2. Battle of Antietam Creek
• Bloodiest one day action of entire
over 25,000 casualties
• Lee forced to withdraw from Maryland
3. Battle of Antietam Creek,
Sharpsburg Viginia 17 Sept, 1862
• General Lee was intent on invading
• General McClellan was given a copy
of Lee’s plans and moved to intercept
4. President Lincoln announced his
preliminary Emancipation Proclamation
on September 22, 1862.
5. Promised freedom to all slaves within
the territories still in rebellion on
1 January 1863
6. Many liberated slaves joined Union
7. The Thirteenth Amendment
Section 1. Neither slavery nor
servitude, except as a punishment for
crime whereof the party shall have been
duly convicted, shall exist within the
United States, or any place subject to
Section 2. Congress shall have power
to enforce this article by appropriate
8. The Thirteenth Amendment
• Passed by Congress in 1865
• Ended slavery in the United States
9. New Orleans
10. Water depth and lack of Army/Navy
coordination contributed to the failure
of the Union to take Vicksburg in 1862.
12. Porter worked out a scheme with
Generals Grant and Sherman to
put a pincers movement against
Porter Grant Sherman
13. After three failed attempts by the Union
to take Vicksburg, Grant settled in for a
siege of the city.
14. • For 40 days and nights, Porter’s
mortar boats rained destruction on
• On 4 July 1863, 31,000
15. A cannon very short in proportion
to its bore, for firing shells at high
16. Four days later Port Hudson
and the Mississippi River was under
17. Battles Leading to Gettysburg
19. Lee took on the Army
of the Potomac at
But he lost his most
Jackson,” who was
killed by his own men
as he returned from
mission.Robert E. Lee
21. • The battle at
battle of the war.
22. Confederate and Union forces were probing
for weaknesses in each other’s lines.
23. After a 2-hour artillery
• Pickett led a 15,000-strong Confederate
charge at Cemetery Ridge.
• Some managed to reach the Union
lines but were killed or thrown back.
24. A heavy barrier of artillery (cannon)
fire to protect one’s own advancing
or retreating troops or to stop the
advance of enemy troops
25. • After Pickett’s failed charge, General
Lee was forced to begin his retreat
back to Virginia, leaving over 20,000
casualties on the fields of
Robert E. Lee
26. Lee’s task was to keep his army
intact until a settlement could
be reached with the Union.
27. Major Southern Ports
28. The main ship channel to
29. Confederate engineers who
Fort Sumter’s defenses
31. Fort Sumter
32. Cylinder of wickerwork filled with
earth, used as a military defense
33. Many of the surrounding waters of
Fort Sumter were mined.
34. Many cannons and artillery shells
were in the interior of Fort
100 Pounder Parrott
35. Picket fences helped protect the
36. Picket fences helped protect the
walls of Fort Sumter from the
enemy scaling the walls.
37. The high, thick walls of Fort Sumter
were hard to climb or penetrate.
38. • Both sides had
• Admiral Dupont led
a 9-ironclad Union
39. The USS Keokok was sunk after being
struck over 90 times by Confederate
40. Dupont’s attack on Fort Sumter was
ineffective, and he was relieved of
“Corps of Engineers”
42. Charleston Falls
Together, Dahlgren and Gillmore
placed Charleston under siege
and forced its surrender.
Then they turned their guns on Ft.
Sumter and reduced it to rubble.
But the Confederates refused to
surrender. Subsequent naval and
amphibious assaults also failed.
43. H.L. Hunley
44. Davids were designed to ram
Union vessels with a spar armed
with a charge of gunpowder. The
explosive was then detonated by
yanking a long cord.
45. The powerful Union ironclad New
Ironsides was badly damaged by
46. H.L. Hunley
• The world’s first submarine
• Designed to pull a torpedo into the
side of a ship