1990s: the greening of the hospitality rose out of the international debate around the UN Earth Summit in Rio, 1992, the Montreal Protocol on ozone depletion, the Kyoto Protocol.
The mission for hoteliers:
Use of environmentally conscious practices through information campaigns to raise consumer’s awareness.
Implementation of green certification programs for the industry at large.
CERES GREEN HOTEL INITIATIVE GHI
1989 - Coalition for Environmentally Responsible Economies : national network of investors, environmental organizations and other public interest groups working with companies and investors to address sustainability challenges
GHI is a Ceres program designed to increase and demonstrate market demand for environmentally responsible hotel services
GHI IS FOCUSED ON
Educating purchasers of hotel services, particularly large buyers such as corporate meeting planners, about what they can ask from lodging providers.
Creating vehicles for these purchasers to express their demand for these services.
Providing mechanisms for hotels to communicate their environmental performance.
Worldwide benchmarking and certification program which facilitates sustainable travel and tourism since 1993.
Based on Agenda 21 and principles for SD endorsed by 182 governments at the UN Rio de Janeiro Earth Summit (1992).
4 GREEN GLOBE Standards:
Standard for Communities
Design and Construct Standard
GREEN GLOBE PROPERTIES
The Caribbean leads the world in the number of Green Globe certified properties
57 Certified Properties in the region:
Sandals Antigua Resort & Spa (Antigua&Barbuda)
Sandals Royal Bahamian Resort & Spa (Bahamas)
Viva Wyndham Dominicus Beach (Dominican Republic)
Beaches Negril (Jamaica)
THE EUROPEAN ECOLABEL
Created in 1992
Official environmental label for products and services established by the EU Commission in co-operation with national member states
26 groups of different products: Cleaning Products, Household Appliances, Paper Products, Home and garden, etc.
THE ECO FLOWER FOR THE TOURIST ACCOMMODATION SERVICES
Limited energy consumption
Limited water consumption
Reduced waste production
Favouring the use of renewable resources and of substances which are less hazardous to the environment
Promoting environmental education and communication
APPLICATION CRITERIA FOR THE EU FLOWER
Application fee: 200 to 1,300 euros
75% reduction for micro enterprises (up to 10 employees) and mountain huts, 25% reductions for SME
Min annual fee: 100 euros; based on sales amounts to 0,15% of half the annual sale volume
Right to use the logo within your marketing
HOTELS CERTIFIED WITH THE EU FLOWER LABEL IN FRANCE
Les Orangeries, Poitou-Charentes
Best Western Premier-Regent’s Garden Hotel, Paris
Best Western, La Marina, Provinces-Alpes-Côtes D’Azur
An exclusive group of international inns, hotels, and resorts that define the concept of environmental responsibility in the hospitality industry.
All certified hotels must pass a detailed inspection and satisfy stringent criteria designed by environmental experts.
Since 1990s over 1000 hotels, resorts, and inns have applied for the certification
CRITERIA FOR ECOTELS
Biological & physical surroundings
Emissions and wastes
Gardens; natural areas, private reserve
Waste & energy consumption
Management of groups (guides)
- Direct/indirect economic benefits to Community
Five inspections that correspond to 5 GLOBE AWARDS:
Solid waste management: the 3Rs
Water conservation: good sewage system for Graywater and Blackwater
Employee education and community involvement
Hotels can apply for 1 to 5 Globe awards, although all hotels certified or recertified after 1999 must achieve at least two globe awards to be certified
WHAT MAKES A HOTEL AN ECOTEL?
A green hotel is a facility that has implemented programs to:
Reduce energy and water consumption by installing appliences with greater efficiency
Decrease the amount of waste it produces through a recycling program
Introduce a reuse policy of consumables
Restrict the use of harmful substances and agents in favour of ecologically safe alternatives
BENEFITS OF ECOTEL MEMBERSHIP
The value of the business will improve; higher staff morale, better control of operating expenses.
Not only traditional ecotourists, but also business travelers with interest in the environment.
Fortune 500 companies with advanced environmental programs as part of their own corporate cultures, corporate meeting planners , travel agents, eco-friendly vacationers.
Powerful marketing advantage and motivator of sales.
CERTIFIED ECOTELS IN NORTH AMERICA 23/01/10
HYATT REGENCY ECOTEL® CERTIFIED - AUGUST 1996 4 GLOBE STATUS 23/01/10
HYATT REGENCY AT GAINEY RANCH 23/01/10
ECOTELS LATIN AMERICA 23/01/10
CERTIFIED ECOTELS ASIA 23/01/10
ORCHID HOTEL: GREEN ROOMS
Anti-allergy and odour-free Carpets
The use of wood, paper and plastic is brought down to a bare minimum
Paper and plastic shopping bags replaced by cloth bags
News-papers and laundry are delivered in cane baskets
All closet hangers are made from pressed particle boards
All stationary is either handmade or made from recycled paper
Guests are provided with hand-crafted, rubber-soled reed slippers
Use of cut flowers has been totally eliminated from guest rooms and replaced with healthy potted plants
Each room has a 'recycle bin' in addition to the waste bin, so that involved guests can deposit recyclable material for reuse
The 'Eco-button' on the bed-side panel, is part of our guest participation program
GREEN LEAF CERTIFICATION
Eco-rating program since 1998: enables hotels to succeed with their eco-efficiency savings and environmental commitment
Introductory level of commitment educates hotels on environmental and eco-efficiency issues
The second level provides hotels with a rating, a report that details how to get to the next level of performance, and an audit that verifies each property’s eco-efficiency functioning
Our Vision Statement
« At Eco Crown Hospitality we are working together, truly committed to instigating verifiable ways of measuring our carbon imprint and implementing a practise of purchasing long term sustainable recourses that compensate for consumption without depleting assets and resources, essential to our long term sustainability »
Run by the NGO « Foundation for Environmental Education » (FEE)
1985: started in France
1987: in Europe
2001: in areas outside Europe, South Africa joined
Works towards sustainable development at coastal areas through strict criteria dealing with water quality, environmental education and information, environmental management, safety and other services
BLUE FLAG CERTIFICATION
An exclusive eco-label awarded to over 3300 beaches and marinas in 36 countries : Bahamas, Belgium, BG, Ca, Cr, Cyprus, Denmark, EN, Wales and Northern Ireland, ES, Finland, FR, GR, Greece, Iceland, Ireland, IT, Jamaica, Latvia, Lithuania, Montenegro, Morocco, Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Puerto Rico, Russia, Romania, Scotland, Slovenia, S Africa, Spain, Sweden and Turkey.
Attributed only to beaches and marinas.
Only local authorities can apply for the Blue Flag for beached.
A BLUE FLAG BEACH CRITERIA
Eligibility: a beach that is a nationally (or internationally) officially designed bathing area.
Water quality: has at least one sampling point for analyses; good/bad bathing water.
Accessibility: for visitors and tourists, and for inspection of FEE.
Environmenatal education and info: should have at least one info board in place (500m).
Safety and services: lifeguards, first aid.
Environmenatl information and education.
Water quality: bathing water quality is evaluated by samples.
Safety and services
BLUE FLAG: APPLICATION PROCEDURE
For a beach, the municipality can apply for the Blue Flag
For a marina, the marina owner applies for the Blue Flag
The responsible local authority files the application form and sends it to the National Jury
The National Jury
The International Jury
One season award: renewable
Control: the national environmental protection agency
INTERCONTINENTAL HOTEL GROUPS
Some questions for guests to ask the hotel
Does the hotel have an environmental policy?
What is the hotel’s recycling policy?
Does the hotel use energy-efficient light bulbs?
Does the hotel restaurant use locally sourced food?
How do you get to the hotel by public transport? Do they provide communal transport?
Some things for guests to do during their stay
Take part in linen and towel reuse programmes
Only ask for a newspaper if you really want it
Switch off lights and equipment (if these aren't operated by a key card)
Give the hotel your feedback
Hotels consume a lot of energy as they are hosting guests 24 hours a day.
Fossil fuels (coal, oil and gas) are all sources of energy for the hotel businesses and communities. Burning they release CO2, a GHG that contributes to global warming.
To cut down on the amount of fossil fuels used, the hotels invests in energy-efficient products and offer environmentally friendly alternatives for the guests.
The hotels are also exploring more sustainable sources of power, such as solar and wind power, as well as biofuels.
Recycling helps to conserve resources and energy.
Whether materials are from a sustainable source, how they are gathered, processed and transported and whether they can be recycled and used again.
Making something from recycled material creates less pollution and uses less energy. It also helps to conserve resources and reduce what is sent to landfill.
Our hotels will look to reuse or recycle wherever. possible
A combination of good operating practices and investment in low flow technologies and equipment.
These measures need not affect the quality of the guest experience or be expensive. For example, water-efficient showerheads and toilets save water without compromising performance, while rainwater can be collected and replace tap water for watering hotel ground.
For each average-sized 100-room hotel, the scheme saves 6,000 gallons of water and 40 gallons of detergent per month.
Hotels should be sited, designed, built and operated in a responsible way.
It is vital that hotels respect and work with their local communities.
Destination conservation is about initiatives that help to root hotels in their local community – its environment, culture, heritage and the well-being of its citizens.
ENERGY CONSERVATION AIR-CONDITIONING SYSTEM HTTP://WWW.IHGPLC.COM/INNOVATION/INDEX.ASP?PAGEID=29ECO-FRIENDLY
ICG Thalasso Spa Bora Bora, May 2006
Accessible only by boat
AC is fed by a 7,874 ft pipeline, at a depth of 3,000 ft, off the Bora Bora reef
The pipe pumps ice cold deep-sea water through a titanium heat exchanger, transferring it into a fresh water circuit that powers air conditioning in the hotel
The system saves 90% of the hotel's electricity consumption for air conditioning
The hotel was also designed to ensure the best use of natural light: during construction of the hotel all building materials were shipped at high tide to ensure minimal disturbance to the coral reef
WATER CONSERVATION 'CONSERVING FOR TOMORROW' PROGRAMME
'Conserving for Tomorrow' is an environmental programme developed exclusively for IHG.
Guests are asked to use linens and towels more than once to save on water, detergent, energy, and labour as well as replacement linen.
For each average-sized 100-room hotel, the scheme saves 6,000 gallons of water and 40 gallons of detergent per month.
DESTINATION CONSERVATION RESPONSIBILITY IN THE SUPPLY CHAIN
Coffee is one of the most consumed products in our hotels.
The Rainforest Alliance looks to protect ecosystems and the people and wildlife that depend on them by safeguarding the rights and well-being of workers, conserving resources and protecting the environment.
IDEAS FOR HOTEL GREENING
Energy-efficient light bulbs: Compact fluorescent light bulbs use 75% less energy than regular bulbs
Green roofs: a roof planted with low-maintenance plants, such as sedums. It prevents the hotel from high tempritures, thus cutting the need of AC