CAPE SOCIOLOGY Socialordersocialcontrolanddeviance

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  • 1. SOCIAL ORDER, SOCIAL CONTROL AND DEVIANCE A SOCIOLOGY LESSON GIVEN TO Form 6A @ WBS WEEK TWO NOVEMBER 2011 LESSON ONE
  • 2. OBJECTIVES    UNDERSTAND HOW ORDER IS MAINTAINED IN SOCIETY APPRECIATE THE ROLES AND FUNCTIONS OF THE INSTUITIONS OF SOCIAL CONTROL, WITH PARTICULAR REFERENCE TO THE CARIBBEAN BE FAMILIAR WITH ALTERNATIVE EXPLANATIONS OF DEVIANCE AND CRIME.
  • 3. CONCEPTS SOCIAL ORDER – According to Mike O’ Donnell this is a state in which social life can be conducted without major disruptions.  SOCIAL CONTROL – The mechanics by which we maintain social order. The means by which society gets people to conform. It can be formal or informal. 
  • 4. Social Control Social Control Formal Informal
  • 5. SOCIAL CONTROL   FORMAL – Written/ set rules – sanctions Informal – based on approval or disapproval praise, smile, scorn, ridicule, arguments.
  • 6. Institutions of Social Control Family Peer Group Education Institutions of Social Control Political System Government Legal System Religion Media
  • 7. An Industry of Social Control Free Society ? - A Social Control Industry  Crime – police, soldiers, lawyers etc.  Delinquency – boot camp, counsellor  Deviance – psychologist  Immortality – religion  Perversity – counsellor  Wickedness – prison system  Deficiency – psychologist, pastor  Sickness – doctors etc.  Terrorism – legal system/ government.
  • 8.       Terrorism – national & social defence Sickness – treatment Wickedness – justice, segragation Deviance – reform, treatment Delinquency – rehabilitation Punishment – crime
  • 9. Deviance   ‘One man’s deviation may be another’s action’ – David Matza (1964) ‘Deviancy may be defined as non – conformity to a given set of norms that are accepted by a significant number of people in a community or society.’ – Anthony Giddens
  • 10. Deviance  ‘Deviance is much more than a matter of individual choice or personal feeling. How a society defines deviance; whom individuals brand and describe as deviant and what people decide to do about non – conformity are all issues of social organisation.’ Macionis and Plummer (2005:428)
  • 11. Deviance  In examining deviance and crime we must attempt to understand it from the point of view of those who participate in it.