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Chapt 3
 

Chapt 3

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    Chapt 3 Chapt 3 Presentation Transcript

    • Chapter 3
      • Promoting Physical Activity: Settings Based Approaches
      VCE Physical Education - Unit 3
      • Text Sources
      • Nelson Physical Education VCE Units 3&4: 4 th Edition – Malpeli, Horton, Davey and Telford 2006.
      • 2 . Live It Up 2: 2 nd Edition – Smyth, Brown, Judge, McCallum and Pritchard 2006.
    • What’s Wrong with this Picture? VCE Physical Education - Unit 3
    • A Settings Approach Promoting Physical Activity: Settings Based Approaches
    • A Settings Approach
      • The three key settings for physical activity behaviour change include:
        • Schools
        • Workplaces
        • Community
      • There are multiple types/levels of influence on PA behaviours:
      • Intrapersonal factors
      • Social/cultural factors
      • Physical environments
      • Policies are usually needed to change physical environments
      VCE Physical Education - Unit 3
    • Target domains for PA interventions VCE Physical Education - Unit 3 Social Physical Environment Interpersonal Policy
    • Social & Interpersonal
      • School
      • Link programs to community programs
      • Active yard-duty where teachers are active role models for students
      • Peer-lead programs where students organise and run activities for other students
      • Play music in a designated dancing area
      • Community
      • Establish walking groups for different age groups
      • Mass media campaign to increase awareness of community programs and facilities
      • Workplace
      • Encourage staff to park further away form building
      • Introduce lunchtime walking groups
      • Schedule active meetings (eg walk and talk about a concept)
      • Introduce one day per week that is casual clothes day to encourage people to be active
      • Organise a ride to work day
      • Enter a work team into a sporting competition
      VCE Physical Education - Unit 3
    • Physical Environment
      • School
      • Install bicycle racks and secure lock up facilities
      • Introduce traffic calming on active transport routes to school
      • Introduce wall and line markings
      • Install activity prompts- courts, basketball rings, goals, gymnasiums, activity areas, playground equipment, cubby houses, hills, logs, trees
      • Community
      • Increase aesthetics of parks & walking trails
      • Increased access to walking trails to specific destinations such as shops, post office, parks, schools, etc
      • Introduce facilities specific for different age groups and cultural interests (eg skate parks and lawn bowls or bocce)
      • Publish distances to walk specific destinations on signs
      VCE Physical Education - Unit 3
    • Workplace
      • Displaying motivational or informative posters, signage or brochures about the benefits of physical activity and some tips on getting active;
      • Promoting and encouraging employees to use the stairs.  Use the ‘footprint’ stickers to guide people toward the stairs rather than walking straight to the lift; Promote ‘walking meetings’, lunch-time walks and 5-10 minute walk breaks during the day
      • Providing bicycle racks or alternative secure bicycle storage to encourage people to cycle to work;
      • Providing information on local opportunities for physical activity;
      • Publicising physical activity opportunities through email, company intranet or websites, links to the be active website, noticeboards and newsletters;
      • Purchasing corporate memberships of local fitness centres.  Some local fitness centres offer attractive corporate packages which allow employees reduced membership rates;
      • Providing on-site facilities such as gyms (this may be an option for large employers);
      • Providing showers, change room facilities and lockers for those who wish to cycle, walk or jog to work or participate in more vigorous activities in and around the working day;
      • Supporting sports and physical activity clubs such as social football and netball teams, and walking and jogging groups; and
      • Encouraging employees to form corporate teams for events such as Corporate Cup, the be active tour and the Masters Games.
      VCE Physical Education - Unit 3
    • Policy
      • School
      • Mandated minimum time allocation for PE & sport in Government schools
      • Allocated play spaces for various year levels within the school ground
      • Ensure there is activity equipment monitors allocated during breaks
      • Community
      • Consider the provision of active transport routes and access to green space in urban planning of new developments
      • Workplace
      • Subsidise health club memberships for employees.
      • Reduce insurance rates for active and fit employees
      VCE Physical Education - Unit 3
    • School Setting-based Programs Promoting Physical Activity: Settings Based Approaches
    • School Settings
      • Schools play a major role in shaping children’s attitudes towards PA and living an active lifestyle. Schools encourage lifelong patterns of PA.
      • School based programs are;
      • Moderately effective
      • People who participated in these programs are more likely to be active for life.
      • Print material and school curriculum appears to be the most effective methods.
      • Active after schools program
      • http:// www.ausport.gov.au/aasc/index.asp
      • However PA decreases as students during the secondary years due to a crowded curriculum and student subject choices.
      • Schools can increase PA by;
      • Following government recommendations for time allocated to PE.
      • Providing sufficient sports equipment and facilities / public use.
      • Promoting school sporting events
      VCE Physical Education - Unit 3
    • VCE Physical Education - Unit 3 What intervention strategies could we do at our school? School sports participation reducing sedentary behaviour active family programs active transport activity In and out of school community links more equipment extra curricula initiatives policy change
    • Walking School Bus
      • The Walking School Bus Program is a VicHealth initiative that’s giving communities an effective and easy way to get children walking to school again.
      • Today in Victoria nearly one-third of all children spend less than 5 minutes walking per day. Inactive children are more likely to be overweight – with the proportion of Australian children who are in this category now reaching 25%. Walking to and from school gives children the opportunity to engage in regular physical activity.
      • More than 58 Victorian councils have implemented Walking School Bus programs.
      • At least 3200 primary school students from more than 200 primary schools use the Walking School Bus to get to school, with the help of 800 volunteers. 
      • The ‘buses’ have become a very positive part of school and community life and offer many health, environmental and safety benefits.
      • Walking School Bus programs can be implemented by schools with the help of your local council. 
      VCE Physical Education - Unit 3
    • School Program Examples VCE Physical Education - Unit 3 Program Web Page Origin Aim/s Community use of ovals Vic Effective use of green space ‘ Discovering the TurtleWay’ QLD Connecting paths and cycle-ways between townships Fluorescent playground markings UK More children playing in specific areas Walking school bus http:// www.vichealth.vic.gov.au/Content.aspx?topicID =23 Vic Increase increase amount of PA and safety ‘ TravelSmart’ www.travelsmart.gov.au QLD, VIC, SA and WA Sustainable travel arrangements ‘ Active Primary School’ SCOT Increase PA at school and beyond
    • Workplace Setting-based Programs Promoting Physical Activity: Settings Based Approaches
    • Workplace Settings
      • Promotion of PA at work assists with;
      • Improved morale
      • Increased work productivity
      • Reduced ‘sickies’
      • Less feeling of being stressed
      • Reduced staff turn over
      • Improved community relations
      • Difficulties include;
      • Lack of interest at management level
      • The size of the organisation
      • Facilities available
      • Lack of support or interest from workers
      VCE Physical Education - Unit 3
      • Tips for being more active
      • Take the stairs instead of the lift
      • Go for a walk at lunch time
      • Get off the bus, train or tram one stop early and walk the rest of the way
      • Park the car 15 minutes away and walk the rest of the way
      • Get together with some workmates and form a sports team
    • Example - Stair use Interventions
      • Research on improvements to stairs:
      • Improved lighting
      • Music
      • Carpet & motivational pictures
      • Point of decision signs
          • Signs- the wealth is health- take the stairs
          • No waiting one door over- take the stairs
      • Findings
      • Almost 10% increase in stair use of a 5 floor building
      VCE Physical Education - Unit 3
    • Workplace Program Examples VCE Physical Education - Unit 3 Program Web Page Origin Aim/s ‘ Heart Beat Challenge, Lets Get Moving and Stroll, Strut, Stride’ www.newhealth.govt.nz NZ Increase PA at work and health awareness ‘ Walk in to Work Out’ http://www.dundee.ac.uk/sportexercise/events/2005/walkin.htm UK Provides self-help information ‘ Stairway to Health’ www.activelivingatwork.com CAN Increase use of stairs at work ‘ Find 30 – its not a big exercise’ http:// www.findthirty.com.au / WA Recommendations for a healthier approach to PA in the workforce ‘ Health at Work’ http:// www.shaw.uk.com / SCOT Incentives for businesses which promote PA.
    • Community Setting-based Programs Promoting Physical Activity: Settings Based Approaches
    • Community Settings
      • A ‘community’ refers to local groups of people, whole cities or whole nations.
      • Strengthening the communities knowledge and interest in the benefits of physical activity is therefore vital.
      • Possible local influences:
        • Urban design (Town planners)
        • Road characteristics (Transportation)
        • Stairwell characteristics (Architects)
        • Park characteristics (Recreation, landscape architects
        • Crime (Justice & law enforcement
      • Community strategies include;
      • Developing local facilities
      • Use of community venues that encourage physical activity
      • Free health checks at shopping centres
      • Educative sessions for community members on health issues.
      • Review of council policies
      VCE Physical Education - Unit 3
    • Community Program Examples VCE Physical Education - Unit 3 Program Web Page Origin Aim/s ‘ Sonnong Common Health Walks’ http://www.dpi.wa.gov.au/walking/713.asp UK Use of volunteers to lead regular nature walks in the local environment ‘ Walking the Way to Health’ http:// www.whi.org.uk / UK Making recreational walking safer and provides information for walkers. ‘ Path to Health’ http://www.path-to-health.com / IRE USA Walking paths close to existing footpaths. Located near residences and workplaces Burnley Community Walks WA Bi-monthly walks lead by volunteers ‘ Walk and Talk’ VIC Local walking groups promoting PA and social environments ‘ Stepping Out’ SA Older adult walking groups and provides resources/kits Mobile skate parks www.joondalup.wa.gov.au WA Provides a skate environment for any community
    • Specific Physical Activity Approaches Promoting Physical Activity: Settings Based Approaches
    • Specific Physical Activity Approaches – Federal
      • Federal Programs
      • Australian Institute of Sport (AIS)
      • Sports Performance and Development
      • http:// www.ausport.gov.au /
      • Australian Sports
      • Commission Business
      • Operations
      • Active after school communities
      • Junior Sport
      • Indigenous Sport
      • Disability Program
      • Women in Sport
      • Drugs in Sport
      • Playing Fair – ethics in Sport
      • Membership Growth and Club Development
      • Coaching and Officiating
      VCE Physical Education - Unit 3
    • Sport and Recreation Victoria (SRV)
      • Active Communities
      • Go for Your Life
      • Access for all abilities
      • Indigenous Sport
      • Masters Sport
      • Physical Activity Initiative
      • After the Games
      • Water Safety
      • Culturally and Linguistically Diverse (CALD)
      • Active Women and Girls
      • Professional Boxing and Combat Sports
      • http:// www.sport.vic.gov.au /
      • SRV assists with;
      • Finding sports organisations
      • SRV funding and grants
      • Facilities
      • Major Events
      • Sports Management
      • Online Information
      VCE Physical Education - Unit 3
    • SRV Funding Projects VCE Physical Education - Unit 3
      • Read the summarised information of pages 20-37 of PHYS ED Notes and complete the revision questions.
      PHYS ED Notes VCE Physical Education - Unit 3
    • Web Links – Chapter 3 VCE Physical Education - Unit 3
        • Australian Sports Commission: http:// www.ausport.gov.au
        • Find 30 promotion (Government of WA Department of Health): http://www.find30.com.au
        • Walking School Bus promotion (UK): http:// www.walkingbus.com
        • Ministry of Health (New Zealand) toolkits: http:// www.newhealth.govt.nz
        • The 10,000 Steps Rockhampton project: http://www.10000steps.org.au/rockhampton/
        • Travelsmart Australia: http:// www.travelsmart.gov.au
        • World Health Organisation: http:// www.who.int
        • Heart Foundation Australia: http:// www.heartfoundation.com.au
        • VicHealth (The Victorian Health Promotion Foundation): http:// www.vichealth.vic.gov.au
        • Be Active promotion (Government of South Australia): http:// www.beactive.com.au
        • Australian Sports Commission: http:// www.ausport.gov.au
        • Find 30 promotion (Government of WA Department of Health): http://www.find30.com.au
        • Walking School Bus promotion (UK): http:// www.walkingbus.com
        • Ministry of Health (New Zealand) toolkits: http:// www.newhealth.govt.nz
        • The 10,000 Steps Rockhampton project: http://www.10000steps.org.au/rockhampton/
        • Travelsmart Australia: http:// www.travelsmart.gov.au
        • World Health Organisation: http:// www.who.int
        • Heart Foundation Australia: http:// www.heartfoundation.com.au
        • VicHealth (The Victorian Health Promotion Foundation): http:// www.vichealth.vic.gov.au
        • Be Active promotion (Government of South Australia): http:// www.beactive.com.au
        • Go For Your Life: http:// www.goforyourlife.vic.gov.au
        • Physical Activity Resources for Health Professionals – Introduction (Centre for disease control and prevention – USA): http://www.cdc.gov/nccdphp/dnpa/physical/health_professionals/index.htm
        • Health Promotion (Public Health Agency of Canada): http://www.phac-aspc.gc.ca/hp-ps/index.html
        • Strategic Inter-Governmental Forum on Physical Activity and Health (SIGPAH): http:// www.nphp.gov.au/workprog/sigpah /
        • Healthy youth (Centre for disease control and prevention (USA): http:// www.cdc.gov/HealthyYouth /
        • America On The Move promotion: http:// www.americaonthemove.org
        • Papers from the International Journal of Behavioural Nutrition and Physical Activity: http:// www.ijbnpa.org /home
        • Department of health and aging (Australian government): http://www.health.gov.au/internet/wcms/publishing.nsf/content/home
        • Building a healthy, active Australia (Australian government): http:// www.healthyactive.gov.au
        • National Public Health Partnership: http:// www.nphp.gov.au
        • Be Active promotion (Government of South Australia): http:// www.beactive.com.au
        • Sport and Recreation Australia: http:// www.sport.vic.gov.au
    • VCE Physical Education - Unit 3 Web Links – Chapter 3
        • Physical Activity Resources for Health Professionals – Introduction (Centre for disease control and prevention – USA): http://www.cdc.gov/nccdphp/dnpa/physical/health_professionals/index.htm
        • Health Promotion (Public Health Agency of Canada): http://www.phac-aspc.gc.ca/hp-ps/index.html
        • Strategic Inter-Governmental Forum on Physical Activity and Health (SIGPAH): http:// www.nphp.gov.au/workprog/sigpah /
        • Healthy youth (Centre for disease control and prevention (USA): http:// www.cdc.gov/HealthyYouth /
        • America On The Move promotion: http:// www.americaonthemove.org
        • Papers from the International Journal of Behavioural Nutrition and Physical Activity: http:// www.ijbnpa.org /home
        • Department of health and aging (Australian government): http://www.health.gov.au/internet/wcms/publishing.nsf/content/home
        • Building a healthy, active Australia (Australian government): http:// www.healthyactive.gov.au
        • National Public Health Partnership: http:// www.nphp.gov.au
        • Be Active promotion (Government of South Australia): http:// www.beactive.com.au
      • Sport and Recreation Australia: http:// www.sport.vic.gov.au
        • Australian Sports Commission: http:// www.ausport.gov.au
        • Find 30 promotion (Government of WA Department of Health): http://www.find30.com.au
        • Walking School Bus promotion (UK): http:// www.walkingbus.com
        • Ministry of Health (New Zealand) toolkits: http:// www.newhealth.govt.nz
        • The 10,000 Steps Rockhampton project: http://www.10000steps.org.au/rockhampton/
        • Travelsmart Australia: http:// www.travelsmart.gov.au
        • World Health Organisation: http:// www.who.int
        • Heart Foundation Australia: http:// www.heartfoundation.com.au
        • VicHealth (The Victorian Health Promotion Foundation): http:// www.vichealth.vic.gov.au
        • Be Active promotion (Government of South Australia): http:// www.beactive.com.au
        • Go For Your Life: http:// www.goforyourlife.vic.gov.au
        • Physical Activity Resources for Health Professionals – Introduction (Centre for disease control and prevention – USA): http://www.cdc.gov/nccdphp/dnpa/physical/health_professionals/index.htm
        • Health Promotion (Public Health Agency of Canada): http://www.phac-aspc.gc.ca/hp-ps/index.html
        • Strategic Inter-Governmental Forum on Physical Activity and Health (SIGPAH): http:// www.nphp.gov.au/workprog/sigpah /
        • Healthy youth (Centre for disease control and prevention (USA): http:// www.cdc.gov/HealthyYouth /
        • America On The Move promotion: http:// www.americaonthemove.org
        • Papers from the International Journal of Behavioural Nutrition and Physical Activity: http:// www.ijbnpa.org /home
        • Department of health and aging (Australian government): http://www.health.gov.au/internet/wcms/publishing.nsf/content/home
        • Building a healthy, active Australia (Australian government): http:// www.healthyactive.gov.au
        • National Public Health Partnership: http:// www.nphp.gov.au
        • Be Active promotion (Government of South Australia): http:// www.beactive.com.au
        • Sport and Recreation Australia: http:// www.sport.vic.gov.au