Hyper Link : Mast-EAR Piece Get the CD entitled “If I were a boy” from your facilitator. Listen to the song twice. The first round of the listening task should focus on appreciation. So just relax while listening to the song. Now, for the second round, I want you to observe the verbs in the song. What mood of the verb is dominant in the song? Do you know what is a mood? Let us see how far do you know about the moods of the verb. See next page for an activity.
Knowledge Scan Identify the mood (indicative, imperative, or subjunctive) of each underlined verb. Write your answer on the space provided. __________ 1. The banks demand that interest be reasonable. __________ 2. I insist that you attend to the matter now. __________ 3. It is your duty to go. __________ 4. I wish I were rich. __________ 5. Fill out the form and mail it today. __________ 6. Hurry up. __________ 7. The committee meets today at four. __________ 8. His salary was lower than a shoe clerk’s. __________ 9. What is the controversy about? __________ 10. No sooner had we arrived than the play begun. You may now check your answers. See next page for the key to correction.
How’s your score? Did you receive a good mark? If yes, congratulations! If not, let us try to review about the moods of the verb. Are you ready? If you are, see next page.
Tab of Ideas : Eye Know Look at these icons, what is the emotion shown by each? Write your answer on the space provided. Check your work using the key on the next page.
Eye Know : Key The icons show an in love, a shocked, and a happy face. Good job! You identified the emotions correctly! Those emotions are the representations of “mood” for people. However, in our focus for today, we are going to talk about “different” moods – the moods of the verb. Tab of Ideas The mood refers to the forms of the verb indicating the manner in which the action is thought or expressed. There are three basic moods the indicative, imperative, and subjunctive mood. Let us try to talk about one mood at a time.
Does the song that you have listened a while ago contain verbs in the indicative mood? If you are not yet sure, let us now talk about the imperative mood to give you a clearer view.
Expresses a command, directive, a request, or an entreaty
Is used ONLY in the second person (You)
Has ONLY the present tense
Look at these examples:
Please answer the phone.
Keep your hands off the door.
Be a man.
Do your work.
Do the right thing.
Keep in mind that when you are using the imperative mood, you do not need to include the subject. For instance, (You) please answer the phone. It is always understood that when you use the imperative mood, you are referring to one an addressee (you).
Write ten sentences using the imperative mood of the verb.
Use any or all of the following topics for your sentences:
Steps to cook a rice
Tips to obtain high grades
Ways to prevent dengue
Rules inside the church
Rules inside a mall
Ask your facilitator to check your work. You’re really going to town!
An if-clause is sometimes in the subjunctive mood. The present tendency, however, is toward the use of indicative mood. For instance, If she is thinner, she will be lovelier. If she is guilty, she must suffer the consequences. Tab of Ideas : Subjunctive
Let us now talk about the subjunctive mood of the verb.
He looks as if he were guilty. (highly improbable)
He looks as if he is guilty. (highly possible)
He acts as though he were drugged. (highly improbable)
He acts as though he is drugged (highly possible)
4. Expresses indirect imperative
Look at these examples:
I insist that he tell the truth.
The terms of the agreement demand that the controversy be settled amicably.
After the word/s even though, if, as if, as though were is used instead of was if the possibility is highly improbable. Use is or was if you are considering a genuine possibility. Remember to use the base form of the verb.
Write a one paragraph essay using the subjunctive mood of the verb.
Use one of the following topics for your sentences:
If I were the president of the Philippines…
If I were a business tycoon…
If I were to live in another country…
If I were to receive a gift…
Ask your facilitator to check your work. That’s quite an improvement!
Mast-EAR Piece Now that you are done with the review, let us go back to our question a while ago: What mood of the verb is predominant in the song “If I were a Boy”? If your answer is subjunctive mood, you got it right! Do you have other questions about the moods of the verbs? If yes, you may review the Tab of Ideas. If none, see next page for your next challenge. Good luck!