Early detection and early treatment cures breast cancer
Breast cancer awareness month 2010 – Breast Unit .RCC
BREAST CANCE...
Early detection and early treatment cures breast cancer
Breast cancer awareness month 2010 – Breast Unit .RCC
• Commonest ...
Early detection and early treatment cures breast cancer
Breast cancer awareness month 2010 – Breast Unit .RCC
But there is...
Early detection and early treatment cures breast cancer
Breast cancer awareness month 2010 – Breast Unit .RCC
Early detection and early treatment cures breast cancer
Breast cancer awareness month 2010 – Breast Unit .RCC
How can you ...
Early detection and early treatment cures breast cancer
Breast cancer awareness month 2010 – Breast Unit .RCC
Breast Cance...
Early detection and early treatment cures breast cancer
Breast cancer awareness month 2010 – Breast Unit .RCC
Can breast c...
Early detection and early treatment cures breast cancer
Breast cancer awareness month 2010 – Breast Unit .RCC
Screening fo...
Early detection and early treatment cures breast cancer
Breast cancer awareness month 2010 – Breast Unit .RCC
Breast Cance...
Early detection and early treatment cures breast cancer
Breast cancer awareness month 2010 – Breast Unit .RCC
Breast Self ...
Early detection and early treatment cures breast cancer
Breast cancer awareness month 2010 – Breast Unit .RCC
Early detection and early treatment cures breast cancer
Breast cancer awareness month 2010 – Breast Unit .RCC
Early detection and early treatment cures breast cancer
Breast cancer awareness month 2010 – Breast Unit .RCC
Clinical Bre...
Early detection and early treatment cures breast cancer
Breast cancer awareness month 2010 – Breast Unit .RCC
Mammogram
• ...
Early detection and early treatment cures breast cancer
Breast cancer awareness month 2010 – Breast Unit .RCC
Breast Cance...
Early detection and early treatment cures breast cancer
Breast cancer awareness month 2010 – Breast Unit .RCC
Breast Cance...
Early detection and early treatment cures breast cancer
Breast cancer awareness month 2010 – Breast Unit .RCC
Diagnosis of...
Early detection and early treatment cures breast cancer
Breast cancer awareness month 2010 – Breast Unit .RCC
Treatment of...
Early detection and early treatment cures breast cancer
Breast cancer awareness month 2010 – Breast Unit .RCC
Surgery: Mas...
Early detection and early treatment cures breast cancer
Breast cancer awareness month 2010 – Breast Unit .RCC
Surgery: Con...
Early detection and early treatment cures breast cancer
Breast cancer awareness month 2010 – Breast Unit .RCC
Radiation
x-...
Early detection and early treatment cures breast cancer
Breast cancer awareness month 2010 – Breast Unit .RCC
• Chemothera...
Early detection and early treatment cures breast cancer
Breast cancer awareness month 2010 – Breast Unit .RCC
Treatment Ou...
Early detection and early treatment cures breast cancer
Breast cancer awareness month 2010 – Breast Unit .RCC
 Breast can...
Early detection and early treatment cures breast cancer
Breast cancer awareness month 2010 – Breast Unit .RCC
Early detection and early treatment cures breast cancer
Breast cancer awareness month 2010 – Breast Unit .RCC
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Breast cme latest

  1. 1. Early detection and early treatment cures breast cancer Breast cancer awareness month 2010 – Breast Unit .RCC BREAST CANCER:FACTS
  2. 2. Early detection and early treatment cures breast cancer Breast cancer awareness month 2010 – Breast Unit .RCC • Commonest cancer affecting women • 1.5 million new cases diagnosed every year • 30 % of cancers in women attending RCC • 1200 new patients/year • 14% of all cancer deaths annually
  3. 3. Early detection and early treatment cures breast cancer Breast cancer awareness month 2010 – Breast Unit .RCC But there is hope…… ……breast cancer is curable when detected in EARLY stages!
  4. 4. Early detection and early treatment cures breast cancer Breast cancer awareness month 2010 – Breast Unit .RCC
  5. 5. Early detection and early treatment cures breast cancer Breast cancer awareness month 2010 – Breast Unit .RCC How can you detect breast cancer in an early stage..? Awareness Screening for detection in early stages Prompt diagnosis
  6. 6. Early detection and early treatment cures breast cancer Breast cancer awareness month 2010 – Breast Unit .RCC Breast Cancer : Risk Factors • Sex • Age • Personal History • Family History • The Breast Cancer Genes • Early menarche (first period or menstrual bleeding). • Having no children • Having a first full term pregnancy after age 25 • Lack of breast feeding • Use of Hormone Replacement Therapy • Increased daily fat intake - especially saturated or hydrogenated fats.
  7. 7. Early detection and early treatment cures breast cancer Breast cancer awareness month 2010 – Breast Unit .RCC Can breast cancer be prevented…? No breast cancer cannot be prevented, but the risk of developing breast cancer can be reduced by….. • Having first child before 25 yrs and breast feeding the child for more than 2 yrs • Increasing fiber in your diet • Eating fresh fruits and vegetables • Avoiding alcohol • Staying active • Not smoking
  8. 8. Early detection and early treatment cures breast cancer Breast cancer awareness month 2010 – Breast Unit .RCC Screening for breast cancer Why is it required? • Method to detect breast cancer in early stages • Success of treatment directly depends on the stage at which a woman reports for treatment • Helps conserve the breast if detected in early stage
  9. 9. Early detection and early treatment cures breast cancer Breast cancer awareness month 2010 – Breast Unit .RCC Breast Cancer Screening • Breast Self Examination (BSE) • Clinical Breast Examination (CBE) • Mammography and Ultrasound scan of breasts
  10. 10. Early detection and early treatment cures breast cancer Breast cancer awareness month 2010 – Breast Unit .RCC Breast Self Examination  Systematic examination of one’s breasts  Once a month on a particular day of the menstrual cycle  Should be started at the age of 20yrs  Seek medical advice for suspicious symptoms
  11. 11. Early detection and early treatment cures breast cancer Breast cancer awareness month 2010 – Breast Unit .RCC
  12. 12. Early detection and early treatment cures breast cancer Breast cancer awareness month 2010 – Breast Unit .RCC
  13. 13. Early detection and early treatment cures breast cancer Breast cancer awareness month 2010 – Breast Unit .RCC Clinical Breast Examination • Performed by a trained breast doctor once a year • Starting at the age of 35 years • OP procedure • Takes 10-15 minutes Doctor may or may not ask for scans after the clinical examination
  14. 14. Early detection and early treatment cures breast cancer Breast cancer awareness month 2010 – Breast Unit .RCC Mammogram • A type of x ray of the breast • OP procedure • Takes 10-15 mts • Helps detect cancers that are not palpable • Should start at the age of 40 years • Done every year
  15. 15. Early detection and early treatment cures breast cancer Breast cancer awareness month 2010 – Breast Unit .RCC Breast Cancer : Symptoms • Painless lump or swelling • Ill-defined thickening • Thickening of skin • Nipple retraction (pulled inward) • Nipple discharge • Swelling in the armpit
  16. 16. Early detection and early treatment cures breast cancer Breast cancer awareness month 2010 – Breast Unit .RCC Breast Cancer Screening All women >20 years Breast Self Examination every month Clinical Breast Examination every 2 to 3 years All women > 40 years Clinical Breast Examination yearly Mammography yearly
  17. 17. Early detection and early treatment cures breast cancer Breast cancer awareness month 2010 – Breast Unit .RCC Diagnosis of Breast Cancer Fine needle Aspiration Cytology (FNAC): A needle and syringe is used to remove a few cells from the suspected area and they are examined under the microscope Biopsy: A small bit of tissue is removed and examined to detect presence of cancer
  18. 18. Early detection and early treatment cures breast cancer Breast cancer awareness month 2010 – Breast Unit .RCC Treatment of breast cancer Surgery Radiation therapy Chemotherapy Hormonal therapy Biological therapy (Targeted therapy)
  19. 19. Early detection and early treatment cures breast cancer Breast cancer awareness month 2010 – Breast Unit .RCC Surgery: Mastectomy The entire breast is removed
  20. 20. Early detection and early treatment cures breast cancer Breast cancer awareness month 2010 – Breast Unit .RCC Surgery: Conservation Only the tumour bearing area and axillary nodes are removed
  21. 21. Early detection and early treatment cures breast cancer Breast cancer awareness month 2010 – Breast Unit .RCC Radiation x-rays used to destroy cancer cells
  22. 22. Early detection and early treatment cures breast cancer Breast cancer awareness month 2010 – Breast Unit .RCC • Chemotherapy – Chemicals / drugs used to kill cancer cells • Hormonal therapy – Drugs that change the hormonal environment and thus inhibit tumor growth • Biological therapy – Targets a protein expressed in the tumor cells.
  23. 23. Early detection and early treatment cures breast cancer Breast cancer awareness month 2010 – Breast Unit .RCC Treatment Outcome Survival of women with breast cancer according to stage (at 10 years) stage I 90% stage II 70% stage III 30% stage IV <10%
  24. 24. Early detection and early treatment cures breast cancer Breast cancer awareness month 2010 – Breast Unit .RCC  Breast cancer is a potentially curable cancer when detected in early stages.  Regular BSE, CBE and mammographic screening help in early detection.  In addition to outcome benefit, early stage disease require only less complicated and cheaper forms of therapy and most important -- helps in preserving the breast
  25. 25. Early detection and early treatment cures breast cancer Breast cancer awareness month 2010 – Breast Unit .RCC
  26. 26. Early detection and early treatment cures breast cancer Breast cancer awareness month 2010 – Breast Unit .RCC

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