WestwardExpansion: Native Americans
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WestwardExpansion: Native Americans

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WestwardExpansion: Native Americans WestwardExpansion: Native Americans Presentation Transcript

  • Impact of Westward Expansion on American Indians FCPS 2010 - Sources cited in notes section
  • New opportunities and technological advances led to westward migration following the Civil War.
  • Describe or explain this cartoon
  • The lives of American Indians changed with Western Expansion.
  • HOW ???
  • 1. Opposition by American Indians to westward expansion
  • Battle of the Little Bighorn
  • Colonel George Custer Lakota Chief Sitting Bull
  • In 1876, General Custer led a group of about 225 soldiers against Sitting Bull and the Lakota tribe.
  • General Custer and all his men died. This was the last major victory for Native Americans.
  • Geronimo Tribe - Apache
  • He was the last Native American to surrender in 1886
  • 2. Forced relocation from traditional lands to reservations
  • Chief Joseph It is cold, and we have no blankets. The little children are freezing to death… Hear me, my chiefs! I am tired. My heart is sick and sad. From where the sun now stands, I will fight no more forever. Tribe – Nez Perce
  • • Leader of the Nez Perce Tribe. • In the 1870s, settlers and gold miners wanted his land. • They persuaded the government to force the Nez Perce onto a reservation.
  • Chief Joseph did not want to go to a reservation…
  • …so he led a group of his followers on a 1,000-mile journey from Oregon to Canada.
  • 30 miles from Canada, the soldiers found them. For 5 days, the Nez Perce fought for freedom.
  • Finally, Chief Joseph surrendered.
  • And so Chief Joseph and his Nez Perce tribe were taken to a reservation in Oklahoma.
  • 3. Reduced population through warfare…
  • Example: Battle of Wounded Knee South Dakota
  • It was the massacre of about 300 American Indians that ended armed conflict between American Indians and the United States
  • …and disease
  • 4. Assimilation attempts and lifestyle changes
  • Example: Reduction of buffalo population Europeans hunted for sport or to sell buffalo hides
  • 5. Reduced their homelands through treaties that were broken and relocated to Reservations
  • 6. American Indians were not considered citizens until 1924
  • So what? What is important to understand about this?
  • The lives of American Indians changed with Western Expansion.
  • Discussion Question 1.How did the lives of American Indians change with western expansion?
  • How much do you remember?
  • 1. “I am tired of fighting…From where the sun now stands, I will fight no more.” This statement was made by… a. Chief Powhatan b. Crazy Horse c. Chief Joseph d. Sitting Bull
  • 2. The Native Americans were forced to move from their homes to certain government owned lands. What was the name given to these lands? a. Preservation b. Tribal nation c. Conservation d. Reservation
  • 3. What was the name of the battle where Colonel Custer led his soldiers against the Lakota tribe? a. Big Littlehorn b. Sioux Stance c. Little Bighorn d. Custer’s Crusade
  • Cross-Curriculum: Internet Resource • http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Category:C.C. and http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Category:Geor (wonderful public domain images) • Harper’s Weekly: The American West http://thewest.harpweek.com/ • http:// commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Edward_Sheriff_Curti
  • Impact of Westward Expansion on American Indians • Put together by Michelle Ratliff for Fairfax County Public Schools in 2010 • Sources are sited on each slide in the notes section • This PowerPoint has been created for use by Fairfax County Public School Teachers