Edu 144 ch 4 flashcards
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Edu 144 ch 4 flashcards Edu 144 ch 4 flashcards Presentation Transcript

  • FLASH CARDS Chapter 4 EDU 144 Child Development I
  • The stage of prenatal development from approximately the third through the eighth week after conception, during which the basic forms of all body structures, including internal organs develop. Click for Term
  • Embryonic period
    • The stage of prenatal development from approximately the third through the eighth week after conception, during which the basic forms of all body structures, including internal organs develop.
    Click for Term
  • The process, beginning about 10 days after conception, in which the developing organism burrows into the placenta that lines the uterus, where it can be nourished and protected as it continues to develop. Click for Term
  • implantation
    • The process, beginning about 10 days after conception, in which the developing organism burrows into the placenta that lines the uterus, where it can be nourished and protected as it continues to develop.
    Click for Term
  • The stage of prenatal development from the ninth week after conception until birth, during which the organs grow in size and mature in functioning. Click for Term
  • Fetal period
    • The stage of prenatal development from the ninth week after conception until birth, during which the organs grow in size and mature in functioning.
    Click for Term
  • The first two weeks of prenatal development after conception, characterized by rapid cell division and the beginning of cell differentiation. Click for Term
  • Germinal period
    • The first two weeks of prenatal development after conception, characterized by rapid cell division and the beginning of cell differentiation.
    Click for Term
  • The name for a developing human organism from about the third through the eighth week after conception. Click for Term
  • embryo
    • The name for a developing human organism from about the third through the eighth week after conception.
    Click for Term
  • The name for a developing human organism from the start of the ninth week after conception until birth. Click for Term
  • fetus
    • The name for a developing human organism from the start of the ninth week after conception until birth.
    Click for Term
  • The age (about 22 weeks after conception) at which a fetus may survive outside the mother’s uterus if specialized medical care is available. Click for Term
  • Age of viability
    • The age (about 22 weeks after conception) at which a fetus may survive outside the mother’s uterus if specialized medical care is available.
    Click for Term
  • Agents and conditions, including viruses, drugs, and chemicals, that can impair prenatal development and result in birth defects or even death. Click for Term
  • teratogens
    • Agents and conditions, including viruses, drugs, and chemicals, that can impair prenatal development and result in birth defects or even death.
    Click for Term
  • A quick assessment of a new born’s body functioning. The baby’s color, heart rate, reflexes, muscle tone, and respiratory effort are given a score of 0, 1, or 2 twice—at one minute and five minutes after birth—and each time the total of all five scores is compared with the ideal score of 10 (which is rarely attained). Click for Term
  • Apgar scale
    • A quick assessment of a new born’s body functioning. The baby’s color, heart rate, reflexes, muscle tone, and respiratory effort are given a score of 0, 1, or 2 twice—at one minute and five minutes after birth—and each time the total of all five scores is compared with the ideal score of 10 (which is rarely attained).
    Click for Term
  • A situation in which a certain teratogen is relatively harmless in small doses but becomes harmful once exposure reaches a certain level (the threshold). Click for Term
  • Threshold effect
    • A situation in which a certain teratogen is relatively harmless in small doses but becomes harmful once exposure reaches a certain level (the threshold).
    Click for Term
  • The result of a combination of teratogens. Sometimes the risk of harm is greatly magnified when an embryo or fetus is exposed to more than one teratogen at the same time. Click for Term
  • Interaction effect
    • The result of a combination of teratogens. Sometimes the risk of harm is greatly magnified when an embryo or fetus is exposed to more than one teratogen at the same time.
    Click for Term
  • A cluster of birth defects, including abnormal facial characteristics, slow physical growth, and retarded mental development, that may occur in the child of a woman who drinks alcohol while pregnant. Click for Term
  • Fetal alcohol syndrome
    • A cluster of birth defects, including abnormal facial characteristics, slow physical growth, and retarded mental development, that may occur in the child of a woman who drinks alcohol while pregnant.
    Click for Term
  • A body weight at birth of less than 5 ½ pounds (2500 grams). Click for Term
  • Low birthweight (LBW)
    • A body weight at birth of less than 5 ½ pounds (2500 grams).
    Click for Term
  • A term for a baby whose birthweight is significantly lower than expected, given the time since conception. Click for Term
  • Small for gestational age (SGA)
    • A term for a baby whose birthweight is significantly lower than expected, given the time since conception.
    Click for Term
  • A lack of oxygen that, if prolonged during birth, can cause brain damage or death to the baby. Click for Term
  • anoxia
    • A lack of oxygen that, if prolonged during birth, can cause brain damage or death to the baby.
    Click for Term
  • A body weight at birth of less than 3 pounds, 5 ounces (1, 500 grams). Click for Term
  • Very low birthweight (VLBW)
    • A body weight at birth of less than 3 pounds, 5 ounces (1, 500 grams).
    Click for Term
  • A birth that occurs 3 or more weeks before the full 38 weeks of the typical pregnancy have elapsed—that is, at 35 or fewer weeks after conception. Click for Term
  • Preterm birth
    • A birth that occurs 3 or more weeks before the full 38 weeks of the typical pregnancy have elapsed—that is, at 35 or fewer weeks after conception.
    Click for Term
  • A body weight at birth of less than 2 pounds, 3 ounces (1,000 grams). Click for Term
  • Extremely low birthweight (ELBW)
    • A body weight at birth of less than 2 pounds, 3 ounces (1,000 grams).
    Click for Term