Important poetry terms

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  • Important Poetry Terms by Katherine CampbellToday I will discuss some of the most important terms that you need to know when it comes to reading, learning, and understanding poetry.
  • Here are the 15 basic poetry terms that are necessary to understand so that you can fully comprehend all different aspects of poetry. Some of these terms may be familiar, while others may seem strange and foreign. By the end of this PowerPoint you will understand and be able to effectively use all of these terms.
  • Alliteration is the repetition of consonant sounds in a poem. Robert Frost’s poem Nothing Gold Can Stay is a very good example of the use of Alliteration.Note that the sounds from the g, h, and d all repeat making the poem sound like a tongue-twister.
  • This is an allusion because Helen of Troy was said to be the most beautiful women in all of history.
  • Notice that the vowel “e” is repeated in the words seared, bleared, and smeared.
  • In this example it is easy to tell that the oak tree is not similar to the squirrel, therefore making this a good example of conceit.
  • This example of a haiku is silly, but it does follow the structure that is needed for it to be a haiku, making it indeed a haiku.
  • This too is also an example of a haiku.
  • Not only do we hear hyperbole in poetry, but it is used in every day language as well.
  • While the word imagery makes you think of an image, it also refers to the sense of smell, touch, hearing, taste, as well as sight.
  • Metaphors and similies are very similar, be careful when you look at the definitions between the two.
  • The x means that the syllable is unstressed a / means that the syllable is stressed. In these examples, the bolded words are stressed, represented by the / and the unbolded words are not stressed represented by the x.
  • Onomatopoeia words are by far some of the most exciting words used in poetry and language as a whole.
  • Notice that a simile uses “like” or “as” and a metaphor does not use “like” or “as”
  • Important poetry terms

    1. 1. Important Poetry Terms<br />By Katherine Campbell<br />EDU 290 Technology <br />in Education<br />1 March 2011<br />© Katherine Campbell, 2011<br />
    2. 2. Basic Terms of Poetry<br />Alliteration<br />Allusion<br />Assonance<br />Conceit<br />Haiku<br />Hyperbole<br />Imagery<br />Metaphor<br />Meter<br />Onomatopoeia<br />Oxymoron<br />Personification<br />Simile<br />Sonnet<br />Stanza<br />© Katherine Campbell, 2011<br />
    3. 3. Alliteration<br />Repetition of consonant sounds throughout a group or series of words in a poem.<br />Nothing Gold Can Stay by Robert Frost<br />Nature’s first green is gold,Her hardest hue to hold.Her early leaf’s a flower;But only so an hour.Then leaf subsides to leaf.So Eden sank to grief,So dawn goes down to day.Nothing gold can stay.<br />© Katherine Campbell, 2011<br />
    4. 4. Allusion<br />When a poem references to something from literature, history, mythology, or the Bible.<br />An example of this would be when a poem says that a girl is as pretty of Helen of Troy.<br />© Katherine Campbell, 2011<br />
    5. 5. Assonance<br />Repeating vowel sounds throughout a series or groups of words.<br />Excerpt of God’s Grandeur by Gerard Manley Hopkins<br />All is seared with trade<br /> bleared, smeared with toil<br />© Katherine Campbell, 2011<br />
    6. 6. Conceit<br />A metaphor that compares two objects that are nothing alike.<br />Example of conceit:<br />The mighty oaks are as abundant as the squirrels in the forest.<br />© Katherine Campbell, 2011<br />
    7. 7. Haiku<br />A Japanese poem that consists of three lines and 5, 7, 5 syllables.<br />Example a haiku:<br />Haiku’s are easy (5)<br />Some don’t make very much sense (7)<br />Refrigerator (5)<br />© Katherine Campbell, 2011<br />
    8. 8. Haiku (cont.)<br />Alternate example:<br />Spring is in the Air by KaitlynGuenther<br />Spring is in the air (5)Flowers are blooming sky high (7)Children are laughing (5)<br />© Katherine Campbell, 2011<br />
    9. 9. Hyperbole<br />Intentional use of exaggeration or overstatement to make a statement or point.<br />Example of a hyperbole:<br />I would wait ten thousand years for my love to return to me!<br />© Katherine Campbell, 2011<br />
    10. 10. Imagery<br />Words and phrases that appeal to experiences with your five senses.<br />Example of imagery:<br />The smell of fresh baked cookies wafted through the air of the large house.<br />© Katherine Campbell, 2011<br />
    11. 11. Metaphor<br />A comparison between two things, <br /> not using “like” or “as”.<br />Example of a metaphor:<br />Her eyes were darting searchlights, scanning the room for her rival.<br />© Katherine Campbell, 2011<br />
    12. 12. Meter<br />A regular pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables.<br />There are multiple meter forms some include:<br />Iambic<br />Trochaic<br />Spondaic<br />© Katherine Campbell, 2011<br />
    13. 13. Meter (cont.)<br />Iambic (x /) : That time of year thoumayst in me behold<br />Trochaic (/ x): Tell me not in mournful numbers<br />Spondaic (/ /): Break, break, break/ On thy coldgraystones, O Sea!<br />© Katherine Campbell, 2011<br />
    14. 14. Onomatopoeia<br />Words that are spelt like they sound.<br />Examples:<br />Boom!!<br />SPLAT!!!<br />Splash!!!<br />© Katherine Campbell, 2011<br />
    15. 15. Personification<br />Giving non human objects human like qualities and actions<br />Example of personification:<br />The mighty oak’s arms reached forcefully towards the sky.<br />© Katherine Campbell, 2011<br />
    16. 16. Simile<br />A comparison between two objects using “like” or “as”.<br />Examples:<br />The penny was as shiny as a diamond!<br />Her argument was solid like a rock.<br />The snow fell like glitter from the sky.<br />© Katherine Campbell, 2011<br />
    17. 17. Sonnet<br />A fourteen line poem that follows a strict rhyme scheme.<br />There are two types of sonnets:<br />Italian (Petrarchan)<br />English (Shakespearean)<br />© Katherine Campbell, 2011<br />
    18. 18. Sonnet (cont.)<br />SONNET 18 by Shakespeare<br />Shall I compare thee to a summer's day? Thou art more lovely and more temperate:Rough winds do shake the darling buds of May,And summer's lease hath all too short a date: Sometime too hot the eye of heaven shines,And often is his gold complexion dimm'd; And every fair from fair sometime declines,By chance or nature's changing course untrimm'd;But thy eternal summer shall not fadeNor lose possession of that fair thou owest;Nor shall Death brag thou wander'st in his shade,When in eternal lines to time thou growest: So long as men can breathe or eyes can see,So long lives this and this gives life to thee. <br />© Katherine Campbell, 2011<br />
    19. 19. Stanza<br />A group of lines that form a unit of the poem.<br />Long poems are usually broken up into stanzas to make them easier to read and comprehend.<br />© Katherine Campbell, 2011<br />
    20. 20. References<br />http://www.kristisiegel.com/poetry.htm<br />http://www.dltk-holidays.com/spring/poem/mguenther-springisintheair.htm<br />http://www.funny-poems-for-free.com/metaphor-examples.html<br />http://writing.upenn.edu/~afilreis/88/meter.html<br />http://writing.upenn.edu/~afilreis/88/sonnet.html<br />http://www.shakespeare-online.com/sonnets/18.html<br />© Katherine Campbell, 2011<br />

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