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  • 1. What we’re going to do today By the end of class, you will be able to explain how World War I and describe the Treaty of Versailles. Agenda: – Graphic Organizer – Fourteen Points Scavenger Hunt
  • 2. World War I Ends
  • 3. November 11, 1918 At eleven o'clock on the eleventh day of the eleventh month of 1918, the war ended and Germany and Allies sign an Armistice.
  • 4. How is this map different from a map before WWI?
  • 5. The Results of World War I
  • 6. • President Wilson helped write the Versailles Treaty • It called for the formation of the League of Nations
  • 7. What was the Versailles Treaty? • Treaty or agreement that ended World War I
  • 8. President Woodrow Wilson’s peace plan, the Fourteen Points, called for a League of Nations
  • 9. What was the League of Nations? • International group formed after World War I to settle disputes or disagreements peacefully
  • 10. But…The United States decided NOT to join the League of Nations…
  • 11. because… The U.S. Senate rejected the Treaty of Versailles and so… Never joined the League of Nations
  • 12. WHY? The United States thought the nation should return to a policy of “isolation” or remaining separate from other countries
  • 13. BUT… The other countries signed the Versailles Treaty and so formed the League of Nations
  • 14. What are the 2 different opinions about the League of Nations?
  • 15. Describe or explain this cartoon
  • 16. eCart Practice – 10 questions
  • 17. 1. A major reason the United States entered World War I was a. The attack on Pearl Harbor b. The invasion of Poland c. German submarine warfare d. The explosion of the U.S. Maine
  • 18. 2. The U.S. and its Allies fought the Central Powers in WWI. The Allies included… a. The Netherlands and Spain b. Britain and France c. Austria, Hungary, and Turkey d. Germany and Bulgaria
  • 19. 3. What was the major reason President Wilson’s peace plan failed? a. The opposition of Germany’s leaders b. The U.S. Senate refused to approve the Treaty of Versailles c. A revolution started in Russia d. The start of the Great Depression
  • 20. Use this cartoon to answer Questions #4 and #5
  • 21. 4. Who is getting married in the cartoon? a. Peace and war b. The United States and foreign nations c. The U.S. Senate and the U.S. President d. France and Germany
  • 22. 5. Based on the cartoon, how do you think the U.S. Senators will react when they are asked to approve the treaty? a. They will want the U.S. to sign the treaty and join the League of Nations b. They will welcome the treaty c. They will want the U.S. to sign the treaty and make permanent alliances with the nations of Northwestern Europe d. They will vote to reject the treaty
  • 23. 6. When WWI began in Europe, the United States… a. Issued the Zimmermann Telegram b. Joined the Triple Entente c. Declared war on Germany d. Chose to remain neutral
  • 24. 7. A note, proposing an alliance between Germany and Mexico that really angered Americans was the… a. Treaty of Versailles b. Fourteen Points c. Zimmermann Telegram d. Mexican Agreement
  • 25. 8. President Wilson hoped the League of Nations would… a. Allow nations to solve their conflicts without going to war b. Reduce tariffs in the world c. Make a peace treaty to end the war d. Help the U.S. avoid foreign problems
  • 26. 9. The U.S. did NOT participate in the League of Nations because of a decision in the… a. Office of the President b. Senate c. Supreme Court d. World Court
  • 27. 10. In his plan called the Fourteen points, President Wilson believed world peace could be achieved with the formation of the… a. World of Nations b. League of Nations c. United Nations d. League of Powers
  • 28. Assessing and Interpreting Sources Learning the Skill Always consider the source when reading a historical document. Assessing and interpreting sources means keeping in mind who wrote the document and the historical events of the time. You can more easily determine whether the source has a reason to present a particular point of view that may be more opinion or propaganda than fact