Language teaching materials

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In this class, a framework for selecting the most suitable language teaching materials for a course.

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Language teaching materials

  1. 1. Language Course Design:Language Teaching Materials
  2. 2. Getting started The first image that comes to mind when talking about language teaching materials is usually…
  3. 3. Getting startedWhat other kinds materials can you think of?
  4. 4. In this class• Definition of materials.• Classification of materials.• A framework for materials in language courses.• Principles for language teaching materials.• Adoption, development and adaptation.
  5. 5. LT Materials:Definition and Classification
  6. 6. Definitions…anything which is used by teachers or learnersto facilitate the learning of a language. Tomlinson , 1998, p.2
  7. 7. Definitions…any systematic description of the techniquesand exercises to be used in classroom teaching. Brown, 1995, p.139
  8. 8. Classification• By purpose• By format• By creator
  9. 9. Classification• By purpose Instructional• By format Authentic• By creator
  10. 10. Classification• By purpose Paper-based• By format Audiovisual• By creator Electronic
  11. 11. Classification• By purpose Commercial• By format In-house• By creator
  12. 12. ExcerciseHow would you classify the followingexamples of materials according to thecategories just seen?
  13. 13. Example 1 Posters
  14. 14. Example 2 Movies
  15. 15. Example 3 CDs
  16. 16. Example 4 Websites
  17. 17. Example 5 Software
  18. 18. Example 5 Apps
  19. 19. Framework for Materials in Course Design
  20. 20. Framework Set objectives Derive content from objectives Establish a sequence for content Define techniques and exercises for each content. Decide on your materials for accomplishing your objectives and developing your content.
  21. 21. Framework AdoptingDecision on Materials. Developing Adapting.
  22. 22. Framework AdoptingDecision on Materials. Developing Adapting.
  23. 23. Framework Adopting Selecting existing materials Developing Creating your own materials Selecting and making Adapting. adjustments to materials.
  24. 24. Principles for materials Regardless of your decision (adopting, adapting or developing), instructional materials must meet some basic principles
  25. 25. Principles for materials Good language teaching materials… Richards, 1990, p. 15…are based on sound theoretical learningprinciples;…arouse and mantain learners’ interest andattention;…meet the learners’ needs and background;…provide examples of language use;…provide meaningful activities;…provide opportunities for authenticlanguage use.
  26. 26. Principles for materials Good language teaching materials should……achieve impact; Tomlinson, 1998, p.p. 7-20…help learners develop confidence;…provide relevant and useful content;…expose learners to authentic use oflanguage;…provide opportunities for authenticlanguage use.…take into account individual differences;…encourage learners’ involvement.
  27. 27. Principles for materials Effective language teaching materials……present functional language in a context; Crawford, 2002, p.p. 84-87… present realistic and authentic languagemodels;…promote purposeful use of language;…include an audio-visual component;…foster learner autonomy;…cater for individual and contextualdifferences.…engage learners affectively and cognitively.
  28. 28. Adopting, developing & adapting
  29. 29. Adopting Mat. Background Fit to Teachability curriculum Logistical Physical characteristics characteristics
  30. 30. Developing Overall Curriculum Evaluating Needs Goals and Teaching objectives Creating Tests
  31. 31. Adapting Finding and evaluating Reorganizing Analyzing Fill in the Classifying gaps
  32. 32. References• Brown, J.D. (1995). The elements of language curriculum: A systematic approach to program development. Heinle & Heinle Publishers.• Crawford, J. (2002). The role of materials in the language classroom: Finding the balance. En Richards, J.C. and W.A. Renandya (Eds.) Methodology in language teaching. An anthology of current practice (pp. 80-91). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.• Tomlinson, B. (1998). Materials Development in Language Teaching. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.• Richards, J.C. (1990). The language teaching matrix. Cambridge: Cambrisge University Press.

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