Natural History✤ Species ‘vomitoria’ misnomer✤ Only native plant in North America that contains caffeine.✤ Grows along coastal areas, but extends into the piedmont regions✤ part of the holly genus of trees.
Cultural History✤ Native Americans used Yaupon Holly in their puriﬁcation ceremonies (Cassina Ceremony) aka Black Drink Ceremony.✤ Yaupon Holly stayed the cravings of caffeine from Boston Tea party activists.
Natural History✤ succulent halophytes (juicy salt-loving plants)✤ also known as sea pickle✤ turns a reddish orange color around ﬂowering time (fall)✤ early succession in salt marshes include glasswort because of its high tolerance to salt inundation
Cultural History✤ Historically, glasswort was burned down to ash to make soda ash which is a key ingredient in glass and soap making.
Natural History✤ callicarpinal, found in the leaves, is an active compound used in mosquito repellent.✤ Often the berries are used to make jelly, jam, or wine.✤ The berries, leaves and roots have also been used as remedies for colic and dropsy.
Cultural History✤ Native americans used Beautyberries from the roots: stomach ache and fever, from the leaves sweat baths for treatment of malaria
Natural History✤ Water and shade loving✤ completely edible, just make sure to watch where you pick it up.✤ nutritious via some minerals, but otherwise good garnish or used in salads.✤ not to be mistaken for Gotu Kola, which is highly medicinal and used all over the world.
Natural History✤ Used widely around the world as a well known tonic, stimulant, dieuretic, antibacterial, anti inﬂammatory.✤ It grows wild in SC.✤ hard to differentiate from common dollarweed/ pennywort