Law and ethics standards are the foundation upon which all scholastic journalism programs are built. Therefore, the Commission has determined that passing the law and ethics questions is essential. Candidates must score 75 percent or higher on the law and ethics questions—in both multiple choice and short answer sections—to pass. Your cumulative score must also be 75 percent or higher to earn Certification.If you don’t pass the law and ethics part but score well on everything else,you may take an alternate version of the law and ethics questions within one year for a small administrative fee. You will not have to retake the other parts of the test if you earned a 75 percent or higher in those areas.
• 1A.4. A solid foundation in law and ethics as it applies to scholastic media, including First Amendment-related rights and responsibilities.• 1A.5. Law and ethics as it relates to scholastic media and its importance in practice. – court cases – legal definitions – ethical frameworks
• court cases that relate to student media: – Tinker v. Des Moines Independent Community School District – Bethel School District v. Fraser – Hazelwood v. Kuhlmeier – Morse v. Fredrick (Bong Hits) – Yeo v. Lexington (ads) – Dean v. Utica Community Schools
• definitions of unprotected speech – libel – copyright – obscenity – disruption – invasion of privacy
• other definitions – censorship – prior review – First Amendment – cybermedia legal issues – protecting sources – access • Sunshine and open meeting laws • FOIA
• ethical issues Law asks, “Could we do that? Ethics asks, “Should we do that?• balanced coverage• what’s necessary to cover the topic?• biases and slants• the needs for transparency• anonymous sources
• Student Press Law Center – http://www.splc.org• Law of the Student Press (3rd edition)• JEA’s Scholastic Press Rights Commission – http://www.jeapressrights.org• JEA’s Scholastic Press Rights Commission blog – http://jeasprc.org
• contact me: firstname.lastname@example.org• commission chair Kim Green email@example.com• JEA’s Scholastic Press Rights Commission chair firstname.lastname@example.org• study guide online at http://www.jea.org• follow us on Twitter @jeaCertified or @jeapressrights• http://www.slideshare.net/candaceperkinsbowen/ plagiarism-jea11