Background of the study Social networking is the most popular online activity worldwide.Social networking accounted for nearly one in every five minutes spent onlineglobally in October 2011, ranking as the most engaging online activity world-wide. Social networking sites now reach 82 percent of the world’s Internetpopulation age fifteen and older that accessed the Internet from a home orwork computer, representing 1.2 billion users around the globe.
TOP 10 most EngagedSocial NetworkingMarkets Worldwide:1. Israel - 11 hours2. Argentina - 10.7 hours3. Russia - 10.4 hours4. Turkey - 10.2 hours5. Chile - 9.8 hours6. Philippines - 8.7 hours7. Colombia - 8.5 hours8. Peru - 8.3 hours9. Venezuela - 7.9 hours10. Canada - 7.7 hoursUnited States - 6.9 hours per person
An Interpersonal Relationship is a relatively long-term association between two or more people. Thisassociation may be based on emotions such as love andliking, regular business interactions, or some other typeof social commitments. Interpersonal relationships take place in a greatvariety of contexts, such as family, friends, marriage,acquaintances, work, clubs, neighborhoods, andchurches.
Statement of the Problem This study aims on determining the Influence of SocialNetworking Sites to the interpersonal relationship of the students.Particularly, the researchers seek for the answers of the followingquestions:•What is the level of utilization of the students in terms of usingSocial Networking Sites?•What is the level of Interpersonal Relationship of students?•Is there a significant relationship between the use of SocialNetworking Sites and Interpersonal Relationship of thestudents?
Hypothesis There is no significant relationshipbetween social networking sites andinterpersonal relationships of the students.
REVIEW RELATED LITERATUREThis chapter contains the review of relatedliterature of the study and the justificationof the conceptual and research literaturegathered from books, journals, researchesand online sources.
Social Networking SitesThe Different faces of Social Networking Sites(Beccai, Dec 2010) A social networking site is a form of social network servicecreated to encourage social relations among people with the useof the World Wide Web. It was created to be able to connect withfriends easily and more comfortably, since we are now in ageneration where internet is prevalent. We have been using thesesites as it is part of our social norm.
Social Networking SitesLack of Anonymity You are putting out information about your name,location, age, gender, and many other types of information thatyou may not want to let others know. Most people would say becareful, but no one can be certain at any given time. As long aspeople can know who you exactly are, then some can find ways todo you in.
Interpersonal RelationshipImproving Interpersonal Relationships(www.selfgrowth.com) When you come to the realization that interpersonalrelationships are based on needs then the steps following become simpleand effective. To understand what a relationship is, how to bring oneabout, how to enhance one, and why relationships are diminished andlost, one must understand the power of a person’s needs. The mostimportant things in the world, to us, are the things we believe that weneed. The needs affect opinions, attitudes, and viewpoints. Generallywe’re more aware of unfulfilled needs than the ones that areconsistently met. Fundamental life needs in particular are so commonlyaccepted that we usually overlook them. No one is aware of the airbreathed, the ground walked on, the water drunk, and yet these arethe needs we miss most when gone. The key to good interpersonalrelationships is simple once you understand the role that needs play inmaking a relationship weak, moderate, average, or strong.
Interpersonal RelationshipProblems arising out of interpersonal relationship(http://www.homeopathsaini.com) Interpersonal relationships are a kind of give and take andunderstanding each other. Whenever, any difference of opinionsurfaces between two individuals or among a group of people itaffects the thought process of the person. Mind being the supercomputer of the human body works nonstop but throwing outsignals constantly in the form of speech, emotions and gestures.Problems in interpersonal relationships give rise to feelings ofbitterness, anger, hate and rancour. All these kind of negativeemotions imbalances the thought process and bodily reactions ofthe person at the same time. Wrong or inappropriate decisionmaking forms a part of the disturbed mind which further givesrise to so many unending chain reactions in the human mind theirby spoiling the whole conducive atmosphere.
Theoretical and Framework Jean Piaget’s: Theory of Cognitive Development Social Networks, as a form of social constructivism, have thepotential to foster the interaction through which knowledge andmeaning is constructed. Jean Piaget, the Gestalt philosopher inthe Theory of Cognitive Development has informed educationaltheory for decades. Social interaction, according to Piaget, is oneof the most important social tools by which students learn. SocialNetworks are a virtual extension of that essential socialinteraction. Social Networking and online learning communitiesare keeping the teachers and students connected in and out of theclassroom. Social Networks also allow for the exchange ofinformation and ideas do not only within the confines of aclassroom, but across schools, districts, states and the world.
Conceptual FrameworkIndependent Variable Dependent Variable Social Interpersonal Network Relationship Sites
Significance of the Study The researchers determined the role of social networking sites on the social aspects of students. SocialNetworking SitesDevelopers Guidance Counselors School Administrators Students Clinical Instructor Parents Future Researchers
Definition of termsSocial Networking Sites (SNS) It focuses on building online communities of people who share interests and/oractivities, or who are interested in exploring the interests and activities of others. Socialnetworking sites are web based and provide a variety of ways for users to interact.(Wikipedia)Interpersonal Relationship (IPR) An interpersonal relationship is an association between two or more people thatmay range from fleeting to enduring. This association may be based on inference, love,solidarity, regular business interactions, or some other type of social commitment.Interpersonal relationships are formed in the context of social, cultural and otherinfluences.Students of JPIICD A student is a learner, or someone who attends an educational institution. Thestudents of John Paul II College of Davao are the respondents for this study.
Chapter 2 MethodologyResearch Design Use descriptive - correlational researchdesign.Research Subjects Use purposive sampling.Research Instrument Used questionnaires and survey formsas research instruments.
Scaling of Social Networking Sites and Interpersonal Relationship Scale Verbal Range of Mean Interpretation Description 5 Always 4.51 – 5 Very high (Everyday) 4 Often 3.51 – 4.50 High (Every Week) 3 Sometimes 2.51 – 3.50 Moderate (Every Month) 2 Rarely 1.51 – 2.50 Low (Every Year) 1 Never 0 – 1.50 Very low
Data Gathering Procedure•The researchers will distribute a survey form to each section in order todetermine the users of social networking sites and must be accomplishedwithin two to three days;•An officer of each section will be selected to distribute thequestionnaires;The copies of the main questionnaire will depend on the number of therespondents. However, extra copies will be reproduced if somerespondents lost their questionnaires.•The respondents will be given one day to answer the main questionnaire;•An officer assigned of each section will collect the questionnaires;•After the researchers collected the survey forms, a list of the respondentswhich are SNS users will be organized then copies of the mainquestionnaire will be produced;•Once the deadline of the questionnaires arrived, the researchers willcoordinate with the officers to retrieve all the questionnaires completely;•The questionnaires gathered will contain all the needed data for thestudy and it will be organized, summarized, analyzed, and interpreted.
Statistical TreatmentThe researchers used the following statistical tools to analyze the resultsof the survey:Frequency is the number, proportion, or percentage of items in aparticular category in a set of data, while Percentage is the proportion orshare in relation to a whole. f P = ------- x 100 % NWhere:P - Percentage.f - Number of respondents falling under a particular category.N - Total number of population. _ x = ∑x nWhere:_X - Represents the sample meann - Represents the total number of respondentsx - Represents the frequency ∑ xyr = ---------- √∑x2 ∑y2
Chapter 3DATA PRESENTATION AND ANALYSIS OF FINDINGS The following chapter will discuss the result of thedesignated methodologies outlined in the previouschapter. This chapter will begin with an overview of theexceptions made to the collected data. The researchquestions will be addressed through the calculation ofthe aforementioned descriptive statistics and theprovision of the discussion chapter, where they will becompared and contrasted with each other and theinformation presented in the review of relevantliterature.
First Variable Understudy The table 2.1 shows the Influence of SocialNetworking Sites to the Students of John Paul II Collegeof Davao with a mean ranging from 4.25 to 2.20 with anoverall mean rating of 3.20 which described asmoderate. The data also revealed that “I check mynotification” got the highest mean rating of 4.25, whichmeans it is High. The factors with the lowest meanrating is “I create group organization” with a mean
Influence of Social Networking Sites Item Mean InterpretationI log in to my favorite social networking site. 4.07 HighI change my profile name. 2.22 LowI change my profile picture. 3.45 ModerateI update my cover photo. 3.52 HighI update my status. 3.50 ModerateI set-up my profile publicly. 3.05 ModerateI check my notification. 4.25 HighI upload photo/s. 3.42 ModerateI upload video/s. 2.50 LowI tag picture and video. 2.95 ModerateI like picture, video, status or fan page. 3.50 ModerateI post comment/s. 3.60 HighI create group organization. 2.20 LowI invite/request friend in social networking site. 2.75 ModerateI use search box in searching other friends. 2.90 ModerateI play my favorite social game/s. 2.72 ModerateI visit my friend’s profile. 3.52 HighI chat with my friends. 3.80 HighI follow my friend’s updates. 3.10 Moderate
Second Variable Understudy The table 3 shows the Interpersonal Relationship ofthe Students of John Paul II College of Davao with meanranging from 4.32 to 2.97 with an overall mean rating of3.75 which is relatively high. The data also revealed that “I have closerelationship with my friends” got the highest meanrating of 4.32, which means it is high. The factors withthe lowest mean rating is “I include other people whenplanning” with a mean rating of 2.97 and is interpreted
Interpersonal Relationship of the Students Item Mean InterpretationI like to be with other people. 3.85 HighI have close relationship with my friends. 4.32 HighI include other people when planning. 2.97 LowI prefer to work with others. 3.32 ModerateI hang-out with my friends and family. 3.42 ModerateI find time to eat together with my family. 4.25 HighI attend in formal social activities. 4.05 HighI participate when there is a school activity. 3.52 HighI accept other points of view. 3.87 HighI find it easy to share my feelings with others. 4.02 HighI am open to get to know other group of friends. 3.52 HighI let other people know my feelings. 3.80 HighI balance my time with my family and friends. 3.45 ModerateI obey my parent’s rules. 4.25 HighI let other people correct my actions/mistakes. 3.97 HighI easily trusted other people. 3.77 HighI give advice to my friends. 3.25 ModerateI help people who are in need. 3.75 HighI communicate with my friends even if they are far. 3.82 High
Relationship/Difference between Variables Understudy Computed Degree of Computed Critical Decision Variables N r-value Relationship t-value Value on Ho SocialNetworking 40 0.78 High correlation 8.64 2.021 Reject Sites relationshipInterpersonal Relationship 40
Chapter 4Summary The group was conducted to determine the Influence of Social Networking Sites to Interpersonal Relationship of the Students of John Paul II College of Davao, Davao City. Specifically, the study sought to answers the following questions: 1. What is the level of utilization of the students in terms of using Social Networking Sites? 2. What is the level of Interpersonal Relationship of the students? 3. Is there a significant relationship between the use of Social Networking Sites and Interpersonal Relationship of the students? Based on the date presented, the following were the findings of the study conducted. 1. The level of utilization of the students in terms of using Social Networking Sites got an overall mean rating of 3.20 described as moderate. 2. The level of Interpersonal Relationship got an overall mean rating of 3.75 describes as high. 3. There is a significant relationship between the use of Social Networking Sites and Interpersonal Relationship of the students.
Conclusion This research poses both opportunities and challenges for students and their perspective department. Because students are using channels like Facebook more intensely, they may not be engaging with the “real world” to the extent that they might have in the past. For students’ affairs, this could mean a change in tactics for engaging with their students, placing additional emphasis on outreach through social media channels to engage with their students. Institutions and department should seek to engage and connect through these channels rather than simply spouting information. If there is no two-way communication occurring, chances are that information is falling on deaf ears of students. With institutions seeking to cut cost and be more efficient than ever while maintaining effectiveness, using social media as a tool for engagement, education and development might prove to be one of the solutions to this difficult task. Fortunately, social media appears to be where the students are, institution simply need to plug in and take advantage of all of the possibilities availed to them through this ever-evolving channels of communication.
Letter of Permission to Conduct the StudyMarch 2013MS. APRIL B. EVANGELISTA, MBASchool DirectorJohn Paul II College of DavaoEcoland Drive, Matina, Davao CityDear Ms. Evangelista,The undersigned are third-year students in Bachelor of Science in Nursing at John Paul II College ofDavao. As a course requirement, we should be able to submit a nursing research proposal at the end ofthe semester. In connection to that, the undersigned would humbly request your permission that our studyand corresponding proposal will be conducted in this institution. The proposal study is entitled “TheInfluence of Social Networking Sites to Interpersonal Relationship of the Students”.Furthermore, data gathering shall commence pending your approval. Thus, permission is requested toenable us to distribute the questionnaire to conduct our study. Your approval in this academic requirementis vital in the completion of the study.God Bless and more power!Respectfully yours;JOHN WALTHER ABEHBH S. LAUBANJOHN DOUGLAS E. PALABRICACANDICE C. MEDELLINPRINCESLY A. TULODThe ResearchersNoted By:MS. EMALYN D. SANTIESTIBAN, RN, MANAdvisor
Participant Information Sheet for the Students of John Paul II College of DavaoProject Title: THE INFLUENCE OF SOCIAL NETWORKING SITES TO INTERPERSONAL RELATIONSHIPS OF THE STUDENTSResearchers: JOHN WALTHER ABEHBH S. LAUBAN, JOHN DOUGLAS E. PALABRICA, CANDICE C. MEDELLIN and PRINCESLY A. TULODPurpose: This research will gauge your use of Social Networking Sites and your current development of interpersonal relationships. You are being asked to participate because you are a college student at John Paul II College of Davao and 18 years of age or older and are eligible to participate. The information that will be gathered is related to your Social Networking Sites use and your relationships with others.Procedures: You will be read a set of instructions on how to complete this survey, asked to complete this survey and then you will be finished.Risks of Participation: There are no known risks associated with this project which are greater than those ordinarily encountered in daily life.Confidentiality: After completing the survey your survey will be collected as part of a larger number of surveys, which will not be connected to your name in any way; everything will remain completely anonymous. The data will only be reported in aggregate form comparing different groups to one another, not individuals. Because you are not providing your name on the survey, there are no foreseen risks about maintaining your anonymity. Completed surveys will be stored in a secured apartment unit until the point that 40 completed surveys are collected. The resultant data will be gathered to the primary researchers and stored in a secured apartment on a password protected computer which is only accessible by the researchers. This data will be kept for up to a semester after the completion of this study.
Compensation: If you have any questions about this research, please contact Ms. Candice C. Medellin, SN-III at 0933-505-5782 or Candice_medellin@yahoo.com.Advisor Ms. Emalyn Santiestiban, RN, MAN and the Dean of the College of Nursing.Rights: Participation in this study is voluntary. You may discontinue completing the survey at any time without reprisal or penalty. By completing the survey, you are giving your consent to participate. Survey QuestionnaireThe purpose of this survey is to find out the Influence of Social Networking Site into the Interpersonal Relationshipof the Students.The Group of student from the college of Nursing is composed of statements shown to be typical of some studentsand is designed to collect information concerning college students’ activities, interests, feelings, attitudes,aspirations, and relationships. The Assessment is designed to help students learn more about themselves and forcolleges to learn how to assist students more effectively. The Group usefulness depends entirely on the care,honesty, and candor with which students answer the questions.It will require up to 10 minutes for you to complete this questionnaire.This table is answerable by checking the number that corresponds to your answers.5 – Always (Everyday)4 – Often (Every week)3 – Sometimes (Every month)2 – Rarely/Seldom (Every year) and1 – Never
Social Networking Sites - Independent Variable Items 5 4 3 2 1I log in to my favorite social networking site.I change my profile name.I change my profile picture.I update my cover photo.I update my status.I set-up my profile publicly.I check my notification.I upload photo/s.I upload video/s.I tag picture and video.I like picture, video, status or fan page.I post comment/s.I create group organization.I invite/request friend in social networking site.I use search box in searching other friends.I play my favorite social game/s.I visit my friend’s profile.I chat with my friends.I follow my friend’s updates.
Interpersonal Relationship - Dependent Variables Items 5 4 3 2 1I like to be with other people.I have close relationship with my friends.I include other people when planning.I prefer to work with others.I hang-out with my friends and family.I find time to eat together with my family.I attend in formal social activities.I participate when there is a school activity.I accept other points of view.I find it easy to share my feelings with others.I am open to get to know other group of friends.I let other people know my feelings.I balance my time with my family and friends.I obey my parent’s rules.I let other people correct my actions/mistakes.I easily trusted other people.I give advice to my friends.I help people who are in need.I communicate with my friends even if they are far.I join social organizations (e.g. Youth for Christ, Red Cross,