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Presentation at Design Futures Council, 2011 final

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The Design Futures Council Leadership Summit on Sustainable Design is hosted annually by Design Intelligence. One hundred delegates from the world’s most influential A/E/C firms convene to identify …

The Design Futures Council Leadership Summit on Sustainable Design is hosted annually by Design Intelligence. One hundred delegates from the world’s most influential A/E/C firms convene to identify change drivers, analyze emerging data, and explore innovation in sustainable design at this unique meeting.

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  • 1. Prologue School Design Plan Alignment General Space Considerations Prologue Across the country, you are tackling a wide that staffing capacity, processes, and decision SCHOOL LEADERS | There is so much to tackle in the sample list above could be addressed 2.2 Finish selection and cleaning concrete and wood. Each of these materials You have a clear picture of how students will range of real estate issues, from pounding rights vary across the network, it is written to in your schools early years. Stay focused on with a variety of solutions. Thirty minutes of Learn more ~ The Fisher Fellowship Proper maintenance of interior finishes will provides a different aesthetic feel, cost, clean- Quick and Easy ~ Developing a sus- learn, how teachers will inspire and how the Prologue the pavement to find a site, to accommodating be accessible to the various audiences – busi- what is most important for your students. exercise could take place in a gym, an outdoor is a one-year school leadership lead to a longer life for the material as well ing requirement and performance aspects. tainable purchasing policy can help school will feel; but how do you turn this vision How do I use this manual? enrollment growth within your current facil- ness operations staff, school leaders, execu- Prologue play space, or the cafeteria, once all the tables training program run by the KIPP Prologue as contribute to a safe and healthy environ- Vinyl products can come with or without a fin- you make informed decisions about into a realized learning environment? How do Why us? Why now? ity, or renovating an existing building to better tive directors, board members – that work You will have to make many tough decisions and chairs have been moved aside. Ultimately, Foundation. Fisher Fellows experi- ment. Knowledge of your long-term operating ish, perform well in wet messy conditions and safe and healthy products (from you provide the best possible space to help the School Design Plan Alignment School Design Plan Alignment How are KIPP schools different? meet your needs. Each local environment has together to solve the real estate questions and as you plan and open your school. You may your job is to get creative and figure out how to ence an intensive summer program budget will assist in making decisions on the are easily cleaned. Where possible, rubber is surface finishes to green cleaning Prologue school accomplish its goals? its own special dynamics, and there is no one- we hope that you will share this resource with Key Questions to Ask have to sacrifice space or programs that are best provide your non-negotiables in the space of coursework, followed by residen- Key Questions to Ask initial material selections, as the total cost of a preferable to vinyl. Rubber products have the products) to use in your schools. Phases of Development size-fits-all KIPP solution that addresses your your design team. Also, recognizing the range General space considerations important to you to secure what you believe that is available to you. cies at high-performing schools, General space considerations product is the initial installation plus the on- similar attributes but do not need to be waxed, Groups like the Responsible Program Checklist This section aims to arm you with nuts & bolts real estate concerns and your budget. Never- of project types and sizes that are undertaken, will most help your students, especially while and training conferences to prepare going required maintenance. Operational and are comfortable to stand on and absorb some Purchasing Network have policy guidance on facility planning and development. Space Flashcards theless, there is no reason to deal with these there is no step-by-step process description your school is growing. To help ensure that you Some examples of how goals may translate for opening new schools in their maintenance staff should come up with a plan sound. Grouted floor tiles are highly durable, standards and purchasing guides. issues in isolation. For all the differences that to achieve your goals. Instead, we highlight do not sacrifice spaces or programs that con- into physical space follow. respective communities. Fisher and budget for yearly replacement and repair easily cleaned with minimal if any chemicals, CHPS has launched a sustain- Get project stakeholders, particularly the exist between one project and another, wheth- the facility-related questions and issues that tribute to your schools culture and learning Fellows come together as a cohort of products, as well as a monthly, weekly and but can be noisy. Terrazzo is easily cleaned, can able materials database. Visit the design team, involved in discussions early. er in the same city or on opposite sides of the should be raised and provide general guide- environment, consider writing a list of non- KIpp DC: Leap, WashIngton D.C. in order to develop and finalize their daily maintenance protocol. be patched if needed and, if maintained prop- Go through the following section with them to country, there are strategies and resources lines and identify resources to help your team negotiable elements you promise to provide KIPP DC: LEAPs school leader, Laura Bowen, School Design Plans, articulating erly, can last the lifetime of the building. Wood begin a dialogue on design decisions together Quick and Easy ~ Several major that can be borrowed and shared. to arrive at the solution that best meets your for your students. valued a safe, outdoor play space for her stu- their schools vision. This includes flooring provides comfort but needs to be used and build consensus. local needs. You are encouraged to pick and the development of a Commitment FLooRs in areas away from water usage. carpet manufacturers, including dents. It was a clear goal outlined in her Fisher Interface and Milliken, will sell or This manual is intended to support you in choose amongst the topics and apply what is A sample list might read: Fellow School Design Plan in 2007. From past to Excellence and a plan for how it The surface that takes the most abuse in a facility is usually the flooring. Additionally, ap- donate carpeting that has been making informed decisions concerning your most relevant and useful for your particular MY STUDENTS HAVE THE RIGHT TO... experiences in muddy fields, KIPP DC teach- will be used. WaLLs propriate floor material will contribute greatly reclaimed from other businesses Early Childhood and Elementary School situation. · thirty minutes of exercise a day, ers knew this space needed to be usable Walls are often covered in a finish of paint. to the functionality of a space. These two fac- and institutions, cleaned, and/or facilities. As KIPP grows and begins to serve · a healthy lunch and snacks, year-round and shared this need with their Paint technology has improved recently so tors should lead the decision making process restored. Reclaimed carpet might more students at younger ages it is important · space and time to learn on their own, architect. The architect developed an inter- that products with low environmental impact for flooring type. also be available from indepen- to gather general best practices employed - Liz Obgu & Carolyn Choy / KIPP Real Estate & · feel safe in their classroom, nal courtyard with all-weather ground cover can also have good performance. There are dent carpet vendors. To learn more by KIPP middle schools and high schools, to Public Architecture (&cannon?) · thermal comfort, where students can play safely, away from the several manufacturers that make scrubbable Carpeted floors provide thermal warmth about Interface’s program. Visit the understand lessons learned from pioneer- · learn to play a musical instrument, street and out of the mud. paints. Your maintenance staff needs to deter- ing KIPP elementary schools and to tailor this · a natural playspace and fresh air, and comfort to a space. Carpet can also help mine if money spent on a high-performance information to help KIPP schools in the future. · learn science in a hands-on lab, RogeRs paRK MontessoRI sChooL, ChICago, IL soften noise levels. Carpet can also soil easily paint is warranted or if it is easier to maintain · read in a well-lit, well-ventilated, if used in a space with exposure to water and by touch up painting throughout the school At Rogers Park Montessori students have the food if the cleaning regiment is not regular. KIPP’s universal design philosophy is ground- quiet space year. Display surfaces can be integral to a wall right to plenty of exercise a day. This meant the Carpet should be vacuumed daily, spot-treated ed in flexibility. From its early days in church and include magnetic surfaces, markerboard school needed adequate physical activity and on a regular basis and cleaned with a hot wa- basements to today, when many schools are Obviously cost will be a consideration for all surfaces and tack surfaces. Using a partition play space for all students at all times of year. ter extraction process on a yearly or biyearly thriving and able to build their own facilities, projects, and limited resources mean that you as a surface to communicate and celebrate Their preK-3 and preK-4 student population basis depending upon location in the building. flexibility has ensured that KIPP students will always have to make tradeoffs. With this in student achievements can contribute much was a strong part of their school, so they con- education always comes first. This manual mind, your students rights should not be tied to the culture of the school. All of these sur- sidered a facility with a smaller scaled play- Hard flooring includes many different products has been designed to be flexible. Knowing to specific physical spaces. Note that the items faces should be easily cleaned and repaired. 4 11 room that more adequately supports activities 18 including vinyl tile, rubber tile, tile, terrazzo, 25 How do I use this manual? School Design Plan Alignment General Space Considerations Phases of development The guide is intended to help identify unique for small bodies than a full-size gymnasium. As these surfaces will likely take more abuse into hallways and other high traffic areas that This diagram shows current KIPP EC and El- While all schools may not follow this precise facility needs related to Early Childhood (EC) Learn more ~ Learning environment Learn more Learn more ~ Green design does than a standard painted wall, replacement cost are often dimly lit. ementary schools organized by their stage of path, try to identify where your school resides Learn more ~ You can visit KIPP.org Prologue and Elementary Schools learning environ- refers to a classroom, but it can not have to cost more. Check out an should be factored into the long term budget. growth and type of facility. Notice the increasing and how much time you need to plan for a shift for a current list of leaders at each How do I use this manual? ments, to assist and empower the design and mean a library, lab, gym, theater or Prologue Your list of non-negotiable design elements article in Buildings Magazine: Greg Prologue Direct sun penetration into classrooms, espe- complexity of the scope of the facility project un- to a different facility type. Also, please reach school. The Appendix lists leaders Why us? Why now? development of facilities that support your playground. It is where your stu- School Design Plan Alignment may also help you value first costs over long- Kats of Capital E on the true costs School Design Plan Alignment 2.3 Daylight & views cially through un-shaded east or south facing dertaken from Rental / Minor Build-Out to Exist- out to regions that have tackled the type of referenced for this guide. How are KIPP schools different? school’s mission, and to address facility con- dents learn. term costs. It may be tough to justify spend- of building green. Visit the website The visual environment is very important for windows, was found to be associated with nega- Prologue ing Building Renovation and New Construction project upon which you wish to embark to learn siderations both at an early, visionary stage Key Questions to Ask ing more upfront, for example, on an energy Key Questions to Ask learning. Increasing natural light in the class- tive student performance in a 2003 Heschong Phases of development as schools grow and mature over time. from their experiences. and a more detailed facility planning stage. General space considerations efficient facility that will pay you back in a few General space considerations room, as well as views to the outside, has been Mahone Group study, Windows and Class- Program Checklist years in energy savings, but if you can begin found to increase student performance and rooms: A Study of Student Performance and Space Flashcards This guide will help you to make informed fa- to establish some baseline goals beyond aca- productivity. If a student is actively engaged in the Indoor Environment, most likely because of cility decisions and guide your ability to com- demic performance, you may have an easier glare and thermal discomfort. Glare has been RentaL / MInoR BuILD-out Renovate exIstIng BuILDIng BuILD out neW BuILDIng learning, views to their surroundings beyond Learn more ~ In a 1999 study You are renting a portion of a building, often for You are moving semi-permanently or permanently Your school is ready to move into its own municate with design teams; please feel free time convincing potential supporters and do- the classroom walls can serve as an inspira- found to negatively impact student learning, completed for Pacific Gas and temporary use (1-2 years), which may require into. Since your stay here may be an extended stay, permanent facility, which will require new to share this resource with members of your nors that your school planning is responsible tion for participation and thought, not as a especially in math, where instruction is often vi- Electric, Daylighting in Schools: An minor renovations such as moving a few walls, you might need to do a more extensive renovation construction (or extensive renovation of an design team. and focused. distraction. In addition, if light fixtures can be sually demonstrated on the front teaching wall. painting or laying carpeting to accommodate your to accommodate your learning goals. Work back existing structure). Here you should allow at Investigation into the Relationship dimmed or turned off during the day, this can Ask an architect or designer to study the appro- needs. You may also be using modulars to house a from your target move-in date; ideally you would least 1 year of planning and design work and an between Daylighting and Human Additionally, this guide is also intended to raise result in significant energy savings, as evi- priate devices to bounce light into the interior portion or all of your school. allow 1 year of planning and design work with an additional 1 year for construction. Performance, the Heschong Mahone awareness that it is never to early too think denced in the Capital E report Greening Amer- on appropriate facades. architect and an additional 6 to 12 months for Group established a statistically construction. about how the design of the learning environ- icas Schools: Costs and Benefits, resulting in compelling connection between day- ment can advance a student’s ability to learn. operating cost savings as well. Light should be able to create shadows for lighting and student performance, FuLL-sCaLe sChooL New Orleans, KIPP McDonogh Houston, KIPP Sharp Houston, KIPP Shine contrast and diversity. Allowing students and finding that students in classrooms DC, KIPP Leap This document is divided into three core sec- Consider lower light levels away from windows teachers the ability to vary the light intensity with the most daylighting had 7% to tions: 1. Design your school, prompts to gener- to encourage napping and quiet play. Many and color will enhance their ability to focus gRoWIng sChooL Houston, KIPP Dream New Orleans, KIPP Central City Helena, KIPP Delta 18% higher scores on end-of-year ate broad ideas and set goals with space con- states require nap time spaces to incorporate in a variety of teaching and learning settings. Galveston, KIPP Coastal Village LA, KIPP Raices DC, KIPP Promise testing than those with the least. siderations in mind | 2. Develop a facility, the near black-out conditions. Focus larger group This can be achieved by providing dimmable New York, KIPP Academy Elementar DAC, KIPP Discover Academy Houston, KIPP Explore Academy Visit the Resources Baltimore, KIPP Harmony nuts & bolts you need to determine needs and areas closer to windows where children gain light fixtures or a few smaller lamps and task Houston, KIPP Zenith Academy to achieve your goals | 3. Best Practices, best energy and alertness. In general, it is a good lights. practices to help frame your decisions. practice to provide a bright, sunny side of a neW sChooL Chicago, KIPP Ascend Primary Austin, KIPP Austin Comunidad room for play and a softer, quieter side for nap In addition to bringing in appropriate amounts LA, KIPP Comienza Community PrepPrimary DC, KIPP DC: Grow Academy time and storytelling. Architectural features of natural light, providing views to the outside LA, KIPP Empower Academy Houston, KIPP Legacy Preparatory School can also improve occupant well-being, produc- NYC, KIPP Infinity Elementary School such as clerestory windows and angled ceilings Philadelphia, KIPP Philadelphia Elementary can bring light further into large classrooms. tivity and performance. Students with access Academy Ask your architect or facilities team to design to exterior views will feel a sense of connectiv- or look for buildings that put windows along ity to their surroundings, encouraging them All data is current for the 2010-11 school year interior classroom walls in order to bring light to take what they are learning in the class- 5 12 19 26 Why Early Childhood/Elementary? Who can help? Key Questions to Ask General Space Considerations Program Checklist Since the opening of the first KIPP elementary Public Architecture is a nonprofit that lever- school in 2004, the number of Early Childhood ages the resources of our nation’s design Location Sharing Space room and apply it to the community and world sounD IsoLatIon The following four pages are checklists, in- Core Academics Prologue (EC) and Elementary schools in the network professionals to improve communities in need. Are you locating in or are you easily accessible Due to space availability/cost considerations, This is also a great time to identify around them. Discuss with your architect or Classroom environments should be located, Learn more ~ According to the tended to assist school leaders and regional How do I use this manual? has expanded dramatically. There are 24 KIPP The organization is proud to be able to assist to the community that you want to serve? Is it will you be co-locating? What are the keys to the community organizations and facilities team important considerations like when possible, away from inherently noisy American National Standard, staff in determining how much space is rec- Why us? Why now? EC and Elementary schools in operation dur- KIPP with building comprehensive design and Prologue important to you and your schools goals that making shared space work? members who have goals aligned Prologue providing views to include building orientation, spaces such as music rooms, gymnasiums Acoustical Performance Criteria ommended to address the goals and needs of ing the 2010-11 school year, and there will be facility development tools, helping to insure students are able to walk to school? Traditional district schools may be too large window size, glass and window covering mate- and cafeterias. Separating a classroom from "The reading scores of 2nd to 6th your school. The checklists should be helpful How are KIPP schools different? School Design Plan Alignment to yours. Reference NCBs Answer School Design Plan Alignment 30 by the summer of 2011. The strong perfor- that each school’s built environment reinforces How can you "enlarge" your campus by tak- for your full capacity needs. Are there commu- rial selection, and access to views from typi- adjacent classrooms and corridors can be grade children in a school exposed Prologue to both schools that are thinking about new Shared Academics Key Questions to Ask Key for a listing of key players. Key Questions to Ask cally interior spaces such as hallways, offices to noise from a nearby elevated construction as well as those schools that are mance of the early elementary schools sup- the success of KIPP’s educational model. ing advantage of neighborhood amenities like nity members with goals aligned with yours? achieved by selecting wall materials that Phases of Development Learn how you can embrace, col- and gymnasiums. urban train track were compared trying to identify an existing space that will ports KIPPs belief that starting earlier will General space considerations parks and community centers? General space considerations achieve the proper sound transmission class Program checklist make a long-term positive impact on the ability CanonOWP/P is honored to participate in the lect and engage others early on. in quieter and noisier classrooms. meet their needs. How does the climate affect your pedagogy and Community (STC). STC rates the amount that sound is re- Space Flashcards — The Answer Key for Charter School The students, comparable in all of students to make it to and through college. growth and evolution of the KIPP school net- operations? Consider: Coat or rain-gear stor- 2.4 Acoustics duced by passing through a partition such as a Shared Community How will students and parents enter your site? Facilities. Visit the resources respects, were receiving the same The first checklist is to be used as a template work. When Cannon Design first opened its age, outdoor play space, natural ventilation. An essential element to the success of stu- wall, roof, or door. Whereas KIPP middle schools developed What will their first experience with and im- type of instruction. However, the and guide when discussing space needs for doors in 1945, its initial client was a school. dents is their ability to communicate in the A higher STC rating indicates more sound is typical space needs as they grew and learned pression be of the school? children in the lower grades and your EC/ Elementary School. Listed are various Today, more than half a century later, Cannon Pedagogy Learn more ~ The Hawaii Charter classroom effectively. Amongst the younger being reduced. Ask your design team to aim from experience, the KIPP network has ex- How will you accommodate teacher develop- noisier classrooms were three types of typical spaces found in schools. This Design is proud of the national and internation- Is there anything unique about your School School Administrative Office has student population, approximately 15% of for classroom walls with an STC rating of 50. pressed a need for more upfront guidance in ment and interaction? Consider: Main office or to four months behind in read- list is not comprehensive, but should give you Academic Support al reputation it has built by working with more Design Plan and pedagogy that should be re- published some considerations students have some hearing loss (www.quiet- Music rooms and gyms should have an STC the development of EC and Elementary school offices scattered throughout the building, indi- ing scores relative to those in the a good mix to begin a dialogue between project than 150 school clients to support their educa- flected in the school environment? for sharing school space. Visit the classroom.org). In addition, a student learn- of 60. If your facility is a multi-level building, facilities. Growing bodies of research highlight vidual teachers offices or teachers workroom. quieter classrooms and as much stakeholders, which includes school leaders, tional vision. The evolution of Cannon Designs Does your school require specialized space to resource ing English as a second language or suffering acoustical separation between levels achieved the critical importance of a child’s physical K-12 studio has followed an upward trajectory through the floor and ceiling construction as 11 months behind for the higher regional staff and architectural and construc- support your pedagogy? Consider: Art, dance, Health /Sustainability from an attention deficit disorder is at a signifi- environment in their intellectual development. as it continues to ambitiously pursue quality should also be taken into consideration. grades." Visit the Resources to tion design teams. Facility Maintenance group learning, music, play, science, outdoor cant disadvantage in a noisy classroom. Young The physical environment should support and in design environments that promote learning How can you ensure that your students remain learn more learning. students have smaller vocabularies and are facilitate the great teaching and dedicated excellence and outstanding service to clients. healthy, even if you are teaching in a modular sounD ReveRBeRatIon The three checklists that follow are examples less able to piece together missing words in a learning that is expected in a KIPP school. classroom? of programs for schools at various phases of Growing into your school sentence. All of these factors can contribute Students need to hear their instructor, peers, Quick and Easy ~ Acoustics is an Know your buildings air quality. Ask the build- development: a NEW SCHOOL, a GrOWiNG What aspects of your school vision can merge to lower speech intelligibility even in the most as well as themselves clearly. When sound issue that can addressed at the ing engineer about the air-filtration level, the SCHOOL, and a FuLL-SCALE SCHOOL. Each and share spaces for the first few years while ideal environment. Ensuring a proper acousti- bounces, or reverberates, around a room to too start of a project. Before choos- quantity of outside air intake and whether or school or region has local constraints to work you grow? cal environment to counteract these issues is high a degree, the resulting echo can jeopardize ing an existing building to move not the windows can be opened. All of these af- within to achieve its own unique goals and pro- Do your spaces need to be agile to accommo- critical. the ability to hear. Many elements in the room to, bring along a purchased (less fect the air quality in classrooms. grams, so the checklist and programs should date many activities? Consider: Wheeled-stor- can contribute positively and negatively to rever- than $50) or borrowed sound level The EPA provides information on nonattain- be used as a benchmark and not as absolute age systems, folding or stackable furniture. There are three main factors to address when beration. In general, in early childhood learning meter to check the effect of the site ment areas (a locality where air-pollution lev- requirements. How long will you occupy your space? Will your creating an optimal acoustical classroom spaces the instructor does not have a fixed loca- (traffic, neighbors, etc.) and exist- els persistently exceed National Ambient Air facility be permanent and able to provide for environment: sound isolation, sound rever- tion and is freely presenting from different parts ing mechanical systems on the Quality Standards). Visit the website Be sure to talk to an architect about state and future growth or is it fulfilling temporary space beration and background noise. Consult an of the room. Absorptive materials where pos- acoustic capabilities in the class- local codes specific to your location. needs? acoustician or an architect familiar with these sible, such as carpeting for the floor and sound room. Potential classrooms spacesINTRODUCTION 6 DESIGN 13 PLAN A 20 issues, as well as the resources at the end of this document, for more information. BEST absorptive wall panels at higher portions of the walls should be used. The most important sur- should have a reading of 45 dBa or 27 APPENDIX YOUR SCHOOL FACILITY PRACTIC- ES Prologue Prologue Prologue Prologue Resources How do I use this manual? School Design Plan Alignment Phases of development School profiles Acknowledgments Why us? Why now? Key Questions to Ask Program checklist How are KIPP schools different? General space considerations Space flashcards 3 9 24 42 50
  • 2. Matt McGrane Ashley Marsh John Syvertsen Gregory Fischer Chris Lambert Jill Bergman James Wu Lala Matties Jennifer AlexanderKarin Santiago Sara Schonour Kent Turner Mary Waz Michele Cohen Idoine Tom Bergmann TAPROOT
  • 3. We are . We try not to fall in love with ourpartners. Rather, we like to fall in love with outcomes and results.We believe that critical engagement in community basedwork can lead to a generative, outcome focused practice andadvance our business. We work with honesty, integrity,fairness and courage. We aim to inspire a practice whereprofit is measured via critically engaged professionals.And Open Hand Studio makes this vision robust by creatingsustainable social change for a global society’s mostunder-served and disadvantaged.
  • 4. The purpose of a company will be to createshared value, where business and societyachieve success together. Michael E. Porter Harvard Business School
  • 5. HUMAN-CENTRIC HIGH-ETHICS IMPACT
  • 6. HUMAN-CENTRICFocus on people, ensuring effortsare first a source of opportunity,innovation and advancement ofour practice rather than a cost, aconstraint or a charitable deed.
  • 7. HIGH-IMPACTMove beyond isolated actsof service to focus on high-impact strategic initiatives.
  • 8. ETHICSWe will work with honesty,integrity, fairness and courage.
  • 9. 100% OF THE1,000,000ARCHITECTURE AND DESIGN PROFESSIONALS IN THE U.S. IS A1,000,000PERSON FIRM WORKING FULL-TIME FOR THE PUBLIC GOOD.
  • 10. BLAME IT ON BRUCE LINDSEY? Washington University in St. LouisERIC CESAL ‘08 ASHLEY MARSH ‘07 SARA WEISSMAN ‘08
  • 11. Open Hand driversare inherent in the DNA.
  • 12. Strawberry Road Heart and mind » Rewarding » Visionary » Explorative » Poignant » Personal » Inspirational Audience: Education Experts » Leaders in the field of education » Parents » Interested Public One generation plants the trees; another gets the shade. ~ Chinese Proverb > Strawberry Road » Who you are and what you are saying “One generation plants the trees, another gets the shade” » Focus on the children and their tomorrow » Touch on the past to illuminate the future and remember that a designer’s past is a user’s present and future > » Develop a sense of stewardship for learning environments » Choose local stories with global impact and universal appeal Cabinet of Wonder » Relate stories from the point of viewthoughts » Sense of wonder » Delight » Bright of people All truths are easy to understand once they are Curated » Theatre of ideas » Curiosity » discovered; the point Explore » Learn » Discover » Collection » Design and describe places and objects as experiences Audience: Education experts » Educators » Librarians » Parents » General readers » Children is to discover them ~ Galileo Galilei » Unite hearts and minds — be intellectual and emotional Cabinet of Wonder » How you are saying it “AllThis is your perspective and discovered; the point is to discover them” truths are easy to understand once they are your internal motivation» Model the aphorism that curiosity is the mother of intelligence» Curate in order to create» Collect stories, artifacts, ideas — and ultimately, experiences — about the past, present, and future >» Model a great learning environment The Catalyst Powerful » Compelling » Reform » Gutsy » Challenge everything, assume nothing. ~ Sergio Zyman» Design it to engage, fascinate, andNo-nonsense » Challenging » Galvanizing reveal Audience: Parents » Students » Educators » Policy makers » Superintendents» Engineer it to be hooky, concrete, and sticky» Open it anywhere and be inspired The Catalyst » Why you are saying it» Tell true stories with literary tools “We must be the change that we wish to see in the world”
  • 13. Product Development Planning/Design/Architecture Curriculum Design Strategy/VisioningProfessional Development Future TrendingEvent Design/Planning,Exhibit Curation Youth Design Labs
  • 14. MISSION The Third Teacher + is an education design consultancy within Cannon Design that helps learning communities better serve 21st century learners. With an eye on the future of learning, the multidisciplinary team collaborates with these communities to formulate systemic strategies for pedagogical, curricular, and environmental change. Finally, to perpetuate these changes, we design the physical environment - “the third teacher” – that houses and facilitates the new ecology of learning.
  • 15. How are KIPP schools different? Key Questions to Ask General Space Considerations KIPP schools share a core set of operating wide variety of choice in learning environments Can your students walk or bike to school? Funding/Financing face that can contribute to better sound control principles known as the Five Pillars that often and tools to support their achievement goals? Quick and Easy ~ With KIPP stu- Is a municipal recycling service available in Learn more ~ Tap into Community in an open flexible classroom environment is the 130- Quick and Easy ~ As youre look- Prologue distinguish a KIPP school. Content in this guide • How is commitment displayed within the school dents spending more time in the this location? How will you work with your design team to establish a project or facilities budget? Development Financial Institutions ceiling. Many interior construction materials are 100% 145% ing for furniture to place in your How do I use this manual? considers how each pillar relates to a school’s facility? classroom, taking advantage of day- Prologue How do you value first costs over long-term (CDFIs) like LISC, IFF and NCB. Prologue prescribed a noise reduction coefficient (NRC). schools, consider buying used Why us? Why now? physical learning environment. We have out- • Will your facility provide space and opportunity lighting will create a more dynamic Operations/Procurement costs? Find out how to contact them in the The NRC rates the sound-absorptive proper- furniture as an affordable and envi- School Design Plan Alignment School Design Plan Alignment lined a few big picture ideas related to those to allow students, teachers, parents and the and less static learning space. Do you have a strategy for reaching out to fi- Appendix under Funding. ties of a material. Your design or facilities team Typical Typical ronmentally conscious strategy for How are KIPP schools different? Where will furniture and technology come from? pillars. surrounding community to build or show their Key Questions to Ask nancial institutions? Key Questions to Ask should consider ceiling tiles which have a noise Elementary Early Childhood purchasing high quality furniture. A Regional support center? School district? Can Classroom Classroom commitment? General space considerations Have you made connections with community General space considerations reducing coefficient of .70 or higher, depending number of companies, such as IRN you influence the furniture selection process to Learn more ~ Are you facing the 1. High Expectations align with your vision for the educational spaces? development financial institutions (CDFIs) that complex task of implementing a on the size of your classrooms. and Habitat for Humanity ReStores, KIPP schools have clearly defined and mea- 3. More Time How will you handle facility operations? Do you focus on providing loans to nonprofit organiza- new facilities development project are good sources for such products. surable high expectations for academic KIPP schools know that there are no shortcuts tions in your area? BaCKgRounD noIse Your EC students are much smaller than Elemen- have the ability to invest in safe cleaning prod- or a renovation to include features achievement and conduct that make no ex- when it comes to success in academics and Are there any grants or funding opportunities tary or Middle school students, but that does not ucts for young children? that will save energy, reduce costs Background noise can come from many sourc- cuses based on the students’ backgrounds. life. With an extended school day, week and available in your area that are specific to sus- mean your EC classrooms should be smaller. and be more environmentally es including outdoor traffic, adjacent program Students, parents, teachers and staff create year, students have more time in the class- tainable design strategies? In fact, an EC room needs to be much larger, Design and planning team friendly? Consult NCB Capital spaces, electrical equipment, plumbing and and reinforce a culture of achievement and room to acquire the academic knowledge and 400-500 square feet (sf) more, on average, than Assembling a project team at the beginning of Impacts guide to building a sus- HVAC equipment. Electrical light fixtures can support through a range of formal and infor- skills that will prepare them for competitive a typical classroom space for 1st to 4th grade the project is crucial to ensure that the team is tainable, high-performance char- be outfitted with low noise ballasts or ballasts mal rewards and consequences for academic high schools and colleges, as well as more op- students. working together holistically from beginning ter school facility, The Sustainable can be located in remote enclosed spaces. performance and behavior. portunities to engage in diverse extracurricu- Answer Key. Visit the website When possible, classrooms should not share to end in relation to design, budget, and the The total number of square feet allocated for a • How are your high expectations supported by lar experiences. Fac ty Gu de overall charter school mission. What existing a common wall with a bathroom. Plumbing the physical environments where your students • How does your facility impact each young child classroom will depend on local regulations. Al- expertise (staff and board members) can you lines will impact the class less if they are run learn? who spends a longer day inside? Learn more ~ Look into local lowing just enough space to meet guidelines is tap and in what areas do you need to supple- through corridor spaces. Classroom equip- • How are you maintaining high expectations for • Will your facility provide areas to learn in differ- grant opportunities for sustain- not always ideal. Often times this will limit your ment with outside advisors/consultants? ment can contribute to noise levels as well. your physical space itself, despite facilities that ent ways throughout the day? able learning components: Adding ability to teach in a variety of learning settings. Quick and Easy ~ Throw pillows can Who are your critical partners? Local busi- Projectors and computers should be selected may not be ideal or in the best of conditions? photovoltaic panels to your facil- provide a quick and easy way to pro- nesses? Education groups? Board of Realtors? for lowest noise level fans and when these 4. Power to Lead ity can be a great learning tool Always consider, in addition to the base square vide a flexible learning environment. Local school district? Neighborhood groups? items are not in use, they should be turned off. 2. Choice & Commitment for the students and it absorbs footage required by local regulation, the space Use them to create a reading envi- o Ear y Ch dhood and KIPP School Leaders and Executive Directors Parents? Local newspaper? expensive energy consumption at needed for secondary spaces such as cabinets, ronment or group work area away Students, their parents, and the faculty of each represent effective academic and organization- Who is responsible for determining the state 2.5 Size of space cubbies, closets and toilets, which is typically the peak period of your school day. from the students everyday desk. KIPP school choose to participate in the pro- al leaders who understand that great schools or municipality specific code requirements for The following outlines a series of general space Research programs that provide an additional 20 sf/student and accounted for gram. No one is assigned or forced to attend a require great leaders. There is control over the your schools? Consider: Operations staff, de- considerations that should be applied to the financial assistance for energy ef- in the recommendations in this document. KIPP school. Everyone must make and uphold school budget and personnel. There is freedom sign team. overall vision of your facility. Each of these ficiency retrofits, such as the State a commitment to the school and to each other to swiftly move dollars or make staffing chang- KIPP makes decisions quickly. How are you considerations should be thought of as launch of Californias Savings by Design to put in the time and effort required to achieve es, allowing maximum effectiveness in helping working with your design team to ensure that points for a dialogue with your design and facili- program that offers design as- success. E ementary Schoo s students learn. communication is effective? ties team. sistance and incentives to create 7 • How will your facility provide students with a • How will your facility express your point of view? 14 21 energy-efficient buildings. Visit the How are KIPP schools different? General Space Considerations General Space Considerations • How will your design decisions allow flexibil- ity for future leaders to express their points of Quick and Easy ~ New ways of The following outlines a series of general and · Increased student attendance 2.7 Play Prologue sustainable space considerations that should · Improved teacher retention KiNDEr- grADES grADES Learn more ~ imagination view? learning include using the building KIPP students and teachers have a much lon- How do I use this manual? as a teaching tool. From showcas- be applied to the overall vision of your facil- · Financial savings gArTEN 1-2 3-4 Playground and KaBoom! In New ger school day than most students. Play and a Why us? Why now? 5. Focus on Results ing metering to teach about energy Prologue ity. Each of these considerations should be · Environmentally friendly Prologue place for play is therefore even more crucial York City, Rockwell Group, an ar- or setting up worm bins to teach thought of as launch points for a dialogue with · Hands-on learning CHAir 10-12” 12-14” 14-16” chitecture firm, compiled years of How are KIPP schools different? KIPP schools relentlessly focus on high stu- School Design Plan Alignment School Design Plan Alignment for the KIPP student. An inherently critical about waste and lifecycle, a schools your design and facilities team, with the over- space for young learners, the space where research to develop the Imagination dent performance on standardized tests and TABLE 18-20” 20-22” 23-25” physical environment can provide Key Questions to Ask arching goal of developing your schools as Highly sustainable learning environments Key Questions to Ask young students can play should be considered Playground Initiative. (Playground other objective measures. Just as there are no easy and tangible connections to is- General space considerations places for enhanced teaching and learning. can often be defined by several characteris- General space considerations CouNTErToP 24-26” 26-28” 30-32” beyond the classroom and the playground. Al- in a box). KaBOOM!, the nations shortcuts, there are no excuses. Students are sues such as sustainability. tics. The Collaborative for High Performance low grasses and leafy plants to grow outside leading not-for-profit dedicated expected to achieve a level of academic perfor- 1. SuStainability Schools (CHPS, pronounced “chips”) has iden- Table: Appropriate furniture heights the walls of the school. Children will be pro- to bringing play back into the lives mance that will enable them to succeed at the tified some of the most critical elements: vided with endless opportunities for play and of children, has partnered with nation’s best high schools and colleges. "Learning is far more complicated KIPP students and teachers have been able to Learn more ~ Interested in finding • Look at your learning space with 21st-century prevail over inadequate facilities and perform · Healthy out more about a particular strat- 2.6 Spatial character discovery when nature appears in unexpected Rockwell Group to carry these than once thought. Complications · Comfortable KIPP students spend more time at school. places. ideas to playgrounds across the eyes: Does it work for what we know about at a high level, but a well-designed facility egy listed in this section? You or arise because learning involves · Energy and Material Efficient The longer day affords more flexibility for the country. KIPP Central City Academy learning today and how a KIPP school educates can truly enhance performance and make the your architect should check out the more than just school, curriculum · Easy to Maintain and Operate teachers. The classrooms should likewise al- in New Orleans, LA was a recipient a child, or just for what we knew about learning experience healthier and even more reward- Resources section at the back of Ideally the play space will be outdoors (as and test results. It is, rather, the · Safe and Secure low for greater flexibility. of a KaBOOM! Playground in a Box in the past? ing. Considerations of a facility’s impact on the this guide. space and safety allow). The act of play will · Adaptable to Changing Needs in 2008. Visit the Resources section result of the complex interplay be- health of its occupants are especially important give the students a much needed stress re- tween the child’s body, diet, family given the extended time that KIPP students and · Community Resource EC spaces need to accommodate varied learn- lease, and will provide an opportunity for life, security, neighborhood, teach- teachers spend in the school building. Sustain- ing and play activities. Some of these accom- physical activity. The play space can provide ability provides a vehicle through which to cre- Creating a school with these characteristics modations include: wet space (ideally located another bridge to the surrounding community. ers, school, peers, access to infor- is best achieved with an integrated, "whole ate a school facility that is an enduring asset to near the entrance and the room’s sink) and mation, and a great deal more." building" approach to the design process. That space for large projects to be built and stay Steer clear of playground materials that include its community: one that enhances teaching and — David Orr, Professor of Environ- is, key systems and technologies should be learning, reduces operating costs, and protects erected without inhibiting circulation. Ex- pressure treated wood because of harmful mental Studies and Politics at Oberlin considered together from the beginning of the the environment. tended school days require additional time for chemicals. Ensure that children are playing in College in his foreword to The Third design process and optimized based on their snacks. a pesticide free environment. Integrated pest Teacher. combined impact on the comfort and produc- According to the U.S. Green Building Coun- The KIPP programs emphasis on reading management systems can aid with this. cil (USGBC), a sustainable or “green” school tivity of students and teachers. At the end of actively engages students with books at every Visit this website to see more about is school building or facility that creates a the process the entire facility should be opti- the CHPS Classroom opportunity. Providing students with cozy read- 2.8 Move healthy environment that is conducive to learn- mized for long-term performance, to the ex- ing nooks with adequate lighting will enhance Before they started KIPP, co-founders Dave ing while saving energy, resources and money tent allowed by the specific constraints of each a student’s ability to absorb the content they Levin and Mike Feinberg were inspired by the school’s local physical, budgetary, and political are reading throughout the day. EC classrooms way an experienced master teacher, Harriet The USGBC has also highlighted the primary environment. need adequate space for these various activities Ball, kept her students attentive during the benefits of green schools: Sustainable or green design strategies touch to occur seamlessly and simultaneously. school day. Ms. Ball shared with KIPPs found- 8 15 · A healthy, productive learning environment on many factors, ranging from energy use to 22 ers her method of using songs, chants, move- Table of Contents DESIGN YOUR General Space Considerations General Space Considerations SCHOOL paint selection. This guide focuses on sustain- the associated absenteeism rates related to ments and dances to help the students engage wise not be feasible to provide during certain able and simple design strategies that most asthma nationwide is estimated at 20 million. Quick and Easy ~ All schools can with material and remember lessons. stages of a KIPP schools development such as schools can implement. Use it to help you If possible, choose a building or place your save energy by turning off lights, a playground, gymnasium, auditorium, and li- Prologue understand what strategies might be most classrooms in areas with operable windows. computers and equipment at night. The key is to make learning fun, to engage brary. The key to sharing space successfully is aligned with your pedagogical goals. Discuss Letting fresh air in will decrease the amount of Rio Rancho Public Schools saved young students bodies and minds and to keep making sure all parties understand clear rules School Design Plan Alignment with your design and facilities team, who can harmful toxins and particulates in the air. Your an estimated $40,000 over a 10-day plenty of blood pumping and oxygen flowing to and expectations. Prologue Prologue Prologue Key Questions to Ask provide the expertise to turn these concepts design team, including the engineer, can also winter break by unplugging lights, the brain. General space considerations into reality. help suggest different strategies to increase computers and other unused de- Many organizations would benefit from hav- How do I use this manual? School Design Plan Alignment Phases of Development ventilation. vices. They continue to “unplug” Allow movement to occur throughout the ing meeting or classroom space in the eve- 1.1 Indoor-Air quality for long weekends and vacations, school day by investing in furniture that moves nings and weekends when the KIPP schools Why KIPP Elementary? Key Questions to Ask Program Checklist The materials you bring into your classrooms, saving hundreds of thousands of with children. Let the furniture absorb, rather are not in session. Young children are extremely vulnerable to Who can help? harmful toxins and particulates because of their including paints, carpets, finishes and furnish- dollars each year on energy. Source: than restrict, the movement of growing bod- General Space Considerations Space Flashcards ings all contribute to your schools’ indoor air USGBC Center for Green Schools ies. Furniture should flex, adjust, roll and tilt If you plan on sharing space with another narrow airways, fast metabolism, and ongoing How are KIPP schools different? quality. safely. school, consider equal and prominent signage physical development. Because they are shorter, children breathe air closer to the floor and since to promote pride and ownership of the facility. Learn more ~ Cleaning products they often play on the floor, they are exposed to 1.2 Energy can have a significant impact on An attention endurance experiment at Per- With arrangements where there is sharing of cleaning chemicals in much higher concentra- Energy costs are another significant place spectives Charter School in Chicago showed space make sure to have a clear understand- indoor air quality. The Healthy tions. In addition, metals such as lead and mer- where schools could save tremendous that giving students increased opportunity to ing around issues of building access. Schools Campaign releases an 2. Design your school encourages big- cury and gases such as radon settle close to the amounts of money to reinvest in the education move while seated triggered above-average annual "Quick and Easy Guide to picture thinking about your school’s floor. of a young child. According to the U.S. Depart- levels of concentration during test taking. Green Cleaning in Schools, provid- facility needs and alignment between ment of Education, in year, it is estimated that ing simple strategies, tools, and a physical environment and the goals Increasingly, states, such as Illinois, are pass- schools spend $166 per student per year on Especially given KIPPs longer school day, stu- Prologue Resources product directory to help schools stated in the School Design Plan | ing laws requiring every school to have a green energy expenditures. In total, that is often dents need space to move around, both in their implement effective green clean- 3. Plan a facility provides facility plan- Prologue cleaning policy in place. Any school, regardless more per child than what is spent for comput- ing programs. Visit the Resources classroom and larger spaces like dance stu- School Profiles Acknowledgments dios or gymnasiums, to prevent mental fatigue Navigation Tip ~ Use ning tools to help determine needs and of location or budget, can make purchases and ers and textbooks. section at the back of this guide tothe embedded links to create a learning environment | 4. Best be cleaned sustainably and responsibly. and distraction.move back and forth School Design Plan Alignment According to the 2006 report Greening Amer- learn more. practices presents ideas and best prac-through the document. tices concerning facility planning and Indoor-air quality (IAQ) is inextricably linked ica’s Schools, the average energy reduction 2.9 Sharing space design that have been successful within Key Questions to Ask to the increased percentage of young students of a green school compared with conventional Sharing space with another school or com- the KIPP network and similar schools. with asthma. Asthma is a condition that dis- design is 33%. Imagine the possibilities with munit proportionately affects low income communi- less energy cost burdens. Young schools are General space considerations ties, as exposure to high levels of indoor and increasingly able to apply for grant money to outdoor pollution increases the risk for illness. offset the first costs associated with installing This guide is licensed by KIPP, Cannon Design, and 9 16 The Asthma and Allergy Foundation notes that energy reducing systems. 23 2 Public Architecture under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 3.0 United States License.INTRODUCTION Prologue General Space Considerations “BEFORE THIS GUIDEBOOK, THE PRINCIPALS Take a step back from the concerns of where When purchasing new computers or applianc- Avoid placing the brightest colors at the teach- the school will be located, how many children es, look for ENERGY STAR qualified products. ing wall. The contrast from the whiteboard to it will educate and the cost of the facility. Cre- ENERGY STAR products are rated for energy the wall will hinder student’s ability to focus. Prologue ating a joyful and healthy place to learn is criti- Prologue efficiency. Many states offer rebates for pur- Classrooms should feel stimulating and moti- cal and the physical environment of the school chasing ENERGY STAR appliances and equip- vating, but not in ways that discourage concen- School Design Plan Alignment School Design Plan Alignment can help accomplish the schools goals. ment. tration. Key Questions to Ask Key Questions to Ask General space considerations It’s often easy to think of a building as simply a General space considerations 2. SEnSES Use warm colors in muted tones. Too much structure to house a school’s function. But in You should think carefully about classroom green, yellow and blue will make the space this section, you will see that a well designed aesthetics as they support a young child’s abil- seem cooler and will reflect fluorescent light facility or space can transform that structure ity to learn. Children have fascinating multi- to make people look pale. Use color to warm from a hindrance or a passive container of sensory capabilities that typically are lost as and brighten the library space. In areas that educational activities to a meaningful tool in contain computers, remember to select col- AND OTHER EDUCATORS WOULD BE FLYING they grow into adulthood. the arsenal of the school’s leader and faculty. ors that help reduce glare and eyestrain. You “While we allow preschoolers to The following suggestions and examples dem- Their environment is an everyday workshop want eyes to have a break from the brightness use their bodies, their hands, their onstrate how classrooms with better daylight and an integral part of learning, especially for a of the screen, but not a huge contrast. Avoid noses, their ears and sometimes can lead to improved test scores, and how young child. The following sections on 2.1 Color, having black or pure white directly behind a even their tongues to explore their sustainable purchasing and practices can lead 2.2 Finishes, 2.3 Daylighting, and 2.4 Acoustics monitor. Preferred colors can vary but try to worlds, but primary school stu- to reduced energy costs and healthier envi- will help you create a learning environment that choose one that has a Light Reflectance Value ronments. Creative partnerships and design Range (LRV) between 70-30. (In addition to dents are sentenced to spend their is ideal for multi-sensory learning. Create a can increase access to more affordable and color, think about placing computers in areas school days in settings that are laboratory for the senses! engaging places that can better support the that allow the ability to look up from the moni- either bland or chaotic, a setting learning process. 2.1 Color tor and look away to view long distances. This where little thought has been given Prologue Use a subtle chromatic range with many can relax the eye muscles after they’ve been to sensory education and the adja- Programmatic solutions are best when con- focusing up close for long durations. cent learning environment.” shades. Aim to include colors similar to each sidered holistically. The same is true of the — Denis Diderot, The Third Teacher How do I use this manual? design strategies presented here. Use them other, tone-upon-tone, that can generate vigor It is helpful to break up large expanses of color and variety, and colors that contrast with one as launching points for discussions with your in spaces like auditoriums, gymnasiums and BLIND – ESPECIALLY WITH NO PRIOR DESIGN another. Why us? Why now? design and property development team about cafeterias; it keeps the spaces from being too “We can’t knowingly sell a poisonous how your facility can support learning. overwhelming. Use lighter warm tones or neu- batch of milk in stores. Why then can Soft color and lighter floors make rooms feel trals with brightly colored accents to invigo- we tolerate putting poisonous, toxic larger, however, dark colors and rich tones How are KIPP schools different? mask soiling, which is desirable in EC spaces. rate the room. flooring into a facility where young Light white or cream colors on ceilings will children will play on the floor?” 3 10 17 make low ceilings seem higher. — Denis Diderot, The Third Teacher EXPERIENCE. NOW THEY CAN BETTER Prologue School Design Plan Alignment General Space Considerations Across the country, you are tackling a wide that staffing capacity, processes, and decision SCHOOL LEADERS | There is so much to tackle in the sample list above could be addressed 2.2 Finish selection and cleaning concrete and wood. Each of these materials range of real estate issues, from pounding rights vary across the network, it is written to in your schools early years. Stay focused on with a variety of solutions. Thirty minutes of Learn more ~ The Fisher Fellowship Proper maintenance of interior finishes will provides a different aesthetic feel, cost, clean- Quick and Easy ~ Developing a sus- Prologue the pavement to find a site, to accommodating be accessible to the various audiences – busi- what is most important for your students. exercise could take place in a gym, an outdoor is a one-year school leadership lead to a longer life for the material as well ing requirement and performance aspects. tainable purchasing policy can help How do I use this manual? enrollment growth within your current facil- ness operations staff, school leaders, execu- Prologue play space, or the cafeteria, once all the tables training program run by the KIPP Prologue as contribute to a safe and healthy environ- Vinyl products can come with or without a fin- you make informed decisions about Why us? Why now? ity, or renovating an existing building to better tive directors, board members – that work You will have to make many tough decisions and chairs have been moved aside. Ultimately, Foundation. Fisher Fellows experi- ment. Knowledge of your long-term operating ish, perform well in wet messy conditions and safe and healthy products (from School Design Plan Alignment School Design Plan AlignmentHow are KIPP schools different? meet your needs. Each local environment has together to solve the real estate questions and as you plan and open your school. You may your job is to get creative and figure out how to ence an intensive summer program budget will assist in making decisions on the are easily cleaned. Where possible, rubber is surface finishes to green cleaning its own special dynamics, and there is no one- we hope that you will share this resource with Key Questions to Ask have to sacrifice space or programs that are best provide your non-negotiables in the space of coursework, followed by residen- Key Questions to Ask initial material selections, as the total cost of a preferable to vinyl. Rubber products have the products) to use in your schools. size-fits-all KIPP solution that addresses your your design team. Also, recognizing the range General space considerations important to you to secure what you believe that is available to you. cies at high-performing schools, General space considerations product is the initial installation plus the on- similar attributes but do not need to be waxed, Groups like the Responsible real estate concerns and your budget. Never- of project types and sizes that are undertaken, will most help your students, especially while and training conferences to prepare are comfortable to stand on and absorb some Purchasing Network have policy Facility Guide for going required maintenance. Operational and UNDERSTANDTHEIR PROGRAMMATIC GOALS theless, there is no reason to deal with these there is no step-by-step process description your school is growing. To help ensure that you Some examples of how goals may translate for opening new schools in their maintenance staff should come up with a plan sound. Grouted floor tiles are highly durable, standards and purchasing guides. issues in isolation. For all the differences that to achieve your goals. Instead, we highlight do not sacrifice spaces or programs that con- into physical space follow. respective communities. Fisher and budget for yearly replacement and repair easily cleaned with minimal if any chemicals, CHPS has launched a sustain- Early Childhood exist between one project and another, wheth- er in the same city or on opposite sides of the country, there are strategies and resources the facility-related questions and issues that should be raised and provide general guide- lines and identify resources to help your team tribute to your schools culture and learning environment, consider writing a list of non- negotiable elements you promise to provide KIpp DC: Leap, WashIngton D.C. Fellows come together as a cohort in order to develop and finalize their School Design Plans, articulating of products, as well as a monthly, weekly and daily maintenance protocol. but can be noisy. Terrazzo is easily cleaned, can be patched if needed and, if maintained prop- erly, can last the lifetime of the building. Wood able materials database. Visit the KIPP DC: LEAPs school leader, Laura Bowen, and Elementary that can be borrowed and shared. to arrive at the solution that best meets your local needs. You are encouraged to pick and for your students. valued a safe, outdoor play space for her stu- dents. It was a clear goal outlined in her Fisher their schools vision. This includes the development of a Commitment FLooRs flooring provides comfort but needs to be used in areas away from water usage. Quick and Easy ~ Several major carpet manufacturers, including Interface and Milliken, will sell or This manual is intended to support you in choose amongst the topics and apply what is A sample list might read: to Excellence and a plan for how it The surface that takes the most abuse in a Schools Facilities making informed decisions concerning your Early Childhood and Elementary School most relevant and useful for your particular situation. · MY STUDENTS HAVE THE RIGHT TO... thirty minutes of exercise a day, Fellow School Design Plan in 2007. From past experiences in muddy fields, KIPP DC teach- ers knew this space needed to be usable will be used. facility is usually the flooring. Additionally, ap- propriate floor material will contribute greatly WaLLs Walls are often covered in a finish of paint. donate carpeting that has been reclaimed from other businesses to the functionality of a space. These two fac- and institutions, cleaned, and/or facilities. As KIPP grows and begins to serve · a healthy lunch and snacks, year-round and shared this need with their Paint technology has improved recently so tors should lead the decision making process restored. Reclaimed carpet might more students at younger ages it is important · space and time to learn on their own, architect. The architect developed an inter- that products with low environmental impact for flooring type. also be available from indepen- to gather general best practices employed - Liz Obgu & Carolyn Choy / KIPP Real Estate & · feel safe in their classroom, nal courtyard with all-weather ground cover can also have good performance. There are dent carpet vendors. To learn more by KIPP middle schools and high schools, to Public Architecture (&cannon?) · thermal comfort, where students can play safely, away from the several manufacturers that make scrubbable Carpeted floors provide thermal warmth about Interface’s program. Visit the understand lessons learned from pioneer- · learn to play a musical instrument, street and out of the mud. paints. Your maintenance staff needs to deter- ing KIPP elementary schools and to tailor this and comfort to a space. Carpet can also help AND HOW DESIGN INTERSECTS WITH THOSE · a natural playspace and fresh air, mine if money spent on a high-performance information to help KIPP schools in the future. · learn science in a hands-on lab, RogeRs paRK MontessoRI sChooL, ChICago, IL soften noise levels. Carpet can also soil easily paint is warranted or if it is easier to maintain · read in a well-lit, well-ventilated, if used in a space with exposure to water and by touch up painting throughout the school At Rogers Park Montessori students have the food if the cleaning regiment is not regular. KIPP’s universal design philosophy is ground- quiet space year. Display surfaces can be integral to a wall right to plenty of exercise a day. This meant the Carpet should be vacuumed daily, spot-treated ed in flexibility. From its early days in church and include magnetic surfaces, markerboard school needed adequate physical activity and on a regular basis and cleaned with a hot wa- basements to today, when many schools are Obviously cost will be a consideration for all surfaces and tack surfaces. Using a partition play space for all students at all times of year. ter extraction process on a yearly or biyearly thriving and able to build their own facilities, projects, and limited resources mean that you as a surface to communicate and celebrate Their preK-3 and preK-4 student population basis depending upon location in the building. flexibility has ensured that KIPP students will always have to make tradeoffs. With this in student achievements can contribute much was a strong part of their school, so they con- education always comes first. This manual mind, your students rights should not be tied to the culture of the school. All of these sur- sidered a facility with a smaller scaled play- Hard flooring includes many different products has been designed to be flexible. Knowing to specific physical spaces. Note that the items faces should be easily cleaned and repaired. 4 11 room that more adequately supports activities 18 including vinyl tile, rubber tile, tile, terrazzo, 55pages | 340MB | 2011 GOALS.” How do I use this manual? School Design Plan Alignment General Space Considerations The guide is intended to help identify unique for small bodies than a full-size gymnasium. As these surfaces will likely take more abuse into hallways and other high traffic areas that facility needs related to Early Childhood (EC) Learn more ~ Learning environment Learn more Learn more ~ Green design does than a standard painted wall, replacement cost are often dimly lit. Prologue and Elementary Schools learning environ- refers to a classroom, but it can not have to cost more. Check out an should be factored into the long term budget. How do I use this manual? ments, to assist and empower the design and mean a library, lab, gym, theater or Prologue Your list of non-negotiable design elements article in Buildings Magazine: Greg Prologue Direct sun penetration into classrooms, espe- Why us? Why now? development of facilities that support your playground. It is where your stu- School Design Plan Alignment may also help you value first costs over long- Kats of Capital E on the true costs School Design Plan Alignment 2.3 Daylight & views cially through un-shaded east or south facingHow are KIPP schools different? school’s mission, and to address facility con- dents learn. term costs. It may be tough to justify spend- of building green. Visit the website The visual environment is very important for windows, was found to be associated with nega- siderations both at an early, visionary stage Key Questions to Ask ing more upfront, for example, on an energy Key Questions to Ask learning. Increasing natural light in the class- tive student performance in a 2003 Heschong and a more detailed facility planning stage. General space considerations efficient facility that will pay you back in a few General space considerations room, as well as views to the outside, has been Mahone Group study, Windows and Class- years in energy savings, but if you can begin found to increase student performance and rooms: A Study of Student Performance and This guide will help you to make informed fa- to establish some baseline goals beyond aca- productivity. If a student is actively engaged in the Indoor Environment, most likely because of cility decisions and guide your ability to com- demic performance, you may have an easier learning, views to their surroundings beyond glare and thermal discomfort. Glare has been Learn more ~ In a 1999 study municate with design teams; please feel free time convincing potential supporters and do- the classroom walls can serve as an inspira- found to negatively impact student learning, completed for Pacific Gas and to share this resource with members of your nors that your school planning is responsible tion for participation and thought, not as a especially in math, where instruction is often vi- Electric, Daylighting in Schools: An design team. and focused. distraction. In addition, if light fixtures can be sually demonstrated on the front teaching wall. Investigation into the Relationship dimmed or turned off during the day, this can Ask an architect or designer to study the appro- between Daylighting and Human Additionally, this guide is also intended to raise result in significant energy savings, as evi- priate devices to bounce light into the interior Performance, the Heschong Mahone awareness that it is never to early too think denced in the Capital E report Greening Amer- on appropriate facades. Group established a statistically about how the design of the learning environ- icas Schools: Costs and Benefits, resulting in compelling connection between day- ment can advance a student’s ability to learn. operating cost savings as well. Light should be able to create shadows for lighting and student performance, contrast and diversity. Allowing students and finding that students in classrooms This document is divided into three core sec- teachers the ability to vary the light intensity – LIZ OGBU, PUBLIC ARCHITECTURE Consider lower light levels away from windows with the most daylighting had 7% to tions: 1. Design your school, prompts to gener- to encourage napping and quiet play. Many and color will enhance their ability to focus 18% higher scores on end-of-year ate broad ideas and set goals with space con- states require nap time spaces to incorporate in a variety of teaching and learning settings. testing than those with the least. siderations in mind | 2. Develop a facility, the near black-out conditions. Focus larger group This can be achieved by providing dimmable Visit the Resources nuts & bolts you need to determine needs and areas closer to windows where children gain light fixtures or a few smaller lamps and task to achieve your goals | 3. Best Practices, best energy and alertness. In general, it is a good lights. practices to help frame your decisions. practice to provide a bright, sunny side of a room for play and a softer, quieter side for nap In addition to bringing in appropriate amounts time and storytelling. Architectural features of natural light, providing views to the outside such as clerestory windows and angled ceilings can also improve occupant well-being, produc- can bring light further into large classrooms. tivity and performance. Students with access Ask your architect or facilities team to design to exterior views will feel a sense of connectiv- or look for buildings that put windows along ity to their surroundings, encouraging them interior classroom walls in order to bring light to take what they are learning in the class- 5 12 19 Why Early Childhood/Elementary? Who can help? Key Questions to Ask General Space Considerations Since the opening of the first KIPP elementary Public Architecture is a nonprofit that lever- school in 2004, the number of Early Childhood ages the resources of our nation’s design Location Sharing Space room and apply it to the community and world sounD IsoLatIon Prologue (EC) and Elementary schools in the network professionals to improve communities in need. Are you locating in or are you easily accessible Due to space availability/cost considerations, This is also a great time to identify around them. Discuss with your architect or Classroom environments should be located, Learn more ~ According to the How do I use this manual? has expanded dramatically. There are 24 KIPP The organization is proud to be able to assist to the community that you want to serve? Is it will you be co-locating? What are the keys to the community organizations and facilities team important considerations like when possible, away from inherently noisy American National Standard, Why us? Why now? EC and Elementary schools in operation dur- KIPP with building comprehensive design and Prologue important to you and your schools goals that making shared space work? members who have goals aligned Prologue providing views to include building orientation, spaces such as music rooms, gymnasiums Acoustical Performance Criteria ing the 2010-11 school year, and there will be facility development tools, helping to insure students are able to walk to school? Traditional district schools may be too large window size, glass and window covering mate- and cafeterias. Separating a classroom from "The reading scores of 2nd to 6thHow are KIPP schools different? School Design Plan Alignment to yours. Reference NCBs Answer School Design Plan Alignment 30 by the summer of 2011. The strong perfor- that each school’s built environment reinforces How can you "enlarge" your campus by tak- for your full capacity needs. Are there commu- rial selection, and access to views from typi- adjacent classrooms and corridors can be grade children in a school exposed Key Questions to Ask Key for a listing of key players. Key Questions to Ask cally interior spaces such as hallways, offices to noise from a nearby elevated mance of the early elementary schools sup- the success of KIPP’s educational model. ing advantage of neighborhood amenities like nity members with goals aligned with yours? achieved by selecting wall materials that Learn how you can embrace, col- and gymnasiums. urban train track were compared ports KIPPs belief that starting earlier will General space considerations parks and community centers? General space considerations achieve the proper sound transmission class make a long-term positive impact on the ability CanonOWP/P is honored to participate in the lect and engage others early on. in quieter and noisier classrooms. How does the climate affect your pedagogy and Community (STC). STC rates the amount that sound is re- — The Answer Key for Charter School The students, comparable in all of students to make it to and through college. growth and evolution of the KIPP school net- operations? Consider: Coat or rain-gear stor- 2.4 Acoustics duced by passing through a partition such as a How will students and parents enter your site? Facilities. Visit the resources respects, were receiving the same work. When Cannon Design first opened its age, outdoor play space, natural ventilation. An essential element to the success of stu- wall, roof, or door. Whereas KIPP middle schools developed What will their first experience with and im- type of instruction. However, the doors in 1945, its initial client was a school. dents is their ability to communicate in the A higher STC rating indicates more sound is typical space needs as they grew and learned pression be of the school? children in the lower grades and Today, more than half a century later, Cannon Pedagogy Learn more ~ The Hawaii Charter classroom effectively. Amongst the younger being reduced. Ask your design team to aim from experience, the KIPP network has ex- How will you accommodate teacher develop- noisier classrooms were three Design is proud of the national and internation- Is there anything unique about your School School Administrative Office has student population, approximately 15% of for classroom walls with an STC rating of 50. pressed a need for more upfront guidance in ment and interaction? Consider: Main office or to four months behind in read- al reputation it has built by working with more Design Plan and pedagogy that should be re- published some considerations students have some hearing loss (www.quiet- Music rooms and gyms should have an STC the development of EC and Elementary school offices scattered throughout the building, indi- ing scores relative to those in the than 150 school clients to support their educa- flected in the school environment? for sharing school space. Visit the classroom.org). In addition, a student learn- of 60. If your facility is a multi-level building, facilities. Growing bodies of research highlight vidual teachers offices or teachers workroom. quieter classrooms and as much tional vision. The evolution of Cannon Designs Does your school require specialized space to resource ing English as a second language or suffering acoustical separation between levels achieved the critical importance of a child’s physical K-12 studio has followed an upward trajectory through the floor and ceiling construction as 11 months behind for the higher support your pedagogy? Consider: Art, dance, Health /Sustainability from an attention deficit disorder is at a signifi- environment in their intellectual development. as it continues to ambitiously pursue quality should also be taken into consideration. grades." Visit the Resources to group learning, music, play, science, outdoor cant disadvantage in a noisy classroom. Young The physical environment should support and in design environments that promote learning How can you ensure that your students remain learn more learning. students have smaller vocabularies and are facilitate the great teaching and dedicated excellence and outstanding service to clients. healthy, even if you are teaching in a modular sounD ReveRBeRatIon less able to piece together missing words in a learning that is expected in a KIPP school. classroom? Growing into your school sentence. All of these factors can contribute Students need to hear their instructor, peers, Quick and Easy ~ Acoustics is an Know your buildings air quality. Ask the build- What aspects of your school vision can merge to lower speech intelligibility even in the most as well as themselves clearly. When sound issue that can addressed at the ing engineer about the air-filtration level, the and share spaces for the first few years while ideal environment. Ensuring a proper acousti- bounces, or reverberates, around a room to too start of a project. Before choos- quantity of outside air intake and whether or you grow? cal environment to counteract these issues is high a degree, the resulting echo can jeopardize ing an existing building to move not the windows can be opened. All of these af- Do your spaces need to be agile to accommo- critical. the ability to hear. Many elements in the room to, bring along a purchased (less fect the air quality in classrooms. date many activities? Consider: Wheeled-stor- can contribute positively and negatively to rever- than $50) or borrowed sound level The EPA provides information on nonattain- age systems, folding or stackable furniture. There are three main factors to address when beration. In general, in early childhood learning meter to check the effect of the site ment areas (a locality where air-pollution lev- How long will you occupy your space? Will your creating an optimal acoustical classroom spaces the instructor does not have a fixed loca- (traffic, neighbors, etc.) and exist- els persistently exceed National Ambient Air facility be permanent and able to provide for environment: sound isolation, sound rever- tion and is freely presenting from different parts ing mechanical systems on the Quality Standards). Visit the website future growth or is it fulfilling temporary space beration and background noise. Consult an of the room. Absorptive materials where pos- acoustic capabilities in the class- needs? acoustician or an architect familiar with these sible, such as carpeting for the floor and sound room. Potential classrooms spaces 6 issues, as well as the resources at the end of absorptive wall panels at higher portions of the should have a reading of 45 dBa or 13 20 this document, for more information. walls should be used. The most important sur-
  • 16. HAVING AN ADEQUATELYPROFITABLE BUSINESS IS THEMEANS, BUILDING A REALCOMMUNITY OF HUMANBEINGS IS THE END.//ALAN WEBBER

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