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English class agosto 23 de 2013
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English class agosto 23 de 2013

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  • 1. ALPHABET
  • 2. GREETINGS GOOD MORNING
  • 3. MORNIG
  • 4. GOOD MORNING SIR
  • 5. Good morning Mr Jhon
  • 6. GOOD EVENING
  • 7. GOOD NIGHT
  • 8. Good morning. - Buenos días. Morning.- Días Good afternoon. - Buenas tardes. Good evening. - Buenas noches.
  • 9. • Glad to see you • Good to see you • Pleased to see you • My name is: Peter, Juan, Jhon • It´s my pleasure • The pleasure is mine • Pleased to meet you
  • 10. • May I help you? • How May I help you? • How can I help You? • What can I do for you? • Please have a seat • Please sit down • Do you Like a cup of coffee? • Do you like a glass of water? • While you´re waiting • Do you like to read a newspaper or a magazine?
  • 11. GOOD BYES- FAREWELLS Good-bye./Bye. - Good night. - See you later. - See you tomorrow. -. See you soon. -. See you then. - So long-
  • 12. POLYTE WORDS sir - señor (Cuando no se dice el nombre o el apellido de la persona) Madam - señora/señorita (Cuando no se dice el nombre o el apellido de la persona) Mr Jhon- Mr Charly Miss Johana- Mistress Hanllel I think so./I believe so. - Creo que sí. I don't think so./I don't believe so. - Creo que no.
  • 13. POLYTE WORDS maybe perhaps - Welcome Come in Please, make yourself right at home! Please, make yourselves right at home!
  • 14. POLYTE WORDS thank you/thanks - thank you very much/thanks a lot/thank you so much - I'm very grateful. - You're welcome. -.
  • 15. POLYTE WORDS It was nothing./Don't mention it. - No hay de qué. My pleasure./The pleasure was mine. -. Please. - Congratulations! - Of course! -
  • 16. POLYTE WORDS I'm sorry. - . (o más informalmente Sorry) I'm very sorry. Excuse me. - It's okay./It's all right. - Everything's okay/all right. -
  • 17. PRONOMBRES
  • 18. Los adjetivos demostrativos son aquellos que se utilizan para determinar la ubicación de las cosas y son los siguientes: ADJETIVOS DEMOSTRATIVOS
  • 19. This flower is beautiful. This car is dirty. That house is expensive. That dog is bad. These apples are cheap. These pencils are in the box. Those stars are in the sky. Those boys are my friends.
  • 20. El adjetivo demostrativo THIS también puede utilizarse para presentar a alguien: John, this is Mike. También se utiliza THIS para comenzar un relato de manera coloquial: This is the story… THAT sirve para indicar algo que ha ocurrido o algo que alguien ha dicho. That was an incredible story.
  • 21. PRONOMRES PERSONALES PRESENTE VERBO TO BE COMO AUXILIAR SIMPLE CONTINUO I STUDY ENGLISH I´M STUDYING ENGLISH YOU GO TO SCHOOL YOU´RE GOING TO SCHOOL HE COMES EARLY HE´S COMING EARLY SHE EATS APPLES SHE´S EATING APPLES IT LOOKS PRETTY GOOD IT´S LOOKING PRETTY GOOD YOU WATCH TV YOU´R WATCHING TV WE DANCE EVERY NIGHT WE´RE DANCING EVERY NIGHT THEY GO CYCLING THEY´RE GOING CYCLING
  • 22. PRONOMBRES PERSONALES PASADO VERBO TO BE COMO AUXILIAR SIMPLE CONTINUO I STUDIED ENGLISH I WAS STUDYING ENGLISH YOU WENT TO SCHOOL YOU WERE GOING TO SCHOOL HE HE CAME EARLY HE WAS COMING EARLY SHE ATE APPLES SHE WAS EATING APPLES IT LOOKED PRETTY GOOD IT WAS LOOKING PRETTY GOOD YOU WATCHED TV YOU WERE WATCHING TV WE DANCED EVERY NIGHT WE WERE DANCING EVERY NIGHT THEY THEY WENT CYCLING THEY WERE GOING CYCLING
  • 23. para hacer el tiempo perfecto se utiliza el verbo auxiliar TO HAVE y el verbo en participio TIEMPO PERFECTO PRESENTE PASADO I HAVE STUDIED ENGLISH HAD STUDIED ENGLISH YOU HAVE GONE TO SCHOOL HAD GONE TO SCHOOL HE HAS COME EARLY HAD COME EARLY SHE HAS EATEN APPLES HAD EATEN APPLES IT HAS LOOKED PRETTY GOOD HAD LOOKED PRETTY GOOD YOU HAVE WATCHED TV HAD WATCHED TV WE HAVE DANCED EVERY NIGHT HAD DANCED EVERY NIGHT THEY HAVE GONE CYCLING HAD GONE CYCLING
  • 24. ME she told me YOU I saw you HIM I met him HER I gave her a ring IT I bought it for you US They sent us an email YOU I can help you THEM He stole them PRONOMBRES OBJETO
  • 25. ADJETIVO POSESIVO PRONOMBRE POSESIVO THIS IS MY CAR THE CAR IS MINE THAT IS YOUR JACKET THAT JACKET IS YOURS THIS IS HER HOUSE THIS HOUSE IS HERS THIS IS OUR HAT THIS HAT IS OURS THOSE ARE YOUR HORSES THE HORSES ARE YOURS THAT IS THEIR BUILDING THE BUILDING IS THEIRS
  • 26. FUTURO SUJETO AUX CONTRACCION PREDICADO I WILL I´LL STUDY ENGLISH YOU WILL I´LL GO TO SCHOOL HE WILL I´LL COME EARLY SHE WILL I´LL EAT APPLES IT WILL I´LL LOOK PRETTY GOOD YOU WILL I´LL WATCH TV WE WILL I´LL DANCE EVERY NIGHT THEY WILL I´LL GO CYCLING
  • 27. TO HAVE El verbo 'to have' tiene en español el significado principal de 'tener' y 'haber'. Puede tener también otros significados, como 'tomar'. Conoceremos su traducción apropiada dependiendo del sentido de la frase I HAVE A NEW CAR I HAVE WORKED HARD HAVE A SEAT PLEASE TENER HABER TOMAR
  • 28. I have (I've) I have Come yesterday- Y have a nice jacket you have (you've) -You have drank a lot beers- You have a beautiful skirt- he has (he's) He has blonde hair- he has to call us urgent we have (we've) We have a big flat- We have to leave now you have (you've) You have a two weeks vacation- You have to go with your wife they have (they've) They have a shop between both- they have to pay the taxes FORMA AFIRMATIVA
  • 29. FORMA NEGATIVA I have not (I haven't) you have not (you haven't) he has not (he hasn't) we have not (we haven't) you have not (you haven't) they have not (they haven't)
  • 30. FORMA INTERROGATIVA HAVE I COME YESTERDAY? HAVE YOU DRANK A LOT OF BEERS? HAS HE BLONDE HAIR? HAVE WE A BIG FLAT? HAVE THEY A SHOP BETWEEN BOTH?
  • 31. VERBO AUXILIAR TO BE(ser-estar) Yo soy/estoy I am I´m Tu eres/estás You are You`re El/ella es/está He/she/it is He´s Nosotros somos/estamos We are We´re Vosotros sois/estáis You are You`re Ellos/ellas son/están They are They´re
  • 32. TO DO
  • 33. TO BE SIMPLE PAST(pasado simple) Yo era/estaba (fui/estuve) I was Tu eras/estabas (fuiste/estuviste) You were El/ella era/estaba (fue/estuvo) He/she/it was Nosotros éramos/estábamos (fuimos/estuvimos) We were Vosotros erais/estabais (fuisteis/estuvisteis) You were Ellos/ellas eran/estaban (fueron/estuvieron) They were
  • 34. También se utiliza como verbo auxiliar para formar las formas continuas: I am running. Yo estoy corriendo yo corro I was running. Yo estaba corriendo yo corria He´s coming EL esta viniendo el viene She´s going Ella se esta llendo ella se va you´re eating Tu estas comiendo tu comes We´re studying Nosotros estamos estudiando nosotros estudiamos They´re drinking bebiendo ellos beben
  • 35. FORMA ACTIVA DEL VERBO En oraciones activas, lo que hace la acción es el sujeto de la oración y lo que recibe la acción es el objeto. La mayoría de las oraciones están activas. [Cosa que hace la acción] + [verbo] + [lo que recibe la acción]
  • 36. para construir la forma pasiva: En las oraciones pasivas, lo que recibe la acción es el sujeto de la oración y lo que hace la acción se incluye opcionalmente casi al final de la frase. Usted puede utilizar la forma pasiva si usted piensa que lo que recibe la acción es más importante, o hay que destacar. También puede utilizar la forma pasiva, si usted no sabe que está haciendo la acción o si usted no quiere hablar de quién está haciendo la acción.
  • 37. PASSIVE FORM
  • 38. Descripción Activo / Pasivo Active Passive Simple Present Once a week, Tom cleans the house. Once a week, the house is cleaned by Tom. Present Continuous Right now, Sarah is writing the letter. Right now, the letter is being written by Sarah. Simple Past Sam repaired th e car. The car was repaired by Sam. Past Continuous The salesman was helping the customer when the thief came into the store. The customer was being helped by the salesman when the thief came into the store. Present Perfect Many tourists have visited that castle. That castle has been visited by many tourists. Present Perfect Continuous Recently, John has been doing the work. Recently, the work has been being done by John.
  • 39. BODY PARTS Cuerpo Body Pierna Leg Cabeza Head Rodilla Knee Cuello Neck Pie Foot (feet) Hombro Shoulder Uña Nail Brazo Arm Músculo Muscle Codo Elbow Hueso Bone Mano Hand Piel Skin Dedo Finger Pelo Hair Pecho Chest Espalda Back Barriga Belly

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