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L4 endof recon_v2
L4 endof recon_v2
L4 endof recon_v2
L4 endof recon_v2
L4 endof recon_v2
L4 endof recon_v2
L4 endof recon_v2
L4 endof recon_v2
L4 endof recon_v2
L4 endof recon_v2
L4 endof recon_v2
L4 endof recon_v2
L4 endof recon_v2
L4 endof recon_v2
L4 endof recon_v2
L4 endof recon_v2
L4 endof recon_v2
L4 endof recon_v2
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L4 endof recon_v2
L4 endof recon_v2
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L4 endof recon_v2
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L4 endof recon_v2
L4 endof recon_v2
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L4 endof recon_v2
L4 endof recon_v2
L4 endof recon_v2
L4 endof recon_v2
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L4 endof recon_v2
L4 endof recon_v2
L4 endof recon_v2
L4 endof recon_v2
L4 endof recon_v2
L4 endof recon_v2
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L4 endof recon_v2

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  • Public Domain – by Eastman Johnson / 1859 / Author died more than 70 years ago - public domainhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Eastman_Johnson_-_Negro_Life_at_the_South_-_ejb_-_fig_67_-_pg_120.jpg
  • Public Domain / http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Andrew_Johnson.jpg
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    • 1. Reconstruction: Plans & Policies Mr. Schnider September 2013
    • 2. Hello! Today is 9/25/13 Warm Up: How To Read a Map
    • 3. Step Think to yourself . . . Example Step One: What is the title of the map? What is this map about? Is it a current or historical map? 1876 Presidential Election Step Two: What important characteristics do you notice? Are there symbols? A legend or key? Are there political boundaries? Physical features? Does it include lines of latitude and longitude? A scale? A compass rose? Compass Rose, Key, State boundaries, Pie charts Step Three: What type of map is it? Political? Physical? Thematic? Road? Climate? Resource? Political Step Four: What can you learn from this map? What is the most important part of the map? Who won the election of 1876 Step Five: How can you use this map? How is the information helpful to you? Who else might use this map? Study about the right to vote, see how each state voted for who, . . . to read a map. Name: Period: SCHNIDER -- U.S. History II
    • 4. What we’re going to do today Agenda – Warm Up – Policies & Problems – Sort It – 1876 Map Activity By the end of class, you will be able to describe the policies & problems of Reconstruction. You will be able to explain how the election of 1876 led to end of Reconstruction.
    • 5. Reconstruction Policies and Problems . . . What Actually Happened
    • 6. 1. Southern military leaders could not hold office Jefferson Davis Robert E. Lee
    • 7. 2. African Americans could hold public office
    • 8. Example: In 1872 there were 7 African-Americans in Congress
    • 9. 3. African- Americans gained equal rights
    • 10. Example: Civil Rights Act of 1866…
    • 11. …which authorized the use of Federal troops for enforcement.
    • 12. Example: 13th, 14th, 15th Amendments
    • 13. 4. Northern soldiers supervised the South
    • 14. 5. Freedman’s Bureau Started schools for former enslaved African Americans and poor whites in the South
    • 15. Freedman’s Bureau Schools
    • 16. 6. Southerners resented Northern Carpetbaggers, who took advantage of the South during Reconstruction
    • 17. Carpetbaggers Northerners who moved South during the Reconstruction to take advantage of financial ($$) opportunities
    • 18. They carried suitcases made of carpet.
    • 19. 7. Southern states adopted Black Codes to limit economic and physical freedom of former slaves
    • 20. - Black Codes were local laws adopted by state governments that placed severe restrictions on ownership of land and ability of former slaves to move about freely President Andrew Johnson
    • 21. Resulted In…
    • 22. Sharecroppers • Were freed slaves • They were allowed to farm land by giving most of their harvest to the landowners
    • 23. Ku Klux Klan It was the most powerful secret society in the South…
    • 24. Segregation – Separated African-Americans and whites in public places
    • 25. Policies&Problems America’s To Do List: Free the slaves (1863) Beat the South in the Civil War Rebuild cities A new leader, with a plan Stop the conflict between people Help freedmen get jobs, education Ensure equal rights for A.A.
    • 26. America’s To Do List: Free the slaves (1863) Beat the South in the Civil War Enforce laws (Emancipation Proc.) Help freedmen with jobs, education New leader with a plan Stop the conflicts between people Policies&Problems
    • 27. America’s To Do List: Free the slaves (1863) Beat the South in the Civil War Enforce the Emancipation Proc. Needed to rebuild cities, transportation Unite as one again (N & S, W & B) Freedmen need education, jobs, support New leader with a plan Policies&Problems
    • 28. America’s To Do List: Free the slaves (1863) Beat the South in the Civil War Physically rebuild cities, transport. Enforce the E.P. Give equal rights to all (incl. AA) New leader with a plan Support A.A. with jobs, Policies&Problems
    • 29. America’s To Do List: Free the slaves (1863) Beat the South in the Civil War Repair relationships (btw N&S, B&W) Physical reconstruction; rebuild the S. New leader with a plan Provide support for freedmen Enforce Emancipation Policies&Problems
    • 30. Sort it! Impact on African Americans? Positive Negative
    • 31. Sort it! Impact on White Southerners? Positive Negative
    • 32. Sort it! In your opinion? Positive Negative Write this! On the back of your warm up.
    • 33. How Did Reconstruction End? • Ended in 1877 as a result of a compromise over the outcome of the election of 1876
    • 34. Election of 1876 • What conclusion can you make about the election based upon the geographic results of the election? • Define popular vote. – Which candidate had more popular votes? • Define electoral vote. – Which candidate had more electoral votes? • Why might the Southern states be angered by the election results? • Both Hayes and Tilden believed that they had won the election; why did they come to such different conclusions?
    • 35. How Did Reconstruction End? • Ended in 1877 as a result of a compromise over the outcome of the election of 1876
    • 36. How Did Reconstruction End? • Ended in 1877 as a result of a compromise over the outcome of the election of 1876 • The election was tied, to break the tie . . . – Republican candidate (Hayes) won the election – In exchange, federal troops were removed from the South What do you think will happen to the rights that African Americans had gained?
    • 37. Abraham Lincoln • His reconstruction plan called for reconciliation (forgiveness) • Preservation of the Union was more important than punishing the South • Murdered by John Wilkes Booth in 1865
    • 38. Robert E. Lee • Urged Southerners to reconcile with the North at the end of the Civil War • Became president of Washington College, which is now known as Washington & Lee University
    • 39. Frederick Douglass • Fought for amendments that guaranteed voting rights • Powerful voice for human rights and civil liberties for all • Video

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