AS MEDIA STUDIESAS MEDIA STUDIESEDITINGMisfits Montage
What is editing?What is editing?• The juxtaposition of different shots tocreate meaning• Constructing a narrative out offootage• Creating a rhythm and setting the tone• Continuity editing in TV drama
What should you look for…What should you look for…When analysing the use of editing, cutting affects the following 3things that you should look for FIRST in your analysis, beforelooking for transitions, speed and special effects:1.SCREEN TIMEHow much screen time does each character have? How do they relate to therepresentational group you are focusing on? What does the amount of timethey are given on screen say about their status in the clip?1.PACEThe number of cuts used at any time affects the pace of the sequence – making itseem like things are moving quickly or very slowly. The quicker the cutting, thefaster the pace & the more tension or anxiety will be created. The longer the shotsare before each cut, the slower and more drawn out the action will feel. Think aboutthe pace at different points in the clip – what does it say about a) what is happeningand b) the characters involved?1.EDITING FOR PERSPECTIVECuts can be used to take us from one shot to another, and often from theperspective of one character to another. Think about where the camera ispositioning you - are you with, behind or opposite the characters – what can yousee and how does that make you respond to the representation focus?
What ‘elements’ of editing areWhat ‘elements’ of editing arethere?there?CUTSTRANSITIONSSPEEDSPECIALEFFECTS
CUTSCUTS• Sometimes it might feel like there is “no editing” but there is ALWAYS editing inmoving image – it’s how the different shot types are pieced together tocreate a structure that helps make a story from all the footage.• If it feels like there is “no editing” it means that invisible editing techniques havebeen used. This is when match, eyeline and motivated match cuts are usedso that it the editing between the shots can’t be seen. This is used to helpreinforce realism and suspend our disbelief (so we can pretend we’re watchingsomething that feels real).• Cut Spooks• Match cut waterloo road• Motivated cut Downton Abbey• Jump cut wateloo road• Cross cut & Eyeline MatchLife on Mars
TRANSITIONSTRANSITIONS• Fade out / Fade in Hotel Babylon• Dissolve merlin• Sped up motion / time lapse HotelBabylon• Ellipses Sherlock Holmes• Split Screen Spooks (at 30 secs)• CGI PrimevalSPEEDSPEEDSpecial EffectsSpecial Effects
Why is editing important?Why is editing important?• Key way shots can be connected togetherin a sequence to convey meaning– Coherent / realistic• Choice of edits can have specificimplications– Enbale action in TV drama to appearContinuous– enable action in episode to occur over aspecific time frame• Edits work with carefully constructed shots& use of sound– Subtle relationship to other micro-elements