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La red de telescopios robóticos BOOTES y el Proyecto GLORIA Alberto J. Castro-Tirado  (IAA-CSIC Granada) Campus Party Mill...
Dennis Ritchie (1941-2011)  In Memoriam Creador  del  lenguaje  de  programación  C  ( ”El lenguaje de programación C”  ( ...
Outline <ul><li>I. Introduction </li></ul><ul><li>II. The BOOTES Astronomical Stations </li></ul><ul><li>III. BOOTES Scien...
Definiciones básicas  La  Astrofísica   se refiere al estudio de la física del Universo.  Si bien se usó originalmente par...
Parte I. Introducción Robotic Astronomical Observatories worldwide More than 100 instruments so far
Robotic Astronomical Observatories in Spain Around 40 in Europe and half (!) in SPAIN
Observatory Managers Four widely spread  AUDELA: Developed by A. Klotz et al. (Toulouse), starting in 1995. Open source co...
Parte II: La Red BOOTES  BOOTES  (Burst Observer and Optical Transient Exploring System) Alberto J. Castro-Tirado 1 , Mart...
The BOOTES Network (1) BOOTES  (Burst Observer and Optical Transient Exploring System) BOOTES-1  (INTA/CSIC/AUS/CVUT) in E...
The BOOTES Network (2) The wide field spectrograph TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS Mounted on a 0.3m f/10 telescope 13.5 in 30s (...
The BOOTES  Network (3) BOOTES-2  (INTA/CSIC/AUS/CVUT),  Robotico  0,3m  Ø telescope and wide-field cameras in  Algarrobo-...
The BOOTES Network (4)  BOOTES-2: upgrade in 2008:  a 60-cm fast slewing telescope Jun 2008  :  imaging (g’r’i’ZY filter s...
The BOOTES Network (5)  BOOTES-IR/T60 OSN  (CSIC),  robotic  0.6m  Ø  telescope, Sierra Nevada, since 2004 (opt), since 20...
The BOOTES Network (6) BOOTES-3  (CSIC-UoA),  robotic  0.6m  Ø  telescope and wide-field camera in Blenheim (New Zealand),...
The BOOTES Network (7) BOOTES-4  (CSIC-CAS),  robotic  0.6m  Ø  telescope:  in Lijiang Observatory (China)  Nov  2011 (opt...
The BOOTES Network (8) Fireball of 9 Dic 2009, 23:21 UT observed with CASANDRA-1 Additional aplications: stellar variabili...
The BOOTES Network Philosophy (I)  Identical telescopes spaced around the Earth Identical filter sets: g’r’i’ZY Identical ...
The BOOTES Network Philosophy (II)   UFFO @  Lomonosov 2002-  2004-  2012- Ground-support to space based missions Very fas...
Parte III: Aplicaciones Científicas Scientific Use of RAOs  (aprox. statistical based on provided info)
Cosmic Explosions <ul><li>GRB 000313 : Optical transient in the error box of a short GRB </li></ul><ul><li>GRB 030226 : Be...
Cosmic explosions (2) Summary of GRB response at the BOOTES stations BOOTES-3 / 0.6m :  15 real-time follow-ups in 2 yr, 5...
Meteors <ul><li>GRB 000313 : Recorded by CASANDRA all-sky cameras (2002-2011) and by the wide-field cameras  </li></ul>(Ja...
Microlensing Research Global Network most essential Jovian mass planet. < 1% Precision photometry requested. Udalski et al...
Observatory Manager  and Data Reduction <ul><li>RTS2 (3): www.rts2.org </li></ul><ul><li>1. Astrometry pipeline (to check ...
Parte IV. El Proyecto GLORIA
The GLORIA Project (1) A. Objectives
The GLORIA Project (2) A. Objectives
The GLORIA Project (3) Experimentos  on-line  y  Experimentos  off-line A. Objectives
The GLORIA Project (4) Experimentos  On-line A. Objectives
The GLORIA Project (5) Experimentos  Off-line ,  supernovae searches, etc. SN2011fe in M101 A. Objectives
The GLORIA Project (6) B.  e-Science Infrastructure
The GLORIA Project (7) C. Free Software and Architecture
The GLORIA Project (8) Public outreach activities and Live  (and off-line)  broadcasting  of  astronomical events and educ...
Conclusiones  <ul><li>The  BOOTES  Network continues expanding worldwide, with a forthcoming station (BOOTES-4) in Central...
Observaciones en vivo desde la Estación Astronómica BOOTES-3 en Nueva Zelanda  Post-Conferencia
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La red de telescopios robóticos BOOTES y el proyecto GLORIA

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Bootes es el primer observatorio astronómico robótico ubicado en España para complementar desde Tierra la observación de fuentes celestes estudiadas en altas energías (rayos X y gamma) desde el espacio. En 1998 comienza a funcionar en Huelva, en 2001 en Málaga, y en 2009 se produce la internacionalización del proyecto con Bootes-3 en Nueva Zelanda.

Ponente: Alberto Castro Tirado (España) es licenciado en Físicas por la Universidad de Granada Doctor en Astrofísica por la Universidad de Copenhague. Es Investigador Científico del C.S.I.C desde 2007 y es el Investigador Principal del proyecto Bootes en el Instituto de Astrofísica de Andalucía (IAA). Es miembro de la IAU y ha publicado más de 190 artículos en revistas especializadas como Nature, Science, de divulgación sobre Astronomía y prensa.

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Transcript of "La red de telescopios robóticos BOOTES y el proyecto GLORIA"

  1. 1. La red de telescopios robóticos BOOTES y el Proyecto GLORIA Alberto J. Castro-Tirado (IAA-CSIC Granada) Campus Party Millenium, Granada, 14 Oct 2011
  2. 2. Dennis Ritchie (1941-2011) In Memoriam Creador del lenguaje de programación C ( ”El lenguaje de programación C” ( 1978 ) con B. W. Kernighan) y desarrollador (co-creador junto a Ken Thompson) del sistema operativo UNIX
  3. 3. Outline <ul><li>I. Introduction </li></ul><ul><li>II. The BOOTES Astronomical Stations </li></ul><ul><li>III. BOOTES Scientific applications </li></ul><ul><li>IV. The GLORIA Project </li></ul><ul><li>Conclusions and Post-Conference Surprise! </li></ul>
  4. 4. Definiciones básicas La Astrofísica se refiere al estudio de la física del Universo. Si bien se usó originalmente para denominar la parte teórica de dicho estudio, la necesidad de dar explicación física a las observaciones astronómicas ha llevado a que los términos Astronomía y Astrofísica sean usados de manera equivalente . La Astronomía (o Astrofísica) Robótica es pues el estudio de los cuerpos celestes del Universo ayudándose de instrumentación robótica, en sus diversos grados de desarrollo que veremos a continuación. La Astronomía es la ciencia que se ocupa del estudio de los cuerpos celestes, sus movimientos, los fenómenos ligados a ellos, su registro y la investigación de su origen a partir de la información que llega de ellos a través de la radiación electromagnética o de cualquier otro medio.
  5. 5. Parte I. Introducción Robotic Astronomical Observatories worldwide More than 100 instruments so far
  6. 6. Robotic Astronomical Observatories in Spain Around 40 in Europe and half (!) in SPAIN
  7. 7. Observatory Managers Four widely spread AUDELA: Developed by A. Klotz et al. (Toulouse), starting in 1995. Open source code. Linux/Windows. ASCOM: Dessigned in 1998, by B. Denny (USA), as an interface standard for astronomical equipment, based on MS's Component Object Model, which he called the Astronomy Common Object Model. Mostly used by amateur astronomers, has been also used by professionals. Windows. Widely used in SN, MP searches. RTS2: The Robotic Telescope System version 2, is being developed by P. Kubánek, (Ondrejov/Granada) starting in 2000. Open source code. Linux/Windows (command line and graphical interface foreseen). Widely used in GRB searches. INDI: The Instrument Neutral Distributed Interface (INDI) was started in 2003. In comparison to the Microsoft Windows centric ASCOM standard, INDI is a platform independent protocol developed by E. C. Downey (USA). Open source code. Not so widely spread as the upper layer interface was not done.
  8. 8. Parte II: La Red BOOTES BOOTES (Burst Observer and Optical Transient Exploring System) Alberto J. Castro-Tirado 1 , Martin Jelínek 1 , Javier Gorosabel 1 , Petr Kubánek 1,2 , Ronan Cunniffe 1 , Sergey Guziy 1 , Oscar Lara-Gil 1 , Ovidio Rabaza-Castillo 1 , Antonio de Ugarte Postigo 1 , Rubén Sánchez-Ramírez 1 , Juan C. Tello 1 , Carlos Pérez del Pulgar 3 , Sebastián Castillo-Carrión 4 , José M. Castro Cerón 5 , Tomás de J. Mateo Sanguino 6 , René Hudec 7 , Stanislav Vitek 8 , Benito A. de la Morena Carretero 9 , José A. Adame 9 , Rafael Fernández-Muñoz 10 , Dolores Pérez-Ramírez 11 , Phil A. Yock 12 , William H. Allen 13 , Ian Bond 14 , Grant Christie 15 , Lola Sabau-Graziati 16 1 Instituto de Astrofísica de Andalucía (IAA-CSIC), Granada, Spain. 2 Image Processing Laboratory, Univ. de Valencia, Burjassot (Valencia), Spain. 3 Departamento de Ingeniería de Sistemas y Automática, Univ. de Málaga, Spain. 4 Servicio Central de Informática, Universidad de Málaga, Spain. 5 European Space Astronomy Centre (ESAC), Villafranca del Castillo (Madrid), Spain. 6 Departamento de Ingeniería de Sistemas y Automática, Universidad de Huelva, E.P.S. de La Rábida (Huelva), Spain. 7Astronomical Institute, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic Ondřejov, Czech Republic. 8 Czech Technical University, Faculty of Electronic Engineering, Dep. of Radioelectronics, Praga, Czech Republic. 9 Estación de Sondeos Atmosféricos (ESAt) de El Arenosillo (CEDEA-INTA), Mazagón, Huelva, Spain. 10 Estación Experimental de La Mayora, (EELM-CSIC), Algarrobo Costa(Málaga), Spain. 11 Universidad de Jaén, Campus Las Lagunillas, Jaén, Spain. 12 University of Auckland, New Zealand. 13 Vintage Lane Observatory, Blenheim, New Zealand. 14 Massey University, New Zealand. 15 Stardome Observatory, Auckland, New Zealand. 16 División de Ciencias del Espacio (INTA), Torrejón de Ardoz (Madrid), Spain
  9. 9. The BOOTES Network (1) BOOTES (Burst Observer and Optical Transient Exploring System) BOOTES-1 (INTA/CSIC/AUS/CVUT) in El Arenosillo (Huelva). Robotic 0,3m Ø telescope and wide-field cameras, since J une 1998. All-sky camera since Nov 2002. 2000 2005 2006 2009 1998
  10. 10. The BOOTES Network (2) The wide field spectrograph TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS Mounted on a 0.3m f/10 telescope 13.5 in 30s (Spectrograph Mode) Limiting Magnitude: 43’ x 28’ Field of View: Direct Vision Prism Dispersing Element: ~4Å/pixel at 4000Å ~30Å/pixel at 5500Å ~100Å/pixel at 8000Å Dispersion:
  11. 11. The BOOTES Network (3) BOOTES-2 (INTA/CSIC/AUS/CVUT), Robotico 0,3m Ø telescope and wide-field cameras in Algarrobo-Costa (Málaga), since november 2001, replaced by a 0,6m Ø telescope in june 2008 . 2001 2008
  12. 12. The BOOTES Network (4) BOOTES-2: upgrade in 2008: a 60-cm fast slewing telescope Jun 2008 : imaging (g’r’i’ZY filter set) down to r’ = 20 Nov 2011 : spectroscopy: COLORES (400-1100 nm) down to r’ = 17
  13. 13. The BOOTES Network (5) BOOTES-IR/T60 OSN (CSIC), robotic 0.6m Ø telescope, Sierra Nevada, since 2004 (opt), since 2008 (nIR)
  14. 14. The BOOTES Network (6) BOOTES-3 (CSIC-UoA), robotic 0.6m Ø telescope and wide-field camera in Blenheim (New Zealand), since february 2009 (optical)
  15. 15. The BOOTES Network (7) BOOTES-4 (CSIC-CAS), robotic 0.6m Ø telescope: in Lijiang Observatory (China) Nov 2011 (optical)
  16. 16. The BOOTES Network (8) Fireball of 9 Dic 2009, 23:21 UT observed with CASANDRA-1 Additional aplications: stellar variability and space debris. CASANDRA-5 proposed for SPM
  17. 17. The BOOTES Network Philosophy (I) Identical telescopes spaced around the Earth Identical filter sets: g’r’i’ZY Identical CCD cameras Impact on several scientific fields and public outreach Boo-1, -2 & 3 integrated in:
  18. 18. The BOOTES Network Philosophy (II) UFFO @ Lomonosov 2002- 2004- 2012- Ground-support to space based missions Very fast slewing speed (> 100 deg/s), easy rescheduling, fast readout (< 1s) INTEGRAL SWIFT
  19. 19. Parte III: Aplicaciones Científicas Scientific Use of RAOs (aprox. statistical based on provided info)
  20. 20. Cosmic Explosions <ul><li>GRB 000313 : Optical transient in the error box of a short GRB </li></ul><ul><li>GRB 030226 : Before during and after </li></ul><ul><li>GRB 050525 : Stereoscopic observations </li></ul><ul><li>GRB 050904 : The furthermost GRB </li></ul><ul><li>GRB 060707 : First BOOTES-IR afterglow </li></ul>(Jakobsson et al. 2006) PhD Theses : de Ugarte Postigo 2007, Jelínek 2011, Kubánek 2011 T o + 4 min OT 1º N E T o + 53 min
  21. 21. Cosmic explosions (2) Summary of GRB response at the BOOTES stations BOOTES-3 / 0.6m : 15 real-time follow-ups in 2 yr, 5 detections of the OA YA (Allen et al. 2011, Tello et al. 2011, II Astrorob Workshop) BOOTES-2/0.3m : 77 real-time triggers in 4 yr, 24 successfully followed-up, 9 detections of the OA (Jelínek et al. 2010, I Astrorob Workshop) BOOTES-1/0.3m : 70 follow-ups prior to Swift (1998-2004) and ~ 50 real-time follow-ups in 2004-2011, with 8 detections of the OA BOOTES-2/0.6m : 6 triggers followed-up, 1 detection of the OA TELMA
  22. 22. Meteors <ul><li>GRB 000313 : Recorded by CASANDRA all-sky cameras (2002-2011) and by the wide-field cameras </li></ul>(Jakobsson et al. 2006) In the context of the Spanish Patrol Meteor Network (www.spmn.uji.es)
  23. 23. Microlensing Research Global Network most essential Jovian mass planet. < 1% Precision photometry requested. Udalski et al. (2008) A 3x Earth mass planet (Bennet et al. 2008)
  24. 24. Observatory Manager and Data Reduction <ul><li>RTS2 (3): www.rts2.org </li></ul><ul><li>1. Astrometry pipeline (to check telescope pointing and improve the accuracy) </li></ul><ul><li>2. Pipeline for automatic data analysis: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Astrometry and photometry (Jelínek and de Ugarte Postigo 2006) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>transient object detection, in JIBARO (de Ugarte Postigo (2005)) </li></ul></ul>
  25. 25. Parte IV. El Proyecto GLORIA
  26. 26. The GLORIA Project (1) A. Objectives
  27. 27. The GLORIA Project (2) A. Objectives
  28. 28. The GLORIA Project (3) Experimentos on-line y Experimentos off-line A. Objectives
  29. 29. The GLORIA Project (4) Experimentos On-line A. Objectives
  30. 30. The GLORIA Project (5) Experimentos Off-line , supernovae searches, etc. SN2011fe in M101 A. Objectives
  31. 31. The GLORIA Project (6) B. e-Science Infrastructure
  32. 32. The GLORIA Project (7) C. Free Software and Architecture
  33. 33. The GLORIA Project (8) Public outreach activities and Live (and off-line) broadcasting of astronomical events and educational activities with scholars Solar Eclipses: Australia (13 Nov 2012, Gabón (3 Nov 2013). Venus Transit (6 Jun 2012): Norway, Japan and Australia. Based on previous experiences with Shelios and UPM-Cyclope Astro expeditions D. Engage Newcomers
  34. 34. Conclusiones <ul><li>The BOOTES Network continues expanding worldwide, with a forthcoming station (BOOTES-4) in Central Asia. BOOTES-2 and -3 will be integrated in the GLORIA Network. Ground support to space missions is also a main goal: INTEGRAL , SWIFT and UFFO/ Lomonosov . </li></ul><ul><li>Technological development is involved and some of the robotic astronomical observatories are moving towards intelligent robotic astronomical observatories. The BOOTES wold-wide network (in the context of GLORIA) persues to be a global facility opened to scientists, amateur and public in general. (Educational aspects: remote use of telescopes at night from schools at day time, etc.) </li></ul><ul><li>GLORIA (an FP7 EU funded project just started) expects to put 17 telescopes accessible to the citizens to perform any kind of astronomical observations, based on a meritocratic systems. On-line and Off-line experiments are also foreeseen. This network of robotic observatories provide a unique opportunity to help in these exciting fields of research. </li></ul>
  35. 35. Observaciones en vivo desde la Estación Astronómica BOOTES-3 en Nueva Zelanda Post-Conferencia
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