INTERNET SAFETY FOR KIDS

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INTERNET SAFETY FOR KIDS

  1. 1. GRADE 6 LESSON 2.4 PREPARED BY TEACHER CAMILLE INTERNET SAFETY FOR KIDS
  2. 2. PASSWORDS : FIRST STEP TO SAFETY
  3. 3. Hackers often use password-cracking software that can keep testing many different passwords until they find the correct one, and they can easily crack weak passwords. By creating strong passwords, you can greatly reduce the chance that your personal or financial information will be stolen.
  4. 4. Common Password Mistakes • Many people create passwords based on their spouse's name, a hobby, or a simple pattern, since those types of passwords are easy to remember. Unfortunately, they are also very easy for hackers to guess. To create a strong password, you will need to avoid these types of common mistakes.
  5. 5. Tips For Creating Strong Passwords: • Never use personal information such as your name, birthday, or spouse's name. Personal information is often publicly available, which makes it much easier for someone to guess your password. • Use a longer password. Your password should be at least six characters long, and for extra security it should ideally be at least twelve characters (if the site allows it).
  6. 6. • If you need to write down your passwords, keep them in a secure place. It's even better if you "encrypt" your passwords or just write down hints for them that others won't be able to understand. • Don't use the same password for each account. If someone does discover your password for one account, all of your other accounts will be vulnerable. • Try to include numbers, symbols and both uppercase and lowercase letters (if the site allows it).
  7. 7. • Avoid using words that can be found in the dictionary. For example, "swimming1" would be a very weak password. • random passwords are the strongest. Use a password generator instead of trying to think of your own. • Random passwords are harder to remember, so create a mnemonic device. For example, "H=jNp2#" can be remembered as "HARRY = jessica NOKIA paris 2 #." This may still seem random, but with a bit of practice it becomes relatively easy to memorize.
  8. 8. Using Password Managers • Instead of writing your passwords on paper where others can easily see them, you can use a password manager to encrypt and store them online. Some password managers can also generate random passwords, making your information even more secure. Examples of password managers include LastPass, KeePass, Firefox's password manager, and Google Chrome's password manager.
  9. 9. PROTECTING YOUR COMPUTER FROM INTERNET THREATS
  10. 10. What Protection Do You Need? • The best defense against internet threats is good antivirus software, or anti-malware as it is sometimes known. Antivirus software can protect you from infected email attachments, corrupt websites, internet worms, spyware and more.
  11. 11. Multiple Protections • The protection you obtain should include the following three components: • Antivirus - specifically protects against viruses • Anti-spyware - protects against malicious software that may be gathering your information without your knowledge • Firewall - screens out threats that try to reach your computer over the internet
  12. 12. Security Suites • Security Suites Security suites are generally easier to manage and offer a wide range of protection which can be useful if you are a beginner. However, in some cases the extra functions of a suite are not as good as the stand-alone products for that function. In addition, some suites have a tendency to slow down a computer.
  13. 13. • Stand-Alone Products More advanced users sometimes prefer to take a pick-and-mix approach, researching and selecting the best products for each component and building their own security system.
  14. 14. Strategies for Using an Antivirus Software • Make sure the automatic update function is turned on. • Don't ignore your renewal notices. Once your subscription expires, you will stop receiving updates. • There may be times when you need to disable your antivirus to allow certain programs, upgrades or downloads. Just make sure you don't forget to re-enable your program when finished.
  15. 15. • Your antivirus should give you specific instructions for dealing with difficult problems, but if you are having trouble with an issue, contact technical support. • If you are unhappy with an antivirus program, make sure you uninstall it before installing a new product.
  16. 16. ADDITIONAL COMPUTER SAFETY PRACTICES TO CONSIDER
  17. 17. Restart Your Computer Regularly • Some of us leave our computers on all the time, but it is a good practice to turn it off and restart it at least once a week. This gives your computer a chance to perform regular diagnostic checks, and fix minor issues before they become a problem.
  18. 18. Install Software Updates • When your operating system informs you of a software update, download and install it. Software updates are designed to fix security vulnerabilities and other bugs in your operating system. This will help protect your computer against some of the latest threats.
  19. 19. Use System Restore • If you have a download that is causing problems, then try your operating system's system restore function. This feature allows you to restore your computer to a time and place before it started to have issues.
  20. 20. BACK UP YOUR COMPUTER
  21. 21. External Hard Drives • You can purchase an external hard drive and copy the contents of your computer to it. The initial backup could take several hours, so you will need to select a period of time where you do not need access to your computer. Running the backup overnight usually works best.
  22. 22. Online Backup Services and the Cloud • You can also back up your files online—in other words, in the cloud. When you store something in the cloud, it's saved to servers on the internet, instead of on your computer. That way, you can always access your files, even if your computer is lost, damaged or stolen.
  23. 23. • Popular online backup services that utilize this technology include Mozy, Carbonite and Box. The amount of storage space provided by these sites varies and you may have to pay a monthly or yearly fee for adequate storage.

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