Internacionalization R&D, by José Luis García (CIB-CSIC)

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Lecture. MedSouk 2013
University of Murcia, Campus Mare Nostrum
By José Luis García (CIB-CSIC)

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Internacionalization R&D, by José Luis García (CIB-CSIC)

  1. 1. Med-souk 1st international conference for young researchers in the mediterranean CAMPUS MARE NOSTRUM MURCIA 2013 Prof. José Luis García CIB-CSIC
  2. 2. The role of internationalization in the pre- and postdoctoral training periods and the R & D status in Horizon 2020
  3. 3. EMBO reports VOL 7 | NO 11 | 2006
  4. 4. … ideas and progress travel best when carried by young scientists, and visiting fellows have had an important role in the rapid progress of science … EMBO reports VOL 7 | NO 11 | 2006
  5. 5. European scientists have to battle with bureaucratic procedures that are often unnecessary, ludicrous or incomprehensible The flexibility of the US system— and the ease with which contracts can be extended — is one of the reasons why many postdoctoral researchers choose to go there Although the EU directive on fixed-term contracts (EU, 1999) which aims to protect workers by preventing employers from using successive short-term contracts to avoid permanent employment, is certainly good for employees in many sectors, it reduces the flexibility that such contracts offer academic research
  6. 6. “Europe must adopt an open-door policy to ease the exchange of scientists within Europe itself.” … —increasing the quality of university education, reducing red tape, and easing the exchange of scientists across the EU and with other continents— could make Europe more attractive again for young Romeos, this time from all over the world. … Europe as a whole—a continent with a rich history in science—certainly has the potential to recreate a competitive research environment.
  7. 7. EMBO reports VOL 7 | NO 11 | 2006
  8. 8. EMBO reports VOL 7 | NO 11 | 2006
  9. 9. “The high-profile scientists at the helm of the ERC—and its clear mandate to base funding decisions on scientific excellence —hold promise that it might attract scientists back from abroad and thus strengthen European science.” EMBO reports VOL 7 | NO 11 | 2006
  10. 10. r or cto ct se se te te es iies va iiva pan an Pr Pr mp m Co Co Collaboration Mobility Pu bl ic se Ac ct ad e m or y Internationalization
  11. 11. Pu bl ic se Ac ct ad e m or y Degree r or cto ct se se te te es iies va iiva pan an Pr Pr mp m Co Co Bachelor Master Degree
  12. 12. Pu bl ic se Ac ct ad e m or y r or cto ct se se te te es iies va iiva pan an Pr Pr mp m Co Co
  13. 13. Pu bl ic se Ac ct ad em or y r or cto ct se se te te es iies va iiva pan an Pr Pr mp m Co Co
  14. 14. The Multiannual Financial Framework 2014-2020: European Council conclusions, 8 February 2013 Key challenge: stabilize the financial and economic system while taking measures to create economic opportunities • 1. Smart & inclusive growth (€451bn) Education, Youth, Sport • • • • Connecting Europe Cohesion Competitive Business SMEs 2. Sustainable growth, natural resources (€373bn) 3. Security and citizenship (€16bn) 4. Global Europe (€58bn) 5. Administration (€61.6bn) Horizon 2020 Total: € 960bn
  15. 15. Investment in R&D is part of the solution to exit from the economic crises
  16. 16. Three priorities: 1. Excellent science 2. Industrial leadership 3. Societal challenges
  17. 17. Horizon 2020 Europe 2020 priorities European Research Area International cooperation Shared objectives and principles Common rules, toolkit of funding schemes Societal Challenges − − − − − − − Health, demographic change and wellbeing Food security, sustainable agriculture, marine and maritime research, and the bio-based economy Secure, clean and efficient energy Smart, green and integrated transport Climate action, resource efficiency and raw materials Europe in a changing world- Inclusive, innovative and secure societies Secure societies-protecting freedom and security of Europe and its citizens Simplified access − − − − Industrial Leadership − Leadership in enabling and industrial technologies (ICT, nano, materials, bio, manufacturing, space) − Access to risk finance − Innovation in SMEs Excellent Science European Research Council Future and Emerging Technologies Marie Curie actions on skills, training and career development Research infrastructures Supporting the objectives: European Institute for Innovation and Technology Joint Research Centre Dissemination & knowledge transfer
  18. 18. Priority 1. Excellent science • Why: – World class science is the foundation of tomorrow’s technologies, jobs and wellbeing – Europe needs to develop, attract and retain research talent – Researchers need access to the best infrastructures
  19. 19. Proposed funding (€ million, 2014-2020)
  20. 20. Priority 2. Industrial leadership • Why: – Strategic investments in key technologies (e.g. advanced manufacturing, micro-electronics) underpin innovation across existing and emerging sectors – Europe needs to attract more private investment in research and innovation – Europe needs more innovative SMEs to create growth and jobs
  21. 21. Proposed funding (€ million, 2014-2020)
  22. 22. Priority 3. Societal challenges • Why: – Concerns of citizens and society/EU policy objectives (climate, environment, energy, transport etc) cannot be achieved without innovation – Breakthrough solutions come from multi-disciplinary collaborations, including social sciences & humanities – Promising solutions need to be tested, demonstrated and scaled up
  23. 23. Proposed funding (€ million, 2014-2020)
  24. 24. Role of the EIT and JRC in Horizon 2020
  25. 25. Marie Sklodowska-Curie Actions
  26. 26. Cooperation M€ 32 413 Collaborative research Ideas M€ 7510 Frontier Research (10 thematic areas) Marie Curie Actions Research Capacity JRC M€ 1751 Capacities M€ 4097 Euratom M€ 2751 (Nuclear research) People M€ 4750 Total EC budget : M€ 50 521
  27. 27. FP7 actions ITN Research networks supporting doctoral training IEF Support for researchers moving inside Europe IOF Support for researchers moving away from Europe IIF Support for researchers moving to Europe Support for researchers starting a permanent position in Europe (including EID and IDP) CIG IAPP Industry-Academia cooperation through exchange of staff IRSES International cooperation between MS/AC & other third countries through exchange of staff COFUND Co-funding of regional, national and international research funding programmes for experienced researchers
  28. 28. Applicants Profile of recruited researchers Who can apply to what? Senior Post-docs (MER*) > 10 years Applicants Individual researchers Post-graduates (ESR*) Research funding bodies IEF IOF IIF Post-docs (ER*) > 4 years or PhD Public/Private Organisations CIG IAPP COFUND IRSE S ITN < 4 years + no PhD *ESR: Early Stage Researcher / ER: Experienced Researchers / MER: More Experienced
  29. 29. MSCA Activities ITN (including EID and IDP) IEF IOF IIF Action 1 Early-stage Researchers Action 2 Experienced Researchers Doctoral and initial training of researchers proposed by international networks of organisations from public and private sectors Individual fellowships for most promising experienced researchers to develop their skills through international or inter-sector mobility CIG IAPP IRSES Action 3 Exchange of Staff Action 4 COFUND COFUND International and inter-sector cooperation through the exchange of research and innovation staff Co-funding of regional, national and international programmes covering actions 1, 2 and 3
  30. 30. MSCA in H2020 Innovative Training Networks Individual Fellowships Research and Innovation Staff Exchange Co-funding of programmes ITN Doctoral and initial training IF Support for experienced researchers undertaking international and inter-sector mobility RISE International and inter-sector cooperation through the exchange of staff COFUND Co-funding of regional, national and international programmes: - doctoral programmes - fellowship programmes Support and policy actions European Researchers' Night (NIGHT) Non call-based activities
  31. 31. Fostering new skills MSCA Action 1  Based on FP7 ITN, including European Industrial Doctorates (EID) and European Joint Doctorates (EJD)  Aiming to develop research competences combining scientific excellence with business innovation  Equip PhD holders with skills matching public and private sector needs  Joint Research Training Programme     training through research transferable skills training modules exposure to both public and private sectors addressing triple ‘i’ dimensions: international interdisciplinary intersectoral
  32. 32. Innovative Training Networks Main EU programme for structured doctoral training •Objective o to raise excellence and structure research and doctoral training o to train a new generation of creative, entrepreneurial and innovative early-stage researcher • Scope o European Training Networks (ETN), European Industrial Doctorates (EID) or European Joint Doctorates (EJD) o Triple 'i' dimension of mobility and particular focus on innovation skills o Support to ESR for 3-36 months o Minimum eligibility condition: network of 3 participants (exception: EID with 2 participants only) • Expected Impact o to enhance researchers' employability and provide them with new career perspectives Education and Culture
  33. 33. Nurturing excellence MSCA Action 2  Individual Fellowships to promote international and inter-sector mobility  Aiming to support attractive career opportunities and facilitate career moves, also between public and private sectors  Enhance competences and creative potential of best researchers, European and non-European willing to work in the EU  In-built possibility of outgoing phase in Third Countries (TC) or in private sector
  34. 34. • Objective Individual Fellowships o to enhance the creative and innovative potential of experienced researchers o to provide opportunities to acquire new knowledge, work on research projects in a European context or outside Europe, resume a career or return to Europe • Scope o Individual, trans-national fellowships awarded to the best or most promising researchers o European Fellowships (12-24 months) or Global Fellowships (12-24 months + mandatory return phase of 12 months) o Career Restart Panel and Reintegration Panel o Secondments, notably in the non-academic sector, embedded in the career development • Expected Impact o to release the full potential of researchers and to catalyse significant development in their careers in both the academic and non-academic sectors Education and Culture
  35. 35. Stimulating innovation MSCA Action 3  New type of exchange of staff action  Flexible exchanges of highly skilled research and innovation staff  Aiming to stimulate cross-border and cross-sector collaboration  Single eligibility rule for international and inter-sector consortia  Exchanges within Europe (cross-sector) and with third countries
  36. 36. Research and Innovation Staff Exchange • Objective o o to promote international and inter-sector collaboration through research and innovation staff exchanges to foster a shared culture of research and innovation • Scope o International and inter-sector collaboration and transfer of knowledge o Joint research and innovation project o Secondments of staff members for 1-12 months o Minimum eligibility condition: participants in 3 different countries (at least 2 MS/AC) o Within Europe: only inter-sector secondments o No secondments between institutions located outside Europe or within the same MS/AC • Expected Impact o to strengthen the interaction between organisations in the academic and nonacademic sectors, and between Europe and third countries Education and Culture
  37. 37. Increasing impact MSCA Action 4  Extended FP7 MCA co-funding mechanism  Stimulating regional, national and international programmes to foster excellence  Spreading best practices of MSCA in terms of international mobility, research training, career development  Increasing numerical and structural impact of MSCA
  38. 38. • Objective COFUND o to stimulate regional, national or international programmes to foster excellence in researchers' training, mobility and career development • Scope o Co-funding new or existing regional, national, and international programmes to open up to, and provide for, international, intersectoral and interdicisplinary research training, as well as transnational and cross-sector mobility of researchers at all stages of their career o Possibilities of synergies with structural funds o Doctoral Programmes (for ESR) and Fellowship Programmes (for ER) o Researchers to comply with the mobility rules of the MSCA o Minimum support for researchers: 3 months o Implemented by a sole beneficiary • Expected Impact o to exploit synergies between European Union actions and those at regional, national, and international level, and leverage funding Education and Culture
  39. 39. Cross-cutting issues in Horizon 2020  Social sciences and humanities (SSH)  Science with and for society  Small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs)  Fast Track to Innovation (FTI)  Widening the participation  International Cooperation  Sustainable development and climate change
  40. 40. Science with and for Society programme Specific objectives of the 'Science with and for Society' part, Article 3.3b of the Horizon 2020 Specific Programme: "Science with and for Society shall build effective cooperation between science and society, recruit new talent for science and pair scientific excellence with social awareness and responsibility"
  41. 41. Overview of Calls - Call for making Science Education and careers attractive for young people; - Call for promoting Gender equality in Research and innovation; - Call for integrating Society in Science and Innovation; - Call for developing Governance for the advancement of Responsible Research and Innovation; - Call for Strategic Activities: networking and sharing knowledge about Science with and for Society.
  42. 42. Making science education and careers attractive for young people -Innovative Science Education methods Topic "Innovative ways to engage young people in science" -Attractive Science careers, including support to EURAXESS Topic 'Boosting the attractiveness of scientific and technological careers' Topic 'Trans-national operation of the EURAXESS Service network' Topic 'EURAXESS outreach to industry' Topic 'Accelerating the open labour market for researchers - Pilot call Topic 'Accreditation for Human Resources Strategy for Researchers'
  43. 43. Promoting gender equality in research and innovation - Attract young girls in Science Topic 'Innovative approach to communication encouraging girls to study science' - Gender in Research and Innovation content Topic 'Impact of gender diversity on Research & Innovation' - Gender Structural change in Research organisations Topic 'Evaluation of initiatives to promote gender equality in research policy and research organisations' Topic 'Support to research organisations to implement gender equality plans'
  44. 44. Spreading Excellence and Widening Participation in Horizon 2020 - Teaming - Twinning - ERA Chairs - Policy Support Facility - COST (Widening Part)
  45. 45. Teaming scheme SCOPE: Aims at the creation of new (or significant upgrade of existing) Centres of Excellence located in Member States/regions, that are identified as low performers in terms of research and innovation through a teaming process with a leading research intensive institution in Europe (or a consortium of research intensive institutions).
  46. 46. Twinning SCOPE: Aims at significantly strengthening a defined field of research in an knowledge institution through linking with at least two internationally-leading counterparts in Europe.
  47. 47. ERA Chairs SCOPE: Aims to provide support for universities and other research institutions to attract and maintain high quality human resources and implement the structural changes necessary to achieve excellence on a sustainable basis.
  48. 48. Policy Support Facility SCOPE: Aims to improve the design and implementation of R&I policies by offering (voluntary basis) services & expert advice to policymakers at national/regional level, including:  an innovation helpdesk to guide/support users  a database of relevant innovation policy case studies  innovation reviews to address specific policy issues  dissemination activities, incl. newsletters and events
  49. 49. COST (Widening Part) SCOPE: COST, an intergovernmental framework established since 1971 for promoting cooperation among researchers across Europe, is now as an integral part of the Innovation Union and the European Research Area. COST, through its established networking activities, continues to contribute to the delivery of the Europe 2020 agenda and the Innovation Union goal.
  50. 50. The program we all dream
  51. 51. Big money A single partner All disciplines Scientists from all countries Portability of money Short projects Grants differentiated by experience Grants differentiated by disciplines No previous team required No previous lab required Long-term funding
  52. 52. Retain – Repatriate – Recruit
  53. 53. ERC PILLARS The Scientific Council Independent scientific governance The Agency (ERCEA) Managing The European Commission Money
  54. 54. Scientific excellence is the sole selection criterion Projects in all fields of research are eligible for funding Individual research teams led by a single PI are supported Significant funding is provided to attract the established and next generation of exceptional research leaders Grants are awarded to the host institution that engages the PI The host institution guarantees the PI’s independence and provides the research environment to carry out the project and manage its funding
  55. 55. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. Research at the frontiers of knowledge Research in all scientific and technological areas Support group of highly talented individual through a European competition Simplified and flexible funding of up to 5 years duration Community funding 100% Specific implementation structure (Executive Agency) Governed independently: Scientific Council (Scientific Council) 22 members Budget: > 1,600 million euros a year (2013-2020: ~ 12,000 million euros)
  56. 56.  Proposals submitted after publication of calls  Procedure for submission of proposals by 1 shipping.  Evaluation process in two stages based on panels.  Individual research groups: - directed by a single "principal investigator“ - of any nationality - can include additional team members  Teams may be national or transnational
  57. 57. Research teams headed by a single Principal Investigator (PI) of any nationality and, if necessary, include additional team members. The PI does not necessarily need to be employed by the host institution at the time when the proposal is submitted. If not already employed by the host institution, the PI must be engaged by the latter at least for the duration of the grant. Devote a significant amount of time to the project. It should represent the PI's main workload,
  58. 58. Physical Sciences & Engineering PE1 Mathematical foundations PE2 Fundamental constituents of matter PE3 Condensed matter physics PE4 Physical and analytical chemical sciences PE5 Materials and synthesis PE6 Computer science and informatics PE7 Systems and communication engineering PE8 Products and processes engineering PE9 Universe sciences PE10 Earth system science
  59. 59. Life Sciences LS1 Molecular and Structural Biology and Biochemistry LS2 Genetics, Genomics, Bioinformatics and Systems Biology LS3 Cellular and Developmental Biology LS4 Physiology, Pathophysiology and Endocrinology LS5 Neurosciences and Neural Disorders LS6 Immunity and infection LS7 Diagnostic Tools, Therapies and Public Health LS8 Evolutionary, Population and Environmental Biology LS9 Applied Life Sciences and Biotechnology
  60. 60. Social Sciences & Humanities SH1 Individuals, institutions and markets SH2 Institutions, values and beliefs and behavior SH3 Environment and society SH4 The Human Mind and its complexity SH5 Cultures and cultural production SH6 The study of the human past
  61. 61. PROJECT STRUCTURE Section 1 Curriculum vitae: 2 pages Track-record: 2 pages Extended synopsis: 5 pages Section 2 Scientific proposal: 15 pages Additional necessary elements 1. Host Institution binding statement of support 2. Ethical Review table (incorporated in Section 2 of the proposal)
  62. 62. The Community financial contribution Grant to the budget 100% of the total eligible and approved direct costs 25% of the total eligible direct costs (excluding sub-contracting) towards indirect costs
  63. 63. Total budget: ~ €1,600 M/year • • • • Starting Grant: ~ €400m Consolidator Grant: ~ €500m Advanced Grant: ~ €700m Proof of Concept Grant: €15m
  64. 64. Call budget Physical Sciences & Engineering 44% Life Sciences 39% Social Sciences & Humanities 17%
  65. 65. Work Programme adoption: 11 Dec 2013 • ERC-2014-StG: Jan-Feb 2014 ?? • ERC-2014-CoG: Mar-Apr 2014 ?? • ERC-2014-AdG: Jul-Sep 2014 ?? single deadlines for all calls
  66. 66. Starting Grants Call identifier: ERC-2014-StG Date of publication: Jan 2014 Submission deadline: Feb 2014 Indicative budget: ~ EUR 400 M
  67. 67. StG Starting Grants can be up to a maximum of EUR 1 500 000 for a period of 5 years (pro rata for projects of shorter duration). An additional EUR 500 000 can be made available. Eligibility criteria: The Principal Investigator shall have been awarded their first PhD at least 2 and up to 7 years prior to the publication date of the call for proposals of the ERC Starting Grant. However, Principal Investigators who were awarded their first PhD more than 7 years prior to the publication date of the call may still be eligible in certain properly documented circumstances such as maternity. Evaluation procedure: The evaluation will be conducted by means of dedicated high level peer review panels. Panels may be assisted by independent experts. Principal Investigators whose proposals will be retained for step 2 of the evaluation may be invited for an interview to present their project to the evaluation panel meeting in Brussels.
  68. 68. Consolidator Grants Call identifier: ERC-2014-CoG Date of publication: Mar 2014 Submission deadline: Apr 2014 Indicative budget: ~ EUR 500 M
  69. 69. CoG Consolidator Grants can be up to a maximum of EUR 2 000 000 for a period of 5 years (pro rata for projects of shorter duration). An additional EUR 750 000 can be made available. Eligibility criteria: The Principal Investigator shall have been awarded their first PhD over 7 and up to 12 years prior to the publication date of the call for proposals of the ERC Starting Grant. However, Principal Investigators who were awarded their first PhD more than 12 years prior to the publication date of the call may still be eligible in certain properly documented circumstances such as maternity. Evaluation procedure: The evaluation will be conducted by means of dedicated high level peer review panels. Panels may be assisted by independent experts. Principal Investigators whose proposals will be retained for step 2 of the evaluation may be invited for an interview to present their project to the evaluation panel meeting in Brussels
  70. 70. Advanced Grant Call identifier: ERC-2014-AdG Date of publication: Jul 2014 Submission deadline: Sep 2014 Indicative budget: ~ EUR 700 M
  71. 71. AdG Advanced Grants can be up to a maximum of EUR 2 500 000 for a period of 5 years (pro rata for projects of shorter duration). An additional EUR 1 000 000 can be made available. Eligibility criteria: No specific eligibility criteria are foreseen for Principal Investigators applying for Advanced Grants but only exceptional proposals are likely to be funded. Evaluation procedure: The evaluation will be conducted by means of a structure of high level peer review panels. The panels may be assisted by remote referees.
  72. 72. EVALUATION A single submission of the full proposal will be followed by a two-step evaluation. evaluation The evaluation will be conducted by means of a structure of high level peer review panels The Panels may be assisted by referees
  73. 73. EVALUATION StG, CoG and AdG • At step 1. Part B1 Panel members • At step 2. Full proposal (Parts B1+B2) Panel members Remote referees Interview in StG and CoG only
  74. 74. RESULTS At the end of step 1 of the evaluation applicants will be informed that their proposal: A.- is of sufficient quality to pass to step 2 of the evaluation; B.- is of high quality but not sufficient to pass to step 2 of the evaluation; C.- is not of sufficient quality to pass to step 2 of the evaluation. The applicant may also be subject to restrictions on submitting proposals to future ERC calls. At the end of step 2 of the evaluation applicants will be informed that their proposal: A.- fully meets the ERC's excellence criterion and is recommended for funding if sufficient funds are available; B.- meets some but not all elements of the ERC's excellence criterion and will not be funded.
  75. 75. Information and guidance to applicants http://erc.europa.eu http://cordis.europa.eu/fp7/ideas Demo on line http://www.oficinaeuropea.es/programa-marco/ideas jluis.garcia@mineco.es (NR) ideas.7pm@mineco.es (NCP)

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