Hate Crime


Published on

Speech 2: Persuasive

Published in: Spiritual
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Total views
On SlideShare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Hate Crime

  1. 1. Hate Crime Laws: a Vast and Distubring Hypocrisy A speech by Jordan Tichenor
  2. 2. • Hate crime laws are a hypocritical system that not only further the idea that people needed to be treated differently based on ethnicity/gender/sexual orientation, but they also turn thoughts into crimes by convicting a person not only for the crime they committed, but also for their motivations for the crime. • For this reason, hate crime laws should be abolished
  3. 3. Quick History • Hate crime laws come from the 1964 Federal Civil Rights Law, which permits federal prosecution of anyone who "willingly injures, intimidates or interferes with another person, or attempts to do so, by force because of the other person's race, color, religion or national origin,” if the victim's attempt to engage in one of six types of federally protected activities, such as attending school, patronizing a public place/facility, applying for employment, acting as a juror in a state court or voting was impeded.
  4. 4. Quick History, pt. 2 • In 2008, President Obama signed the Mathew Shepard Act, which which expanded existing United States federal hate crime law to include crimes motivated by a victim's actual or perceived gender, sexual orientation, gender identity, or disability, and which dropped the prerequisite that the victim be engaging in a federally protected activity.
  5. 5. Federal mandated inequality • An article that appeared on salon.com probably said it best, specifically in regards to hate crime laws and the LGBT community. • “There will always be people who act with extreme violence, for whatever reason. If some of these people are truly motivated by bias alone, the way to fight this violence is to banish the bias from our laws. For how can we expect to confront bias crimes, supposedly predicated on anti-gay sentiment, if the legal framework of our society actually supports their biases?”
  6. 6. • The general idea is that hate crime laws violate the Equal Protection Clause of the Constitution in that “they give greater protection to a victim who is assaulted because of his/her race, color, religion, or national origin than to another person who is assaulted for the same reason.” • If a person murders someone because they are angry at them, it’s a crime. If a white person murders a black person because of their ethnicity, it becomes a hate crime.
  7. 7. • However, the truth is the murderer could have been motivated by any number of things. Money, jealousy…he could even be a psychopath with no motivation. There are a thousand reasons he could have murdered them, and none of those would change how his crime was treated. • BUT, because it happened to be an issue of race, his crime WOULD be treated differently • If we, as a society, truly believe in equality, does it makes sense to have laws based on the inherent differences in people?
  8. 8. Thought Crime • Hate crimes are based on people having a bias against one another, and therefore not only judges people based on their differences, but judges them for their thoughts. • Columnist Richard Cohen wrote for The Washington Post on Oct. 19, 2010, that “(speaking of a murder that was deemed a hate crime) Their victim was dead -- the ultimate crime. Should his killers get life for his death -- and another five years for what they thought of him?”
  9. 9. • It is hard to determine motive in any crime, and usually the exact motive does not matter. The crime is committed, and if the person can be proven guilty of committing that crime, they are punished. • However, hate crime laws are the only instance in which intention changes the nature of the crime
  10. 10. But if it decreases discrimination, does it matter? • Hate crimes laws were created to lower the amount of discrimination, but have the amount of hate crimes gone down? • In 1995, the Criminal Justice Information Services Division judged that there were 10,469 hate crimes that year. • In 2008, there were 9,691.
  11. 11. Conclusion • For all these reasons, hate crimes should be abolished, so that this society as a whole will stop differentiating crimes based on the victim’s ethnicity/gender/sexual orientation/etc, and so that thoughts, motivations, and expressions can not be something monitored by law. • In essence, a society which allows free speech and strives for total equality should shun hate crime laws, as it destroys the idea of both.
  12. 12. Works Cited • Cohen, Richard. "Hate-crime Laws Turn Thoughts into Crimes." Washington Post. 19 Oct. 2010. Web. 12 Nov. 2010. http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp- dyn/content/article/2010/10/18/AR2010101803595.html. • "Constitutional Problems with Hate Crime Laws." Web. 12 Nov. 2010. http://cjwww.csustan.edu/hatecrimes/99/constitution/problems.h tml • Fenton, L.M. "Hate Crime Laws Aren't the Answer - Broadsheet - Salon.com." Salon.com - Salon.com. 11 Oct. 2010. Web. 12 Nov. 2010. <http://www.salon.com/life/broadsheet/2010/10/11/homophobia_ hate_crime_legislation_open2010>. • Uniform Crime Reports." FBI. Web. 12 Nov. 2010. <http://www.fbi.gov/about-us/cjis/ucr/ucr>.