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  • 1. Le eccellenze italiane nello scenariointernazionaleGiornata di studio AIN 2012Roma, 10 maggio 2012Enel/ATN
  • 2. • The Enel Group • Nuclear Assets • Nuclear Policy• ATN – Area Tecnica Nucleare• The Slovak Project• The Flamanville Project• The perspective 2
  • 3. Enel: an international Group A global dimensionGeographical distribution Generation mix North America 15% 0.8 GW Russia 2.4 TWh 8.2 GW 13% 39.1 TWh Central America 0.4 GW 28% 2 TWh France Colombia Slovakia 2.8 GW Brazil 1.0 TWh 5.3 GW 12.7 TWh 1.1 GW 19.9 TWh 12% Romania Peru 3.9 TWh 9.6 TWh 1.7 GW 8.7 TWh Bulgaria 0.8 GW 32% Argentina 3.7 TWh Chile 4.4 GW Iberia Italy Greece 5.6 GW 22.7 TWh 15.8 TWh 22.1 GW 40.4 GW 0.1 GW Enel 71.5 TWh 84 TWh 0.3 TWh Coal Gas Oil Renewables Nuclear 23 countries – 95 GW installed capacity – 270 TWh net production – 61 Mln customers 3Note: power production is indicated, except for France and Romania for which are indicated energy sales
  • 4. Enel: a major European nuclear operator Nuclear assets, new projects and development opportunities Development of new capacity: Slovakia •Russia: -Kaliningrad, 2 X 1117MWe VVEROperational: 4 VVER units, 1896 MW -Agreement with RosatomUnder construction: 2 VVER units of •Romania: participation in theMochovce 3&4, 880 MW consortium led by Nuclearelectrica for the construction of Cernavoda 3&4 (Candu, 1.500 MW) FranceUnder construction: participation in 1EPR unit in Flamanville, 1.630 MW Spain Italian Nuclear Program:Operational: 7 Units (6 PWRWestinghouse units and 1 BWR GE agreement with EDF for the jointunit), 3.640 MW development of at least 4 EPR units - Frozen 5.5 GW of installed capacity and additional 1 GW under construction – Further developments expected in other countries 4
  • 5. Enel: one of the main European OperatorsThe family album ALMARAZ S. MARIA DE GARONA VANDELLOS FLAMANVILLE 3 BOHUNICE ASCO 1 e 2 TRILLO MOCHOVCE 1-2 5
  • 6. Nuclear development in France Agreements with EdF and participation in Flamanville projectFlamanville lay-out (render and actual) • Enel is participating in the construction of a III Generation EPR Unit (1630 MW) in Flamanville with Plant under EdF construction • Enel is participating in the investment with a 12,5% share • Enel’s engineers are integrated in the EdF project structure, in order to Agreement participate to the design, realization with EdF and operation activities of the EPR series reactors • Enel has also an option for other EPR in France, and in particular will participate in Penly project 6
  • 7. Nuclear development in Slovakia Construction of Mochovce 3&4 nuclear power plantLay-out of the plant Description of the project Under • In Slovakia Enel, through its control-led development company Slovenske Elektrarne, is in the construction phase of two VVER 440 MW units in Mochovce plant • Investment: 2.700 Mln EUR • Slovenske Elektrarne and Enel Engineering and Innovation are the Architect Engineers; a multi-contract strategy has been adopted • The site was opened on Nov 2008; construction works are on-time: - Committed contracts: 87% - Engineering: 45% - Fabrication: 26% Operating units - Construction: 11% • in Sep 2010 the reactor vessel was put in place in EMO3 • Next milestones will be: - Ott 2012: first fuel charge in EMO3 - Dec 2012: first synchronization of EMO3 In Slovakia Enel is constructing two units with russian VVER technology 7
  • 8. Nuclear Organizations in ENEL Group Group Nuclear Policy One Nuclear Policy for all Nuclear Assets of the Group established at the beginning of 2011 ENEL is part of FTSE 4 Good Economical Index Through its investments in nuclear technologies, Enel publicly commits itself as Overall shareholder to ensure that its nuclear facilities adopt a clear nuclear safety policy Commitment and are operated with overriding priority to nuclear safety, the protection of nuclear workers, the general public and the environment from risk of harm Excellence The policy in respect of nuclear safety is to encourage excellence in all plant activities and to go beyond compliance with applicable laws and regulations and beyond to adopt management approaches embodying the principles of Continuous Compliance Improvement and Risk Management. Enel will ensure to the full extent of its powers as a shareholder that even the relevant nuclear organizations where Enel has a minority participation have adoptedDuties as owner and published suitable policies for nuclear and environmental safety, radioactive shareholder waste management and the physical security of nuclear assets. Enel commits to provide sufficient resources to implement the safety policy. Cooperation Enel also commits to a cooperation policy on safety in the nuclear with nuclear industry worldwide. industry 8
  • 9. Enel Ingegneria e Ricerca S.p.A. Enel’s technological competence centerOur functions Description • Engineering, Construction and Commissioning of • Engineering, conventional and nuclear plants, renewable sources, LNG terminals and innovative projects Procurement • 19 projects underway in 6 countries & Construction • More than 50.000 MW of thermal power plant developed • ISO 9001:2000 and OHSAS 18001:2007 certifications • ~200 Researchers and 50 Graduate trainees • 3 Research Centres, 2 Chemical Laboratories and 4 • Research & Research Stations Development • 40 Patents developed as of today • Main focus: Carbon Capture and Storage, Renewables development, Distributed generation & energy efficiency • Enel’s nuclear competence center • Engineering and Construction: » Flamanville 3 • Nuclear » Mochovce 3&4 Energy • Operation improvement: Slovenske Elektrarne • Nuclear Safety Oversight for all the nuclear plants of the Group Enel Ingegneria e Ricerca S.p.A. provides Enel Group with high level technological services in the EPC and R&D fields 9
  • 10. Enel: one of the main European Operators Enel contribution to the nuclear business PlantR&D Development - Operation Construction- Gen IV - Operation - Design development Management - NULIFE - Siting - Maintenance Mgt Final storage - Design Decommissioning - Fuel contracting - Construction - Commissioning FLA3, MO3-4, Cernavoda MO3- Spent Fuel Man. Fuel fabrication - Temporary storage Spent Fuel - Mining - Transport final storage - Trading e transport Slovakia - Conversion Spain - Enrichment - Fabrication Slovakia Spain Fuel Reprocessing Reprocessing Fission products, minor actinides, etc. 10
  • 11. Engineering Services to the Group The Stress Test of Spanish and Slovakian PlantsUtilities Potential Suppliers • Edf (France) • Slovenské Electrárne • Areva (SK) • Westinghouse • Endesa (SPA) Market survey on products • Others Harmonization of: /services available for • SNN (Romania) •Methodology implementation of Stress- •Results Tests related design •Technical support improvements Contribution to the definition of the Technical support for requirements on: communications to EU • Methodology institutions • ENISS •Scenarios • EC • ENEF •Timing • WENRA •Acceptance criteria • ENSREGEU Industry Associations EU Enel Office(*) The material will be distributed 11
  • 12. Nuclear Technical Area Past Experiences – The most recent references Italian Nuclear Project, activities performedItalian NuclearItalian Nuclear project project develop. develop. Belene - Bulgaria Belene Belene Technical and Due Diligence Siting Siting Siting Albania Pre-Siting Analysis Albania Albania TVEL Fuel fabrication facility in Slovakia TVEL TVEL Pre-Feasibility Study 12
  • 13. World Nuclear Capacity Outlook Summary – OECD/NEA vs. Enel’s Scenario Capacity Current OECD/NEA 2008 ENEL’s Scenarioexpressed in 2020 2030 GWe 1° June 2011 2020 2030 High Low High Low OECD North America 112,8 130 117,3 151,5 119 120,5 119,5 OECD Europe 130,3 125 133 125 136,5 122,9 95,2 OECD Pacific 62,5 90 65,1 98,5 66,3 71,4 59,9 China 15,0 32,5 7,4 60 7,9 65,0 68,0 India 3,8 22,5 4,4 45 4,4 17,0 17,7 Russian Federation 22,7 27,5 21,9 48 21,9 42,4 43,5Transition economies 17,4 29,0 21,4 33,5 24,2 21,7 21,7 Rest of the world 5,1 24,0 17,8 60,0 24,7 16,6 26,2 TOTAL 369,7 480,5 386,1 621,5 404,8 477,3 450,7 Sources: WANO Database 2010 Q4 updated with IAEA Pris and WNA OECD/NEA 2008 Nuclear Energy Outlook 13
  • 14. World Nuclear Capacity Outlook Fluctuation of World Nuclear Capacity – Enel’s Scenario 600GWe OECD North America OECD Europe OECD Pacific India China Russian Federation 500 Transition economies Rest of the world 400 300 200 100 0 14
  • 15. World Nuclear Capacity Outlook OECD Europe – Enel’s Scenario Rational for Enel Scenario 160 Countries: Belgium, Czech Republic,GWe Finland, France, Germany, Hungary, Italy, Netherlands, Poland, Slovak 140 Republic, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, United Kingdom 120 Life extension / Phase out: Germany: “2001 Law” Phase out 100 plan for German reactors sets at 32 yrs (except for the stop of 8 reactors, 8,3 GW in 2011 and 80 complete shutdown in 2022). With Life Extension & New Builds UK: lifetime 40yrs for Magnox and With Life Extension PWR 60 10yrs Life extension for all EU Without Life Extension reactors (not in Germany and UK): Lifetime = 40 + 10 40 OECD High Scenario OECD Low Scenario New Build: OL3, FLA3, EMO3&4, PEN3, SW1&2, 20 Extra New Buids HP1&2, Turkey1-2 Extra New Build: Temelin3&4, Bohunice, Borssele2, Poland1-3 0 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 2024 2025 2026 2027 2028 2029 2030 May 2011 Sources: WANO Database 2010 Q4 updated with IAEA Pris and WNA OECD/NEA 2008 Nuclear Energy Outlook 15
  • 16. Capacity forecast scenarios Impact of TMI and Chernobyl event on nuclear capacity Nuclear capacity Energy production from nuclear 500 3000 450 1989 WANO Produzione Energia [TWh] Potenza Installata [GWe] 2500 400 1986 350 Chernobyl 2000 300 1986-2008 1979: Installed capacity: + 45 % 250 TMI2 1500 INPO Energy production: + 80 % 200 1000 150 100 500 50 0 0 2005 2006 2007 2008 2000 2003 2004 1987 1988 1989 1990 1992 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2001 2002 1991 1993 1980 1981 1982 1984 1986 1983 1985 No impact of TMI events on Nuclear capacity growth Major impact from Chernobyl disasterFonte: EIA –WNA. 16
  • 17. Historical Trend U3O8 vs Oil Spot Prices Three Mile Island U3O8 Chernobyl Correlation with oil price/commodities markets dynamics have influenced Uranium prices more than nuclear accidental events, such as Three Mile Island or Chernobyl. Iran/Iraq War Iranian Revolution Financial Gulf Crisis War OIL 11/09 RecessionSource: U3O8:1969-1986 Nuexco EV, 1987-2009 Ux U3O8 Price ; 1945-1983 Arabian Light posted at Ras Tanura. 1987-2009 Brent dated 17
  • 18. Conclusions Nuclear within the Enel Group ● Confirmed the Group commitment to a safe use of nuclear energy ● Public acceptance in SK and Spain confirmed, also after Fukushima accident● Around 5.500 MWe of nuclear production installed with 1.100 MWe under development: around 41 TWh/year of electricity from nuclear sources● Present in the main value chain for Pressurized Water Reactor technologies (PWR), which represent more than 65% of the nuclear power installed worldwide. ● Present in two out of three nuclear projects under construction in Europe.● Operating capabilities, through the group corporate structure and the affiliates, in the key activities of the nuclear value chain: Specialistic Engineering, R&D, Project development, Siting and licensing, Costruction, Operation ● Extensive experience in supporting the regulatory framework definition and the institutional relationship scheme for new nuclear programs.● Around 3.800 specialists devoted to operation of NPPs. Around 800 specialists on engineering and construction activities; 180 nuclear specialists at Corporate level fully dedicated to support Nuclear activities within the group ● Technology cooperation in the main GEN III + PWR technologies available: AP1000, VVER, EPR 18