Gas

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Gas

  1. 1. Berlin Energy Forum Session 3 : How to keep energy prices and costs in check 10/11 February 2014 Beate Raabe Secretary General Gas and electricity – Perfect partners?
  2. 2. 2 Who is Eurogas? 29 companies 16 associations Wholesale Retail Distribution
  3. 3. 3 Electricity
  4. 4. 4 … in the Environmental Case Gas + renewables grow together… Scenarios for EU27 power generation mix 2010-2035 Data: Eurogas Long-Term Outlook for Gas to 2035
  5. 5. 5 What gas can do for renewables in electricity • Back up renewables quickly, reliably and clean… Performance of a modern combined-cycle gas turbine: o Flexible: Time to full power generation capacity 60- 90 minutes o Efficient: 55-60% o Clean: Low CO2, NOx, SO2 and particulate matter …not just separately by balancing the system but also in direct symbiosis, e.g. with concentrated solar power • Store renewable electricity as hydrogen or gas
  6. 6. 6 Gas-fired power station (Combined Cycle Gas Turbine) Photo: Bord Gáis Energy Whitegate Power Plant Cork, Ireland Capacity: 445MW Efficiency: 58.5%
  7. 7. 7 Concentrated solar power (solar tower system) + gas Photos: Wikipedia Sanlúcar la Mayor, Southern Spain, Near Seville 10 MW 20-25GWh per year Up to 15% from gas
  8. 8. 8 Power-to-hydrogen/gas installation Photo: E.ON Falkenhagen, Eastern Germany, Near Frankfurt/Oder 2MW capacity Produces hydrogen 350 cm / hour E.ON / Swissgas
  9. 9. 9 Heating/Cooling + More
  10. 10. 10 Picture: GasNaturally
  11. 11. 11 Gas + electricity heating and cooling together • Individual appliances merge into energy systems (Energy Labelling Directive to reflect this) • Gas infrastructure can cope with high winter heating load and moderates need for new electrical lines • Gas condensing boiler a key tool for achieving the “easy wins” – cost, emissions & performance • Suite of products to meet customer needs: • Integrated with renewables • Integrated with electricity products (e.g. CHP)
  12. 12. 12 Transport
  13. 13. 13 Gas + electricity rolling along together… … or next to each other - CNG Photos: Energigas Sverige, NGVA Europe + NGVAmerica Gas / electric hybrid used in Spain
  14. 14. 14 Gas + electricity rolling along together… … or next to each other - LNG Photos: NGV America
  15. 15. 15 What gas can do in transport • Less CO2 (-25%), NOx (-60%), non-methane hydrocarbons (-75%) and CO (-97%) • CNG in light vehicles • LNG in trucks • LNG in ships: Less CO2 (-25%), NOx (-90%), SOx (-100%) and less particulates
  16. 16. 16 Biogas is renewable, too Photos: Energigas Sverige
  17. 17. 17 What needs doing in view of 2030? • Binding economy-wide EU greenhouse gas reduction target of at least 40% • Revision of Emissions Trading System • Non-ETS sectors sensitive to the price of carbon bearing their costs associated with carbon dioxide emissions
  18. 18. 18 What needs doing in view of 2030? • Phasing out support schemes for mature renewables + help for all promising non-mature low-carbon options • Full + speedy implementation of the internal energy market, including: o Removal of distortions, e.g. price caps, obligations to keep uneconomic power stations open o Capacity remuneration mechanisms where necessary • More Europe and less fragmented national policy • More competition and less subsidies
  19. 19. 19 Thank you for your attention!
  20. 20. 20 Contact details Av. de Cortenbergh 172 1000 Brussels BELGIUM Phone: +32 2 894 48 48 eurogas@eurogas.org www.eurogas.org

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