng ni ng Co ns ul ti Se llin g Te st in g Te llin g RANGE OF LEADERSHIP STYLES
  11. 11. The leader keeps all authority and gives the group little freedom. The leader decides, and the group follows.
  12. 12. The leader makes the decision, then persuades the group that this decision is the “best” for the group.
  13. 13. The leader states the problem, picks a possible solution, and lets the group react to this solution. Possibly accepting suggestions, the leader makes a final decision and informs the group.
  14. 14. The leader presents the problem and asks for ideas from the group members. The group recommends solutions; the leader selects one, and informs the group.
  15. 15. The group decides and the leader follows. Here the leader is just another member of the group and agrees to carry out the group’s decision.
  16. 16. Delegate To commit or entrust to another To authorize and send (another person) as one's representative You can delegate authority, but never responsibility
  17. 17. COMMUNICATION The four skills necessary for communication are: • Reading • Writing • Listening • Speaking
  18. 18. READING When reading longer articles, books, or instructions, save time, effort, and get a better understanding by: ~ scanning the material first to pick out the main ideas ~ then reread for details
  19. 19. WRITING There are four important steps to follow for effective writing: 1. Clarify your purpose. 2. Limit the subject. 3. List your ideas. 4. Organize your ideas into groups.
  20. 20. WRITING There are four important steps to follow for effective writing: 1. Clarify your purpose. Be able to say why you are writing, who will read it, and what you expect the reader to do after reading it.
  21. 21. WRITING There are four important steps to follow for effective writing: 2. Limit the subject. Material should be limited to what suits your purpose as stated in Step 1. Do not waste the readers’ time with extra material.
  22. 22. WRITING There are four important steps to follow for effective writing: 3. List your ideas. You want to list ideas that will get across to your reader. As you read and research, write down ideas and change them later if necessary.
  23. 23. WRITING There are four important steps to follow for effective writing: 4. Organize your ideas into groups. Main ideas are followed by important subheadings, then supporting information. An outline will help keep you on course and save time when you actually start writing.
  24. 24. WRITING There are four important steps to follow for effective writing: 1. Clarify your purpose. 2. Limit the subject. 3. List your ideas. 4. Organize your ideas into groups. your leadership and organizational skills will be evident in the text.
  25. 25. LISTENING Four rules to becoming a better listener: 1. Get ready to listen. 2. Take responsibility for understanding. 3. Listen to understand rather than to disagree. 4. Listen for the main ideas.
  26. 26. LISTENING 1. Get ready to listen. Do not place all the responsibility on the speaker. You must be alert!
  27. 27. LISTENING 2. Take responsibility for understanding. In your mind put the speaker’s ideas in your own words.
  28. 28. LISTENING 3. Listen to understand rather than to disagree. Listen and wait; try to understand first and evaluate second. Emotions should not cloud the matter. Question only after a speech or lesson is finished.
  29. 29. LISTENING 4. Listen for the main ideas. If you are listening to a teacher or other speaker, take notes. Come to classes and lectures prepared to do so. Taking notes will make you more alert for the main ideas.
  30. 30. LISTENING If you use these four rules, 1. Get ready to listen. 2. Take responsibility for understanding. 3. Listen to understand rather than to disagree. 4. Listen for the main ideas. you will gain more knowledge and understanding. It is still the best way.
  31. 31. SPEAKING Five basic steps for an effective speech: 1. Determine the purpose of the speech. 2. Narrow the scope of your topic. 3. Choose a subject of interest to you and your audience. 4. Make an outline to organize your speech. 5. Practice your speech.
  32. 32. SPEAKING 1. Determine the purpose of the speech. Having “zeroed in” on your purpose, stick to it. Do not wander in your research or your writing.
  33. 33. SPEAKING 2. Narrow the scope of your topic. Do not try to cover too much in one speech. You will bore your listeners if you do. Most good speeches can be given in 15 minutes or less.
  34. 34. SPEAKING 3. Choose a subject of interest to you and your audience. Keep in mind the maturity of your audience. Do not rely just on what you know about the subject. Do some research. Be sure your information is correct.
  35. 35. SPEAKING 4. Make an outline to organize your speech. Note facts and figures so you don’t make mistakes.
  36. 36. SPEAKING 5. Practice your speech. Say it in front of a mirror or use a tape recorder. Time it. Listen to yourself. Plan to use gestures. “Running through” your speech will give you confidence.
  37. 37. SPEAKING Preparing with these five basic steps, 1. Determine the purpose of the speech. 2. Narrow the scope of your topic. 3. Choose a subject of interest to you and your audience. 4. Make an outline to organize your speech. 5. Practice your speech. will give you additional confidence to deliver an effective speech as a leader.
  38. 38. SPEAKING The best speeches use what is called three part communication or: 3 Part Comm. Introduction Body Close
  39. 39. SPEAKING Introduction Tell your audience what you are going to tell them.
  40. 40. SPEAKING Body Tell them. In other words, present your speech. Hit the key points or phrases in the same order you offered in the introduction. This is a “road map” they can follow.
  41. 41. SPEAKING Close Tell your audience what you told them. This reinforces the key points you were making in the body of your speech and refreshes their memory. It also offers an excellent method of wrapping up and ending a speech with a “Thank You!”
  42. 42. SPEAKING Using these proven methods, 3 Part Comm. Introduction Tell your audience what you are going to tell them. Body Tell them. Tell them what you told Close Them. you will find speeches easier to prepare, deliver, and close, with your leadership persona enhanced.
  43. 43. Q.1. What does authority mean in the Navy?
  44. 44. Q.1. What does authority mean in the Navy? A.1. The person in charge
  45. 45. Q.2. What is the definition of "authority?"
  46. 46. Q.2. What is the definition of "authority?" A.2. The power or right to give commands, enforce obedience, take action, or make final decisions
  47. 47. Q.3. In the Navy, authority comes with what?
  48. 48. Q.3. In the Navy, authority comes with what? A.3. Responsibility and accountability
  49. 49. Q.4. What is the difference between civilian authority and naval authority?
  50. 50. Q.4. What is the difference between civilian authority and naval authority? A.4. Civilian leaders may be held accountable in many cases only if they break the law. Naval authority is held accountable for all that occurs in that command.
  51. 51. Q.5. Why do parents have authority over their children?
  52. 52. Q.5. Why do parents have authority over their children? A.5. They are responsible for your actions.
  53. 53. Q.6. Describe an autocratic leader.
  54. 54. Q.6. Describe an autocratic leader. A.6. The autocratic leader does not allow input or discussion.
  55. 55. Q.7. Describe a democratic leader.
  56. 56. Q.7. Describe a democratic leader. A.7. The democratic leader allows the unit to have input.
  57. 57. Q.8. What are the two extreme styles of leadership, and what are the features of each?
  58. 58. Q.8. What are the two extreme styles of leadership, and what are the features of each? A.8. Autocratic is centered on the leader and Democratic means participation of followers, as well as the leader, in the leadership process.
  59. 59. Q.9. Upon what is effective leadership based?
  60. 60. Q.9. Upon what is effective leadership based? A.9. Results
  61. 61. Q.10. What are the five approaches to leadership?
  62. 62. Q.10. What are the five approaches to leadership? A.10. a. Telling b. Selling c. Testing d. Consulting e. Joining
  63. 63. Q.11. Which style of leadership is better, autocratic or democratic?
  64. 64. Q.11. Which style of leadership is better, autocratic or democratic? A.11. Each one has a purpose, and it is necessary to use the one that will suit the situation.
  65. 65. Q.12. What are the four skills necessary for effective communication?
  66. 66. Q.12. What are the four skills necessary for effective communication? A.12. 1. Reading 2. Writing 3. Listening 4. Speaking
  67. 67. Q.13. What are the four important steps for effective writing?
  68. 68. Q.13. What are the four important steps for effective writing? A.13. 1. Clarify your purpose 2. Limit the subject 3. List ideas 4. Organize ideas
  69. 69. Q.14. What are the four rules for being a good listener?
  70. 70. Q.14. What are the four rules for being a good listener? A.14. 1. Get ready to listen 2. Take the responsibility for understanding 3. Listen to understand 4. Listen for the main ideas
  71. 71. Q.15. What are the five basic steps to follow in preparing a speech?
  72. 72. Q.15. What are the five basic steps to follow in preparing a speech? A.15. 1. Determine the purpose 2. Narrow the scope of your topic 3. Choose a subject of interest 4. Make an outline 5. Practice your speech
  73. 73. Q.16. Why is it important to know the audience that you are addressing?
  74. 74. Q.16. Why is it important to know the audience that you are addressing? A.16. So that you can speak on their level

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