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Transformational generative grammar

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This is my presentation I used for my TG report in EDL 201. I hope you find it useful.

This is my presentation I used for my TG report in EDL 201. I hope you find it useful.

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  • Grouping/clumping Identical linear oder
  • Grouping/clumping Identical linear oder
  • Transcript

    • 1. Transformational-Generative Grammar
    • 2. Transformational-Generative Grammar • Idealized representation of the knowledge possessed by a native speaker of a language(Thomas & Kintgen, 1974)
    • 3. Transformational-Generative Grammar T GArrangement ElementsGrammatical Rules
    • 4. The Farmer in the Dell
    • 5. Any speaker of language can produce andunderstand an infinite number of sentences.(Fromkin, Rodman, & Hyams, 2003)
    • 6. Featuresof Syntax (Payne, 2006)
    • 7. Features of Syntax1. Constituency2. Hierarchical Structure3. Linear Word Order4. Syntactic Category
    • 8. 1 Linear Word Order1. John saw the winners.2. The winners saw John.A. The 2012 OlympicsB. 2012 the OlympicsC. Olympics 2012 the
    • 9. 2 Constituency1. [Good girls] and boys2. Good [girls and boys]
    • 10. Constituency For Sale: An antique desk suitable for lady with thick legs and big drawers.(Fromkin, Rodman, & Hyams, 2003)
    • 11. Memory Challenge1. 092141827892. 93206083. 11194. 97805216715075. EDL201
    • 12. ConstituencyExample: NPSimple: the dogComplicated: the big black dog that always barks at me as I try to vainly sneak past the junkyard on my way home from piano lessons
    • 13. Constituent Boundary Test Where does the click occur?RESULTS:• Easy = Constituent Boundary• Inside the Boundary = Thought of Boundary (Fromkin, Rodman, & Hyams, 2003)
    • 14. 3 Hierarchical Structure
    • 15. 4Syntactic Categories • NP • Adj • VP •N •S •P • AP • Adv • Det • Aux (Fromkin, Rodman, & Hyams 2003)
    • 16. Phrase/Constituent Structure Tree or Phrase Marker• Graphic representation• Evaluated, Validated, and Sanctioned by PS rules (Payne, 2006)
    • 17. Phrase Structure (PS) Rules• Ways of representing idealized patterns of constituent structure• Specify constituent arrangement• Recursive (Payne, 2006 & Rowe & Levine, 2009)
    • 18. Recursion Repetition = Productivity (Rowe & Levine, 2009)
    • 19. Phrase Structure (PS) RuleExample: LABEL → CONTENTS NP → Det N the dog → the dog (Fromkin, Rodman, & Hyams, 2003 & Payne, 2006)
    • 20. 1. NP → Det (AP) N (PP)a small picture of Mary
    • 21. Try this• the Olympic winners on the stage
    • 22. 2. NP → NP Conj NPthe cat and the dog
    • 23. 3. VP → V (NP) (PP) (Adv) (CP) believes that the student knows the answer
    • 24. Try these• slept• smile shyly• fled from the house
    • 25. 4. S → NP Aux VP The men fled from the house.
    • 26. Try these• The boat sailed the river.• The wind swept the kite into the sky.
    • 27. Transformational Rules (T-rules) • Derive a new structure • Can be optional or obligatory(Fromkin, Rodman, & Hyams, 2003 & Rowe and Levine, 2009)
    • 28. T-rules1. Deletion2. Insertion3. Movement4. Substitution
    • 29. 1 Movement Transformation• Particle –I took off my shoes. –I took my shoes off.• Topicalization –I love Kris. –Kris, I love.
    • 30. 2 Deletion Transformation• Imperative – You come here. – Come here.• Verb Phrase – If he says he will study for the test, he will study for the test. – If he says he will study for the test, he will.
    • 31. 3 Insertion Transformation• He knew she was here.• He knew that she was here.• *He won the race is history.• That he won the race is history.
    • 32. 4 Substitution Transformation• Prominalization –Tony thought that Tony was the best. –Tony thought that he was the best.
    • 33. TG and Teaching WritingNO to...• Mimicking textbook sentences• Teacher correctionYES to...• Student’s language creativity• Student’s judgment development (Cleary & Linn, 1993)
    • 34. Chomsky’sLinguisticsContributions (Lester, 1973)
    • 35. Habit Formation vs. Creativity
    • 36. Knowledge of vs. Knowledge about
    • 37. Universal Grammar (Fromkin, Rodman, & Hyams 2003)
    • 38. Language Acquisition Device
    • 39. BibliographyCleary, L. M., & Linn, M. D. (1993). Linguistics for teachers. New York: McGraw-Hill.Fromkin, V., Rodman, R., & Hyams, N. M. (2003). An introduction to language (7th ed.). Boston: Thomson, Heinle.Google Images. (n.d.). Google. Retrieved August 7, 2012, from http://www.google.com.ph/imghp?hl=fil&tab=wiLanguage Acquisition Device | TeachingEnglish | British Council | BBC. (n.d.). TeachingEnglish | British Council | BBC. Retrieved August 7, 2012, from http://www.teachingenglish.org.uk/knowledge- database/language-acquisition-device
    • 40. BibliographyLasnik, H., Depiante, M. A., & Stepanov, A. (2000). Syntactic structures revisited: contemporary lectures on classic transformational theory. Cambridge, Mass. [u.a.: MIT Press.Lester, M. (1973). Readings in applied transformational grammar (2nd ed.). New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston.Murcia, M., & Freeman, D. (1983). The grammar book: an ESL/EFL teachers course. Rowley, Mass.: Newbury House.Ouhalla, J. (1994). Introducing transformational grammar: from rules to principles and parameters. London: E. Arnold.
    • 41. BibliographyPayne, T. E. (2006). Exploring language structure: a students guide. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.Rowe, B. M., & Levine, D. P. (2009). A concise introduction to linguistics (2nd ed.). Boston, MA: Pearson/Allyn and Bacon.Thomas, O., & Kintgen, E. R. (1974). Transformational grammar and the teacher of English: theory and practice (2nd ed.). New York: Holt Rinehart and Winston.Widdowson, H. G. (1996). Linguistics. Oxford: Oxford University Press."facebook.com." Facebook. N.p., n.d. Web. 10 Aug. 2012. <https://www.facebook.com/photo.php? fbid=397305633656134&set=a.1640888 APA formatting by BibMe.org.