WestwardExpansion: Native Americans


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  • Public Domain / Copyright expired / http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:PaulKane-BushCamp-ROM.jpg
  • Public Domain - by Edward Lamson Henry – 1867 / http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Edward_Lamson_Henry_-_The_945_Accommodation.JPG
  • Public Domain to due age / Library of Congress – Digital ID: cph 3b43063   Source: b&w film copy neg. Reproduction Number: LC-USZ62-96961 (b&w film copy neg.) Repository: Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division Washington, D.C. 20540 USA
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  • (L) Public Domain – copyright has expired / http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:G_a_custer.jpg (R) Public Domain / Copyright has expired / http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Sitting_Bull_-_edit2.jpg
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  • Public Domain - Chief Joseph (19th century photograph) / http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Chief.Joseph.1877.jpg
  • Public Domain - Author F. M. Sargent / circa 1880 / http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Chief_Joseph_and_family.JPG
  • Public Domain - Painting by Paul Kane / http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Ojibwa_village.jpg
  • Public Domain – Route according to Alfred Kroeber, English Version National Geographic Publications Art / I, the copyright holder of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. This applies worldwide.In case this is not legally possible:I grant anyone the right to use this work for any purpose, without any conditions, unless such conditions are required by law.
  • Public Domain - a painting by Henry August Schwabe c. 1902 / http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:The_Siege_of_New_Ulm_Minn.jpg
  • Public Domain – Artist Frederic Remington c. 1900-05 / http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Category:Frederic_Remington
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  • Public Domain – This picture, The Trail of Tears, was painted by Robert Lindneux in 1942. It commemorates the suffering of the Cherokee people under forced removal. / http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Trailoftears.jpg
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    Images originally part of De Lancey Gill collection who worked for the Bureau of Indian Affairs.
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  • WestwardExpansion: Native Americans

    1. 1. Impact of Westward Expansion on American Indians FCPS 2010 - Sources cited in notes section
    2. 2. New opportunities and technological advances led to westward migration following the Civil War.
    3. 3. Describe or explain this cartoon
    4. 4. The lives of American Indians changed with Western Expansion.
    5. 5. HOW ???
    6. 6. 1. Opposition by American Indians to westward expansion
    7. 7. Battle of the Little Bighorn
    8. 8. Colonel George Custer Lakota Chief Sitting Bull
    9. 9. In 1876, General Custer led a group of about 225 soldiers against Sitting Bull and the Lakota tribe.
    10. 10. General Custer and all his men died. This was the last major victory for Native Americans.
    11. 11. Geronimo Tribe - Apache
    12. 12. He was the last Native American to surrender in 1886
    13. 13. 2. Forced relocation from traditional lands to reservations
    14. 14. Chief Joseph It is cold, and we have no blankets. The little children are freezing to death… Hear me, my chiefs! I am tired. My heart is sick and sad. From where the sun now stands, I will fight no more forever. Tribe – Nez Perce
    15. 15. • Leader of the Nez Perce Tribe. • In the 1870s, settlers and gold miners wanted his land. • They persuaded the government to force the Nez Perce onto a reservation.
    16. 16. Chief Joseph did not want to go to a reservation…
    17. 17. …so he led a group of his followers on a 1,000-mile journey from Oregon to Canada.
    18. 18. 30 miles from Canada, the soldiers found them. For 5 days, the Nez Perce fought for freedom.
    19. 19. Finally, Chief Joseph surrendered.
    20. 20. And so Chief Joseph and his Nez Perce tribe were taken to a reservation in Oklahoma.
    21. 21. 3. Reduced population through warfare…
    22. 22. Example: Battle of Wounded Knee South Dakota
    23. 23. It was the massacre of about 300 American Indians that ended armed conflict between American Indians and the United States
    24. 24. …and disease
    25. 25. 4. Assimilation attempts and lifestyle changes
    26. 26. Example: Reduction of buffalo population Europeans hunted for sport or to sell buffalo hides
    27. 27. 5. Reduced their homelands through treaties that were broken and relocated to Reservations
    28. 28. 6. American Indians were not considered citizens until 1924
    29. 29. So what? What is important to understand about this?
    30. 30. The lives of American Indians changed with Western Expansion.
    31. 31. Discussion Question 1.How did the lives of American Indians change with western expansion?
    32. 32. How much do you remember?
    33. 33. 1. “I am tired of fighting…From where the sun now stands, I will fight no more.” This statement was made by… a. Chief Powhatan b. Crazy Horse c. Chief Joseph d. Sitting Bull
    34. 34. 2. The Native Americans were forced to move from their homes to certain government owned lands. What was the name given to these lands? a. Preservation b. Tribal nation c. Conservation d. Reservation
    35. 35. 3. What was the name of the battle where Colonel Custer led his soldiers against the Lakota tribe? a. Big Littlehorn b. Sioux Stance c. Little Bighorn d. Custer’s Crusade
    36. 36. Cross-Curriculum: Internet Resource • http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Category:C.C. and http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Category:Geor (wonderful public domain images) • Harper’s Weekly: The American West http://thewest.harpweek.com/ • http:// commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Edward_Sheriff_Curti
    37. 37. Impact of Westward Expansion on American Indians • Put together by Michelle Ratliff for Fairfax County Public Schools in 2010 • Sources are sited on each slide in the notes section • This PowerPoint has been created for use by Fairfax County Public School Teachers