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Transcript

  • 1.  
  • 2. Chapter Introduction Section 1 The First Israelites Section 2 The Kingdom of Israel Section 3 The Growth of Judaism Reading Review Chapter Assessment The Ancient Israelites Click on a hyperlink to view the corresponding slides.
  • 3. Chapter Objectives
    • Describe the Israelites’ beliefs and their early history.
    • Discuss the history of the kingdom of Israel.
    • Discuss Judaism during the period when Jews were ruled by other people.
    The Ancient Israelites
  • 4. The Ancient Israelites
  • 5.  
  • 6. Get Ready to Read Section Overview This section discusses the early history of the ancient Israelites, including their relationship with God, their escape from slavery, and their conflicts with the Canaanites over land. The First Israelites
  • 7. Get Ready to Read (cont.) Focusing on the Main Ideas The First Israelites
    • The Israelites believed in one God who set down moral laws for his people. They recorded their history in the Bible .
    • The Israelites had to fight the Canaanites to return to their promised land.
  • 8. Get Ready to Read (cont.) Locating Places
    • Canaan (KAY· nuhn )
    • Mount Sinai (SY· NY )
    Meeting People
    • Abraham
    • Jacob
    • Moses
    • Deborah
    • Phoenician (fih·NEE·shuhn)
    The First Israelites
  • 9. Get Ready to Read (cont.) Building Your Vocabulary
    • monotheism (MAH·nuh·thee· IH ·zuhm)
    • covenant (KUHV·nuhnt)
    • alphabet
    • tribe
    • Torah (TOHR· UH )
    The First Israelites
  • 10. Get Ready to Read (cont.) Reading Strategy Sequencing Information Create a sequence chart to help trace the movement of the Israelites. The First Israelites
  • 11. The Early Israelites
    • The Israelites built a kingdom in Canaan, along the Mediterranean Sea in southwest Asia, in 1000 B.C.
    • Israelites believed in one God.
    (pages 81 – 83)
    • Today, Lebanon, Israel, and Jordan occupy the land that was once Canaan.
    • The belief in one god is called monotheism.
    The First Israelites
  • 12. The Early Israelites (cont.)
    • The Israelite faith became the religion of Judaism .
    • Israelites spoke Hebrew and wrote their history and beliefs in what later became the Hebrew Bible.
    • Judaism influenced Christianity and Islam and helped shape the beliefs of European and American societies.
    The First Israelites (pages 81 – 83)
  • 13. The Early Israelites (cont.)
    • The Israelites believed they were descended from a man named Abraham .
    • Abraham’s grandson, named Jacob, raised 12 sons in Canaan.
    • The Israelites believed God told Abraham to settle in Canaan and worship the one true God.
    The First Israelites (pages 81 – 83)
  • 14. The Early Israelites (cont.)
    • After 100 years in Canaan, the Israelites suffered a long drought .
    • The Egyptian pharaoh enslaved the Israelites.
    • To survive, some Israelites went to Egypt.
    The First Israelites
    • To prevent the Israelites from rebelling, the pharaoh ordered all baby boys to be thrown into the Nile River.
    • Their families became the 12 tribes of Israel.
    (pages 81 – 83)
  • 15. The Early Israelites (cont.)
    • The pharaoh’s daughter found a baby boy in a basket on the riverbank .
    • When Moses grew up, he herded sheep in the hills outside Egypt.
    • She named the baby Moses.
    The First Israelites
    • In those hills, he saw a burning bush and heard a voice.
    • He believed it was God telling him to lead the Israelites out of Egypt.
    (pages 81 – 83)
  • 16. The Early Israelites (cont.)
    • The Hebrew Bible says that God sent 10 plagues to trouble Egypt .
    • The last plague killed all the first-born children, except for those Israelites who marked their doors with lamb’s blood.
    The First Israelites
    • The plague convinced the pharaoh to let the Israelites leave Egypt.
    • After the Israelites left, the pharaoh changed his mind.
    (pages 81 – 83)
  • 17. The Early Israelites (cont.)
    • He sent soldiers after the Israelites .
    • The Hebrew Bible says that God parted the Red Sea, so the Israelites could pass.
    The First Israelites
    • The water flowed back when the soldiers tried to cross, and they drowned.
    (pages 81 – 83)
  • 18. The Early Israelites (cont.)
    • These laws were known as the Torah, which became the first part of the Hebrew Bible .
    • The Ten Commandments —what God believes to be right and wrong—are an important part of the Torah .
    The First Israelites
    • The Ten Commandments helped form the basic moral laws of many nations.
    • On the way back to Canaan, Moses went to the top of Mount Sinai and received laws from God.
    (pages 81 – 83)
  • 19. What promise did god make in the covenant with the Israelites? God promised to return the Israelites to Canaan if they followed the laws of the Torah. The First Israelites
  • 20. The Promised Land
    • It took the Israelites about 40 years to reach Canaan .
    (pages 84 – 85)
    • Along the way, Moses died, and Joshua took over.
    • When the Israelites reached Canaan, they found a group of people, the Canaanites, living there.
    • The Israelites believed it was God’s will to conquer the Canaanites.
    The First Israelites
  • 21. The Promised Land (cont.)
    • Joshua led the Israelites into battle .
    • They marched around the walls of the city of Jericho for six days.
    • On the seventh day, the Israelites let out a great shout, and the wall of Jericho crumbled.
    The First Israelites (pages 84 – 85)
  • 22. The Promised Land (cont.)
    • The land they seized was divided among the 12 tribes .
    • After Joshua’s death, the Israelites looked to judges for leadership.
    • Judges were usually military leaders who led one or two tribes.
    The First Israelites
    • Joshua led the Israelites in three more wars.
    (pages 84 – 85)
  • 23. The Promised Land (cont.)
    • The Israelites built walled towns to protect themselves .
    • The Phoenicians were a group of Canaanites who developed an alphabet.
    • An alphabet is a group of letters that stands for sounds.
    The First Israelites
    • Eventually, the Israelites won the hilly region of Canaan, and the Canaanites kept the coastal areas.
    (pages 84 – 85)
  • 24. How did the Phoenicians affect other cultures of the world? The Phoenicians passed on their alphabet to the Greeks and Romans. This alphabet is the basis for most Western alphabets of today. The First Israelites
  • 25. Why was the religion of Israel unique in the ancient world? Unlike most other religions, it had only one God. The First Israelites
  • 26. The Torah is the collection of laws which God gave to Moses on top of Mount Sinai. What is the Torah, and how did the Israelites obtain it? The First Israelites
  • 27. Analyze What was the importance of the Phoenician alphabet? It made writing simpler and helped in keeping records. The First Israelites
  • 28. Summarize What problems did the Israelites face when they returned to Canaan? The Israelites had to fight a number of wars to get back part of the lands of Canaan from the Canaanites who lived there. The First Israelites
  • 29. Expository Writing Which one of the Ten commandments do you think is most important today? Write a short essay to explain your selection. Answers will vary. The First Israelites
  • 30. Explain the most important contribution made by the Israelites. The Nile Valley
  • 31.  
  • 32. The Kingdom of Israel Get Ready to Read Section Overview This section focuses on the creation of the kingdom of Israel; its great kings Saul, David, and Solomon; and the challenges Israel faced.
  • 33. Get Ready to Read (cont.) Focusing on the Main Ideas The Kingdom of Israel
    • King David built an Israelite empire and made Jerusalem his capital city .
    • The Israelites chose a king to unite them against their enemies .
    • The Israelites were conquered and forced to leave Israel and Judah .
  • 34. Get Ready to Read (cont.) Locating Places
    • Jerusalem (juh·ROO·suh·luhm)
    • Philistine (FIH·luh· STEEN )
    Meeting People The Kingdom of Israel
    • Judah (JOO·duh)
    • Saul (SAWL)
    • David
    • Solomon (SAHL·uh·muhn)
    • Nebuchadnezzar ( NEH ·byuh·kuhd·NUH·zuhr)
  • 35. Get Ready to Read (cont.) Building Your Vocabulary
    • prophet (PRAH·fuht)
    • empire (EHM· PYR )
    • tribute (TRIH·byoot)
    • proverb (PRAH· VUHRB )
    The Kingdom of Israel
  • 36. Get Ready to Read (cont.) Reading Strategy Categorizing Information Complete a chart like the one on page 86 of your textbook, identifying characteristics of Israel and Judah. The Kingdom of Israel
  • 37. The Israelites Choose a King
    • The Israelites began to think a king would unite the tribes and help them fight off the Philistines .
    • The 12 tribes asked Samuel, a prophet, to choose a king .
    • The Philistines were the strongest people in Canaan around 1000 B.C.
    (page 87) The Kingdom of Israel
  • 38. The Israelites Choose a King (cont.)
    • Samuel warned the Israelites against a king and did not choose one .
    • The Israelites named Saul as king .
    • A prophet is a person who was believed to be instructed by God .
    (page 87) The Kingdom of Israel
    • King Saul displeased God, so God chose another king, David .
  • 39. The Israelites Choose a King (cont.) (page 87) The Kingdom of Israel
    • God told Samuel to anoint David in secret.
  • 40. Why did Samuel refuse to choose a king? Samuel told the Israelites that a king would enslave them and make them pay taxes. The Kingdom of Israel
  • 41. David and Solomon
    • He killed a giant Philistine named Goliath with a slingshot and stones .
    • David was a famous warrior.
    (pages 89 – 90)
    • King Saul put David in charge of the army but later grew envious of David and plotted to have him killed.
    • David hid until Saul and his sons were killed.
    • Then, David took the throne.
    The Kingdom of Israel
  • 42. David and Solomon (cont.)
    • David drove the Philistines out and conquered other countries, building his empire.
    • The conquered people had to pay tribute to David.
    • The Israelites also had to pay heavy taxes.
    • David used the money to expand the capital, Jerusalem.
    The Kingdom of Israel (pages 89 – 90)
  • 43. David and Solomon (cont.)
    • Solomon was David’s son who took the throne after David’s death.
    • Solomon built the stone temple in Jerusalem that David wanted to build.
    The Kingdom of Israel (pages 89 – 90)
  • 44. David and Solomon (cont.)
    • When Solomon died, the 12 tribes began fighting.
    • Ten of the tribes moved to the north and called their nation the kingdom of Israel.
    The Kingdom of Israel
    • The other two tribes moved to the south and called their kingdom Judah.
    • The capital of Judah was Jerusalem, and the people of Judah were called Jews.
    (pages 89 – 90)
  • 45. Why did David want to build a temple in Jerusalem? David wanted the Israelites to have a permanent place for their sacred religious objects. The Kingdom of Israel
  • 46. A Troubled Time
    • After creating the kingdoms of Israel and Judah, many Israelites faced troubled times .
    (pages 90 – 92)
    • The prophets told the Israelites to please God by leading a moral life and helping others .
    • The kingdoms of Israel and Judah felt threatened by the Assyrians and Chaldeans, who had powerful empires in southwest Asia .
    The Kingdom of Israel
  • 47. A Troubled Time (cont.)
    • The Assyrians conquered Israel and dispersed the 10 tribes throughout their empire .
    • These Israelites lost contact with those who remained in Israel and Judah and were often called the lost tribes of Israel .
    • The Assyrians brought people to live in Samaria. A new culture developed, and the people became known as Samaritans.
    The Kingdom of Israel (pages 90 – 92)
  • 48. A Troubled Time (cont.)
    • To appease God, they offered sacrifices and began following the Israelites’ religion .
    • The people of Judah believed that God only accepted sacrifices from the temple at Jerusalem .
    The Kingdom of Israel (pages 90 – 92)
    • The Samaritans adopted many Israelite beliefs. Over time, however, their religious practices developed separately from those of Judah.
  • 49. A Troubled Time (cont.)
    • The Chaldeans conquered Egypt in 605 B.C.
    • The Jews joined forces with the Egyptians to conquer the Chaldeans .
    The Kingdom of Israel (pages 90 – 92)
    • The Egyptians conquered the kingdom of Judah in 620 B.C.
    • They believed they were God’s only people.
  • 50. A Troubled Time (cont.)
    • In 586 B.C., the Jews revolted against the Chaldeans, and the Chaldean ruler crushed Jerusalem .
    The Kingdom of Israel (pages 90 – 92)
    • King Nebuchadnezzar and the Chaldeans captured Jerusalem and punished the Jews.
    • He sent 10,000 Jews to Babylon and appointed a new Jewish king .
  • 51. A Troubled Time (cont.)
    • The Chaldeans took the king and thousands of Jews to Babylon .
    • This period is known as the Babylonian Captivity.
    The Kingdom of Israel (pages 90 – 92)
  • 52. What message did the prophets bring to the Israelites? The prophets warned the Israelites that being faithful to God was more than simply going to temple to worship. It meant working for a just society and dealing fairly with other people. The Kingdom of Israel
  • 53. Why was David anointed king while Saul was still in charge of the Israelites? Saul displeased God by disobeying some of God’s commands, so God chose another king. The Kingdom of Israel
  • 54. Prophets were messengers who claimed to be instructed by God and who taught the Israelites how to live properly. Who were the prophets, and why were they important to the Israelites? The Kingdom of Israel
  • 55. Summarize What happened to the Israelites after the death of Solomon? Fighting broke out among the Israelites, and they formed two separate kingdoms. The Kingdom of Israel
  • 56. Describe Who were the Samaritans, and what did the people of Judah think of them? Assyrian settlers who settled around Samaria; the people of Judah looked down on them The Kingdom of Israel
  • 57. Infer Why do you think the Assyrians, and later the Chaldeans, moved Jews away from Israel and Judah after those areas were conquered? The Chaldeans moved the Jews to decrease the chance for revolt. The Kingdom of Israel
  • 58. Brainstorm : Brainstorm how the events described in this section influenced our lives today. The Kingdom of Israel
  • 59.  
  • 60. The Growth of Judaism Get Ready to Read Section Overview This section focuses on the growth of Judaism, including the challenges it overcame and the setbacks it suffered.
  • 61. Get Ready to Read (cont.) Focusing on the Main Ideas The Growth of Judaism
    • The Jews continued their religion during their exile in Babylon.
    • Jews spread their beliefs to the Greek world and regained control of Judah.
    • Religion shaped the Jewish way of life.
    • Under Roman rule, the Jews were divided and rebellious. In response, the Romans destroyed the temple and exiled the Jews.
  • 62. Get Ready to Read (cont.) Locating Places
    • Babylon (BA·buh·luhn)
    Meeting People
    • Judas Maccabeus
    • (JOO·duhs MAK ·uh·BEE·uhs)
    • Herod (HEHR·uhd)
    • Zealot (ZEH·luht)
    The Growth of Judaism
  • 63. Get Ready to Read (cont.) Meeting People (cont.) Building Your Vocabulary
    • exile (EHG· ZYL )
    • Sabbath (SA·buhth)
    The Growth of Judaism
    • Johanan ben Zakkai
    • (YOH·kah·nahn behn·zah·KY)
    • synagogue (SIH·nuh· GAHG )
  • 64. Get Ready to Read (cont.) Reading Strategy Summarizing Information Use a diagram like the one on page 93 of your textbook to describe the Maccabees. The Growth of Judaism Building Your Vocabulary
    • Diaspora (dy·AS·pruh)
    • messiah (muh·SY·uh)
    • rabbi (RA· BY )
  • 65. Exile and Return
    • Exile occurs when people are forced to leave their homeland .
    • During the Israelites’ exile in Babylon, their religion became what we call Judaism.
    • Jews met each week on the Sabbath, a day of worship and rest, in a synagogue, or house of worship.
    (pages 94 – 95) The Growth of Judaism
  • 66. Exile and Return (cont.)
    • After the Persians defeated the Chaldeans and took control of Babylon, the Persian king, Cyrus, allowed the Jews to return to Judah .
    • Persian officials still controlled the Jews in Judah, so Jews looked to their religious leaders to run society.
    The Growth of Judaism (pages 94 – 95)
  • 67. Exile and Return (cont.)
    • The Hebrew Bible consists of the Torah, the Prophets, and 34 other books .
    • Some of these books describe Jewish history.
    The Growth of Judaism (pages 94 – 95)
  • 68. Exile and Return (cont.)
    • The book of Genesis tells how God punished people for their bad behavior.
    The Growth of Judaism
    • The story of Noah is in the book of Genesis.
    • Genesis also explains why the world has different languages.
    • The book of Daniel reminds Jews that God will rescue them .
    • Jews, Christians, and Muslims share the idea that good will triumph over evil.
    (pages 94 – 95)
  • 69. How does the book of Genesis explain different languages of the world? Genesis tells that the people of Babel tried to build a tower to heaven. God disapproved of the tower and made all the people speak different languages and scattered them across the earth. The Growth of Judaism
  • 70. The Jews and the Greeks
    • He introduced the Greek language and ways to the Jews who stayed in Judah.
    • Judah came under the control of Alexander the Great in 331 B.C.
    (pages 95 – 96)
    • The Diaspora refers to Jews who lived outside of Judah.
    • The word diaspora means “scattered.”
    The Growth of Judaism
  • 71. The Jews and the Greeks (cont.)
    • A priest named Judas Maccabeus and his followers formed an army known as the Maccabees to fight the Greeks.
    • The Greek ruler Antiochus wanted the Jews to worship Greek gods and goddesses .
    • The Maccabees drove the Greeks out of Judah.
    • They removed evidence of the gods and goddesses from their temple.
    The Growth of Judaism (pages 95 – 96)
  • 72. The Jews and the Greeks (cont.)
    • Each year Jews recall the cleansing of the temple when they celebrate Hanukkah .
    The Growth of Judaism (pages 95 – 96)
  • 73. How did Jewish ideas spread at the time of Alexander the Great? Some Jews who learned the Greek language but were loyal to Judaism copied the Hebrew Bible in the Greek language. In this way, people who were not Jews could read about and understand Judaism. The Growth of Judaism
  • 74. The Jewish Way of Life
    • Sons were valuable in Jewish society.
    • Jewish laws influenced Jews’ education, food, and clothes .
    (pages 97 – 98)
    • Sons carried on the family name and became the head of the family after the death of their fathers.
    • Sons learned how to earn a living and how to worship God from their fathers.
    The Growth of Judaism
  • 75. The Jewish Way of Life (cont.)
    • Girls learned how to be good wives, mothers, and housekeepers.
    • They later learned how to read the Torah from religious leaders .
    • They also learned about Jewish laws and strong women of ancient Israel.
    • Jewish laws stated that Jews could eat only certain animals, such as beef, lamb, and certain scaly fish.
    The Growth of Judaism (pages 97 – 98)
  • 76. The Jewish Way of Life (cont.)
    • Jewish laws also applied to clothing.
    • Today, food that is prepared according to Jewish law is called kosher .
    • Men wore tunics, caps or turbans, and sandals.
    • Women wore dresses and covered their heads with shawls.
    The Growth of Judaism
    • Wealthy women wore shoes, makeup, and jewelry.
    (pages 97 – 98)
  • 77. How is kosher meat prepared? To be kosher, the animal is killed in a certain way. Then the meat is inspected, salted, and soaked. Jewish laws instruct Jews not to cook or eat milk products with the meat. The Growth of Judaism
  • 78.
    • After Herod’s death, the Romans replaced Jewish kings with Roman officials.
    • King Herod, the most famous ruler of Judaea, was known for the additions he made to the Jewish Temple in Jerusalem.
    (pages 100 – 102) The Jews and the Romans
    • In 63 B.C., the Romans conquered Judah and renamed it Judaea.
    • The Jews were divided over how to deal with the Romans.
    The Growth of Judaism
  • 79.
    • A third group was the Essenes. They lived in the desert and waited for God to deliver the Jews from the Romans.
    • Another group was the Sadducees, who emphasized the written law and did not agree with many of the Pharisees’ teachings.
    The Jews and the Romans (cont.)
    • One group was the Pharisees, who stressed oral traditions and were supported by the common people.
    The Growth of Judaism (pages 100 – 102)
  • 80.
    • Some Jews, known as the Zealots, wanted to fight the Romans.
    • The Jews hated Roman rule.
    The Jews and the Romans (cont.)
    • The Dead Sea Scrolls were found near the Dead Sea in A.D. 1947. They describe Judaism during Roman times.
    • They revolted in A.D. 66 and drove the Romans out of Jerusalem.
    The Growth of Judaism (pages 100 – 102)
  • 81.
    • The Romans also destroyed the temple in Jerusalem.
    • They killed thousands of Jews and forced many others to leave.
    The Jews and the Romans (cont.)
    • The Romans regained control four years later.
    The Growth of Judaism (pages 100 – 102)
  • 82. The Jews and the Romans (cont.)
    • What remains today is the Western Wall.
    The Growth of Judaism (pages 100 – 102)
  • 83.
    • Rabbis, teachers of the Torah, became important leaders.
    • This time, they forbade Jews to visit Jerusalem and gave Judah the name of Palestine, referring to the Philistines.
    The Jews and the Romans (cont.)
    • The Jews revolted again, but the Romans stopped the revolt.
    • Rabbis wanted to pass on the teachings of the Torah.
    The Growth of Judaism (pages 100 – 102)
  • 84.
    • In A.D. 1947 Palestine was divided, and a new Jewish nation called Israel was created in 1948.
    • For 2,000 years most Jews lived outside Palestine and faced persecution.
    The Jews and the Romans (cont.)
    • They combined the teachings into books called commentaries. The Talmud is an important commentary dealing with many laws about daily life.
    The Growth of Judaism (pages 100 – 102)
  • 85. What was the difference between the Pharisees and the Sadducees? The Pharisees stressed oral traditions and were concerned with applying the Torah to daily life and the Jewish home and family. The Sadducees were concerned with the written law and commandments and how the Torah applied to priests in the Temple. The Growth of Judaism
  • 86. The Growth of Judaism What was the Diaspora? The diaspora was scattered Jews living outside of their homeland in Judah.
  • 87. What was education like within a Jewish family? Mothers taught young children. Fathers taught older boys religion and the father’s trade. Boys also learned the Torah from religious teachers. Mothers taught girls the basic skills of being good wives, mothers, and housekeepers. The Growth of Judaism
  • 88. Summarize How did the Jews practice their religion during the exile in Babylon? The Jews worshiped on the Sabbath and met in synagogues to pray and discuss their religion and history. The Growth of Judaism
  • 89. Identify Who were the Zealots, and why were they important? Jews who revolted and drove the Romans out of Jerusalem The Growth of Judaism
  • 90. Draw Conclusions Do you think that Jewish beliefs and values would have spread so widely if the lands of Israel and Judah had not been conquered by other peoples? Explain. Answers will vary. The Growth of Judaism
  • 91. Persuasive Writing Imagine you are living in Judaea during the Roman conquest. Write a letter to a friend describing how you might have felt about the Romans and what actions you would like to see taken to make Judaea free again. Letters will vary. The Growth of Judaism
  • 92. Identify influences of the civilization of early Israel on life today. The Growth of Judaism
  • 93.  
  • 94. Section 1: The First Israelites Focusing on the Main Ideas The Ancient Israelites
    • The Israelites believed in one God who set down moral laws for his people. They recorded their history in the Bible.
    • The Israelites had to fight the Canaanites to return to their promised land.
  • 95. The Ancient Israelites
    • The Israelites chose a king to unite them against their enemies.
    • King David built an Israelite empire and made Jerusalem his capital city.
    • The Israelites were conquered and forced to leave Israel and Judah.
    Section 2: The Kingdom of Israel Focusing on the Main Ideas
  • 96. Focusing on the Main Ideas
    • The Jews continued their religion during their exile in Babylon.
    • Jews spread their beliefs to the Greek world and regained control of Judah.
    Section 3: The Growth of Judaism The Ancient Israelites
    • Religion shaped the Jewish way of life.
    • Under Roman rule, the Jews were divided and rebellious. In response, the Romans destroyed the temple and exiled the Jews.
  • 97.  
  • 98. __ 1. Jewish house of worship __ 2. claims to be inspired by God __ 3. family group __ 4. holy day of worship and rest __ 5. forced absence __ 6. belief in one god __ 7. deliverer sent by God __ 8. agreement Review Vocabulary
    • A. tribe
    • B. prophet
    • C. synagogue
    • D. Sabbath
    • messiah
    • monotheism
    • covenant
    • exile
    B A Define Match the vocabulary words on the right with the definitions on the left. C The Ancient Israelites F D H E G
  • 99. Section 1 The First Israelites Where did the Israelites record their history and religious beliefs? in the Hebrew Bible The Ancient Israelites Review Main Ideas
  • 100. Why did the Israelites fight the Canaanites? They believed it was God’s will that they conquer the Canaanites and return to their Promised Land. The Ancient Israelites Section 1 The First Israelites Review Main Ideas
  • 101. Why did the Israelites choose a king? to unite them against their enemies, the Philistines The Ancient Israelites Section 1 The First Israelites Review Main Ideas
  • 102. Section 2 The Kingdom of Israel What happened when the Israelites were conquered? They were forced to leave Israel and Judah. The Ancient Israelites Review Main Ideas
  • 103. Section 3 The Growth of Judaism How did Jewish ideas spread throughout the Mediterranean world? Some Jews of the Diaspora copied the Hebrew Bible into Greek, which helped others learn about Jewish ideas. The Ancient Israelites Review Main Ideas
  • 104. How did Romans respond to Jewish rebellions? The Jewish rebellions were forcefully put down, and the Romans destroyed the temple in Jerusalem and exiled the Jews. The Ancient Israelites Section 3 The Growth of Judaism Review Main Ideas
  • 105. Contrast How was the Jewish religion different from religions of other ancient cultures? The Jewish religion had one God, while other religions had many gods and goddesses. The Jews could not create images of their God. The Ten Commandments applied to everyone equally. The Ancient Israelites
  • 106. Analyze Why do you think the Israelites felt so strongly about a Promised Land? The Jews believed they had received the Promised Land through a covenant with God. The Ancient Israelites
  • 107. Compare and Contrast How were Saul and David similar, and how were they different? Both led the Israelites to victory against their enemies. Saul displeased God by disobeying him. He plotted to kill David and was eventually killed in battle. David defeated Goliath, drove the Philistines out of Israel, and built Jerusalem. The Ancient Israelites
  • 108. Explain How did the Jewish religion survive during the exile of the Jews? The Jews worshiped on the Sabbath and met in synagogues. The Ancient Israelites
  • 109. Describe What is celebrated on the Jewish holiday of Hanukkah? the Maccabees’ defeat of the Greeks and the reclaiming and cleansing of the temple in Jerusalem The Ancient Israelites
  • 110.  
  • 111. Explore online information about the topics introduced in this chapter. Click on the Connect button to launch your browser and go to the Journey Across Time Web site. Click on Chapter 3-Chapter Overviews to preview information about this chapter. When you finish exploring, exit the browser program to return to this presentation. If you experience difficulty connecting to the Web site, manually launch your Web browser and go to http://www.jat.glencoe.com
  • 112. Map Ancient Israel Click on a hyperlink to view the corresponding slides. Charts Alphabets Major Hebrew Prophets Major Jewish Holidays
  • 113. Click the map to view an interactive version.
  • 114.  
  • 115.  
  • 116.  
  • 117. The peak of Mount Sinai, where —according to the Hebrew Bible—Moses received the Ten Commandments, can be reached by climbing 3,750 stone steps. The steps were created by the monks of St. Catherine’s Monastery . The First Israelites
  • 118. Jerusalem has had different names throughout history. Before King David conquered Jerusalem, the city was called Jebus. King David renamed the city the City of David. Accounts of the Assyrians’ conquering of the city referred to Jerusalem as the City of Judah. The Kingdom of Israel
  • 119. The Jewish Sabbath, or Shabbat, begins on Friday evening at sundown and ends at sunset Saturday evening. Jews commemorate the separation of Shabbat from the rest of the week with special ceremonies. The Growth of Judaism
  • 120. Finding the Main Idea Learn It! Reading Social Studies Main ideas are the most important ideas in a paragraph, section, or chapter. Supporting details are facts or examples that explain the main idea. Read the paragraph from Section 1 on page 78 of your textbook and notice how the author explains the main idea. The main idea is identified for you. The supporting details are highlighted in color.
  • 121. Main idea Through trade, the Phoenicians spread ideas and goods. One of their most important ideas was an alphabet, or a group of letters that stood for sounds. The letters could be used to spell out the words in their language. Supporting details Reading Social Studies — from page 85
  • 122. Create a Graphic Organizer Practice It! Read the paragraph from Chapter 3 on page 79 of your textbook.
    • Draw a graphic organizer like the one shown on page 79 of your textbook.
    • Write the main ideas in a box and supporting details in circles around the box.
    Reading Social Studies
  • 123. The Ancient Israelites Introduction
  • 124. The First Israelites
  • 125. The Kingdom of Israel
  • 126. The Growth of Judaism
  • 127. The Ten Commandments
  • 128. Proverbs
  • 129. The Talmud
  • 130. Young People In… Early Israelites placed a high value on education. Rabbis — Jewish religious teachers—taught their followers, “If you have knowledge, you have everything.” Unfortunately, only boys were allowed to go to school. Fathers taught their young sons the commandments. They also taught them about the meaning of Jewish traditions and holy feasts. At age five, boys went to a school that was connected with the synagogue. There, the hazan, or minister of the synagogue, taught them the Torah. Everything the students learned—from the alphabet to Jewish history—they learned from the Torah. Jewish laws decided the stages of students’ education. Different subjects were introduced at the ages, of 5, 10, and 13. Most Jewish boys finished their education at age 13. At that age, boys became adults. Education in Ancient Israel and Judah
  • 131. Young People In… They believed that those who have knowledge have everything, meaning it gave great abilities and wisdom. 1. Why was education important to the ancient Israelites? 2. What was a father’s role in his son’s education? It was the father’s role to begin his son’s education, teaching the commandments and about Jewish religious traditions and holy feasts.
  • 132. Reigned c. 1000–962 B.C. David
  • 133. Ruth and Naomi
  • 134. Daily Focus Skills Transparency 3–1 Chapter 3
  • 135. Daily Focus Skills Transparency 3–2 Chapter 3
  • 136. Daily Focus Skills Transparency 3–3 Chapter 3
  • 137. Click the Forward button to go to the next slide. Click the Previous button to return to the previous slide. Click the Menu button to return to the Chapter Menu. Click the Return button in a feature to return to the main presentation. Click the Exit button or press the Escape key [Esc] to end the chapter slide show. Click the Help button to access this screen. Links to Presentation Plus! features such as the Reference Atlas, Daily Focus Transparencies, and others are located on the left side of the relevant slides. To use this Presentation Plus! product:
  • 138. End of Custom Shows
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