England and Scotland Summer 2011: history & archaeology of Roman Britain
The North West: Chester and the Lake District
Chester, originally founded as the Roman city of Deva (plan of Roman town below) – also known for its Tudor buildings and cathedral
The Lake District, land of William Wordsworth & Beatrix Potter
Hadrian’s Wall, built by a Roman emperor in 122 a.d. to keep the barbarians out of Britain. It still runs across the entire country, south of Scotland, and was originally 20 feet tall. Look for the dark line in the pics below. (The big sycamore tree was used in “Robin Hood: Prince of Thieves.”)
Castlerigg Stone Circle (schematic at right for engineers…)
North Wales: Caernarfon and Snowdonia
Welsh castles, homes and signage – the Welsh increasingly choose to use their native tongue again
A half-day hike to a remote Welsh hill fort in Snowdonia, circa 480 a.d.
The North East and the Yorkshire Dales
The coast of North East England, much of which is still untouched by modern technology
Whitby, the tawdry seaside village where elderly ladies still come in droves to play bingo and see the follies … Yes, of course I had the famous fish and chips at the Magpie :)
Ancient York, my favorite British city, where you can still walk the city walls
Old York (not New York) and the “Shambles” (the old street of butchers)
Top left and right: City Walls Below left: The famous Roman emperor Constantine, born in Deva (Chester) and crowned in Eboracum (York). Bottom right: Remains of Roman tower.
Time stands still in Goathland, also known as the setting of HogsmeadeRail Station in “harry potter”
Richmond Castle, another Hogwarts setting. first built following the “Harrying of the North,” when William the Conqueror basically used ethnic cleansing to conquer Northern England.
The ruins of Lindisfarne Priory, home of St. Cuthbert - destroyed by Vikings. The ruins are on an island that can only be accessed during low tide.
Yorkshire and the northeast coast
Flora and fauna of England: Goats, sheep, thistles and wild boar
½ day in lowland Scotland (see last year’s album for much more Scotland)
Left, top and bottom: A Starbucks in downtown Edinburgh. (Seriously.) Right: William Wallace statue. Below: Mary, Queen of Scots.
London and the Heart of England
Old meets new in London, like the remains of its long-lost Roman amphitheater, rediscovered in 1988 and opened to the public in 2002. It sits far beneath the foundation of the present-day Guildhall (bottom left).
Archaeological expeditions I attended or participated in throughout the London area, including one along the Thames at the Tower of London (far left). I dug up a pipe stem there from the time of Jane Austen (above), some medieval roof tiles and Tudor pottery. Yes, they let me keep them.
The famous Portobello Road street market, London. Far better for photography than for purchasing anything.
Stratford-upon-avon: Shakespeare’s birthplace (below) and his wife Anne Hathaway’s childhood home (above). Shakespeare supposedly proposed to his wife on the “kissing bench” at top right. Tourists have since cut pieces out of it.
The town of Lacock, where the BBC miniseries of “Pride and Prejudice” with Colin Firth was filmed
Lacock Abbey, a beautifulstately home
The ancient portion of the Abbey, where several “Harry Potter” scenes from Hogwarts have been filmed
The Roman Baths at Bath, the community center for the Romans of Britain more than 1,500 years ago
This was my first time visiting the Baths at night, and it was stunning (relatively empty, too)!
Glastonbury Abbey, legendary burial place of King Arthur
Left: The “Long Meg” standing stone. Bottom left: Joseph of Arimathea is professed to have sailed to Britain and planted Jesus’ crown of thorns in the ground. This thorn tree is the result. Bottom right: Stonehenge, of course.
Cheddar Gorge, where Cheddar cheese comes from! I tried the real thing. Delicious.
The South West: Cornwall and Devon
My oceanfront Cornish hostel – the lady in red is Kat, a new friend of mine. she’s a doctor from New Zealand, and took most of the pictures of me that you see here.
the famous seaside town of St. Ives
The Minack Theatre, hand-carved into the cliffs of Cornwall in the early 20th Century
On the beach at St. Ives; 85°f and crowded!
St. Ives Harbour
The long, long walk to the cliff-top ruins of famed Tintagel Castle
Up the final set of stairs to the postern gate of the castle – most people paused here to catch their breath!
In the ruins, and a view to the sea caves below the castle
Awesome two-hour climb to the top of a manmade, hilltop waterfall
Exploring Devonshire and a 9th-century Saxon bridge (still functional)
The wild ponies of Dartmoor, Devonshire – friendly, but not tame!
However, they love ice cream… wherever the ice cream van parks in the desolate moors, the ponies spend the day trying to steal free tastes…