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  • 1. CHAPTER 1 NJROTC LEADERSHIP
  • 2. Your first rule must be to set the best example possible.
  • 3. Setting an example with: ~ proper uniform ~ taking direction ~ sharp marching ~ snappy salutes will be a better guide than what you say.
  • 4. Leadership depends on three things. Each leader may have a different approach yet be equally successful.
  • 5. Effective leadership at the top depends on effective leadership at lower levels. Cadet officers work their way up, gradually becoming better leaders as they mature in experience, age, and rank.
  • 6. Admiral Chester Nimitz Even so-called natural leaders have to develop through experience, by handling increasingly complex situations while learning from successes and failures.
  • 7. Anything may give early leaders a head start, but they must also have initiative and a willingness to lead. Some early leaders will fade; others will emerge after a slow start. Leadership is not easily taught or learned, but leaders are made, not born.
  • 8. Initiative The power or ability to begin or to follow through energetically with a plan or task; enterprise and determination
  • 9. Orders A command given by a senior requiring obedience, as in the execution of a task
  • 10. As a leader, you must be more self disciplined in your appearance, dress, and conduct, at all times setting high standards by example for your followers.
  • 11. Disciplined To train by instruction and practice, especially to teach self-control to Trained mentally or physically by instruction or exercise
  • 12. Pros and Cons The favorable and the unfavorable factors or reasons; advantages and disadvantages
  • 13. Three basic things to remember in developing leadership abilities: Know your business. Know yourself. Know your personnel.
  • 14. Personal Relations The manner in which an individual interacts with others
  • 15. Few truly great leaders of the world reached their positions without outstanding personal and social traits. These traits make up the leader’s personality.
  • 16. Traits A distinguishing characteristic or quality, especially of one’s personal nature
  • 17. President Abraham Lincoln President Andrew Jackson Admiral Chester Nimitz These great leaders of the past achieved much because they got along so well with people who would feel comfortable and welcome in their presence.
  • 18. This feeling, being proud of the other people in the same group, is called esprit de corps, pride in the organization.
  • 19. Esprit de Corps A sense of unity and of common interests and responsibilities, as developed among a group of persons closely associated in a task, cause, enterprise, etc.
  • 20. Respect A feeling of appreciative, often deferential regard; esteem The state of being regarded with honor or esteem Willingness to show consideration or appreciation
  • 21. If there is one key to successful leadership, it is probably fairness, fairness in opportunity, assignment, work, and recognition. This, above all, every effective leader must practice.
  • 22. Fairness Marked by impartiality and honesty: free from self-interest, prejudice, or favoritism
  • 23. ESSENTIAL QUALITIES OF LEADERSHIP LOYALTY... ...To country, is a must ...To seniors, serve reliably and well ...To juniors, consider their well-being
  • 24. Loyalty A feeling or attitude of devoted attachment and affection Faithfulness to commitments or obligations
  • 25. ESSENTIAL QUALITIES OF LEADERSHIP COURAGE... physical and moral The most traditional trait of a leader is courage. At one time, this meant physical courage only. Today it implies a willingness to attempt a mission in spite of the danger.
  • 26. ...Moral Courage: • stand up for beliefs • make honest calls • admit mistakes Never compound the honest mistake with a lie or cover-up. Most know right from wrong. It takes moral courage to do right when under pressure to do wrong or break the law.
  • 27. ESSENTIAL QUALITIES OF LEADERSHIP HONOR: Proper sense of right and wrong NJROTC cadet is expected to be a person of honor, whose integrity is above reproach.
  • 28. Honor Principled uprightness of character; personal integrity A code of integrity, dignity, and pride
  • 29. ESSENTIAL QUALITIES OF LEADERSHIP HONESTY: Refusing to lie, cheat, or steal Honesty is so important it is written into the honor code at each service academy. There are no degrees of honesty.
  • 30. Truthfulness: telling things the way they truly are without deception. Sailors and Marines must be able to trust in the honor, honesty, and truthfulness of shipmates. A leader must possess these qualities to command respect, confidence, and obedience.
  • 31. Obedience Dutiful or submissive behavior with respect to another person
  • 32. Self-confidence Freedom from doubt; belief in yourself and your abilities
  • 33. Faith in a cause is essential to victory. A weakening of faith is almost always followed by a lowering of morale, demoralization, disintegration, and defeat. Leaders who believe in their service, their chain of command, and themselves, will see their attitude reflected in those around them.
  • 34. Morale The state of the spirits of a person or group as exhibited by confidence, cheerfulness, discipline, and willingness to perform assigned tasks The spirit of a group that makes the members want the group to succeed
  • 35. ESSENTIAL QUALITIES OF LEADERSHIP SENSE OF HUMOR: The ability to see humor in a situation is a valuable asset. Laughter can be a curing medicine to relieve tension. A leader who sees humor in a situation can relax subordinates, while restoring confidence and positive thinking.
  • 36. ESSENTIAL QUALITIES OF LEADERSHIP MODESTY: Quiet dignity, even humility indicates great character and experience. Self-magnification is improper, often unpleasant, and normally unsuccessful. A leader does not let self-importance override concern for subordinates.
  • 37. ESSENTIAL QUALITIES OF LEADERSHIP SELF CONFIDENCE: With experience, increased skills, professional knowledge, and a positive attitude, a leader gains self confidence and loses the fear of failure. Taking on the tougher jobs may bring an occasional failure, but learning from the failure and bouncing back for another job marks a leader’s development.
  • 38. ESSENTIAL QUALITIES OF LEADERSHIP COMMON SENSE: A leader is able to see and react to things as they are.
  • 39. ESSENTIAL QUALITIES OF LEADERSHIP GOOD JUDGEMENT: With training and discipline, a leader gains the ability to analyze and draw correct conclusions. Greater knowledge increases a leader’s qualifications to make good judgments.
  • 40. Judgment The mental ability to perceive and distinguish relationships; discernment The capacity to form an opinion by distinguishing and evaluating The capacity to assess situations or circumstances and draw sound conclusions; good sense
  • 41. ESSENTIAL QUALITIES OF LEADERSHIP TACT: Using good judgment to speak and act in a diplomatic way, leaders do not offend seniors, peers, or juniors.
  • 42. Tact Acute sensitivity to what is proper and appropriate in dealing with others, including the ability to speak or act without offending Consideration in dealing with others and avoiding giving offence
  • 43. ESSENTIAL QUALITIES OF LEADERSHIP COMMON SENSE/GOOD JUDGEMENT: Good leaders use common sense and good judgment to solve problems. In their deliberations, they include similar experiences of others. Good leaders recognize and appreciate needs and personalities of subordinates. U.S. Navy Memorial Women in the Navy
  • 44. ESSENTIAL QUALITIES OF LEADERSHIP OPTIMISM: An optimist’s opposite is a pessimist, always looking for reasons a job cannot be done. An effective leader is usually an optimistic winner.
  • 45. ESSENTIAL QUALITIES OF LEADERSHIP SENSE OF RESPONSIBILITY: Leaders will think independently and take initiative in their jobs. They accept assignments, pleasant or unpleasant, and stay with it until properly completed.
  • 46. ESSENTIAL QUALITIES OF LEADERSHIP CONCERN FOR PEOPLE: Leaders must know their people. NJROTC leaders should know all cadets in their class and most in their unit. Field trips, formations, and social events are good opportunities. These activities build teamwork, a must for success as a unit and as a leader.
  • 47. Successful leaders are known by the people they develop into new leaders. One of a leader’s most important jobs is to recommend subordinates for recognition or promotion. To do this, leaders must know their juniors in order to evaluate them fairly and accurately.
  • 48. All hands should be kept informed on what is going on, when it will happen, how it will affect them, and what is expected of them. Good leaders keep their people informed. Subordinates will cooperate more and support their unit with more esprit de corps if they know what is occurring and why.
  • 49. SUMMARY • Leaders must know the capabilities of each group member and how to task. • Leaders must be self-confident, keep mission focused, and know how to manage appropriate stresses. • Leaders must be willing to cheerfully, imaginatively, complete work and take on increased responsibilities.
  • 50. Q.2. What are the three things upon which leadership depends?
  • 51. Q.2. What are the three things upon which leadership depends? A.2. 1. The leader 2. The followers 3. The job to be done
  • 52. Q.4. TRUE or FALSE. As a squad leader, your first rule must be to set the best example possible to other cadets.
  • 53. Q.4. TRUE or FALSE. As a squad leader, your first rule must be to set the best example possible to other cadets. A.4. TRUE.
  • 54. Q.5. TRUE or FALSE. As a squad leader, it is essential that you know all of your responsibilities.
  • 55. Q.5. TRUE or FALSE. As a squad leader, it is essential that you know all of your responsibilities. A.5. TRUE.
  • 56. Q.6. What is the difference between physical and moral courage?
  • 57. Q.6. What is the difference between physical and moral courage? A.6. Physical courage means deeds of daring which involved the danger of death. Moral courage means being able to stand up for one’s beliefs, to call things as honestly seen, to admit a mistake.
  • 58. Q.7. Why is humor (at the right time and place) an asset to a leader?
  • 59. Q.7. Why is humor (at the right time and place) an asset to a leader? A.7. It can ease tension and restore morale.
  • 60. Q.8. What are three basic things one must remember when developing leadership techniques?
  • 61. Q.8. What are three basic things one must remember when developing leadership techniques? A.8. a. Know your business. b. Know yourself. c. Know your personnel.
  • 62. Q.9. Why are common sense and good judgment essential qualities of a leader?
  • 63. Q.9. Why are common sense and good judgment essential qualities of a leader? A.9. They enable a person to make good decisions
  • 64. Q.10. Name some great American leaders who had that special personal trait known as "the common touch."
  • 65. Q.10. Name some great American leaders who had that special personal trait known as "the common touch." A.10. a. Abraham Lincoln b. Martin Luther King c. John F. Kennedy
  • 66. Q.11. What does "esprit de corps" mean?
  • 67. Q.11. What does "esprit de corps" mean? A.11. Pride in an organization or unit
  • 68. Q.12. TRUE or FALSE. Leaders are born, not made.
  • 69. Q.12. TRUE or FALSE. Leaders are born, not made. A.12. FALSE.
  • 70. Q.13. How are leadership skills developed?
  • 71. Q.13. How are leadership skills developed? A.13. Through training and experience
  • 72. Q.14. Can leaders learn from their failures?
  • 73. Q.14. Can leaders learn from their failures? A.14. Yes
  • 74. Q.15. What are some essential personal qualities that a good leader must demonstrate?
  • 75. Q.15. What are some essential personal qualities that a good leader must demonstrate? A.15. a. Loyalty b. Courage (1) Physical courage (2) Moral courage c. Honesty d. Truthfulness e. Faith
  • 76. Q.15. What are some essential personal qualities that a good leader must demonstrate? A.15. f. Sense of humor g. Modesty h. Self-confidence i. Common sense and good judgment j. Health/energy/optimism k. Sense of responsibility l. Concern for people
  • 77. Q.16. Why is maintaining good appearance, dress, and conduct important?
  • 78. Q.16. Why is maintaining good appearance, dress, and conduct important? A.16. You will influence your followers and they will imitate your bad actions as well as your good.