Country profile Australia

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  • 1. Presented by:Avishek kumar mishra DOON BUSINESS SCHOOL MBA 3rd sem -Finance Country profile of Australia 20-11-2013 1
  • 2. Country profile of Australia 20-11-2013 2
  • 3. Country profile of Australia 20-11-2013 3
  • 4.      Australia ranks as one of the best places to live in the world by all indices of income Human development, healthcare and civil rights The sixth-largest country in the world by land mass Its comparatively small population is concentrated in the highly-urbanised east of the Australian continent. Currency :- Australian Dollar (AUD) Country profile of Australia 20-11-2013 4
  • 5. Country profile of Australia 20-11-2013 5
  • 6. Demographics  Population growth rate 1.126% (2012 est.) Age structure  0-14 years: 18.2% (male 2,050,403/female 1,946,829)  15-24 years: 13.5% (male 1,524,835/female 1,447,607)  25-54 years: 42.2% (male 4,713,552/female 4,570,282)  55-64 years: 11.8% (male 1,294,224/female 1,308,231)  65 years and over: 14.4% (male 1,451,869/female 1,707,744) (2012 est.) Country profile of Australia 20-11-2013 6
  • 7. Area  Australia's landmass of 7,617,930 square kilometres (2,941,300 sq mi) is on the IndoAustralian Plate  Surrounded by the Indian and Pacific oceans  The world's smallest continent Poulation  The population of Australia is estimated to be 23,251,982 as of 18 November 2013  52nd rank around the word Country profile of Australia 20-11-2013 7
  • 8.   Birth rate 12.28 births/1,000 population (2012 est. Rank 164) Death rate 6.94 deaths/1,000 population (July 2012 est. Rank 146) Major cities – population: Sydney 4.429 million  Melbourne 3.853 million  Brisbane 1.97 million  Perth 1.599 million  CANBERRA (capital) 384,000 (2009) Country profile of Australia 20-11-2013 8
  • 9. Infant mortality rate Total: 4.55 deaths/1,000 live births Male: 4.87 deaths/1,000 live births Female: 4.21 deaths/1,000 live births (2012 est.)   Life expectancy at birth Total population: 81.9 years Male: 79.48 years Female: 84.45 years (2012 est.) Country profile of Australia 20-11-2013 9
  • 10.       Australia’s system of government is founded in the liberal democratic tradition Australia’s institutions and practices of government reflect British and North American models One of the oldest continuous democracies in the world Australia’s government is based on a popularly elected parliament with two chambers: the House of Representatives and the Senate Australia is an independent nation, Queen Elizabeth II of Great Britain is also formally Queen of Australia. Sibilates of the federal government, which include foreign relations, trade, defense and immigration Country profile of Australia 20-11-2013 10
  • 11.         The growth of the economy of Australia is phenomenal and this country is among the first five developed countries of the world Australian economic system are trade, manufacturing, services and finance Unemployment rate 5% in 2013 & 11% in 1992 GDP of US$1.57 trillion Australia's total wealth is 6.4 trillion dollars Australia is the 19th-largest importer and 19th-largest exporter. Australian Securities Exchange is largest stock exchange in Australia and in the South Pacific And ranks 9th in the world in terms of market capitalisation Country profile of Australia 20-11-2013 11
  • 12.   Six states joined together to form the Commonwealth of Australia and the Australian Government State governments also have their own constitutions, as well as a structure of legislature, executive and judiciary. Country profile of Australia 20-11-2013 12
  • 13. Country profile of Australia 20-11-2013 13
  • 14.   The current account deficit, seasonally adjusted, raise $610m (7%) to $9,350m in the June quarter 2013. There was a turnaround of $140m on the balance on goods and services, resulting in a deficit of $18m in the June quarter 2013. The primary income deficit rose $479m (6%) to $9,008m. In seasonally adjusted chain volume terms, the surplus on goods and services fell $154m (2%) from $7,306m in the March quarter 2013 to $7,152m in the June quarter 2013. This is expected to detract 0.04 percentage points from growth in the June quarter 2013 volume measure of GDP. Country profile of Australia 20-11-2013 14
  • 15.  Australia's net IIP liability position was $816.9b at 30 June 2013, a decrease of $31.8b on 31 March 2013. Australia's net foreign debt liability increased $23.1b to a liability position of $762.2b. Australia's net foreign equity liability decreased $54.9b to a liability position of $54.8b. Country profile of Australia 20-11-2013 15
  • 16. Mar Qtr 2013 Jun Qtr 2013 Mar Qtr 2013 to Jun Qtr 2013 $m $m % change -10 985 -8 556 22 Seasonally adjusted -8 740 -9 350 -7 BALANCE ON GOODS AND SERVICES Trend estimates -1 754 511 (a). . Seasonally adjusted 122 -18 (a). . -8 902 -8 741 2 -8 529 -9 008 -6 International Investment Position 848 698 816 937 -4 Net foreign equity 109 614 54 764 -50 Net foreign debt 739 084 762 173 3 BALANCE ON CURRENT ACCOUNT Trend estimates NET PRIMARY INCOME Trend estimates Seasonally adjusted LEVELS AT END OF PERIOD Country profile of Australia 20-11-2013 16
  • 17.       English is Australia’s national language The most commonly spoken languages after English are Italian, Greek, Cantonese, Arabic, Vietnamese and Mandarin Australia is a predominantly Christian country, with around 64 per cent of all Australians identifying as Christians Australians love their sport, both playing it and watching it. The Australian wine sector is recognised internationally as producing a full range of highquality wine styles and varietals to match any dish Climatic conditions, from tropical monsoons to hot, dry weather and snow. Country profile of Australia 20-11-2013 17
  • 18.    There are no laws or rules on clothing But Australians are expected to wear certain clothing in work situations Outside the work situation, clothing is a personal choice—people dress for comfort, the social situation or the weather. Country profile of Australia 20-11-2013 18
  • 19.   Australia Inflation Rate The inflation rate in Australia was recorded at 2.20 percent in the third quarter of 2013 The Gross Domestic Product per capita in Australia was last recorded at 37228.20 US dollars in 2012 Country profile of Australia 20-11-2013 19
  • 20. Country profile of Australia 20-11-2013 20
  • 21. Country profile of Australia 20-11-2013 21
  • 22.    Department of Innovation, Industry, Science and Research:- encourages knowledge creation, cutting edge science and research, international competitiveness and greater productivity Food Science Australia :- (joint venture of the CSIRO (Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation) and the Victorian government) - Australia’s largest and most diversified food research organisation committed to turning scientific research into innovative solutions for the food industry in Australia and overseas. IP Australia:- the federal government agency responsible for granting rights in patents, trade marks and designs. Country profile of Australia 20-11-2013 22
  • 23.  CSIRO:- The Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation, is Australia's national science agency and one of the largest and most diverse research agencies in the world.) Country profile of Australia 20-11-2013 23
  • 24. Meaning :- A trade bloc can be defined as a ‘preferential trade agreement’ (PTA) between a subset of countries, designed to significantly reduce or remove trade barriers within member Members: The European Union (EU),  North American Free Trade Association (NAFTA)  World Trade Organisation (WTO)  Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC)  ASEAN Free Trade Area (AFTA) Country profile of Australia 20-11-2013 24
  • 25.   Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) Industrial Science and Technology Working Group The Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD):- The department is actively involved in two major committees of the OECD: the Committee for Scientific and Technological Policy (CSTP), and the Committee for Industry, Innovation and Entrepreneurship (CIIE). Country profile of Australia 20-11-2013 25
  • 26.  The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organisation (UNESCO):- The organisation aims to contribute to global peace and security by promoting international collaboration in education, science, culture and communications Country profile of Australia 20-11-2013 26
  • 27. Major Industries • Automobiles • Food & beverage • Consumer services:- Retail, Media, Specialized consumer services • Financials:- Banking, Financial services, Insurance, Real estate • Industrials • Oil & gas • Technology • Chemicals • Basic resources Country profile of Australia 20-11-2013 27
  • 28. Chemicals :- Nufarm, chemicals manufacturer  Basic resources:- Alumina Limited, aluminium Arrium, mining, etc.  Automobiles: Australian Motor Industries (AMI), bought out by Toyota,  Elfin Cars, sports car manufacturer,  Holden, auto manufacturing, owned by the General Motors Corporation of America, typically sold as a Chevrolet abroad, etc.  Bank:- Australia and New Zealand Banking Group (ASX: ANZ), etc.  Country profile of Australia 20-11-2013 28
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