Edu 144 ch 7 flashcards

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Edu 144 ch 7 flashcards

  1. 1. FLASH CARDS Chapter 7 EDU 144 Child Development I
  2. 2. According to Ainsworth, “an affectional tie” that an infant forms with a caregiver—a tie that binds them together in space and endures over time. Click for Term
  3. 3. attachment <ul><li>According to Ainsworth, “an affectional tie” that an infant forms with a caregiver—a tie that binds them together in space and endures over time. </li></ul>Click for Term
  4. 4. A person’s realization that he or she is a distinct individual, whose body, mind, and actions are separate from those of other people. Click for Term
  5. 5. Self-awareness <ul><li>A person’s realization that he or she is a distinct individual, whose body, mind, and actions are separate from those of other people. </li></ul>Click for Term
  6. 6. An infant’s expression of concern—a quiet stare, clinging to a familiar person, or sadness—when a stranger appears. Click for Term
  7. 7. Stranger wariness <ul><li>An infant’s expression of concern—a quiet stare, clinging to a familiar person, or sadness—when a stranger appears. </li></ul>Click for Term
  8. 8. An infant’s distress when a familiar caregiver leaves, most obvious between 9 and 14 months. Click for Term
  9. 9. Separation anxiety <ul><li>An infant’s distress when a familiar caregiver leaves, most obvious between 9 and 14 months. </li></ul>Click for Term
  10. 10. Erikson’s first psychosocial crisis, infants learn basic trust if the world is a secure place where their basic needs (for food, comfort, attention, and so on) are met. Click for Term
  11. 11. Trust versus mistrust <ul><li>Erikson’s first psychosocial crisis, infants learn basic trust if the world is a secure place where their basic needs (for food, comfort, attention, and so on) are met. </li></ul>Click for Term
  12. 12. A smile evoked by a human face, normally evident in infants about 6 weeks after birth. Click for Term
  13. 13. Social smile <ul><li>A smile evoked by a human face, normally evident in infants about 6 weeks after birth. </li></ul>Click for Term
  14. 14. Erikson’s second crisis of psychosocial development. Toddlers either succeed or fail in gaining a sense of self-rule over their own actions and bodies. Click for Term
  15. 15. Autonomy versus shame & doubt <ul><li>Erikson’s second crisis of psychosocial development. Toddlers either succeed or fail in gaining a sense of self-rule over their own actions and bodies. </li></ul>Click for Term
  16. 16. Learning that is accomplished by observing others. Click for Term
  17. 17. Social learning. <ul><li>Learning that is accomplished by observing others. </li></ul>Click for Term
  18. 18. Inborn differences between one person and another in emotions, activity, and self-regulation. It is epigenetic, originating in genes but affected by child-rearing practices. Click for Term
  19. 19. temperament <ul><li>Inborn differences between one person and another in emotions, activity, and self-regulation. It is epigenetic, originating in genes but affected by child-rearing practices. </li></ul>Click for Term
  20. 20. A similarity of temperament and values that produces a smooth interaction between an individual and his or her social context, including family, school, and community. Click for Term
  21. 21. goodness-of-fit. <ul><li>A similarity of temperament and values that produces a smooth interaction between an individual and his or her social context, including family, school, and community. </li></ul>Click for Term
  22. 22. A theory that underlies the values and practices of a culture but is not usually apparent to the people within the culture. Click for Term
  23. 23. ethnotheory <ul><li>A theory that underlies the values and practices of a culture but is not usually apparent to the people within the culture. </li></ul>Click for Term
  24. 24. Caregiving practices that involve being physically close to a baby, with frequent holding and touching. Click for Term
  25. 25. Proximal parenting <ul><li>Caregiving practices that involve being physically close to a baby, with frequent holding and touching. </li></ul>Click for Term
  26. 26. Caregiving practices that involve remaining distant from a baby, providing toys, food, and face-to-face communication with minimal holding and touching. Click for Term
  27. 27. Distal parenting <ul><li>Caregiving practices that involve remaining distant from a baby, providing toys, food, and face-to-face communication with minimal holding and touching. </li></ul>Click for Term
  28. 28. A coordinated, rapid, and smooth exchange of responses between a caregiver and an infant. Click for Term
  29. 29. synchrony <ul><li>A coordinated, rapid, and smooth exchange of responses between a caregiver and an infant. </li></ul>Click for Term
  30. 30. An experimental practice in which an adult keeps his or her face unmoving and expressionless in face-to-face interaction with an infant. Click for Term
  31. 31. Still-face technique <ul><li>An experimental practice in which an adult keeps his or her face unmoving and expressionless in face-to-face interaction with an infant. </li></ul>Click for Term
  32. 32. A relationship in which an infant obtains both comfort and confidence from the presence of his or her caregiver. Click for Term
  33. 33. Secure attachment <ul><li>A relationship in which an infant obtains both comfort and confidence from the presence of his or her caregiver. </li></ul>Click for Term
  34. 34. Seeking information about how to react to an unfamiliar or ambiguous object or event by observing someone else’s expressions and reactions. Click for Term
  35. 35. Social referencing <ul><li>Seeking information about how to react to an unfamiliar or ambiguous object or event by observing someone else’s expressions and reactions. </li></ul>Click for Term
  36. 36. Child care that occurs in a place especially designed for the purpose, where several paid adults care for many children. Usually, the children are grouped by age, usually licensed, with trained providers. Click for Term
  37. 37. Center day care <ul><li>Child care that occurs in a place especially designed for the purpose, where several paid adults care for many children. Usually, the children are grouped by age, usually licensed, with trained providers. </li></ul>Click for Term
  38. 38. A type of attachment that is marked by an infant’s inconsistent reactions to the caregiver’s departure and return. Click for Term
  39. 39. Disorganized attachment <ul><li>A type of attachment that is marked by an infant’s inconsistent reactions to the caregiver’s departure and return. </li></ul>Click for Term
  40. 40. A laboratory procedure for measuring attachment by evoking infants’ reactions to stress. Click for Term
  41. 41. Strange situation <ul><li>A laboratory procedure for measuring attachment by evoking infants’ reactions to stress. </li></ul>Click for Term
  42. 42. Child care that occurs in the home of someone to whom the child is not related and who usually cares for several children of various ages. Click for Term
  43. 43. Family day care <ul><li>Child care that occurs in the home of someone to whom the child is not related and who usually cares for several children of various ages. </li></ul>Click for Term
  44. 44. A pattern of attachment in which an infant avoids connection with a caregiver as when the infant seems not to care about the caregiver’s presence, departure, or return or to both resist and seek contact on reunion. Click for Term
  45. 45. Insecure attachment <ul><li>A pattern of attachment in which an infant avoids connection with a caregiver as when the infant seems not to care about the caregiver’s presence, departure, or return or to both resist and seek contact on reunion. </li></ul>Click for Term

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