TYPES OF PROCESS ANALYSES
There are two types of Process Analyses essays
1. Instructional –gives directions and help
2. Informative – explains how something works/happens, shows
how significant a process is
Process Analyses can be used to explain why some things are
hard to remedy.
When writing a process analysis, keep these things in mind
• It is very important for the writer to understand the needs of the reader
• Never assume what the reader does/does not know
• Think like the reader. “if I was reading this would it make sense”
• It may make sense to you, but is it understandable to others?
• Always think about how much you expect the audience to know. Doing so will
help you plan the essay.
• After writing the essay, pick someone who is part of your target audience and
ask them if the essay makes sense to them. If it doesn’t then go back and
rewrite the essay.
THE LANGUAGE LEVEL
• Avoid using jargon-specialized language that only members of a specific
group are able to understand
• Do not write about a subject that requires you to use specialized words.
A student should use “you” in an instructional process analysis, but not while
writing an informational process.
• The topic should not be too narrow or too broad. If the topic is narrow/broad
the essay will be very likely to be broad or narrow. Always choose a topic that
can be done within the time of your assignment.
• The topic should interest you
-don’t choose a topic just because you want to please the instructor
- don’t be afraid to write on a subject because you think it is not pleasing to the
instructor or reader.
• Is the topic you are researching going to require research. If you include
information from other sources be sure to cite.
• Use whatever method works for you – brainstorming , clustering , free writing,
questioning, listing, etc.
• Prewriting will help determine if the essay is instructional or informational. It
will also help when writing the introduction.
• If you are writing an instructional essay, think about how learning the process
will help the reader
• If you are writing an informative essay, think of the overall point you are trying
• Organize your essay into an outling
The introduction to a process essay MUST establish background and context.
• Informational essay, the bigger picture is analyzed
• Instructional essay, importance of learning the process you are writing about.
Remember: You don’t always have to write the introduction first, you can
write the body paragraphs and then write the Intro.
• Topic sentences should not be implied, and should begin in a paragraph not
• Always use transitions. It helps the essay flow easily and is easier to read.
• Use rhetorical options – description, narration, exemplification, causal
analysis, definition, compare and contrast.
• Do not summarize you whole essay in you concluding paragraph
• Do not start talking about new topics in your conclusion
• Your conclusion should comment on the significance of your subject.
Revise your essay – analyze it yourself or have others revise it for you.