Russian Literature

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Here is a glimpse of the Russian literature

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  • Capital (most important city) Capital (most important city) Kiev – capital – most important city Translation of Greek medieval romances Byliny Folk chants – heroic lays like Arthurian legend, chivalry Used to translate Bible and Greek texts Akin to Russian vernacular
  • Chronicles – historical account in chronological order Chronos - time
  • Activities = imitation and experiment Russia under European quest Cultural and economic devt
  • Peter the Great + Catherine the Great
  • 1 st popular printed history of Russia 1 st popular printed history of Russia
  • Founder of Russian Fable Most popular author Translated
  • Achemist – classical and european tradition Imagist = poetic imagery
  •   Union of Soviet Socialist Republic
  • Pressured a Nobel Prize Winner Boris Pasternak
  • 1 st science fantasy
  • before and after
  • Symbol of communist party Hammer and sickle = proletariat and peasantry Made during Bolshevik Revolution (Russian Revolution) (October Rev)
  • Symbol of communism = Worker’s fingers = 5 continents = social groups  that would lead  Russia  to communism: the  youth , the  military , the  industrial labourers , the  agricultural  workers or  peasantry , and the  intelligentsia
  • Symbol of Union of Soviet Socialist Republics  ( USSR ) Awarded to people Military units, institutions and organizations
  • nown as a  Russian nested doll  or a  babushka doll set of dolls of decreasing sizes placed one inside the other matryoshka" (матрёшка) is derived from the Russian female first name "Matryona" (Матрёна). The word " babushka " is the Russian word for grandmother
  • = malacanang palace = seat soviet
  • 20
  • Main architectural design
  • mascot of Russian national Olympic team
  • patience
  • Birch tree meanings include new beginnings and cleansing of the past. Birch trees are also associated with vision quests. The common name birch is derived from an old Germanic root meaning "white, bright or to shine." The birch is considered the national tree of Russia, where it used to be worshipped as a goddess during the Green Week in early June.
  • Russian Literature

    1. 1. Russian Literature
    2. 2. Early Literature (Kievan Period) <ul><li>Religious and biblical texts </li></ul><ul><li>Oral literature </li></ul><ul><li>Old Church Slavonic language </li></ul>
    3. 3. Muscovite Period (1240-1480) <ul><li>Religious, didactic, and historical texts </li></ul><ul><li>Lives of saints and chronicles </li></ul>
    4. 4. 17 th Century <ul><li>St. Petersburg = Literary center </li></ul><ul><li>Drama </li></ul><ul><li>Literary activities </li></ul><ul><li>Theme : Western Europe </li></ul>
    5. 5. 17 th Century Writers <ul><li>Antioch Kantemir </li></ul><ul><li>Ivan Krylov </li></ul>
    6. 6. Petrine Era (18 th century) <ul><li>Aim: Teach and improve society </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Reform: Russian alphabet </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Popular language = Literary purpose = Russian literary language </li></ul></ul>
    7. 7. Style of Writing <ul><li>Usual life problems = Jokes </li></ul><ul><li>Interest of society  origins </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Memoir on Ancient and Modern Russia </li></ul></ul>
    8. 8. Golden Age (19 th century) <ul><li>Poetry </li></ul><ul><li>Prose </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Fable (Krylov Andreevich) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Non-fiction </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Play </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Satire </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Detective fiction </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Spy fiction </li></ul></ul>
    9. 9. Golden Age (con’t) <ul><li>Literary movement </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Symbolism </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Acmeist </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Imagist </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Poetic language experiment </li></ul><ul><li>Craftsmanship and mystery of literature </li></ul>
    10. 10. Soviet Period (1917) <ul><li>Subordination of literature to politics </li></ul><ul><ul><li>No to publishing </li></ul></ul>Joseph Stalin <ul><li>Created author requirements </li></ul><ul><li>Organized the literary groups </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Union of Writers of the USSR </li></ul></ul>
    11. 11. Soviet Era (con’t) <ul><li>Publishing Ban for Anti-Soviet sentiments </li></ul><ul><li>Samizdat (Self publishing) </li></ul><ul><li>Science fiction </li></ul>
    12. 12. Socialist Realism <ul><li>Only permissible literary technique </li></ul><ul><li>Demanded truthful, historical, and concrete depiction of reality </li></ul><ul><li>Required literature to </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Be simple </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Be uniform in style </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Apply abstention from stylistic or structural experiment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Show positive side of Soviet system </li></ul></ul>
    13. 13. Soviet Era Themes <ul><li>Philosophy </li></ul><ul><li>Ethics </li></ul><ul><li>Social Science fiction </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Monday Begins </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Social problems </li></ul><ul><li>Soviet society </li></ul>
    14. 14. Post Soviet Era <ul><li>Entry of female writers </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Tatyana Tolstaya (short story writer) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Dina Rubina (novelist) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Success of </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Detective stories </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Thrillers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fantasy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Science fiction </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Classic novel </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Poetry recital </li></ul></ul>
    15. 15. Russian Literature Abroad <ul><li>Themes </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Suffering </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Christianity and Christian symbolism </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Unsuccessful love affairs </li></ul></ul>
    16. 16. Major Works and Writers
    17. 17. Fyodor Dostoyevsky <ul><li>Crime and Punishment </li></ul><ul><li>The Brother Karamasov </li></ul><ul><li>The Idiot </li></ul><ul><li>The Possessed </li></ul>
    18. 18. Leo Tolstoy <ul><li>Anna Karenina </li></ul><ul><li>War and Peace </li></ul>
    19. 19. Alexander Pushkin <ul><li>Considered </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Founder of Russian Literature </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Greatest Literary Genius </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Named as “Russian Shakespeare” </li></ul>
    20. 20. Anton Chekhov <ul><li>Cherry Orchard </li></ul><ul><li>Uncle Vanya </li></ul><ul><li>Three Sisters </li></ul>
    21. 21. Famous People
    22. 22. Yuri Gagarin First Human Cosmonaut
    23. 23. Vladimir Lenin Bolshevik Party Leader First Soviet Head
    24. 24. Dmitri Mendeleyev Periodic Table Creator
    25. 25. Ivan Pavlov Behaviorist
    26. 26. Russian Symbols State Symbols
    27. 27. Coat of Arms
    28. 28. Hammer and Sickle
    29. 29. Red Star
    30. 30. Red Banner
    31. 31. Russian Symbols
    32. 32. Matryoshka Doll
    33. 33. Moscow Kremlin
    34. 34. Kremlin Towers
    35. 35. St. Basil’s Cathedral
    36. 36. Cheburashka
    37. 37. Patron Saints <ul><li>Mary </li></ul><ul><li>Saint Nicholas </li></ul><ul><li>Saint Andrew </li></ul><ul><li>Saint George </li></ul><ul><li>Saint Alexander Nevsky </li></ul><ul><li>Saint Sergius of Radonezh </li></ul><ul><li>Saint Seraphim of Sarov </li></ul>
    38. 38. Chamomile
    39. 39. Birch Tree
    40. 40. Russian Bear
    41. 41. End

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