Strategy of research, innovation and transfer of technology in algeria


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Strategy of research, innovation and transfer of technology in algeria

  1. 1. strategy  of    Research,  innova2on  and  transfer  of   technology  in  Algeria   Murcia,  November  26th  2012  
  2. 2. The Higher Educational System in AlgeriaEighty-four (84) higher educationinstitutions covering all the country. Thisnetwork consists of :•  Thirty six (36) Universities,•  Fifteen (15) Academic Centers,•  Sixteen (16) National Schools,•  Five (05) teacher training colleges,•  Ten (10) preparatory schools•  Two(02) Integrated Preparatory Classes.2  11/29/12  
  3. 3. The total Number of students for the2012-2013 school year is about 1.8 million11/29/12   3  
  4. 4. failure  of  policy  research  before  1998  •  Any   research   policy   can   achieve   its   objec2ves   or   yield  convincing  results  without  a  clear  and  rigorous   organiza2on  where  the  responsibili2es  of  all  par2es   involved   in   both   upstream   and   downstream,   in   terms   of   performance   as   the   assessment,   are   previously  well  define  
  5. 5. Why?  •  segmenta2on   of   the   research   ac2vity   between   different  operators,  •  the   lack   of   organiza2on   and   logis2cal   support   for   the  benefit  of  research  at  the  university.  •  compartmentaliza2on   and   rigidity   in   the   rela2onship  between  the  different  sectors  involved   in  research,    •  The  lack  of  op2miza2on  of  the  results  of  university   research.  
  6. 6. Poli2cal  will  for  change.  Na2onal   policy   of   scien2fic   and   technical   research   has  been,   for   the   first   2me   in   1998,   a   law   of   orienta2on  and  programming  for  five-­‐year  projec2on  on  scien2fic  research  and  technological  development.  Will   of   the   government:   the   research   ac2vity   in  science   and   technology   are   the   center   of   the   process  of  building  a  modern  na2on.  
  7. 7. legal  provisions  •  Loi   N°   98-­‐11   du   22   août   1998   portant   loi   d’Orienta2on   et   de   Programme   à   Projec2on   Quinquennale  sur  la  Recherche  Scien2fique   et  le  Développement  Technologique  1998-­‐2002  •  Loi   N°   08-­‐05   du   23   février   2008   modifiant   et   complétant   la   loi   n°   98-­‐11   du   22   août   1998   portant   loi   dorienta2on   et   de   programme   à   projec2on   quinquennale   sur   la   recherche   "2008-­‐2012".  
  8. 8. Law  Orienta2ons  (98-­‐11)  •      Scien2fic   research   and   technological   development  are  na2onal  priori2es.  •    Scien2fic   research   and   technological   development  aimed   at   the   economic,   social,   cultural,   scien2fic   and  technological  development.  
  9. 9. Loi  n°  98-­‐11  du  22  août  1998   Objec2ves  •Ensure   the   development   of   scien2fic   research   and  technological  development,  •Strengthen   the   scien2fic   and   technological  founda2ons  of  the  country;  •  Iden2fy  and  collect  needed  in  scien2fic  research  and  technological  development;  •   Rehabilitate   the   search   func2on   within   ins2tu2ons  of   higher   educa2on   and   scien2fic   research   and  encourage  recovery  of  research  results;  • Enhance  the  ins2tu2onal  buildings  for  more  efficient    management  
  10. 10. Encouraging  public  and  private  investors  to   promote  research  •  The   public   and   private   economic   agents   must   invest   in  the  na2onal  effort  to  promote  scien2fic  research   and  technological  development.  •  They   benefit   in   return   for   incen2ve   measures   and   encouragement  defined  annually  by  the  Finance  Act  
  11. 11.  Na2onal  program  of  scien2fic  research  and   technological  development:    Ac2vi2es  The   program   is   an   important   part   of   the   implementa2on  of  the  na2onal  strategy  for  global  development.  •  1.  Organiza2on    the  research  ac2vi2es  are  organized  in  programs  with  a  sectoral  character,  intersectoral  and  /  or  specific.  2.  Its    execu2ve  func2oning    organs  :  The   Na2onal   Council   of   Scien2fic   and   Technological  Research  is  the  main  organ.    It   is   Responsible   to   adopt   the   main   orienta2ons,     the  na2onal   policy;   to     iden2fy   priori2es   and     to   coordinate  their  implementa2on    
  12. 12. Legisla2on  for  the  crea2on  of  opera2ng  and   assessment  organs  Five  (5)  execu2ve  decrees  rela2ng  to:  1.  Crea2on   of   permanent   sectoral   commigees:   their   organiza2on  and  opera2on  2.  Crea2on   of   public   scien2fic   and   technological   establishment  (EPST)  3.  research  units,  4.  research  laboratories  5.  the   nomenclature   of   spending   on   scien2fic   research   (subject  to  ex  post  control)  
  13. 13. Funding,  •  The  funding,  subsidies  allocated,     for   the   period   1999-­‐2005   amounted   to   34266   million  Dinars    with:  •    17   550     DA   for   strengthening   the   research   environment.  •  14  154  DA  for  equipment    •    2562   DA   for   sekng   na2onal   research   programms   (PNR)  
  14. 14. Bilan  98-­‐2002  1.  The   development   and   implementa2on   of   twenty-­‐ seven  (27)  na2onal  research  programs.  2.  The   introduc2on   of   twenty-­‐one   (21)   sectoral   commigees  with  different  departments;  3.  The   approval   of   six   hundred   forty   (640)   research   laboratories.  4.  The  crea2on  of  two  (02)  units  of  research;  5.  The   crea2on   of   the   Na2onal   Agency   for   promo2on   of  research  results;  
  15. 15. Bilan  98-­‐2002  6.   The   involvement   of   more   than   thirteen   thousand   seven   hundred   (13700)   teachers   and   thousand   five   hundred  (1500)  permanent  researchers  on  a  global   poten2al  of  sixteen  thousand  (16000)  provided  by   the  98-­‐11  law;  7 .T h e   l a u n c h   o f   c o n s t r u c 2 o n   o f   r e s e a r c h   infrastructures   for   informa2on   and   communica2on   technology,   space   technology,   biotechnology,   renewable   energy,   health,   agriculture   and   food,   society   and   popula2on,   social   sciences   and   humani2es.  
  16. 16. Scien2fic    results  •  Significant  improvement  of  the  number  of  scien2fic   publica2ons  and  theses  compared  to  1997.  •  Among  the  remarkable  technological  achievements   that   may   be   men2oned   the   launch   of   the   first   Algerian  satellite  ALSAT-­‐1.  
  17. 17. Loi  08-­‐05  complémentaire  (2008)  Law  08-­‐05  proposes  to  consolidate  the  results  achieved  by  the  law  n  °  98-­‐11  and  to    bypass  the  dysfunc2ons  observed  during  its  implementa2on.  The  changes  are  rela2ve  to:  •  he    new  five-­‐year  period  (2008-­‐2012).   T•  ew  objec2ves  for  scien2fic  research  and  technological   Ndevelopment  for  a  decade.  •  xtension  of  na2onal  research  programs,   E• mprovement  of  research  funding   I•  ondi2ons  of  mobiliza2on  of  human  resources.   C
  18. 18. Implemented  Ac2ons  for  2008-­‐2012  1.  Development  of  human  resources:  •  Improvement  of  research  environment.  •  Valoriza2on   of   research   results   par2cipa2on   of   Algerian  skills  living  abroad.  2.  Reinforcement  of  higher  educa2onal  structures  :  The   research   policy   plans   to   reach   28000   teachers,   to  achieve  this  strategic  objec2ve  one  must  reinforce  the  research  laboratory.    3.Technological  development  and  engineering:  Implementa2on   mechanisms   strengthening   links   with  the  business  sector.  
  19. 19. 4.  Improvement  of  scien2fique  informa2on  by  :  speeding  up  a  process  of  implementa2on  of    a   na2onal   system   of   scien2fic   and   technical  informa2on,   construc2on   of   na2onal   databases,  defini2on   of   a   strategy   for   publishing   and  dissemina2on  of  na2onal  scien2fic  review.  5.Na2onal  and  interna2onal  scien2fic  coopera2on  strengthening   partnership   with   na2onal   and  interna2onal   ins2tu2ons,   and   defining   framework   to  assist  doctoral  training.  
  20. 20. :    6.  Valoriza2on  of  research  ac2vi2es  :  •  ransfert   of   research   results   and   knownledge   to   Teconomical  partners.      •  stablishment   of   strategic   management   of   research   Efield  with  economical  impact  
  21. 21. infrastructure  and  large  research   facili2es(  equipment).  six  (6)  infrastructure  types  are  concerned:  1.  Laboratories,  2.  Centers  and  research  units,  3.  Poles  of  excellence    4.  Interuniversity  scien2fic  facili2es,  5.  Technopoles    6.  Heavy  equipment  concerning  the  areas  of   aerospace,  nuclear  and  biotechnology  
  22. 22. Funding  of  scien2fic  research  and  technological   development  2008-­‐2012  •  Es2ma2on   of   the   envelope   to   allocate   to   five   (5)   years  amounts  to  100  billion  dinars.  •  Alongside  this  financial  effort  it  is  necessary  to  take   all   appropriate   legisla2ve   exemp2on   from   customs   du2es   and   value   added   tax   for   all   equipment   from   the   local   market   or   import   ac2vi2es   for   scien2fic   research  and  technological  development  
  23. 23. Temporary  Bilan  2008-­‐2012  •    2577   selected   programs,     mobilizing   16   000  researchers.  • n   terms   of   infrastructure   and   scien2fic   equipment,   Icrea2on  of  260  research  laboratories  and  the  launch  of  the  construc2on  of  25  research  centers,    • 4  experimental  sta2ons  4,      •   units  of  research,     5•  7  technology  plaoorms  17,     1•  1  plateaux    techniques,     3• 5  incubators,      •    Crea2on   of   5   thema2c   agencies   and   technology  transfer  centers  
  24. 24. Temporary  Bilan  2008-­‐2012  •    implementa2on   of   the   na2onal   system   of   online  documenta2on.  •  stablishment   of   measures   for   tax   exemp2on   on   Eresearch  equipment  and  research  ac2vi2es.  •    Within   the   framework   of   coopera2on   and  partnership,   two   projects   have   been   launched   on   the  realiza2on   of   a   solar   tower   and   the   crea2on   of   the  Algerian-­‐   African   Ins2tute   on   "Water,   energy   and  climate  change”.  
  25. 25.  Research,  Innova2on  and  Technology  Transfer:   Three  missions  interdependent   25  
  26. 26. Importance  of  research  and  innova2on  •  Both   of   them   are   a   key   factor   for   economic   development  and  social  progress.  Research    has  a  key  role  in  Higher  educa2on  •  The   rela2onship   between   research   and   higher   educa2on   is   interac2ve   ,   one   can   not   fully   develop   without  the  contribu2on  of  the  other.  Research  and  Innova2on  are  two  fields  Interdependent  :  •  n   advanced   scien2fic   research   requires   sophis2cated   Atechnology  resources,  •  echnological  innova2on  requires  a  developed  scien2fic   Tknowledge.  
  27. 27. Algerian  Strategy  for  innova2on  :   Crea2on  of  Poles  of  excellence  The   Na2onal   determina2on   to   create   centers   of  excellence  is    in  order  to:  •  Bridging   the   Gap   between   University,   enterprise   and  research  centers.  •  Respond   to   the   market   demand   by   developing   training   cycles   more   adapted   to   the   professional   world.  •  Be  a  center  of  exper2se    •  Providing  human  resources  for  development.  
  28. 28. INDUSTRY   RESEARCH   TRAINING  Research    laboratory,     Universi=es;  High  schools  research  Unit    and  centers     About  120  000  étudiants   graduates  /year  
  29. 29. Objec2ves  of  the  sekng  up  of  centers  of   excellence    The   research   centers   are   provider   of   technology.     So  How  to  transfer  this  technology?  •  By  Mul2plying  partners.  •    Increasing   collabora2on   and   strengthening   contact  with  partners.  •Responding  to  the  needs  of  partners  •Promo2ng   technological   solu2ons   to   meet   these  expecta2ons  with  respect  to  2me  
  30. 30. Research  policy  emphasizes  the  development  of   Partenership  research   .  Strenghning  the  partnership   .  Development  of  joint  project   .     Share  skills  and  knowledge  of   research  with  economic   partners     Intégra2on    of  research  results  in   Imporovement  of  innova2on     produts  and  services   in  the     entreprises  for  .  Empoyment   .  More  dynamic  .  compe22vness   More  compe22ve  
  31. 31. Excellence  poles  :  Objec2ves  Ambi2ous   objec2ves   of   the   development   of  partnership  research  which  is  declined  by:  •  Engagement   with   enterprises   in   EU,   na2onal   or   regional  programs.  •  Development   of   technological   plaoorms   and   joint   laboratories  with  companies.  •  determined   ac2on   in   the   direc2on   of   small   and   medium  enterprises,  •  An   ac2ve   policy   of   support   for   swarming   and   the   crea2on  of  start-­‐ups,  
  32. 32. •  Establishment   of   a   charter   of   good   prac2ces   for   Intellectual  Property  and  Transfer  of  Knowledge  and   Technology,  •  Establishment  of  strong  rela2onships  with  academic   research  and  universi2es.  •  Crea2on   of   Joint   laboratories   and   exchanges   of   scien2sts,  
  33. 33.  Poles  of  Excellence:  What  agrac2veness  for   companies?    Provide  a  guarantee  in  terms  of:  1.  S c i e n 2 fi c   a n d   Te c h n o l o g i c a l   E xc e l l e n c e   (interna2onal  standards).  2.  High-­‐availability  for  the  socio-­‐economic  partners.  3.   High  Quality  of  work  and  professionalism  4.  Ability  to  an2cipate  market  needs  and  respond  to   them.  5.  Ability  to  project  management  of  mul2disciplinary   research.  6.  The  strength  of  a  structured  network.  
  34. 34. Poles  of  Excellence:  cons2tu2on?  •  Poles  are  an  assembly  of:  •  Preparatory  Schools  and  High  Schools,    Centers  and   Research   Units,   Research   Laboratories,   Technology   Plaoorms.  •  Intensive  Compu2ng  Centers,    •  Central-­‐characteriza2on.  •  Center  for  Innova2on  and  Technology  Transfer  •  Incubators.  •  Vulgariza2on  Scien2fic  and  Technic  Centers   34  
  35. 35. Priority  economic  and  societal  challenges  -­‐Transport,  mobility,  -­‐  Public  Safety,  -­‐Health,  personal  assistance,  -­‐Renewable  Energies,  -­‐Informa2on  Society.  
  36. 36.  Mobiliza2on  of  six  main  fields  of  competence  •  Technical   informa2on   and   communica2on,     micro   and  nano  technologies,  •  Materials,  and  mechanical  processes  •  Energy,  environment  and  transport,  •  Life  sciences,    •  health  technologies,  •  Earth  sciences,  natural  resources,  land  plannig  
  37. 37. Implementa2on  of  the  system  of  Excellence:    Schedule   to   develop   partnership   research   and   link  research  and  economical  partners.  Beginning  of  2011:  A  shared  commitment  of  research  actors   partnership   to   join   forces   in   response   to  business  demands.  End  of  2011:  launch  of  the  first  excellence  pole.  2012:  Establishment  of  excellence  device.  End  2014:  func2onality  of  the  excellence  poles.