Instituto Español de Oceanografía

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Presentación del Instituto Español de Oceanografía (IEO) en la jornada CMN de Investigación en el Mediterráneo, celebrada en la UPCT el 26 de noviembre de 2012.

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Instituto Español de Oceanografía

  1. 1. INSTITUTO ESPAÑOL DE OCEANOGRAFÍA (IEO) SPANISH INSTITUTE OF OCEANOGRAPHY JORNADA MEDITERRANEAN KNOW-HOW CMN INVESTIGACIÓN EN EL MEDITERRÁNEO CIM, UPCT, Cartagena 26 de noviembre de 2012
  2. 2. •Tasks•History•Facilities & Personnel: •Oceanographic centres •Support services •Research facilities: ships, tide-gauges, experimental laboratories, aquaculture plants•Research and Scientific Advice: •Marine Environment •Aquaculture •Fisheries
  3. 3. Tasks:IEO is a governmental research organization devoted to: • Oceanographic research (including marine pollution, fisheries and aquaculture). • Advice the Spanish Government on its oceanographic and fishery policies. • Representation of Spain in international oceanography and fishery organisations. • Promotion of co-operation in marine research at the regional, national and international levels. • Training oceanographers and disseminating oceanographic knowlegde. •
  4. 4. History: A long tradition since 1914 Oceanographic cruise in 1916Santander Marine Biology Laboratory (1886) Prof. Odón de Buen
  5. 5. Facilities and personnel:•Geographic distribution: coastal laboratories and a centralheadquarter in Madrid•Dedicated research facilities: research vessels, aquacultureplants, tide-gauge network, satellite image reception station•Personnel: more than 400 permanent staff (plus ca. 200temporal contracts). CO Murcia staff – 19 Researchers (14 PhDs) Administration – 1-3 Investigadores Post-Doc – 6-10 PhD students – 2-10 PG students – 45 technicians and administrative staff.
  6. 6. a nation-wide network•Headquarter (Madrid)•Nine Oceanographic Centres•Four Aquaculture Plants
  7. 7. Murcia Oceanographic Centre Murcia Oceanographic Centre carried out research on fisheries, marine environment and aquaculture since 1966. • Marine Laboratory (Fisheries & marine environment) – San Pedro del Pinatar. • Aquaculture Plant – Mazarron. •Aquaculture Tank for bluefin spawners (in construction) – Isla Plana, Cartagena. Aquaculture Plant. MazarrónMarine Laboratory. San Pedro del Pinatar
  8. 8. Structure: Administration and finance Science management Oceanographic Centres Organization
  9. 9. Support services: • International Relationships • National Relationships • Research Training • Research Ship Management • Library / Documentation Center • Publications • Information Technologies • Financial Services • Contracts and Management • Human Resources
  10. 10. Specific research facilities: •Research ships •Tide-gaude network •Experimental laboratories •Aquaculture plants •Satellite Imagery •IOC-IEO Science and Comunication Centre on Harmful Algal Blooms •Oceanographic and Fishery Data Centre
  11. 11. A fleet of oceanographic vessels operated by IEO ..... 24 m16 m31 m 67 m B/O Cornide de Saavedra
  12. 12. ... and granted access to research ships operated by other agencies IFREMER 74 m (France) R/V Thalassa CSIC - Spanish NavyMinistry of Fisheries (Spain)B/O Vizconde de Eza 53 m BIO Hespérides 83 m
  13. 13. A tide-gauge network... Santander A Coruña Vigo Palma de Mallorca Sta. Cruz de Arrecife La Palma Cádiz Tarifa Málaga Ceuta Las Palmas de Gran Canaria ... allows the study of sea level changes
  14. 14. Aquaculture plants Murcia (Fish) Vigo (Fish)Santander (Macroalgae) Santander (Fish)
  15. 15. Satellite Imagery
  16. 16. Spanish Oceanographic and Fisheries Data Centre (CEDO)•Database management, including the development offormats and protocols for data exchange•Oceanographic and fishery data storage•Data exchange with national and international data basesystems•Development of data products and metadata archives •Regional atlas (statistics and climatological information) •Software (maps and data management)
  17. 17. Research Divisions:• Marine environment• Fisheries and Renewable resources• Marine aquaculture
  18. 18. Marine environment• Temporal variability and trends of oceanographic conditions and biological communities• Oceanographic processes in relation to living marine resources• Harmful marine organisms• Levels, trends and effects of pollutants on marine resources• Marine biodiversity (Coastal and Oceanic Areas)• Geological study of continental margins and deep sea basins• Effects of human activities on marine ecosystems
  19. 19. Marine Environment • Marine Pollution and Biological Effects: – Monitoring of pollutants along the mediterranean coast. – Bioindicators of pollutants. – Regulated and emergent pollutants in Mar Menor lagoon.Collecting mussels Analysing pollutants in the lab
  20. 20. Marine Environment• Biodiversity and coastal ecology: – Ecology of Seagrasses. – Ecology of Jellyfish. – Ecotoxicology of bivalvs – Seahorse and other Vulnerable species – Marine Protected Areas. Feeding a seahorse in the labSampling posidonia in the seagrass
  21. 21. Fisheries and Renewable Resources• Biology and dynamics of exploited species• Stock assessment of species of interest for the Spanish fleet• Improvement of the metodology of stock assessment cruises• Finding and exploration of new fishing grounds Tuna
  22. 22. Fisheries and Renewable Resources• Marine exploited ecosystem: – Bycatch and discards. Impact of fishing on the ecosystem. – Biogeography and spatial ecology. – Stock assessment. – Research surveys. – Small-scale fisheries. Spatial model – Anchovy distributionResearch survey - fishing
  23. 23. Marine aquaculture• Improvement of culture techniques in commercially exploited species (fish, molluscs, seaweeds).• Development of culture techniques in species already tested for aquaculture, but not yet commercially exploited.• Biology and development of experimental-scale rearing techniques of species potentially suitable for aquaculture• Production of species in captivity oriented to research or biodiversity protection
  24. 24. Marine aquaculture• Mediterranean aquaculture – Bluefin aquaculture – Genetic, inmunology and nutrition on aquaculture – Aquaculture and zootecnia of new species of the Mediterranean Bluefin specimens in a cage Dentón de 26 días
  25. 25. Thanks for your attentionFor more information please go to:• www.ieo.es• www.mu.ieo.es (with a video in spanish and english)

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