Strategy of research, innovation and transfer of technology in algeria
strategy of Research, innova2on and transfer of technology in Algeria Murcia, November 26th 2012
The Higher Educational System in AlgeriaEighty-four (84) higher educationinstitutions covering all the country. Thisnetwork consists of :• Thirty six (36) Universities,• Fifteen (15) Academic Centers,• Sixteen (16) National Schools,• Five (05) teacher training colleges,• Ten (10) preparatory schools• Two(02) Integrated Preparatory Classes.2 11/29/12
The total Number of students for the2012-2013 school year is about 1.8 million11/29/12 3
failure of policy research before 1998 • Any research policy can achieve its objec2ves or yield convincing results without a clear and rigorous organiza2on where the responsibili2es of all par2es involved in both upstream and downstream, in terms of performance as the assessment, are previously well deﬁne
Why? • segmenta2on of the research ac2vity between diﬀerent operators, • the lack of organiza2on and logis2cal support for the beneﬁt of research at the university. • compartmentaliza2on and rigidity in the rela2onship between the diﬀerent sectors involved in research, • The lack of op2miza2on of the results of university research.
Poli2cal will for change. Na2onal policy of scien2ﬁc and technical research has been, for the ﬁrst 2me in 1998, a law of orienta2on and programming for ﬁve-‐year projec2on on scien2ﬁc research and technological development. Will of the government: the research ac2vity in science and technology are the center of the process of building a modern na2on.
legal provisions • Loi N° 98-‐11 du 22 août 1998 portant loi d’Orienta2on et de Programme à Projec2on Quinquennale sur la Recherche Scien2ﬁque et le Développement Technologique 1998-‐2002 • Loi N° 08-‐05 du 23 février 2008 modiﬁant et complétant la loi n° 98-‐11 du 22 août 1998 portant loi dorienta2on et de programme à projec2on quinquennale sur la recherche "2008-‐2012".
Law Orienta2ons (98-‐11) • Scien2ﬁc research and technological development are na2onal priori2es. • Scien2ﬁc research and technological development aimed at the economic, social, cultural, scien2ﬁc and technological development.
Loi n° 98-‐11 du 22 août 1998 Objec2ves •Ensure the development of scien2ﬁc research and technological development, •Strengthen the scien2ﬁc and technological founda2ons of the country; • Iden2fy and collect needed in scien2ﬁc research and technological development; • Rehabilitate the search func2on within ins2tu2ons of higher educa2on and scien2ﬁc research and encourage recovery of research results; • Enhance the ins2tu2onal buildings for more eﬃcient management
Encouraging public and private investors to promote research • The public and private economic agents must invest in the na2onal eﬀort to promote scien2ﬁc research and technological development. • They beneﬁt in return for incen2ve measures and encouragement deﬁned annually by the Finance Act
Na2onal program of scien2ﬁc research and technological development: Ac2vi2es The program is an important part of the implementa2on of the na2onal strategy for global development. • 1. Organiza2on the research ac2vi2es are organized in programs with a sectoral character, intersectoral and / or speciﬁc. 2. Its execu2ve func2oning organs : The Na2onal Council of Scien2ﬁc and Technological Research is the main organ. It is Responsible to adopt the main orienta2ons, the na2onal policy; to iden2fy priori2es and to coordinate their implementa2on
Legisla2on for the crea2on of opera2ng and assessment organs Five (5) execu2ve decrees rela2ng to: 1. Crea2on of permanent sectoral commigees: their organiza2on and opera2on 2. Crea2on of public scien2ﬁc and technological establishment (EPST) 3. research units, 4. research laboratories 5. the nomenclature of spending on scien2ﬁc research (subject to ex post control)
Funding, • The funding, subsidies allocated, for the period 1999-‐2005 amounted to 34266 million Dinars with: • 17 550 DA for strengthening the research environment. • 14 154 DA for equipment • 2562 DA for sekng na2onal research programms (PNR)
Bilan 98-‐2002 1. The development and implementa2on of twenty-‐ seven (27) na2onal research programs. 2. The introduc2on of twenty-‐one (21) sectoral commigees with diﬀerent departments; 3. The approval of six hundred forty (640) research laboratories. 4. The crea2on of two (02) units of research; 5. The crea2on of the Na2onal Agency for promo2on of research results;
Bilan 98-‐2002 6. The involvement of more than thirteen thousand seven hundred (13700) teachers and thousand ﬁve hundred (1500) permanent researchers on a global poten2al of sixteen thousand (16000) provided by the 98-‐11 law; 7 .T h e l a u n c h o f c o n s t r u c 2 o n o f r e s e a r c h infrastructures for informa2on and communica2on technology, space technology, biotechnology, renewable energy, health, agriculture and food, society and popula2on, social sciences and humani2es.
Scien2ﬁc results • Signiﬁcant improvement of the number of scien2ﬁc publica2ons and theses compared to 1997. • Among the remarkable technological achievements that may be men2oned the launch of the ﬁrst Algerian satellite ALSAT-‐1.
Loi 08-‐05 complémentaire (2008) Law 08-‐05 proposes to consolidate the results achieved by the law n ° 98-‐11 and to bypass the dysfunc2ons observed during its implementa2on. The changes are rela2ve to: • he new ﬁve-‐year period (2008-‐2012). T• ew objec2ves for scien2ﬁc research and technological Ndevelopment for a decade. • xtension of na2onal research programs, E• mprovement of research funding I• ondi2ons of mobiliza2on of human resources. C
Implemented Ac2ons for 2008-‐2012 1. Development of human resources: • Improvement of research environment. • Valoriza2on of research results par2cipa2on of Algerian skills living abroad. 2. Reinforcement of higher educa2onal structures : The research policy plans to reach 28000 teachers, to achieve this strategic objec2ve one must reinforce the research laboratory. 3.Technological development and engineering: Implementa2on mechanisms strengthening links with the business sector.
4. Improvement of scien2ﬁque informa2on by : speeding up a process of implementa2on of a na2onal system of scien2ﬁc and technical informa2on, construc2on of na2onal databases, deﬁni2on of a strategy for publishing and dissemina2on of na2onal scien2ﬁc review. 5.Na2onal and interna2onal scien2ﬁc coopera2on strengthening partnership with na2onal and interna2onal ins2tu2ons, and deﬁning framework to assist doctoral training.
: 6. Valoriza2on of research ac2vi2es : • ransfert of research results and knownledge to Teconomical partners. • stablishment of strategic management of research Eﬁeld with economical impact
infrastructure and large research facili2es( equipment). six (6) infrastructure types are concerned: 1. Laboratories, 2. Centers and research units, 3. Poles of excellence 4. Interuniversity scien2ﬁc facili2es, 5. Technopoles 6. Heavy equipment concerning the areas of aerospace, nuclear and biotechnology
Funding of scien2ﬁc research and technological development 2008-‐2012 • Es2ma2on of the envelope to allocate to ﬁve (5) years amounts to 100 billion dinars. • Alongside this ﬁnancial eﬀort it is necessary to take all appropriate legisla2ve exemp2on from customs du2es and value added tax for all equipment from the local market or import ac2vi2es for scien2ﬁc research and technological development
Temporary Bilan 2008-‐2012 • 2577 selected programs, mobilizing 16 000 researchers. • n terms of infrastructure and scien2ﬁc equipment, Icrea2on of 260 research laboratories and the launch of the construc2on of 25 research centers, • 4 experimental sta2ons 4, • units of research, 5• 7 technology plaoorms 17, 1• 1 plateaux techniques, 3• 5 incubators, • Crea2on of 5 thema2c agencies and technology transfer centers
Temporary Bilan 2008-‐2012 • implementa2on of the na2onal system of online documenta2on. • stablishment of measures for tax exemp2on on Eresearch equipment and research ac2vi2es. • Within the framework of coopera2on and partnership, two projects have been launched on the realiza2on of a solar tower and the crea2on of the Algerian-‐ African Ins2tute on "Water, energy and climate change”.
Research, Innova2on and Technology Transfer: Three missions interdependent 25
Importance of research and innova2on • Both of them are a key factor for economic development and social progress. Research has a key role in Higher educa2on • The rela2onship between research and higher educa2on is interac2ve , one can not fully develop without the contribu2on of the other. Research and Innova2on are two ﬁelds Interdependent : • n advanced scien2ﬁc research requires sophis2cated Atechnology resources, • echnological innova2on requires a developed scien2ﬁc Tknowledge.
Algerian Strategy for innova2on : Crea2on of Poles of excellence The Na2onal determina2on to create centers of excellence is in order to: • Bridging the Gap between University, enterprise and research centers. • Respond to the market demand by developing training cycles more adapted to the professional world. • Be a center of exper2se • Providing human resources for development.
INDUSTRY RESEARCH TRAINING Research laboratory, Universi=es; High schools research Unit and centers About 120 000 étudiants graduates /year
Objec2ves of the sekng up of centers of excellence The research centers are provider of technology. So How to transfer this technology? • By Mul2plying partners. • Increasing collabora2on and strengthening contact with partners. •Responding to the needs of partners •Promo2ng technological solu2ons to meet these expecta2ons with respect to 2me
Research policy emphasizes the development of Partenership research . Strenghning the partnership . Development of joint project . Share skills and knowledge of research with economic partners Intégra2on of research results in Imporovement of innova2on produts and services in the entreprises for . Empoyment . More dynamic . compe22vness More compe22ve
Excellence poles : Objec2ves Ambi2ous objec2ves of the development of partnership research which is declined by: • Engagement with enterprises in EU, na2onal or regional programs. • Development of technological plaoorms and joint laboratories with companies. • determined ac2on in the direc2on of small and medium enterprises, • An ac2ve policy of support for swarming and the crea2on of start-‐ups,
• Establishment of a charter of good prac2ces for Intellectual Property and Transfer of Knowledge and Technology, • Establishment of strong rela2onships with academic research and universi2es. • Crea2on of Joint laboratories and exchanges of scien2sts,
Poles of Excellence: What agrac2veness for companies? Provide a guarantee in terms of: 1. S c i e n 2 ﬁ c a n d Te c h n o l o g i c a l E xc e l l e n c e (interna2onal standards). 2. High-‐availability for the socio-‐economic partners. 3. High Quality of work and professionalism 4. Ability to an2cipate market needs and respond to them. 5. Ability to project management of mul2disciplinary research. 6. The strength of a structured network.
Poles of Excellence: cons2tu2on? • Poles are an assembly of: • Preparatory Schools and High Schools, Centers and Research Units, Research Laboratories, Technology Plaoorms. • Intensive Compu2ng Centers, • Central-‐characteriza2on. • Center for Innova2on and Technology Transfer • Incubators. • Vulgariza2on Scien2ﬁc and Technic Centers 34
Priority economic and societal challenges -‐Transport, mobility, -‐ Public Safety, -‐Health, personal assistance, -‐Renewable Energies, -‐Informa2on Society.
Mobiliza2on of six main ﬁelds of competence • Technical informa2on and communica2on, micro and nano technologies, • Materials, and mechanical processes • Energy, environment and transport, • Life sciences, • health technologies, • Earth sciences, natural resources, land plannig
Implementa2on of the system of Excellence: Schedule to develop partnership research and link research and economical partners. Beginning of 2011: A shared commitment of research actors partnership to join forces in response to business demands. End of 2011: launch of the ﬁrst excellence pole. 2012: Establishment of excellence device. End 2014: func2onality of the excellence poles.