Some Current Philippine Rice Production Technology and Constraints: Opportunities for Academe-Based Filipino-Korean Research and Development Initiatives
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Some Current Philippine Rice Production Technology and Constraints: Opportunities for Academe-Based Filipino-Korean Research and Development Initiatives

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A Country Report for the Rice Production Technology for ASEAN Countries, International Technical Cooperation Center, Rural Development Administration, Suwon City, South Korea, 29 July 2003. This ...

A Country Report for the Rice Production Technology for ASEAN Countries, International Technical Cooperation Center, Rural Development Administration, Suwon City, South Korea, 29 July 2003. This presentation highlighted my previous works while still teaching at a state university, and featured an award-winning research on the use of hybrid rice in the mountains.

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Some Current Philippine Rice Production Technology and Constraints: Opportunities for Academe-Based Filipino-Korean Research and Development Initiatives Some Current Philippine Rice Production Technology and Constraints: Opportunities for Academe-Based Filipino-Korean Research and Development Initiatives Presentation Transcript

  • A Country Report for theRice Production Technology for ASEAN Countries International Technical Cooperation Center Rural Development Administration Suwon City, South Korea 29 July 2003
  • a. Self-Introduction 1. Brief introduction of the organization 2. Position and duties in the organization 3. Expected outcomes for this training courseb. Information regarding the project that you take part 1. Introduction of the project 2. Target of the development 3. Major feature/achievement 4. Urgent problems that need to be solved in the country Caezar Angelito E. Arceo Faculty Researcher Pangasinan State University PHILIPPINES
  • Caezar Angelito E. Arceo Faculty Researcher Pangasinan State University PHILIPPINES
  • SOME CURRENT PHILIPPINE RICE PRODUCTION TECHNOLOGY AND CONSTRAINTS Opportunities for Academe-based Filipino-Korean research and development initiatives Caezar Angelito E. Arceo Faculty Researcher Pangasinan State University PHILIPPINES
  • Caezar AE. Arceo Pangasinan State University PhilippinesIt’s a tiny world… Where we are…
  • Caezar AE. Arceo Pangasinan State University PhilippinesThe geography  Lies in the heart of Southeast Asia  With 7,107 islands  Terrain mostly mountainous The Philippine setting
  • Caezar AE. Arceo Pangasinan State University PhilippinesThe geography“It’s unique location made it the commercial, cultural, and intellectual hub of Asia from the dawn of history.” www.gov.ph/aboutphil/default.asp The Philippine setting
  • Caezar AE. Arceo Pangasinan State University PhilippinesPeople and the society  Population was 76,504,077 (May 2000 figure).  Population increase is 2.36%, or three persons per minute.  Projected population is 113 million in year 2020.  Distribution is uneven, with some 500 people per square mile on the average. The Philippine setting
  • Caezar AE. Arceo Pangasinan State University PhilippinesPeople and the society  Central development issue is poverty.  One of the most highly educated in the developing world.  Philippines among the top immigrants to the United States. The Philippine setting
  • Caezar AE. Arceo Pangasinan State University PhilippinesPeople and the society  The largest province is Pangasinan. Annual growth rate of 2.40%. Average household size of 5.09. The Philippine setting
  • Caezar AE. Arceo Pangasinan State University Philippines Economy and agriculture Latest Preceding Year to Same Quarter I. REAL SECTOR (% growth) Quarter Quarter Date Year AgoA. National Income (% g.r.) (NSCB) GNP 5.6 (Q1 03) 7.8 (Q4 02) 5.6 (Q1 03) 4.3 (Q1 02) GDP 4.5 5.8 4.5 3.8 Agriculture 2.9 6.0 2.9 4.8 Industry 4.0 4.8 4.0 2.1 Services 5.6 6.4 5.6 4.8As of 16 July 2003 The Philippine setting
  • Caezar AE. Arceo Pangasinan State University Philippines Economy and agricultureIV. PRICES (% ) Latest Preceding Year to Same Month Month Month Date Year AgoA. Inflation Rate (%) (NSO) 3.4 (Jun 03) 2.7 (May 03) 2.9 3.0 (Jun 02) Food 2.9 1.8 2.0 1.6 Non-Food 4.1 3.7 4.0 4.1 Metro Manila 4.5 2.5 3.3 3.7 AOMM 3.0 2.9 2.8 1.9B. Lending Rate (Low, %) 8.3 (May 03) 10.0 (Apr 03) 8.3 8.2 (May 02)C. BSP Overnight Borrowing Rates 6.75 (Jul 03) 7.0 (Jun 03) 6.75 7.0 (Jul 02)D. BSP Overnight Lending Rates 9.00 (Jul 03) 9.25 (Jun 03) 9.00 9.0 (Jul 02) Latest Preceding Year to Same Week Week Week Date Month AgoE. 91-Day T-Bill Rate (%) 5.33 (7 Jul 03) 5.498 (23 Jun 03) 6.196 5.666 (9 Jun 03)F. Forex (Average, P:$1) 53.479 (16 July 03) 53.391 (9 Jul 03) 53.477 53.504 (20 Jun 03)G. Phisix 1,270.9 (16 July 03) 1,283.4 (9 Jul 03) 1,100.9 1,243.1 (20 Jun 03) As of 16 July 2003 The Philippine setting
  • Caezar AE. Arceo Pangasinan State University Philippines Economy and agricultureAs of 16 July 2003 The Philippine setting
  • Caezar AE. Arceo Pangasinan State University Philippines Economy and agriculture V. EXTERNAL ACCOUNTS (BSP) Latest Preceding Year to Same Month Month Month Date Year Ago A. Exports (% g.r.) -4.0 (May 03) -1.9 (Apr 03) 1.7 -0.7 (May 02) /a - Electronics & Components / /b Electronic Products (% g.r.) -12.9 (May 03) -2.2 (Apr 03) -3.5 19.8 (May 02) B. Imports (% g.r.) 12.2 (May 03) -7.6 (Apr 03) 13.4 9.9 (May 02) - Raw materials & intermediate goods (% g. r.) -4.1 -12.6 4.2 -1.8 - Capital goods (% g. r.) 22.0 -5.3 16.6 29.1 C. Current Account ($ M) -117 (Mar 03) 232 (Feb 03) 338 130 (Mar 02) D. Capital & Financial Accounts ($ M) 4 (Mar 03) -256 (Feb 03) -312 2,603 (Mar 02) - Direct Investments ($ M), net -38 -23 -51 600 E. Balance of Payments ($ M) -163 (Jun 03) -15 (May 03) -697 -160 (Jun 02) F. Gross International Reserves ($ M) 15,867 (Jun 03) 16,073 (May 03) 15,867 16,909 (Jun 02) - Months worth of imports 4.4 4.4 4.4 5.2 G. Total External Debt ($ M) 55,806 (Q1 03) 53,874 (Q4 02) 55,806 53,459 (Q1 02) - of which: Total Short Term 49,383 5,558 49,383 5,585 Total Private Sector 14,977 14,977 14,977 15,644As of 16 July 2003 The Philippine setting
  • Caezar AE. Arceo Pangasinan State University Philippines Economy and agricultureVI. NG CASH OPERATIONS (BTr) Latest Preceding Year to Same Month (P billion) * Month Month Date Year AgoA. Revenues (PB) 49.0 (Jun 03) 54.9 (May 03) 306.3 42.7 (Jun 02) Tax 41.9 45.6 265.2 36.8 Non-tax 7.1 9.3 41.1 5.9B. Expenditures (PB) 53.2 64.8 385.9 54.9C. Surplus(+) / Deficit(-) ( PB) -4.2 -9.9 -79.6 -12.2D. Net Foreign Financing(PB) -5.0 -3.9 45.9 -4.7 /cE. Net Domestic Financing(PB) 10.7 0.8 27.3 45.1F. Cash Build-up(-)/ Withdrawal (+)(PB) -1.5 13.1 6.4 -28.3As of 16 July 2003 The Philippine setting
  • Caezar AE. Arceo Pangasinan State University PhilippinesEconomy and agriculture  Inflation rate slows down to 2.7% (May 2003).  GNP growth is 7.2%. The Philippine setting
  • Caezar AE. Arceo Pangasinan State University Philippines Economy and agriculture 600000 Australia Bangladesh Brunei 500000 China Hongkong Indonesia 400000 Japan Laos 300000 Malaysia Myanmar North Korea 200000 Pakistan Philippines Singapore 100000 South Korea Thailand 0 United States 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 VietnamAgricultural land use of selected countries The Philippine setting
  • Caezar AE. Arceo Pangasinan State University Philippines Economy and agriculture 50000000 Australia Bangladesh 45000000 Brunei 40000000 China Hongkong 35000000 India Indonesia 30000000 Japan 25000000 Laos Malaysia 20000000 Myanmar 15000000 North Korea Pakistan 10000000 Philippines South Korea 5000000 Thailand 0 United States 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 VietnamArea harvested for rice in selected countries The Philippine setting
  • Caezar AE. Arceo Pangasinan State University Philippines Economy and agriculture 250000000 Australia Bangladesh Brunei 200000000 China Hongkong India Indonesia 150000000 Japan Laos Malaysia 100000000 Myanmar North Korea Philippines 50000000 Singapore South Korea Thailand United States 0 Vietnam 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001Rice production (metric ton) of selected countries The Philippine setting
  • Caezar AE. Arceo Pangasinan State University Philippines Economy and agriculture 300000 Australia Bangladesh Brunei 250000 China India 200000 Indonesia Japan Laos 150000 Malaysia Myanmar 100000 North Korea Pakistan Philippines 50000 South Korea Thailand 0 United States 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 VietnamRice yield (kg/ha) of selected countries The Philippine setting
  • Caezar AE. Arceo Pangasinan State University PhilippinesEconomy and agriculture>> Principal farm products  rice (Oryza sativa)  maize (Zea mays)  coconut (Cocos nucifera)  sugar (Saccharum officinarum)  abaca or Manila hemp (Musa textilis)  tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum)  maguey (Agave sisalina)  pineapple (Ananas comosus) The Philippine setting
  • Caezar AE. Arceo Pangasinan State University PhilippinesEconomy and agriculture>> Tropical fruits  banana (Musa spp.)  mango (Mangifera indica)  lanzones (Lansium domesticum)  citrus (Citrus spp.)  papaya (Carica papaya)  avocado (Persea americana) The Philippine setting
  • Caezar AE. Arceo Pangasinan State University PhilippinesEconomy and agriculture>> Tropical fruits  starapple (Chrysophyllum cainito)  atis (Annona squamosa)  jackfruit (Artocarpus heterophyllus)  guava (Psidium guajava)  santol (Sandoricum koetjape)  durian (Durio zibethinus). The Philippine setting
  • Caezar AE. Arceo Pangasinan State University PhilippinesEconomy and agriculture>> Vegetables and root crops  mungbean (Vigna radiata)  yardlong bean (Vigna unguiculata ssp. sesquipedalis)  cowpea (Vigna unguiculata ssp. unguiculata)  tomatoes (Lycopersicon esculentum)  eggplant (Solanum melongena)  Chinese cabbage (Brassica pekinensis)  cabbage (Brassica oleracea ssp. capitata) The Philippine setting
  • Caezar AE. Arceo Pangasinan State University PhilippinesEconomy and agriculture>> Vegetables and root crops  mustard (Brassica juncea)  lettuce (Lactuca sativa)  sweet pepper (Capsicum annuum)  pea (Pisum sativum)  sweet potatoes (Ipomoea batatas)  sugar beets (Beta vulgaris)  cassava (Manihot esculenta)  squash (Cucurbita moschata) The Philippine setting
  • Caezar AE. Arceo Pangasinan State University PhilippinesMain cropping constraints  Typhoons  Problem soils  Pests and diseases  Degradation of irrigation infrastructures  Unfavorable pricing policy  Devolution of extension services  Lack of clear rice development policy Current production status
  • Caezar AE. Arceo Pangasinan State University PhilippinesVarietal use and development  Rice varieties developed by the IRRI, PhilRice, and UP- Los Baños.  Some varieties also developed by private sector.  Varieties approved for release by the National Seed Industry Council. Current production status
  • Caezar AE. Arceo Pangasinan State University PhilippinesVarietal use and development Top ten provinces in total rice production Current production status
  • Caezar AE. Arceo Pangasinan State University PhilippinesVarietal use and development Top ten provinces in total area harvested for rice Current production status
  • Caezar AE. Arceo Pangasinan State University PhilippinesVarietal use and development Top ten provinces in average rice yield Current production status
  • Caezar AE. Arceo Pangasinan State University PhilippinesHybrid rice commercialization  Hybrid rice offers 15-20% yield advantage over the best inbred variety.  Use of the variety is limited to the F1 to realize “hybrid vigor” (heterosis). Current production status
  • Caezar AE. Arceo Pangasinan State University PhilippinesHybrid rice commercialization  Three hybrid rice varieties were initially released: PSB Rc26H (Magat), PSB Rc72H (Mestizo), and PSB Rc76H (Panay).  Recent releases: NSIC Rc114H (locally named Mestizo 2) andNSIC Rc116H (Mestizo 3)  Mestizo most popular hybrid rice variety. Current production status
  • Caezar AE. Arceo Pangasinan State University PhilippinesHybrid rice commercialization  Seed production and F1 cultivation refined and presently disseminated.  Method recommended by Virmani used as basis for hybrid rice technologies. Current production status
  • Caezar AE. Arceo Pangasinan State University PhilippinesHybrid rice commercialization  Traditional variety earnings = US$190.48 ~ US$285.71 per season  Hybrid rice earnings = US$666.67 ~ US$809.05 per season Current production status
  • Caezar AE. Arceo Pangasinan State University PhilippinesPolicy imperatives and trends  11 provinces as pilot hybrid rice cultivation areas in 1998.  In 2002, PhilRice was tasked to lead the hybrid rice commercialization program (HRCP) in the country (Executive Order No. 76).  Became the flagship program of Unlad-Ani under the Office of the Million Jobs. Current production status
  • Caezar AE. Arceo Pangasinan State University PhilippinesPolicy imperatives and trends  Initially, HRCP will cover 45,000 hectares in 56 provinces  300,000 hectares are expected to be planted with hybrid rice by 2004 dry season. Current production status
  • Caezar AE. Arceo Pangasinan State University PhilippinesFarmers’ cognitive blocks  Lack of proper knowledge of the farmers in basic theories and concepts in rice production.  Such as inability to distinguish insects and arachnids.  Less application of the Integrated Pest Management (IPM) concepts.  Others. Socio-cultural prisms
  • Caezar AE. Arceo Pangasinan State University PhilippinesRace against GMOs  Majority of the Filipinos hate GMOs. Socio-cultural prisms
  • Caezar AE. Arceo Pangasinan State University PhilippinesThe SUCs All state universities and colleges are under the Commission on Higher Education (R.A. 7722). Outlooks for collaborations
  • Caezar AE. Arceo Pangasinan State University PhilippinesThe SUCs  Total faculty for AY 2000-01 is 93,884.  7,777 or 8.25% have doctorate degrees.  24,538 or 26.14% have master’s degrees. 54,863 or 58.44 percent have baccalaureate degrees.  6,706 or 7.14% belong to other levels. Outlooks for collaborations
  • Caezar AE. Arceo Pangasinan State University PhilippinesThrusts  CHED Memorandum Order No. 25 series of 1998.  CHED Memorandum Order No. 8 series of 2000.  Section 69 of the Republic Act 8435, otherwise known as the Agriculture and Fisheries Modernization Act. Outlooks for collaborations
  • Caezar AE. Arceo Pangasinan State University PhilippinesMandates for int’l linkages  CHED Memorandum Order No. 01 series of 2000.  CHED Memorandum Order No. 14 series of 2002.  Section 77 of the Republic Act 8435, otherwise known as the Agriculture and Fisheries Modernization Act. Outlooks for collaborations
  • Caezar AE. Arceo Pangasinan State University PhilippinesAbout the PSU  Pangasinan State University: A government university.  Chartered through the issuance of Presidential Decree No. 1479.  Became operational on 01 July 1979.  Currently has eight (8) campuses. Outlooks for collaborations
  • Caezar AE. Arceo Pangasinan State University PhilippinesLessons to be learned  Korea’s strong economic policy and performance.  Strong emphasis to agricultural development.  Saemaul Undong story.  Korea National Agricultural College. Opportunities at hand
  • Caezar AE. Arceo Pangasinan State University PhilippinesSome ambitious pursuits  Academe-based bilateral collaborations with South Korean research and academic institutions.  KNAC and the Filipino SUCs.  Research prospects of the presentor. Opportunities at hand
  • Caezar AE. Arceo Pangasinan State University PhilippinesSome ambitious pursuits Adaptation of Korean varieties in the Philippines Korean Varieties Opportunities at hand
  • Caezar AE. Arceo Pangasinan State University PhilippinesOur humble proposals…  ITCC and RDA postcards.  Orientation for new trainees especially on facility use in ITCC and time schedule on activities.  Please continue your programs for developing countries.
  • Caezar AE. Arceo Pangasinan State University Philippines… Maraming salamat po…
  • A Country Report for theRice Production Technology for ASEAN Countries International Technical Cooperation Center Rural Development Administration Suwon City, South Korea 29 July 2003