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More news from where? Reviewing blogging's contribution to the mediasphere  [IR11, Gothenburg, October 2010]
More news from where? Reviewing blogging's contribution to the mediasphere  [IR11, Gothenburg, October 2010]
More news from where? Reviewing blogging's contribution to the mediasphere  [IR11, Gothenburg, October 2010]
More news from where? Reviewing blogging's contribution to the mediasphere  [IR11, Gothenburg, October 2010]
More news from where? Reviewing blogging's contribution to the mediasphere  [IR11, Gothenburg, October 2010]
More news from where? Reviewing blogging's contribution to the mediasphere  [IR11, Gothenburg, October 2010]
More news from where? Reviewing blogging's contribution to the mediasphere  [IR11, Gothenburg, October 2010]
More news from where? Reviewing blogging's contribution to the mediasphere  [IR11, Gothenburg, October 2010]
More news from where? Reviewing blogging's contribution to the mediasphere  [IR11, Gothenburg, October 2010]
More news from where? Reviewing blogging's contribution to the mediasphere  [IR11, Gothenburg, October 2010]
More news from where? Reviewing blogging's contribution to the mediasphere  [IR11, Gothenburg, October 2010]
More news from where? Reviewing blogging's contribution to the mediasphere  [IR11, Gothenburg, October 2010]
More news from where? Reviewing blogging's contribution to the mediasphere  [IR11, Gothenburg, October 2010]
More news from where? Reviewing blogging's contribution to the mediasphere  [IR11, Gothenburg, October 2010]
More news from where? Reviewing blogging's contribution to the mediasphere  [IR11, Gothenburg, October 2010]
More news from where? Reviewing blogging's contribution to the mediasphere  [IR11, Gothenburg, October 2010]
More news from where? Reviewing blogging's contribution to the mediasphere  [IR11, Gothenburg, October 2010]
More news from where? Reviewing blogging's contribution to the mediasphere  [IR11, Gothenburg, October 2010]
More news from where? Reviewing blogging's contribution to the mediasphere  [IR11, Gothenburg, October 2010]
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More news from where? Reviewing blogging's contribution to the mediasphere [IR11, Gothenburg, October 2010]

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Paper presented at IR11, Gothenburg, October 2010

Paper presented at IR11, Gothenburg, October 2010

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  • 1. More news from where? Reviewing blogging's contribution to the mediasphere IR11 Göteborg, Sweden, 21 October 2010 Tim Highfield Queensland University of Technology t.highfield@qut.edu.au timhighfield.net @timhighfield
  • 2. In this project, looking specifically at political blogs news / current events blogs economics, law... different foci, approaches, roles within larger groups of blogs, including analysts link bloggers psephologists original reporters or commentators? 'informing' as main function of bloggers (McKenna & Pole)
  • 3. Bloggers and journalists early examples of blogs' political influence/ breaking news (especially U.S.) complementary relationship? (Singer) readership for blogs might be low, but media editors/advisors keep track of blogosphere/Twitter 'buzz' gatewatching (Bruns) blogs act as watchdogs analysing, collecting, commenting on, responding to mainstream media output blogs acting as (part of a) fifth estate?
  • 4. Second tier media? Gans (1980) 'central (or first-tier) media would be complemented by a second tier … [who] would devote themselves primarily to reanalyzing and reinterpreting news gathered by the central media - and the wire services - for their audiences, adding their own commentary and backing these up with as much original reporting... as would be financially feasible'
  • 5. Criticism reliance on other resources for content Keen (2007): blogs as unreliable sources, spreading gossip and rumour 'much of the real news [blogs] contain has been lifted from (or aggregated from) the very news organizations they aim to replace' blogosphere as echo chamber?
  • 6. How blogs use media content in general, blogs link to mainstream media content more than to other blogs (Kenix 2009)? source of information critiquing content link to other parts of page (e.g. comment threads) topical variations and references
  • 7. Research project Study of French and Australian political blogospheres (Jan-Aug 2009) content of blog posts from sample of blogs (and other sites) collected by Lars Kirchhoff and Thomas Nicolai, Sociomantic Labs (Berlin) text and links extracted from posts whole period and event-specific studies using text and hyperlink analysis
  • 8. January – August 2009 Most referenced sites: Most links from French blogs Most links from Australian blogs dailymotion.com/ [2702] theaustralian.com.au/ [735] fr.wikipedia.org/ [1199] theage.com.au/ [697] lemonde.fr/ [989] smh.com.au/ [665] tempsreel.nouvelobs.com/ [803] en.wikipedia.org/ [538] lefigaro.fr/ [752] guardian.co.uk/ [448] liberation.fr/ [672] abc.net.au/ [423] rue89.com/ [605] nytimes.com/ [394] lexpress.fr/ [427] youtube.com/ [301] google.com/hostednews/afp/ [362] abc.net.au/news/ [287] marianne2.fr/ [348] haaretz.com/ [241] lepoint.fr/ [344] flickr.com/ [216] fr.news.yahoo.com/ [331] news.com.au/ [206] lepost.fr/ [270] heraldsun.com.au/ [201] 20minutes.fr/ [267] news.com.au/couriermail/ [184] sarkofrance.blogspot.com/ [256] news.bbc.co.uk/ [184]
  • 9. Inauguration 16-25 January 2009 French blogs: mainstream media coverage most widely-cited, some international media, fewer alternative media discuss inauguration but also GFC, Gaza, retrospectives, Sarkozy, the Obama campaign Most in-links Most out-links Most posts lemonde.fr/ [17] lemammouth.over-blog.com/ [97] ilovepolitics.info/ [23] fr.wikipedia.org/ [15] ilovepolitics.info/ [34] extremecentre.org/ [16] liberation.fr/ [13] extremecentre.org/ [29] lemammouth.over-blog.com/ [9] tempsreel.nouvelobs.com/ [12] politique.blomig.com [29] blog.mendes-france.com/ [6] fr.news.yahoo.com/ [12] cafecroissant.fr [23] politique.fluctuat.net/ [4] lefigaro.fr/ [11] nuesblog.com [21] profencampagne.com/ [4] dailymotion.com/ [10] sarkofrance.blogspot.com [19] sarkofrance.blogspot.com/ [4] youtube.com/ [9] lalettredejaures.over-blog.com [15] yanndarc.com/ [3] lexpress.fr/ [9] sarkobasta.over-blog.com/ [9] google.com/hostednews/afp/ [8]
  • 10. Inauguration Australian blogs: US and UK mainstream media most referenced inauguration as framing for discussion of economic response to GFC, policy and strategy (environment, technology, Guantanamo Bay), or analyse Obama's speech itself Most in-links Most out-links Most posts en.wikipedia.org/ [9] crikey.com.au/ [118] crikey.com.au/ [35] youtube.com/ [8] blogs.crikey.com.au/crikey/ [21] mushroomandrooster.net/ [9] guardian.co.uk/ [7] tamaleaver.net/ [18] antonyloewenstein.com/ [6] nytimes.com/ [6] larvatusprodeo.net/ [17] lyndahawryluk.livejournal.com/ [6] salon.com/ [5] mushroomandrooster.net/ [14] onlineopinion.com.au/ [6] smh.com.au/ [4] blogs.crikey.com.au/rooted/ [13] blogs.crikey.com.au/contentmakers/ [5] washingtonpost.com/ [4] economics.com.au/ [13] larvatusprodeo.net/ [4] huffingtonpost.com/ [4] lyndahawryluk.livejournal.com/ [12] abc.net.au/unleashed/ [4] telegraph.co.uk/ [4] onlineopinion.com.au/ [11] blogs.crikey.com.au/rooted/ [3] whitehouse.gov/ [4] machinegunkeyboard.com/ [10] machinegunkeyboard.com/ [3] time.com/ [4]
  • 11. HADOPI January – August 2009 Referencing MSM but also sites relevant to the news, debate, campaign surrounding HADOPI pol blogs as political voices, not just commenting on news/informing but politically involved. Spikes around votes, net blackout Most in-links Most out-links Most posts fr.wikipedia.org/ [84] lemammouth.over-blog.com/ [248] lescahiers.over-blog.com/ [54] rue89.com/ [55] eco.rue89.com/ [90] eco.rue89.com/ [39] numerama.com/ [49] irenedelse.com/ [87] rue89.com/ [23] laquadrature.net/ [49] rue89.com/ [67] irenedelse.com/ [23] lemonde.fr/ [46] lescahiers.over-blog.com/ [46] lemammouth.over-blog.com/ [23] dailymotion.com/ [45] sarkofrance.blogspot.com/ [40] torapamavoa.blogspot.com/ [21] pcinpact.com/ [37] blogs.lexpress.fr/nouvelleformule/ [39] jegpol.blogspot.com/ [17] liberation.fr/ [33] rimbusblog.blogspot.com/ [34] nuesblog.com/ [15] tempsreel.nouvelobs.com/ [32] sarkobasta.over-blog.com/ [20] lalettredejaures.over-blog.com/ [14] ecrans.fr/ [29] lalettredejaures.over-blog.com/ [19] sarkobasta.over-blog.com/ [13] rimbusblog.blogspot.com/ [13]
  • 12. Utegate June – August 2009 Most cited sites all Australian mainstream media (or offshoot sites) High numbers of links to MSM but low post totals reflect a greater watchdog role – bloggers not wanting to cover the ‘scandal’ but commenting on the media’s coverage Most in-links Most out-links Most posts smh.com.au/ [28] crikey.com.au/ [186] crikey.com.au/ [46] theaustralian.news.com.au/ [26] larvatusprodeo.net/ [31] petermartin.blogspot.com/ [9] theage.com.au/ [20] petermartin.blogspot.com/ [14] larvatusprodeo.net/ [9] news.com.au/dailytelegraph/ [16] catallaxyfiles.com/ [6] alp.org.au/ [8] thepunch.com.au/ [11] antonyloewenstein.com/ [4] blogs.crikey.com.au/pollytics/ [4] news.com.au/couriermail/ [9] blogs.crikey.com.au/pollytics/ [3] onlineopinion.com.au/ [3] news.com.au/heraldsun/ [9] tedalog.blogspot.com/ [2] blogs.crikey.com.au/purepoison/ [3] abc.net.au/news/ [9] blogs.crikey.com.au/bartlett/ [2] catallaxyfiles.com/ [2] abc.net.au/ [9] duncanriley.com/ [2] blogs.news.com.au/dailytelegraph/malcol mfarr/ [8]
  • 13. Australian mainstream media and blogs two primary examples of blogs critiquing aspects of mainstream media content and media reaction July 2007 interpretation of Newspoll figures by political blogs criticised by an editorial in the Australian: 'On almost every issue it is difficult not to conclude that most of the electronic offerings that feed off the work of The Australian to create their own content are a waste of time. They contribute only defamatory comments and politically coloured analysis.'
  • 14. #grog(s)gate July – October 2010 Grog's Gamut – grogsgamut.blogspot.com publishes a post critical of media election coverage and journalists' questioning of policy (30 July 2010) Some Twitter debate, comments, posts follow, including contributions and retweets from journalists
  • 15. #grog(s)gate 7 August 2010 James Massola (The Australian) writes on the debate started around the post - although not the post content itself: 'Such a public conversation about journalism was unimaginable five years ago. If for no other reason, the incident demonstrated why Twitter, and blogs, matter.'
  • 16. #grog(s)gate 3 September 2010 Mark Scott (ABC) references Grog’s blog post in speech about election coverage 'The contributions of bloggers - the constant feedback and commentary of thousands through the #ausvotes stream on Twitter – were watched and considered by every mainstream media editor. And we could see - the impact made by some bloggers was every bit as great as that made by other mainstream professional journalists'
  • 17. #grog(s)gate 27 September 2010 Massola 'outs' Grog as Greg Jericho, a Canberra public servant defends decision as in the public interest Aftermath: questions around ethics of unmasking (right to) anonymity /pseudonymity online? blogs and accountability Mainstream media's relationship with blogs, Twitter The Australian headline: 'Blogosphere and Twitter no more than an echo chamber'
  • 18. #grog(s)gate Geoff Elliott (The Australian media editor) 'If you are a public servant and blogging and tweeting, sometimes airing a partisan political line, do you deserve anonymity? No. ...if you are influencing the public debate, particularly as a public servant, it is the public's right to know who you are. It is the media's duty to report it.'
  • 19. Conclusion Political blogs still link heavily to mainstream media content, although variations around events However, linking not necessarily repeating the work of the mainstream media, but also building on it, disagreeing, correcting Bloggers carrying out particular roles or functions based on interests/groups e.g. specialist blogs - able to provide more information, analysis than traditional media, focus on different perspectives functions could fit Gans’ second tier concept #grog(s)gate suggests some mainstream media unsure of blogging's place in mediasphere?

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