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Civil War part three
Civil War part three
Civil War part three
Civil War part three
Civil War part three
Civil War part three
Civil War part three
Civil War part three
Civil War part three
Civil War part three
Civil War part three
Civil War part three
Civil War part three
Civil War part three
Civil War part three
Civil War part three
Civil War part three
Civil War part three
Civil War part three
Civil War part three
Civil War part three
Civil War part three
Civil War part three
Civil War part three
Civil War part three
Civil War part three
Civil War part three
Civil War part three
Civil War part three
Civil War part three
Civil War part three
Civil War part three
Civil War part three
Civil War part three
Civil War part three
Civil War part three
Civil War part three
Civil War part three
Civil War part three
Civil War part three
Civil War part three
Civil War part three
Civil War part three
Civil War part three
Civil War part three
Civil War part three
Civil War part three
Civil War part three
Civil War part three
Civil War part three
Civil War part three
Civil War part three
Civil War part three
Civil War part three
Civil War part three
Civil War part three
Civil War part three
Civil War part three
Civil War part three
Civil War part three
Civil War part three
Civil War part three
Civil War part three
Civil War part three
Civil War part three
Civil War part three
Civil War part three
Civil War part three
Civil War part three
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Civil War part three

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  • 1. CHAPTER 4 PART THREE THE CIVIL WAR 1861-1865
  • 2. Battle of Antietam Creek • Bloodiest one day action of entire war, over 25,000 casualties • Lee forced to withdraw from Maryland to Virginia
  • 3. Battle of Antietam Creek, Sharpsburg Viginia 17 Sept, 1862 • General Lee was intent on invading the North. • General McClellan was given a copy of Lee’s plans and moved to intercept him.
  • 4. President Lincoln announced his preliminary Emancipation Proclamation on September 22, 1862.
  • 5. Promised freedom to all slaves within the territories still in rebellion on 1 January 1863 Emancipation Proclamation
  • 6. Many liberated slaves joined Union forces.
  • 7. The Thirteenth Amendment Section 1. Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, except as a punishment for crime whereof the party shall have been duly convicted, shall exist within the United States, or any place subject to their jurisdiction. Section 2. Congress shall have power to enforce this article by appropriate
  • 8. The Thirteenth Amendment • Passed by Congress in 1865 • Ended slavery in the United States
  • 9. New Orleans Vicksburg
  • 10. Water depth and lack of Army/Navy coordination contributed to the failure of the Union to take Vicksburg in 1862.
  • 11. Rear Admiral David Porter General Ulysses Grant General William Sherman
  • 12. Porter worked out a scheme with Generals Grant and Sherman to put a pincers movement against Vicksburg. Porter Grant Sherman
  • 13. After three failed attempts by the Union to take Vicksburg, Grant settled in for a siege of the city.
  • 14. • For 40 days and nights, Porter’s mortar boats rained destruction on Vicksburg. • On 4 July 1863, 31,000 Confederate troops surrendered.
  • 15. A cannon very short in proportion to its bore, for firing shells at high angles Mortar
  • 16. Four days later Port Hudson surrendered, and the Mississippi River was under Union control.
  • 17. Battles Leading to Gettysburg Chancellorsville, VA Fredricksburg, VA PotomacRiver
  • 18. General Robert E. Lee General Joseph Hooker General Stonewall Jackson
  • 19. Lee took on the Army of the Potomac at Chancellorsville, VA, and won. But he lost his most talented general officer, “Stonewall Jackson,” who was killed by his own men as he returned from a reconnaissance mission.Robert E. Lee
  • 20. Lee’sArmy Advances
  • 21. • The battle at Gettysburg was the bloodiest and most decisive battle of the war. General George Meade
  • 22. Confederate and Union forces were probing for weaknesses in each other’s lines. Cemetery Ridge CONFEDERATE LINE N
  • 23. After a 2-hour artillery barrage: • Pickett led a 15,000-strong Confederate charge at Cemetery Ridge. • Some managed to reach the Union lines but were killed or thrown back. General George Pickett
  • 24. A heavy barrier of artillery (cannon) fire to protect one’s own advancing or retreating troops or to stop the advance of enemy troops Artillery Barrage
  • 25. • After Pickett’s failed charge, General Lee was forced to begin his retreat back to Virginia, leaving over 20,000 casualties on the fields of Gettysburg. General Robert E. Lee
  • 26. Lee’s task was to keep his army intact until a settlement could be reached with the Union.
  • 27. Major Southern Ports New Orleans
  • 28. The main ship channel to Charleston Fort Sumter
  • 29. Confederate engineers who designed Fort Sumter’s defenses General Beauregard General Ripley
  • 30. 42 Pounder 100 Pounder Parrott 200 Pounder Parrott 10-inch Seacoast Mortar
  • 31. Fort Sumter used many gabions to fortify its integrity against the enemy. Gabio n
  • 32. Cylinder of wickerwork filled with earth, used as a military defense Gabion
  • 33. Many of the surrounding waters of Fort Sumter were mined.
  • 34. Many cannons and artillery shells were in the interior of Fort Sumter. Artillery Shells 100 Pounder Parrott
  • 35. Picket fences helped protect the walls.
  • 36. Picket fences helped protect the walls of Fort Sumter from the enemy scaling the walls.
  • 37. The high, thick walls of Fort Sumter were hard to climb or penetrate.
  • 38. • Both sides had ironclad building programs. • Admiral Dupont led a 9-ironclad Union attack. Admiral Samuel Dupont
  • 39. The USS Keokok was sunk after being struck over 90 times by Confederate shells.
  • 40. Dupont’s attack on Fort Sumter was ineffective, and he was relieved of command.
  • 41. Admiral John Dahlgren “Dupont’s Relief” General Gillmore “Corps of Engineers”
  • 42. Charleston Falls Together, Dahlgren and Gillmore placed Charleston under siege and forced its surrender. Then they turned their guns on Ft. Sumter and reduced it to rubble. But the Confederates refused to surrender. Subsequent naval and amphibious assaults also failed.
  • 43. H.L. Hunley CSS David
  • 44. Davids were designed to ram Union vessels with a spar armed with a charge of gunpowder. The explosive was then detonated by yanking a long cord.
  • 45. The powerful Union ironclad New Ironsides was badly damaged by a David.
  • 46. H.L. Hunley • The world’s first submarine warship • Designed to pull a torpedo into the side of a ship
  • 47. H.L. Hunley Conning Tower Leather Bellows Ballast Tanks
  • 48. H.L. Hunley • Powered by 8 or 9 men turning a crankshaft
  • 49. H.L. Hunley • Four crews drowned in sea trials. • General Beauregard prohibited her from being submerged again.
  • 50. H.L. Hunley The Hunley attacks the Housatonic. USS
  • 51. • The charge exploded before the Hunley could get away. • The Housatonic sank in less than 5 minutes • The Hunley and her fifth crew were also lost. Lt. George Dixon
  • 52. Declaration of Paris of 1856 Major European countries, except Spain, declared privateering illegal.
  • 53. • Nearly 1,500 blockade runners saw service during the Civil War. • It was a very profitable business, worth the risks involved.
  • 54. Effects of Blockade Running Besides, the odds of a blockade runner being captured were only 1 in 4. Befor e After Salt Coffee $6.50/ton $249/ton $1,700/ton $5,500/ton
  • 55. Confederate commerce raiding by cruisers such as the CSS Alabama: • Mostly foreign built with foreign crews and Southern officers • Caused the decline of the Northern merchant marine
  • 56. CSS Chickamauga Cruiser’s purpose was to: • Weaken the blockade • Keep over 100 Union ships busy
  • 57. The most famous and successful of the Confederate cruiser skippers Captain Raphael Semmes
  • 58. CSS Sumter • Captured 17 Union ships before being cornered in Gibraltar • Sold Sumter and made his way to England CAPT Raphael Semmes
  • 59. CSS Alabama • Sailed to Portugal to pick up armament • Crewed by English and Irish volunteers
  • 60. CSS Alabama • Sank 20 ships in the North Atlantic • Cruised the world’s oceans for 18
  • 61. CSS Alabama’s Last Battle Cherbour g Englan d Franc e Holland
  • 62. USS Kearsarge • French refused Semmes docking rights when the Kearsarge arrived off Cherbourg, France. • Semmes challenged Winslow to a single-ship duel. CAPT John Winslow
  • 63. Deerhound • Deerhound observed the action. • Kearsarge was a faster vessel with better ammunition.
  • 64. • Semmes tried to beach his ship. • Deerhound picked up survivors and took them to England. CSS Alabama USS Kearsarge
  • 65. • Alabama had captured 71 Union ships. • British government later had to pay CSS Alabama
  • 66. CSS Shenandoah • Wreaked havoc on Union whaling ships in the Aleutians • All but destroyed the American whaling industry
  • 67. ALASKA Aleutian Islands
  • 68. END OF PART THREE

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