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Materials For Writing In Efl

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I made this presentation as part of a M.A. course entitled Material development in second/foreign language teaching, taught by professor Rubena St. Louis.

I made this presentation as part of a M.A. course entitled Material development in second/foreign language teaching, taught by professor Rubena St. Louis.

Published in Education , Career
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  • 1. Materials for Writing in EFL/ESL by Carlos A. Mayora March 2009
  • 2. Defining Writing Stages Strategies Cyclical process Audience Reader- writer connections Cohesion Coherence Syntax Lexis Mechanics based on Kroll, 2001; Nunan, 1999; Kern, 2000 Writing Generation of meaning Cognitive Linguistic Discursive Social
  • 3. The Process Generating Translating Reviewing Planning Organizing Goal setting Actual Writing Editing Revising Adapted from Flower & Hayes, 1981
  • 4. Approaches to Teaching Writing Product-oriented Process Genre-based See Nunan, 1999 and Kern, 2000
  • 5. The Product-oriented Approach Writing Generation of meaning Linguistic Following models Prescriptivism Form over meaning Writing as a one-shot linear skill
  • 6. The Process Approach Writing Generation of meaning Cognitive Linguistic Social Generation of ideas Creativity Peer-edition Edition Fluency Development of voice Drafting Negotiation of meaning
  • 7. Genre-based Approach Writing Generation of meaning Cognitive Linguistic Discursive Social Move awareness Awareness of audience’s needs and expectations Genre analysis Emphasis on discourse Text analysis
  • 8. Materials to Teach Writing Writing as a means Writing as an end Ur, 1994 Through writing, students show their knowledge or mastery of a given linguistic item(s) Students read, speak, listen to get to produce original texts (i.e. create their own meanings), with a purpose and audience un mind
  • 9. Guidelines
    • take into account students’ profile (age, level, etc.);
    • consider the context and goals of writing instruction (EAP vs. English for general purposes);
    • create impact, be relevant, interesting, etc.
    • embed writing into a whole lesson;
    • integrate writing to other skills;
    • have clear instructions;
    • set achievable goals;
    Materials for teaching writing should….
  • 10. Guidelines
    • acknowledge the stages of writing;
    • provide a situation for writing as realistic as possible;
    • raise awareness of audience (if possible, provide opportunities for products to be exposed to a wider audience);
    • provide input and activities for the generation stage (pre-writing);
    • allow learners to write and re-write;
    • guide the revising and editing stages;
    • encourage peer-reviewing and editing;
    Materials for teaching writing should….
  • 11. Tools and other Tips
    • Weblogs, wikies, discussion forums all give learners the opportunity to experience writing beyond the classroom for a real purpose and a wider audience.
    • Give texts to your learners, not as models to imitate, but as a sources to take information from.
    • Writing is mostly linked, yet not exclusively, to reading. Give reading/listening-to-write tasks when possible.
  • 12. References
    • Flower, L. & Hayes, J. (1981) A cognitive process theory of writing. College composition and communication 32,4, 728 - 750
    • Kern, R. (2000) Literacy and language teaching . Oxford: Oxford University Press.
    • Kroll, B. (2001) Considerations for teaching an ESL/EFL writing course. In Celce-Murcia, M. (ed) Teaching English as a second or foreign language 3rd edition. (219 – 232). Boston: Heinle and Heinle Publishers.
    • Nunan, D. (1999) Second language teaching & learning . Boston: Heinle & Heinle Publishers.
    • Ur, P. (1994) A course in language teaching . Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
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