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Chapter 12

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  • 1. Chapter 12
    Dramatic Play and Creative Dramatics
  • 2. Overview
    Play is the natural language of children
    Toddlers love pretend
    They demonstrate object hunger
    Dramatic play is the most valuable form of children’s play
    Play ideas emanate from children’s experience
  • 3. Definitions
    Fantasy element of dramatic play serves many purposes
    Dramatic play
    Spontaneous play that can be expanded or repeated over and over just for the fun of it
    Creative dramatics
    The improvised drama of children
    Pantomime
    The art of conveying ideas without words
    Sociodramatic play
    The highest level of symbolic play
  • 4. Developmental Stages of Dramatic Play
    Piaget—play in terms of cognitive development
    Practice play
    Symbolic play
    Games with rules
    Smilansky—four types of sociodramatic play
    Functional play
    Constructive play
    Dramatic play
    Games with rules
  • 5. Developmental Stages of Dramatic Play(continued)
    Maxim—play in two dimensions
    Social dimension
    Content dimension
  • 6. Understanding of Fantasy and Reality in Young Children
    Dramatic play helps children separate what is make-believe from what is real
    The younger the child, the more play is rooted in fantasy
    By age five, children start to differentiate when they are pretending and when they are in the real world
    Encourage use of language to help them differentiate
  • 7. Planning and Preparing the Environment
    Environment should support pretending
    Teacher’s role
    Serve as facilitator
    Provide time, space, materials
    Assist children in learning social interaction
    Monitor area so that all children can participate
    Value play
    Safety
    Anti-bias
    Furniture and equipment considerations
  • 8. Adaptations for Children with Identified Needs
    Apply only those rules needed for safety
    Let the child take the lead
    Clearly define space
    Encourage verbalization
    Offer familiar materials
    Dress-up clothes—easy on and off
    Supply supportive seating to offset fatigue
  • 9. Prop Boxes
    Materials to enrich a theme
    Consider storage and label clearly
    Consider many sources for materials
    Recycled or donated
    Clothes for dramatic play
    Access
    Variety of roles, traditional, unisex
    Variety of cultures
    Squares of material, scarves
  • 10. Integrating Dramatic Play into the Curriculum
    Infants
    Doll corner
    Home living area
    Push-and-pull toys
    Crawling and climbing area
    Toddlers
    Home living area
    Dress-up clothes
    Prop box
    Puppet and mask play corner
    Beauty/barber shop
  • 11. Integrating Dramatic Play into the Curriculum (continued)
    Preschoolers
    Travel agency
    Ship
    Train station and train
    Airport and airplane
    Supermarket/grocery store
    Farmer’s market/Mercado
    Picnic
    Ants at a picnic
  • 12. Integrating Dramatic Play into the Curriculum (continued)
    Primary-grade children
    Rag doll/tin man/marionette
    Paper exploration
    Imaginary machine
    Mirror images
  • 13. Dramatic Play and Other Issues
    Integration with other curriculum areas
    Language and literacy
    Math and science concepts
    Tips for teachers
    Superheroes
    NAEYC recommendations regarding superheroes play
    Developmentally appropriate and multicultural/anti-bias activities